The Green Building Evolution
343 Pages
English
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343 Pages
English

Description

The Green Building Evolution illuminates global examples and makes use of case studies mainly from South Africa. This book is in five parts: Part I is a single introductory chapter centred on the evolution of the green building movement; Part II addresses the green building terrain; Part III presents selected case studies; Part IV focuses on chapters that address pushing the boundaries in the green building space; while Part V presents emerging trends and policy perspectives. Further details are contained in the main body of the book. It is our sincere hope that readers will experience the book as an informative and ground-breaking adventure. Written by 14 authors from different academic disciplines and areas of specialisation, the book comes as the sixth in a series that addresses global and national concerns on climate change, sustainable development and the green economy transition agenda. The book series is conceptualised and coordinated by the Exxaro Chair in Business and Climate Change, led by Prof. Godwell Nhamo and hosted by the Institute for Corporate Citizenship (ICC) at the University of South Africa (UNISA). The books are published by the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) through the Africa Institute of South Africa.

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Published 19 December 2019
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EAN13 9780798305396
Language English
Document size 30 MB

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Exrait

The Green Building Evolution
Godwell Nhamo Vuyo Mjimba eds
The Green Building Evolution
First Published in 2019 by the Africa Institute of South Africa Private Bag X41 Pretoria South Africa, 0001 ISBN: 9780798304757
© Copyright Africa Institute of South Africa 2019
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted by any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission from the copyright owner.
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Telephone: 086 12 DALRO (from within South Africa); +27 (0)11 7128000 Telefax: +27 (0)11 4039094 Postal Address: P O Box 31627, Braamfontein, 2017, South Africa www.dalro.co.za.
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Opinions expressed and conclusions arrived at in this book are those of the authors and should not be attributed to the Africa Institute of South Africa.
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The Africa Institute of South Africa is a think tank and research organisation, focusing on political, socioeconomic, international and development issues in contemporary Africa. The Institute conducts research, publishes books, monographs, occasional papers, policy briefs and a quarterly journal – Africa Insight. The Institute holds regular seminars on issues of topical interest. It is also home to one of the best library and documentation centres worldwide, with materials on every African country.
For more information, contact the Africa Institute of South Africa at Private Bag X41, Pretoria, South Africa 0001 – See more at: Email publish@hsrc.ac.za; or visit our website at http://www.ai.org.za
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Abbrevîatîons and Acronyms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
About the Exxaro Chaîr. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ix
About AISA/HSRC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ix
Acknowledgements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x
The Peer Revîew Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x
Contrîbutîng Authors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xi
Forward. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvi
Chapter 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 The Context Evolution of the Green Building Movement Godwell Nhamo
Chapter 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Green Buîldîng în the Context of Clîmate Change Bongani Chavalala, Vuyo Mjimba and Godwell Nhamo
Chapter 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Energy Eicîency Theories and Contradictions Fannie Machete
Chapter 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Green Buîldîng Polîcy Envîronment Regulations, Protocols, and Codes of Practice Vuyo Mjimba
Chapter 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Green Buîldîngs Value Chaîn în South Afrîca Vuyo Mjimba and Asanda Madikizela
Chapter 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Envîronment House Epicentre of South African Government Green Building Journey Godwell Nhamo
Chapter 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 Polîcy and By-law Provîsîons for Cîty of Tshwane’s Sustaînabîlîty and Green Buîldîng Pathways Godwell Nhamo
