Report on the Communist "peace" offensive; a campaign to disarm and defeat the United States
0\/.'/[ lg^-/&i^nA-9 0\?)'b^,vV'^\a \^^,xm*-,^^Given ByANQNYMniKSs-v^\REPORT ONCOMMUNIST 'PEACETHEOFFENSIVEA CampaignTo Disarm and Defeat theUnited StatesAPRIL 1, 1951()•'/Prepared and released thebyCommittee on Un-American Activities, U. S. House of RepresentativesWashington, D.C^OSTO}^"^^dh7Un-American Activities, United States House ofCommittee onRepresentativescongress, first sessioneighty-secondJohn S. Wood, Georgia, ChairmanFrancis E. Walter, PennsylvaniaMissouriMorgan M. Moulder,Clyde Doyle, CaliforniaTennesseeJames B. Frazier, Jr.,Harold H. Velde, IllinoisYorkBernard W. Kearney, NewJackson, CaliforniaDonald L.Charles E. Potter, MichiganFrank S. Tavenner, Jr., CounselRussell, Senior InvestigatorLouis J.Clerk CommitteeJohn W. Carrington, ofTABLE OF CONTENTSCommunist "Peace" OffensivePaeeInternational Communist "Peace" Movement:Controlling Strategy 1Cominform Sets the Stage 4World Congress of Intellectuals 8and Cultural Conference for World Peace, March 25-27,Scientific1949 11World Congress of Partisans of Peace (First World Peace Congress)April 1949 16Americans Sponsoring Committee for World Peace Congress 17American Continental Congress for Peace, September 5-10, 1949 21"Peace" DelegationsRed 24Stockholm Conference, March 16-19, 1950 29Speakers at Stockholm 29Americans at 31Signature Campaign 31World Peace Congress, November 1950Second 36The Communists' "Peace" Campaign Within the United States 39Petition ...
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0\/.'/[ lg^-/&i ^ nA-9 0\?)'b^,vV'^\a \ ^^,x m *- ,^^ Given By ANQNYMniKSs-v^\ REPORT ON COMMUNIST 'PEACETHE OFFENSIVE A CampaignTo Disarm and Defeat the United States APRIL 1, 1951 ()•' / Prepared and released theby Committee on Un-American Activities, U. S. House of Representatives Washington, D.C ^OSTO}^"^^dh7 Un-American Activities, United States House ofCommittee on Representatives congress, first sessioneighty-second John S. Wood, Georgia, Chairman Francis E. Walter, Pennsylvania MissouriMorgan M. Moulder, Clyde Doyle, California TennesseeJames B. Frazier, Jr., Harold H. Velde, Illinois YorkBernard W. Kearney, New Jackson, CaliforniaDonald L. Charles E. Potter, Michigan Frank S. Tavenner, Jr., Counsel Russell, Senior InvestigatorLouis J. Clerk CommitteeJohn W. Carrington, ofTABLE OF CONTENTS Communist "Peace" Offensive PaeeInternational Communist "Peace" Movement: Controlling Strategy 1 Cominform Sets the Stage 4 World Congress of Intellectuals 8 and Cultural Conference for World Peace, March 25-27,Scientific 1949 11 World Congress of Partisans of Peace (First World Peace Congress) April 1949 16 Americans Sponsoring Committee for World Peace Congress 17 American Continental Congress for Peace, September 5-10, 1949 21 "Peace" DelegationsRed 24 Stockholm Conference, March 16-19, 1950 29 Speakers at Stockholm 29Americans at 31 Signature Campaign 31 World Peace Congress, November 1950Second 36 The Communists' "Peace" Campaign Within the United States 39 Petition Campaign in U. S. A 40 Information CenterPeace 42 William Edward Burghardt DuBois 43 Abbott Simon 46 Comments Signature CampaignAmerican on 1 47 Use of Front Organizations 51 Peace Crusade 51 Maryland Committee for Peace 54 Committee for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact 54 Mid-Century Conference for Peace 58 Exploitation of Religion in the "Peace" Campaign 61 National Labor for Peace 64 Marcel Scherer 69 "Peace" Riot 70 The "Peace" Campaign Directed at Women's Groups 71 The Strategy for Youth and Students 77 Association of Internes and Medical Students 79 Prague Congress 79 Labor Youth League 80 Leon Wofsy 81 Subversion of Scientists Through the "Peace" Movement 82 Linus Carl Pauling 85 Philip D. Morrison 87 Johannes Steel 90 Role of the Moscow Radio in the "Peace" Campaign 95 Appendixes: Articles Dealing withI. the World Peace Congress Appearing in "For a Lasting Peace, for a People's Democracy" 99 II. Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace, held in New York City, March Communist AflSliations25, 26, and 27, 1949, of Sponsors 104 III. Americans Sponsoring the World Peace Congress held in Paris, April 1101949 IV. Members of the Permanent Committee of the World Peace Congress- 112 V. Call to the American Continental Congress for Mexico City,Peace, 116September 5-10, 1949 HITABLE OF CONTENTSIV PageAppendixes—Continued Sponsoring Committee for Representation at the SecondVI. American World Peace Congress 118 "World Appeal" adopted by the Permanent InternationalVII. World Peace Congress, United States Youth Spon-Committee, soring Committee 119 of Work of National Committee, Communist Party, U. S. A.,VIII. Plan Day, 1950July 15 to Labor 120 List of Sponsors, by States, of Stockholm Appeal 124IX. Peace Crusade, various documents, etc 135X. American of Maryland Committee for Peace 142XI. List of Sponsors Call to Mid-Century Conference for Peace, May 29, 30, 1950, Ini-XII. Sponsors 143tiating Talks Pact for War Statement on theXIII. Labor Wants Peace not a —a North Atlantic Pact together with signers.__ 152 Labor Conference for Peace, Chicago, 111., OctoberXIV. Call to a National Committee Sponsors 1571 and 2, 1949—Arrangements and Conference for Peace Called by Ohio Unionists 163XV. Council—Members elected at Second World PeaceXVI. World Peace Congress 164ILLUSTRATIONS Page arm in arm with Alexander Fadeev, SovietFigure 1: American delegates, woman,whip of the World Peace Congress. Left to right: Unidentified Albert Kahn, Mr. Fadeev, and Johannes Steel. (In De-Rockwell Kent, fense of Peace, April 1950, p. 51) 29 2: Cartoon urging sit-down strikes against munition shipments forFigure Communists. In (Defense of Peace, official organ,troops fighting the World Peace Congress, January 1950, p. 43) 30 3: World Peace Appeal, petition blank, issued by the CampaignFigure Appeal 33Committee for the World Peace of citizens ofFigure 4: This photograph shows the thumbprint signatures Equatorial Africa who endorsed the World Peace Appeal. TheseFrench women who never had thefingerprint signatures are those of men and thechance to learn to write. Thus, they could not be expected to read Worker, August 1 4) 35petition (Dailv 24, 950, p. Facing 40Figure 5: The June 11, 1950, p. 1 6: Mid-Century Conference for Peace, 30 North Dearborn Street, Program 144Chicago 2, 111., Conference VPresident Truman, in a radio address to the Nation on September 1, 1950: coopera-The Soviet Union has repeatedly violated its pledges of international tion. It has destroyed the independence of its neighbors. It has sought to countries it could not dominate. It has built up tremendousdisrupt those defense.armed forces far beyond the needs of its own Communist imperialism preaches peace but practices aggression. John Foster Dulles, Republican adviser to the State Department, subcommittee, Julyin testimony before a Senate Foreign Relations 5, 1950: * * * of communism are, before ventur-it is my opinion that the leaders theying an open war, trying to create a public opinion of the world to believe that the nations that stand for peace and that we are the Nation that stands forare progress in doing that * * *war, and they have made very good loversThey know that everybody wants peace, and if they can pose as the of perhaps they can risk war.peace, then,
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