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Jethro Tull's Thick as a Brick and A Passion Play

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<P>Since the 1960s, British progressive rock band Jethro Tull has pushed the technical and compositional boundaries of rock music by infusing its musical output with traditions drawn from classical, folk, jazz, and world music. The release of Thick as a Brick (1972) and A Passion Play (1973) won the group legions of new followers and topped the Billboard charts in the United States, among the most unusual albums ever to do so. Tim Smolko explores the large-scale form, expansive instrumentation, and complex arrangements that characterize these two albums, each composed of one continuous song. Featuring insights from Ian Anderson and in-depth musical analysis, Smolko discusses the band's influence on popular culture and why many consider Thick as a Brick and A Passion Play to be two of the greatest concept albums in rock history.</P>
<P>Preface<BR>Acknowledgements<BR>1: Providing a Context for Thick as a Brick and A Passion Play<BR>2: Galliards and Lute Songs: The Influence of Early Music in Jethro Tull<BR>3: Geared Toward the Exceptional Rather than the Average: The Album Cover and Lyrics of Thick as a Brick<BR>4: The Music of Thick as a Brick: Form and Thematic Development<BR>5: The Music of Thick as a Brick: Other Features<BR>6: The Château d’Isaster Tapes and the Album Cover and Lyrics of A Passion Play<BR>7: The Music of A Passion Play<BR>8: Monty Python, Reception, and Live Versions<BR>Conclusions<BR>Epilogue: Whatever Happened to Gerald Bostock?<BR>Appendix 1: The Complete Lyrics to Thick as a Brick<BR>Appendix 2: The Complete Lyrics to A Passion Play<BR>Appendix 3: Analysis of the Instrumental Passages<BR>Notes<BR>Bibliography <BR>Index</P>

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Published 07 October 2013
Reads 12
EAN13 9780253010384
Language English
Document size 3 MB