Chapter 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 Green Buîldîng Strîdes în Local Government A Case of Tshwane House Godwell Nhamo, Nedson Pophiwa and Tariro Kamuti
Chapter 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 Tourîsm and the Recreatîonal Potentîal of Green Buîldîng A Case Study of Hotel Verde Cape Town Kaitano Dube and Kevin Mearns
Chapter 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Nedbank’s Green Buîldîng Journey Exciting and Inspiring Many Godwell Nhamo, Nompe Ntombela and Bongani Chavalala
Chapter 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249 Green Buîldîngs în the Educatîon Sector An Assessment of Initiatives and Progress by the University of South Africa Muchaiteyi Togo and Munyaradzi Chitakira
Chapter 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269 Green Buîldîngs and Sustaînable Urban Transportatîon în South Afrîca A Focus on EndofTrip Facilities Muchaiteyi Togo
Chapter 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296 Psychosocîal Perspectîves and Behavîours of Green Buîldîng Occupants în South Afrîca Claudia Gossow and Busisiwe Magagula
Chapter 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314 Green Buîldîng A Continuous Journey of Improvement Vuyo Mjimba
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS
ABCB AFOLU AfSD AIA ASTM BAS BTech B-BBEE BCA BMF BMS BRE BREEAM
BRT C40 CCNG CEMS CFL CITP CLEAR-AA
CO 2 CO e 2 COAG CoT CRC CSIR CSP CSR CTMM DEA DEC DoE DoT DPW DST ECF
Australian Building Code Board Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use Agenda for Sustainable Development American Institute of Architects (AIA) American Society for Testing and Materials building automation system Bachelor of Technology broad-based black economic empowerment Building and Construction Authority Building Ministers’ Forum building management system Building Research Management BuildingResearchEstablishmentEnvironmentalAssessmentMethod bus rapid transit C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group cleaner compressed natural gas College of Economic and Management Sciences compact fluorescent light Comprehensive Integrated Transport Plan CentreforLearningonEvaluationandResultsinAnglo-phone Africa carbon dioxide carbon dioxide equivalent Council of Australian Governments City of Tshwane Carbon Reduction Commitment Order Council for Scientific and Industrial Research concentrated solar power
corporate social responsibility
City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality
Department of Environmental Affairs
Declaration of Energy Certificate
Department of Energy
Department of Transport
Department of Public Works
Department of Science and Technology
Exxaro Resources (Pty) Ltd Chairman’s Fund
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ECMT
EE ABBREVIATIONS EECB EoTFs EPBD EPC EU EVO EVs FGET FITs FSC GABC GBASBO GBCA GBCSA GBFA GBI GBRS GDP GGBS GHG GHGEI GMP GRI HACCP HEFCE HEI HSRC IBC ICC ICC ICLEI IDP IEQ IgCC IPCC IPPU IPTN viISO
EuropeanUnionCouncilofMinistersforTransportand
Telecommunications energy efficiency Energy Efficient Clay Brick Project end of trip facilities Energy Performance and Buildings Directive Energy Performance Certificates European Union Efficiency Valuation Organization electric vehicles
Framework for a Green Economy Transition
Feed-in Tariffs
Forest Stewardship Council
Global Alliance for Buildings and Construction
Green Building Assessment System for the Beijing Olympics
Green Building Council of Australia Green Building Council of South Africa Green Building for Africa Green Building Initiative Green Building Rating Systems gross domestic product ground granulated blast-furnace slag greenhouse gas Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory good manufacturing practice Global Reporting Initiative hazard analysis and critical control point Higher Education Funding Council of England higher education institutions Human Sciences Research Council International Building Code Institute for Corporate Citizenship
International Code Council International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives Integrated Development Plan indoor environmental quality International Green Construction Code Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change industrial processes and product use Integrated Public Transport Network International Organization for Standardization
