^ ManualsThe Cambridge of Science and Literature MILITARY HISTORY CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS F. CLAY, ManagerC. FETTER LANE, E.G.ILonUon: 100(EDinbursI) : PRINCES STREET ISerlin: A. ASHER AND CO. ILetpjig: F. A. BROCKHAUS i^efco Sorfe: G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS ant) (ETalrutta: MACMILLAN CO.,JSombaa AND Ltd. Srotottto: J. M. DENT AND SONS, Ltd. THEJJTofego: MARUZEN-KABUSHIKI-KAISHA All riqhi!^ reserved MILITARY HISTORY LECTURES DELIVERED AT TRINITY COLLEGE. CAMBRIDGE BY The Hon.J.W.FORTESCUE Cambridge : at the University Press : " \ Cambritigr PRINTED BY JOHN CLAY, M.A. AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS PREFACE npHERE is little in these lectures, or at any rate in three out of which Ifour of them, have not written at greater length in other volumes. I there- fore publish them unwillingly, and in deference only to the wishes of some of my audience, whose good opinion I greatly value, and whose kindly sympathy I shall never forget. If this Uttle volume should set but one student thinking seriously as to the meaning of military history, its object will be fully ac- complished. The spelling of Indian names has been, as usual, shalla stumbling-block. No doubt I be asked why formI have used the Narbada for the more familiar Nerbuddha, and yet written Hyder Ali instead of Haidar Ali. I can only say that when the form Kalkdta (or whatevermay be the Hunterian spelling) substituted for Calcutta, I shall be preparedis to inconsistency.plead guilty to F.J. W. March 1914. "^c\c\n.