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Jethro Tull’sThick as a BrickandA Passion Play
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Jethro Tull’sThick as a BrickandA Passion Play
This book is a publication of
INDIANA UNIVERSITY PRESS Office of Scholarly Publishing Herman B Wells Library 350 1320 East 10th Street Bloomington, Indiana 47405 USA
iupress.indiana.edu
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© 2013 by Timothy J. Smolko
All rights reserved
No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photo-copying and recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. The Association of American University Presses’ Resolution on Permissions constitutes the only exception to this prohibition.
The paper used in this publication meets the minimum requirements of the American National Standard for Information Sciences–Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials, ANSI Z39.48–1992.
Manufactured in the United States of America
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Smolko, Tim, author. Jethro Tull’s Thick as a brick and A passion play : inside two long songs / Tim Smolko. pages cm. – (Profiles in popular music) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-253-01026-1 (cloth : alkaline paper) – ISBN 978-0-253-01031-5 (paperback : alkaline paper) – ISBN 978-0-253-01038-4 (ebook) 1. Jethro Tull (Musical group) 2. Rock music – England – 1971-1980 – History and criticism. 3. Progressive rock music. I. Title. II. Series: Profiles in popular music. ML421.J5S66 2013 782.42166092’2 – dc23
1 2 3 4 5 18 17 16 15 14 13
2013010486
Contents
List of Illustrations
Foreword by Adrian Stone-Mason
Preface
Acknowledgments
1 Life Is a Long Song: Providing a Context forThick as a BrickandA Passion Play
2 Galliards and Lute Songs: The Influence of Early Music in Jethro Tull
3 Geared toward the Exceptional Rather than the Average: The Album Cover and Lyrics ofThick as a Brick
4 The Music ofThick as a Brick:Form and Thematic Development
5 The Music ofThick as a Brick:Other Features
6The Château d’Isaster Tapesand the Album Cover and Lyrics ofA Passion Play
7 The Music ofA Passion Play
8Monty Python, Reception, and Live Versions
Conclusions
Epilogue: Whatever Happened to Gerald Bostock?
Appendix 1. The Complete Lyrics toThick as a Brick
Appendix 2. The Complete Lyrics toA Passion Play
Appendix 3. Analysis of the Instrumental Passages
Notes
Bibliography
Discography
Videography
Index
3.1. 3.2. 3.3. 3.4. 6.1. 6.2. 6.3. 6.4.
Illustrations
FIGURES
Cover ofThick as a Brick Comic on p. 7 of theSt. Cleve Chronicle Article on p. 8 of theSt. Cleve Chronicle Lyrics toThick as a Brickfrom theSt. Cleve Chronicle Front cover ofA Passion Play Back cover ofA Passion Play Inside gatefold ofA Passion Play Inside gatefold ofA Passion Playwith mock theater program
Example 4.1 Example 4.2 Example 4.3 Example 4.4 Example 4.5 Example 4.6 Example 4.7 Example 4.8 Example 4.9 Example 4.10 Example 4.11 Example 4.12 Example 4.13 Example 4.14 Example 7.1 Example 7.2
MUSICAL EXAMPLES
Thick as a Brick, melody in first A section of Vocal 1, 0:11 side 1 Thick as a Brick, melody in second A section of Vocal 1, 1:00 side 1 Thick as a Brick, Motive 1 Thick as a Brick, Motive 2 Thick as a Brickmeter, 0:48 side 2, Motive 2 in Thick as a Brick, Motive 2fortspinnungpassage, 18:42 side 2 Thick as a Brick, Motive 3 Thick as a Brick, Motive 3 on organ, 17:31 side 1 Thick as a Brick, Motive 4, 11:23 side 1 Thick as a Brick, Motive 2 interrupted by Motive 4, 19:46 side 2
Thick as a Brick, Motive 5, 16:35 side 1
Thick as a Brick, Motive 6
Thick as a Brick, Motive 6 layered onto Motive 2, 20:04 side 2
Thick as a Brick, Motive 7
A Passion Play, Overture Theme 1 A Passion Play, Overture Theme 2
Example 7.3 Example 7.4
Example 7.5 Example 7.6 Example 7.7 Example 7.8 Example 7.9 Example 7.10 Example 7.11 Example 7.12 Example 7.13
Table 4.1 Table 4.2 Table 4.3 Table 4.4 Table 4.5 Table 4.6 Table 4.7 Table 4.8 Table 4.9 Table 4.10 Table 4.11 Table
Johann Sebastian Bach,French Suite in E major BWV 815, “Gigue” Hector Berlioz,Symphonie Fantastique, “Dream of a Witches’ Sabbath,” mm 21– 25 “Neapolitan Tarantella,”Traditional A Passion Play, Motive 1: Heartbeat A Passion Play, Motive 2 A Passion Play, Motive 3 A Passion Play, Motive 4 A Passion Play, Motives 4 and 3 combined, 17:41–17:58, side 1
A Passion Play, Motive 5
A Passion Play, Story Theme 1
A Passion Play, Story Theme 2
Song forms inThick as a Brick
TABLES
Large-scale form ofThick as a Brick
Multiple climaxes inThick as a Brick
Vocal sections ofThick as a Brickwith local repetition
Appearances ofThick as a BrickMotive 1
Metrical progression from 16:18–17:41, side 1
Appearances ofThick as a BrickMotive 2
Appearances ofThick as a BrickMotive 3
Appearances ofThick as a BrickMotive 6
Appearances of allThick as a BrickMotives throughout side 1
Appearances of allThick as a BrickMotives throughout side 2
Instrumentation ofThick as a Brick
5.1 Table 5.2 Table 5.3 Table 5.4 Table 6.1 Table 6.2 Table 6.3 Table 6.4 Table 7.1 Table 7.2 Table 7.3 Table 7.4 Table 7.5 Table 7.6 Table 7.7 Table 7.8 Table 7.9 Table 7.10 Table 7.11 Table 7.12 Table 7.13 Table 7.14
Instrumentation legend ofThick as a Brick
Flute paired with other instruments inThick as a Brick
Chord progressions in the first eleven minutes ofThick as a Brick
Lyrics about the parallels between human and animal behavior
Lyrics about the theater as a conceit for human life
Settings of the four acts ofA Passion Play
Subtitles on the MFSL Gold CD release ofA Passion Play
Musical events in the Overture toA Passion Play
Song forms inA Passion Play
Large-scale form ofA Passion Play
Multiple climaxes inA Passion Play
Appearances ofA Passion PlayMotive 1
Appearances ofA Passion PlayMotive 2
Appearances ofA Passion PlayMotive 3
Appearances ofA Passion PlayMotive 4
Appearances ofA Passion PlayMotive 5
Appearances of the phrase “Passion Play”
Appearances of allA Passion Playmotives throughout side 1
Appearances of allA Passion Playmotives throughout side 2
Instrumentation ofA Passion Play
Instrumentation legend ofA Passion Play
Table 7.15
Table 8.1 Table 8.2 Table 8.3 Table 8.4
Appearances of the two themes in “The Story of the Hare Who Lost His Spectacles”
Form ofFlying Circusepisode: “How to Recognize Different Types of Trees from Quite a Long Way Away” Form ofThick as a Brick, Live at Madison Square Garden 1978 version
Form ofThick as a Brick, live “Out in the Green” Festival version (1986)
Form ofThick as a Brick, 25th Anniversary Box Set studio version (1992)