America in the 19th Century

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America in the 19th Century
  • wisdom cannot
  • test of wisdom
  • dark poetry with morals
  • immortality of things
  • edgar allan poe
  • wisdom
Published : Monday, March 26, 2012
Reading/s : 8
Origin : learningitalianlikecrazy.com
Number of pages: 11
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Italiano – Lezione uno
Italian – Lesson one Listen to the following conversation: Male: Ciao, parli inglese? Female: Sì, parlo un po’ di inglese. Male: Parla italiano? Female: Chi? Io? Male: No, non tu, lei. Parla italiano? Female: Sì, lei parla italiano. Male: Parlano italiano? Female: Chi? Loro? Male: Sí, loro. E voi?. Parlate italiano voi? Female: Sì, parliamo bene italiano Instructor:You have two objectives in this lesson. One, you will learn how to use verbs that end in the suffix “are” in the present tense. Keep in mind that there are Italian verbs that end in: “are,” “ere” and “ire.” There are also regular verbs and irregular verbs in Italian. In this lesson, we will only focus on regular “are” verbs. Your second objective in this lesson is to learn the subject pronouns in Italian. There seven subject pronouns in English:
I You He She It Weand They Instructor:The present tense is used in Italian in several different ways. One, it can be used to indicate an action in progress. For example: Male:Io parlo italiano ora. Instructor:Which means: “I am speaking Italian now.” Instructor:Two, the present tense can be used to show something that is done continuously or ongoing. For example: Female:Noi parliamo sempre italiano. Instructor:Which means: “We speak Italian all the time.”
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Instructor:Three, unlike in English, in Italian you can use the present tense for an action that will be done in the future. For example: Male:Stasera, lei parla italiano al corso. Instructor:Which means: “Tonight, she will speak Italian in class.” Instructor:In these Italian lessons you will be asked questions by the narrator. Be sure to make your response before the Italian speaker. And then repeat after the Italian speaker, making sure that your pronunciation matches the Italian speaker’s. Instructor:Let’s begin by learning to use the verb “parlare” in the present tense. “Parlare” means to speak. Instructor:This is how to say "to speak". Listen and repeat. Female:Parlare. PARLARE. Parlare. Instructor:Again, how do you say "to speak"? Male:Parlare. PARLARE. Parlare. Instructor:This is how to say “I speak.” Listen and repeat. Male:Parlo. Io parlo. Instructor:How do you say “I speak”? Female:Parlo. Io parlo. Instructor:Can you guess which word means “I”? Male:Io. Female:Io. Instructor:It is not always necessary to use the word “io” or “I” in Italian. “Io” is usually used for clarity or emphasis. Instructor:Again, how do you say “I speak”? Female:Parlo. Male:Io parlo. Instructor:This is how to say “You speak.” Listen and repeat. Male:Parli. Tu parli. Instructor:How do you say “You speak”? Female:Parli. Tu parli. Instructor:Can you guess which word means “You”? Female:Tu.
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Male:Tu. Instructor:It is also not always necessary to use the word “tu” in Italian. “Tu” is usually used for clarity or emphasis. Instructor:Again, how do you say “You speak”? Male:Parli. Female:Tu parli. Instructor:And now say “I speak.” Female:ParloMale:Io parlo. Instructor:And how do you say “You speak”? Male:Parli. Female:Tu parli. Instructor:There are also two ways to say “You” in Italian. “Tu” is the familiar or informal way of saying you. And “Lei” is the polite or formal way of saying you. If you are not sure when to use “tu” or “Lei,” here’s a good rule of thumb. Use “tu” when speaking to a friend or a family member. And use “Lei” when speaking to anyone else. Instructor:Considering that the objective of this course is to teach you common, everyday, spoken Italian, unless instructed to do otherwise, in this course you will use “tu,” the informal word for “You.” Instructor:This is how to say “He speaks” Listen and repeat. Male:Parla. Lui parla. Instructor:How do you say “He speaks”? Female:Parla. Lui parla. Instructor:Can you guess which word means “He”? Male:Lui. Female:Lui. Instructor:It is also not always necessary to use the word “lui” or “He” in Italian. “Lui” is usually used for clarity or emphasis. Instructor:Again, how do you say “He speaks”? Female:Parla. Male:Lui parla.
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Instructor:Now say “I speak” Male:Parlo. Female:Io parlo. Instructor:And how do you say “You speak”? Female:Parli. Male:Tu parli. Instructor:Now listen to how you’d say “She speaks.” Listen and repeat. Female:Parla. Lei parla. Instructor:How do you say “She speaks”? Male:Parla. Lei parla. Instructor:Can you guess which word means “She”? Female:Lei. Male:Lei. Instructor:Did you notice that we used the word “parla” to mean “He speaks” and also “She speaks.” That’s why Italian speakers will sometimes use the words “lui” and “lei” for clarity or emphasis. Instructor:Again: How do you say “She speaks”? Female:Parla. Male:Lei parla. Instructor:Now say “I speak”
Male:Parlo. Female:Io parlo. Instructor:And how do you say “You speak”? Female:Parli. Male:Tu parli. Instructor:Now say “He speaks.” Male:Parla. Female:Lui parla. Instructor:And how do you say “She speaks”? Female:Parla. Male:Lei parla.