kg kilogram kWh kilowatt hours LCA life cycle assessment LED light-emitting diode LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design LEVs low emissions vehicles 2 m square metres MBS building management system MDGs Millennium Development Goals MoHURD Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development MICE meetings, incentives, conferencing, exhibitions MMC Mayoral Member Committee MSc Master of Science n sample NAHB National Association of Homebuilders NBR National Building Regulations NBRBS Act, National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act, Act 103 of 1977 NBI National Business Initiative NCC National Construction Code NDCs nationally determined contributions NDHS National Department of Human Settlements NDP National Development Plan NFGBSA National Framework for Green Building in South Africa NGBS National Green Building Standard NLTA National Land Transport Act NLTSF National Land Transport Strategic Framework NMT non-motorised transport NMTFs non-motorised transport facilities NPOs non-profit organisations NRB National Building Regulations NRTA National Road Traffic Act NTF National Transport Forum o C degree Celsius PLTF Provincial Land Transport Framework PPP public-private partnership PSEE National Business Initiative’s Private Sector Energy Efficiency PTY proprietary company PV photovoltaic PVC polyvinyl chloride
ABBREVIATIONS
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viii
RHI SABS SACN ABBREVIATIONS SAD SADC SALGA SANEDI SANS SAPOA SASSDA SBS SBTC SCM SDGs SDMT SIU SMMEs SPS SWH TIEP TOD UHI UK ULEV UNEP UNEP-SBCI
UNESCO
UNFCCC UNGC UNISA UNWTO USA USGBC VAT VOC WGBC WMO WTTC WWTP
Renewable Heat Incentive
South African Bureau of Standards
South African Cities Network
seasonal affective disorder
Southern African Development Community
South African Local Government Association
South African National Energy Development Institute
South African National Standard
South African Property Owners Association
Southern Africa Stainless Steel Development Association
sick building syndrome
Sustainable Building Technology Committee
supply chain management
Sustainable Development Goals
symbol digit modalities test
international systems of unit
small, medium and micro enterprises
sustainable procurement strategy
solar water heater
Tshwane Integrated Environmental Policy
Transit Oriented Development
urban heat island
The United Kingdom
ultra low emission vehicle
United Nations Environment Programme
UnitedNationsEnvironmentProgrammeSustainable
Buildings and Climate Initiative
TheUnitedNationsEducational,ScientificandCultural
Organization
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
United Nations Global Compact
University of South Africa
United Nations World Tourism Organisation
United States of America
United States Green Building Council
value added tax
volatile organic compound
World Green Building Council
World Meteorological Organisation
The World Travel and Tourism Council
wastewater treatment plant
ABOUT THE EXXARO CHAIR
The University of South Africa (UNISA), in partnership with Exxaro Re-sources (Pty) Ltd Chairman’s Fund (ECF), established the Exxaro Chair in Business and Climate Change (Chair) in 2008 with a life span of three years (to 2010). Following the Chair’s success, the EFC has renewed the Chair’s mandate three times for the periods of 2011-2015, 2016-2018, and the current term of 2019-2023. The vision of the Chair is to ‘create a Centre of Excellence in Business and Climate Change research, education, and ad-vocacy oriented community engagement’. Its mission is to ‘support South African and African stakeholders (including business, government, and civil society) in their quest to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to climate change through relevant and cutting edge research, education, and advocacy oriented community engagement programmes’. The Chair is mandated to operate in three thematic areas: (1) research; (2) academic programme development (including training and capacity building); and (3) advocacy oriented community engagement. In terms of governance, the Chair resides in the Institute for Corporate Citizenship (ICC), hosted by the College of Economic and Management Sciences under the auspices of the executive dean. While the Chair’s autonomy will be safeguarded, he/she will be guided by an advisory board with nominated representatives from Exxa-ro, the business sector, civil society, government, and representatives from relevant departments. The Advisory Board meets at least twice per annum and advises the Chair on issues of relevance and direction with regard to the Chair’s mandate.
ABOUT AISA/HSRC
The Africa Institute of South Africa (AISA) is a research institute that was founded in 1960 and incorporated into the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) in 2014. AISA has a long history of producing and disseminating knowledge of African scholars. Throughout its six decades of existence, many scholars and practitioners have associated with the Institute, either through working for it, engaged in its research projects, writing for its publications or attending conferences and seminars it has hosted. AISA undertakes basic, applied policy relevance and comparative research on Africa. It seeks to research, build capacity on and intervene in, the areas of governance, peace and security, sustainable development and science and technology.
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