Inventory of international statistical classifications
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PRINTED ON WHITE CHLORINE-FREE PAPER Table of contents
PART I : INVENTORY OF INTERNATIONAL STATISTICAL CLASSIFICATIONS 7
List of classifications identified in the inventory 9
Description of the classifications13
PART Π: INDEX OF CLASSIFICATIONSACCORDING TO MAIN USAGE137
PART m : ALPHABETICAL INDEXES BY LANGUAGE 145
PART IV : MULTDLEMGUAL GLOSSARY 187 Introduction
Classifications are the foundations on which all statistical systems, national as well as international, are
built. Thus, it is essential that statisticians have access to an extensive, reliable and regularly updated
source ofinformation on classification systems. That is the reason why Eurostat Unit Dl, which is among
other things responsible for economic classifications and the infrastructure of business statistics, has
decided to publish this Inventory of International Statistical Classifications.
As it has just been said, this inventory concentrates on international statistical classifications, which
means that national classifications are not presented here, with a few exceptions like the national activity
classifications of Canada and the USA. In fact these two classifications are derived, together with the
Mexican activity, from an international standard called NAICS, which stands for North
American Industry Classification System.
In principle this inventory is also restricted to statistical classifications, but here again there are a few
exceptions like the CPV, the Common Procurement Vocabulary, developed by European Commission's
Directorate General "Internal Market" for monitoring the implementation of the internal market. In fact,
the CPV was originally derived from the CPA, the European Union's central product classification; it is
thus given as an illustration of a non-statistical use of a statistical standard. Another example of a non-
statistical classification presented here is the European Waste Catalogue (EWC) developed by European
Commission's Directorate General "Environment"; this classification was thought useful because it is
often referred to in statistical work and could well serve as a valuable input for the development of a
statistical classification of waste.
In the index of classifications you will find entries which are not "real" classifications but methodological
manuals, like the Frascati Manual of Research and Development, the Manual on Government Finance
Statistics of the IMF or the European System of National and Regional Accounts. It was thought useful to
create such entries because these manuals contain a lot of small classifications that might well prove
relevant for specific uses.
Some of the classifications presented are no longer in use; however, it was felt necessary to include them
to draw the users' attention to this aspect because people very often refer to ΝΓΜΕΧΕ, NACE/CLIO and
other classifications as if they were still operational; their inclusion in this inventory should normally help
removing any ambiguity concerning their status.
The number of classifications identified in this inventory is not at all finite; new classifications are likely
to be added if a need for these classifications emerges within Eurostat; examples of such classifications
are the International Trade Mark Classification or the CPC-based List of Industrial Products developed by
the United Nations. The choice of the classifications has indeed a random character: thes
chosen are simply those known to our unit and those which have a "certain" importance ! Once again this
criterion was applied in a very arbitrary way.
Though the material used for developing this inventory was taken from official sources, no guarantee can
be given as to the exhaustiveness and full reliability of the information provided.
For further information, please contact Danny Delcambre, Eurostat, BECH Building, B2/391,
L-2920 Luxembourg, Tel.: +00 352 4301 34760, Fax: +00 352 4301 33899, e-mail:
danny. delcambre(S>cec. eu. int Part I
Inventory of international statistical classifications