A Brief (Very Brief) Overview of Aristotle

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A Brief (Very Brief) Overview of Aristotle I agree with those who believe that Aristotle's philosophy is influenced by his twenty years studying with Plato in the Academy. In particular, both of Aristotle's two main philosophical projects, first, the clarification of the nature, scope and results of logical reasoning, or, more simply, dialectic, and second, setting out a coherent science of the universe, including especially life on earth, can both be seen as resulting from being a student of Plato's in the Academy.
  • anything of import about particular dogs
  • aristotle connections
  • roundness since the existence of roundness
  • particular things
  • anything
  • substance
  • categories
  • things
  • red of a red thing
  • aristotle
Published : Tuesday, March 27, 2012
Reading/s : 20
Origin : thesis.jasperschelling.com
Number of pages: 69
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Social network viSualization
Name: Jasper A. Schelling
Studentnumber: 0757136
Graduation Year: 2007
Major: Communicatie & Multimedia Design
Minor: Interaction & Visual Interface Design
Title: Social Network visualization
Subject: Social network visualization
Short description: Resarch into the posibilities of visually representing
social networks on social networking websites and the
effects on the experience of friendship in social net
working websites.
Graduation supervisor school: B.L.F. Leurs
Graduation supervisors in company: P. Post & M. Kraft
Copyrights: Jasper Schelling
Version: 1.0acknowledgmentS
One never operates in a vacuum, and I am deeply indebted to
these people:
My supervisors at Scholz & Volkmer, for guidance, advice and
support; Peter Post & Manfred Kraft
Colleagues at Scholz & Volkmer, for advice, support and a great
working experience; Dennis, Carolina, Judith, Boris, Michi,
Christian, Stephan, Natascha, Claudia, David, Mo, Ben,
Sebastian, Barbara, Andreas, Timmo and all the others.
My supervising teacher at C&MD; Bas Leurs
C&MD teachers that have shaped me over the past four years;
Charlie Mulholland, Deanne Herst, Paul Hughes, Hans Kemp,
Soraia Cardoso, Roos Groenewegen & Machiel Kunst.
For making everything possible; Mom, Dad, Christel & Alexan-
Lennon & McCartney said it best:
‘I get by with a little help from my friends’
In no particular order: Tim, Roman, Jaap, Marjolein, Karin, José,
Michael, Bram, Karlijn, Renée, Maarten, Michiel, David, Jasper,
Nynke, René.
And last, but certainly not least, my fellow C&MD students who
motivated me to no end and pushed me to a higher standard;
Roel, Jeroen, Sarah, Nathalie, Carla, Marit, Japie, Simone.
Thanks for being part of my social network.“… Planet Earth has never been as tiny as it is now. It shrunk
due to the quickening pulse of both physical and verbal com-
munication… We never talked about the fact that anyone on
Earth, at my or anyone’s will, can now learn in just a few min-
utes what I think or do, and what I want or what I would like to
Frigyes Karinthy, 1929
From the short story ‘Chains’taBle oF contentS
1. introduction 9
1.1 Motivation 10
1.2 Goals 11
1.3 Methodology 12
2. context & deFinitionS 17

2.1 Social Networks 17
2.1.1 History 18
2.1.2 Social Infation 24
2.1.3 Social Architecture 25
2.2 Visual Information Design 27
2.2.1 Preattentive Variables 30
2.2.2 Interactive Data Representations 33

2.3 Interaction Design 36
2.3.1 Subjunctivity 36
2.3.2 Reactive vs. Proactive interfaces 37
2.3.3 Direct Manipulation & Dynamic Behaviour 38
2.3.4 Emotional Model 40
3. concept 43
3.1 Visualization 44
3.2 Interface 46
3.2.1 Global organization 46
3.2.2 Profle 47
3.2.3 Toolbar 47
3.2.4 Interactive Member Card 484. realization 51
4.1 Information gathering 52
4.2 Meetings and Interviews 52
4.3 Social network crawling 54
4.4 Context visualization interface 56
5. concluSion 59
5.1 Research 59
5.2 Refection on Process & Implementation 60
5.3 Future Research & Developments 62
6 BiBliography 65
Papers 65
Books 66
Articles & Blog Posts 67
Websites 68
Projects 689introduction
1. introduction
It seems like not a week goes by without getting an invitation
in your inbox for another social network/web service: “<insert
name of your acquaintance here> wants you to join <insert
name of new Web 2.0 startup here>” while at same time your
inbox is overfowing with message notifcations left by contacts
from the networks you are a part of.
During the last few years social networking sites have become
a de facto part of the internet and a primary destination for
many internet users. Even though the market seems to be
saturated with social networking sites for every type of target
group, the concepts driving these sites are incredibly similar in
form and execution.
Users create personal profles, where they defne their vital
statistics, interests, favourite music, movies, books etc. They can
send messages to one and another, join topical groups, share
photographs and blogs. Users can also add other users to their
‘friends’ lists on their profle. This so-called “friending” process
involves inviting another user to be one’s friend, and the other’s
acceptance of that invitation. This “friendship” is then publicly
represented by a picture and a link to the friends’ profle in the
‘friends’ section of the users’ profle.
Consider what this means for the online representation of
Friendship in online social networks is represented by a hyper-
link and a picture. 10 Social network viSualization
While this hyperlinked network structure that is created by the
users forms the basis for the main mode of navigation on the
website (not counting search), this implementation model is a
far cry from the mental model that friendship entails.
Actual friendships and social relations are much more implicitly
defned. Sociologists defne friendship as an informal category
without clear boundaries or mutual responsibilities. Being just
friends indicates “voluntary relations, the content and future of
the bond being always at the discretion of each party” [Fischer,
1982 via Boyd, 2006].
Even though the defnition of friendship differs from person to
person, we can tell a lot about our relationships based on the
contexts which they share. Furthermore, people derive meaning
of their relationship from these shared contexts.
Based on these fndings we arrive at the central research ques -
tion for this thesis:

Can we fnd methods to add to the online representation of
friendship that enrich the social experience in social networking
1.1 motivation
With the advent of AJAX and Web 2.0 we’ve become intimately
acquainted with the concepts of the ‘Rich Internet Application’
and the ‘The Social Web’. The internet user was Newsweek’s
Person of the Year in 2006, responsible for an endless fow of
content, driven by their interaction with each other.
However, has the internet also become a more sociable medi-
um? These new technologies provide for a rich Human – Com-
puter interaction, but concepts for rich social interaction have
shown to be a poor approximation ‘real’ social life [Boyd, 2005].
The current model employed in online social networks is a crude

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