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Instructor:Now listen to how you’d say “You speak” when using the formal or polite form of the word “You.” Listen and repeat. Female:Parla. Lei parla. Instructor:How do you say “You speak” in the formal way? Male:Parla. Lei parla. Instructor:Can you guess which word means “You”? Female:Lei. Male:Lei Instructor:It is also not always necessary to use the word “Lei.” Did you notice that we used the word “parla” to mean “He speaks,” “She speaks,” and “You speak” when using the “Lei” form of “You”. You also noticed that we used the same word for “She” and formal “You”. Therefore “Lei parla” means “You speak” and also “She speaks”. You will use the same words but address different people. Instructor:Again, how do you say “You speak” when addressing someone who is not your friend or a family member? Female:Parla. Lei parla. Instructor:Now say “I speak” Male:Parlo. Io parlo. Instructor:And how do you say “You speak” in the informal way? Female:Parli. Tu parli. Instructor:Now say “He speaks” Male:Parla. Lui parla. Instructor:And how do you say “She speaks”? Female:Parla. Lei parla. Instructor:This is how to say “We speak.” Listen and repeat. Female:Parliamo. Noi parliamo. Instructor:How do you say “We speak”? Male:Parliamo. Noi parliamo. Instructor:Can you guess which word means “we”? Male:Noi.
Female:Noi.
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Instructor:Now listen to how to say “They speak” when referring to a group of people. Listen and repeat. Male:Parlano. Loro parlano. Instructor:How do you say “They speak” when referring to a group of people? Female:Parlano. Loro parlano. Instructor:Can you guess which word means “they”? Male:Loro. Female:Loro Instructor:Now listen to how you’d say “all of you speak” or “You all speak.” Listen and repeat. Male:Parlate. Voi parlate. Instructor:How do you say “all of you speak” or “You all speak”? Female:Parlate. Voi parlate. Instructor:Can you guess which word means “You all” or “all of you”? Male:Voi. Female:Voi. Instructor:How do you say “all of you speak” or “You all speak”? Male:Parlate. Female:Voi parlate. Instructor:It is also not always necessary to use the words “loro”, “noi” or “voi”. Instructor:Now that you have learnt how to make affirmative statements with the verb “are” “parlare”, let’s learn how to make negative statements. This is how to say “I don’t
speak.” Listen and repeat.
Male:Non parlo. Io non parlo. Instructor:Say: “I don’t speak.” Female:Non parlo. Io non parlo. Instructor:Now say “You don’t speak” using the informal “You.” Male:Non parli. Tu non parli. Instructor:Did you notice that in order to make a negative statement, you simply put “non” before the verb? Now try to say “He doesn’t speak.” Male:Non parla. Lui non parla.
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Instructor:Again, how do you say “He doesn’t speak”? Female:Non parla. Lui non parla. Instructor:Now say “She doesn’t speak.” Male:Non parla. Lei non parla. Instructor:Now say “You don’t speak” in the formal or polite way. Female:Non parla. Lei non parla.
Instructor:Do you remember how to say “We speak”?
Male:Parliamo. Noi parliamo. Instructor:Now try to say “we don’t speak” Female:Non parliamo. Noi non parliamo. Instructor:Again, say “we don’t speak” Female:Non parliamo. Noi non parliamo. Instructor:Now say “They don’t speak”. Male:Non parlano. Loro non parlano. Instructor:And how do you say “They don’t speak”? Female:Non parlano. Loro non parlano.
Instructor:And how do you say “All of you don’t speak”? Male:Non parlate. Voi non parlate. Instructor: Again, how do you say “All of you don’t speak”? Female:Non parlate. Voi non parlate. Instructor:You have just learned how to use a verb ending in “are”, “parlare” in the present tense. However, you only learned how to make statements with the verb “parlare.” Now let’s learn how to ask questions with the verb “parlare.” Listen to the following conversation. Male:Parli inglese? Female:Chi? Male:Tu. Parli inglese? Female:Sí, io parlo un poco di inglese. Male:Parla italiano? Female:Chi? Io? Male:Non tu. Lei. Lei parla italiano? Female:Sí, lei parla italiano. Male:Parlano italiano?
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Female:Chi? Loro? Male:Sí, loro. E voi? Parlate italiano? Female:Sí, noi parliamo italiano molto bene. Instructor:You just heard the word “chi” which means “who.” You also heard the word “un poco” which means “a little” or “a little bit.” Listen again. Ascolta un’altra volta. Male:Parli inglese? Female:Chi? Male:Tu. Parli inglese? Female:Sí, io parlo un poco di inglese. Male:Parla italiano? Female:Chi? Io? Male:Non tu. Lei. Lei parla italiano? Female:Sí, lei parla italiano. Male:Parlano italiano? Female:Chi? Loro? Male:Sí, loro. E voi? Parlate italiano? Female:Sí, noi parliamo italiano molto bene. Instructor:This is how to ask “Do you speak Italian?” Listen and repeat. Female:Parli italiano? Italiano? Tu parli italiano? Instructor:Make sure you imitate the Italian speaker’s rising intonation at the end of the sentence. Instructor:How do you ask or, come si chiede, “Do you speak Italian?” Male:Parli italiano? Italiano? Tu parli italiano? Instructor:Be sure to check your pronunciation and imitate the Italian speaker. How do you say the word “Italian”? Male:Italiano. ITALIANO. Italiano. Instructor:Again, di nuovo, come si dice, how do you say “Italian”? Female:Italiano. ITALIANO. Italiano. Instructor:Come si chiede, how do you ask, “Do you speak Italian?” Male:Parli italiano? Tu parli italiano? Female:Sí, io parlo italiano. Instructor:She just said “Yes, I speak Italian” Listen and repeat the word for “Yes”
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Female:Sí. Male:Sí. Male:Parli italiano? Instructor:Respond, “Yes, I speak Italian.” Female:Sí, parlo italiano. Instructor:Now ask him “do you speak Italian?” Female:Parli italiano? Tu parli italiano? Instructor:How does he respond, “No, I don’t speak Italian”? Male:No, non parlo italiano. Instructor:Listen and repeat the word for “who.” Female:Chi. Male:Chi. Instructor:How do you say…?, come si dice…, “who?” Male:Chi? Female:Chi? Instructor:Do you remember how to say “I”? Male:Io? Female:Io? Male:Parli italiano? Instructor:Try to respond, “who me”? Female:Chi, io? Chi, io? Instructor:Come si chiede, how do you ask…?, “who me?” Male:Chi, io? Chi, io? Female:Sí, tu parli italiano? Instructor:Now respond, “No, I don’t speak Italian” Male:No, non parlo italiano. No, io non parlo italiano. Female:Parla italiano? Instructor:Respond, “who me?” Male:Chi, io? Chi, io? Instructor:Listen and repeat the words “not you.” Female:Non tu. Non tu.
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Instructor:How do you say “not you”? Male:Non tu. Non tu. Female:Parla italiano? Instructor: Respond, “who him?” Male:Chi, lui? Chi, lui? Instructor:How do you ask “who him?” Female:Chi, lui? Chi, lui? Instructor:How do you think he’d respond “not him”? Male:Non lui. Non lui. Female:Allora chi? Instructor:She just asked “then who?” Listen and repeat. Female:Allora chi? Allora. Allora chi? Instructor:Come si chiede, how do you ask, “then who?” Male:Allora chi? Allora. Allora chi? Instructor:Which word do you think means “then”? Female:Allora. Allora. Instructor:How do you say, or come si dice, “then”? Male:Allora. Allora. Male: Parlano italiano? Instructor:Ask "who them?" Female:Chi, loro? Chi, loro? Instructor:How does he respond "not them"? Male:Non loro. Non loro. Instructor:How does he say "all of you"? Male:Voi. Voi. Instructor:How does he ask "Do all of you speak Italian?" Male:Parlate italiano? Voi parlate italiano? Instructor:How does she reply "who us?" Female:Chi, noi? Chi, noi? Male:Sí, voi. Voi parlate italiano? Instructor:How does she reply "Yes, we speak Italian."
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Female:Sí, parliamo italiano. Sí, noi parliamo italiano. Instructor:This is how to say "to walk." Listen and repeat. Male:Camminare. CAMMINARE. Camminare. Instructor:How do you say "to walk"? Female:Camminare. CAMMINARE. Camminare. Instructor:And now say “I walk”. Male:Cammino. Io cammino. Instructor:How do you say "I walk"? Female:Cammino. Io cammino. Male:Tu cammini? Instructor:How does she respond "Yes, I walk"? Female:Sí, cammino. Sí, io cammino. Instructor:How does she ask "Do you walk"? Female:Cammini? Tu cammini? Male:Sí, io cammino ogni giorno. Instructor:He just said that he walks every day. Listen and repeat "every day". Female:Ogni giorno. Ogni. Giorno. Ogni giorno. Instructor:Come si dice “every day”? Male:Ogni giorno. Ogni giorno. Instructor:Now ask “Does he walk?” Female:Cammina? Lui cammina? Instructor:Respond, “Yes, he walks.” Male:Sí, cammina. Sí, lui cammina. Instructor:Now ask “Does he walk everyday?” Female:Cammina ogni giorno? Lui cammina ogni giorno? Instructor:Respond, “Yes, he walks everyday” Male:Sí, cammina ogni giorno. Sí, lui cammina ogni giorno. This is the end of “lezione uno – lesson one.” If you were able to get 80% correct responses or more in this lesson, then you are ready to move on to “lezione due” – lesson two. If not, listen to this lesson until you are able to get 80% correct responses or more.
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