Parading Respectability

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English
226 Pages
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Parading respectability: The cultural and moral aesthetics of the Christmas Bands Movement in the Western Cape, South Africa is an intimate and incisive portrait of the Christmas Bands Movement in the Western Cape of South Africa. Drawing on her own on background as well as her extended research study period during which she became a band member and was closely involved in its day-to-day affairs, the author, Dr Sylvia Bruinders, documents this centuries-old expressive practice of ushering in the joy of Christmas through music by way of a social history of the coloured communities. In doing so, she traces the slave origins of the Christmas Bands Movement, as well as how the oppressive and segregationist injustices of both colonialism and apartheid, together with the civil liberties afforded in the South African Constitution (1996) after the country became a democracy in 1994 have shaped the movement.

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Published 01 September 2017
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EAN13 9781920033200
Language English
Document size 15 MB

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Dedication
For my parents, Vera and Gabriel Bruinders
About te Serîes heAfrican Humanities Series is a partnership between the African Humanities Program (AHP) of the American Council of Learned Societies and academic publishers NISC (Pty) Ltd.heSeries covers topics in African histories, languages, literatures, philosophies, politics and cultures. Submissions are solicited from Fellows of the AHP, which is administered by the American Council of Learned Societies and Inancîaly supported by the Carnegie Corporation of New York. hepurpose of the AHP is to encourage and enable the production of new knowledge by Africans in theIve countries designated by the Carnegie Corporation: Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda. AHP fellowships support one year’s work free from teaching and other responsibilities to allow the Fellow to complete the project proposed. Eligibility for the fellowship in theIve countries is by domicile, not nationality. Book proposals are submitted to the AHP editorial board which manages the peer review process and selects manuscripts for publication by NISC. In some cases, the AHP board will commission a development editor to undertake substantive editing and to work with the author on reInîng te Ina manuscript. heAfrican Humanities Series aims to publish works of the highest quality that will foreground the best research being done by emerging scholars in theIve Carnegie designated countries.herigorous selection process before the fellowship award, as well as AHP editorial vetting of manuscripts, assures attention to quality. Books in the series are intended to speak to scholars in Africa as well as in other areas of the world. heAHP is also committed to providing a copy of each publication in the series to university libraries in Africa.
AHP Edîtorîa Board Members as at Juy 2017
AHP Serîes Edîtors: Professor Adigun Agbaje, University of Ibadan, Nigeria Professor Emeritus Fred Hendricks, Rhodes University, South Africa
Consutant: Professor Emeritus Sandra Barnes, University of Pennsylvania, USA (Anthropology)
Board Members: 1 Professor Akosua Adomako Ampofo, Institute of African Studies, Ghana (Gender Studies & Advocacy) (Vice President, African Studies Association of Africa 2 ProfessorKoIAnyidoho, University of Ghana, Ghana (African Studies & Literature) (Director, Codesria African Humanities Institute Program) 3 Professor Ibrahim Bello-Kano, Bayero University, Nigeria (Dept of English and French Studies) 4 Professor Sati Fwatshak, University of Jos, Nigeria (Dept of History & International Studies) 5 Professor Patricia Hayes, University of the Western Cape, South Africa (African History, Gender Studies and Visuality) (SARChI Chair in Visual History and heory) 6 Associate Professor Wilfred Lajul, College of Humanities & Social Sciences, Makerere University, Uganda (Dept of Philosophy) 7 Professor Yusufu Lawi, University of Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania (History 8 Professor Bertram Mapunda, University of Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania (Dept of Archaeology & Heritage Studies) 9 Professor Innocent Pikirayi, University of Pretoria, South Africa (Chair & Head, Dept of Anthropology & Archaeology) 10 Professor Josephat Rugemalira, University of Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania (Foreign Languages & Linguistics) 11 Professor Idayat Bola Udegbe,University of Ibadan,Nigeria (Dept of Psychology)
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PARADING RESPECTABILITY: The Cultural and Moral Aesthetics of the Christmas Bands Movement in the Western Cape, South Africa
SYLVIA BRUINDERS
Published in South Africa on behalf of the African Humanities Program by NISC (Pty) Ltd, PO Box 377, Grahamstown, 6140, South Africa www.nisc.co.za
First edition,Irst impression 2017
Publication © African Humanities Program 2017 Text © Sylvia Bruinders 2017
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage or retrieval system, without prior permission in writing from the publisher.
ISBN: 978-1-920033-19-4 (print) ISBN: 978-1-920033-20-0 (PDF) ISBN: 978-1 920033-21-7 (ePub) Development editor: Leonie Viljoen Project manager: Peter Lague Indexer: Michel Cozien Cover design: Advanced Design Group Illustrator: Sylvia de Moor
Printed in South Africa by Tandym Print
Acknowledgements Photographs © Paul Grendon
he author and the publisher have made everyefort to obtain permission for and acknowledge the use of copyright material. Should an inadvertent infringement of copyright have occurred, please contact the publisher and we will rectify omissions or errors in any subsequent reprint or edition.
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Acknowedgements Foreword Preface Gossary of acronyms and abbrevîatîons
Gossary of oca words and prases
Lîst of igures
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CHAPTER1 Socîopoîtîca and îstorîca întroductîon Cape Town’sgoemamusical complex An early history of the Cape Cultural life in the early Cape Coloured identity Language diversities, reîgîous dîferences and gender Ambiguous identity and government ambivalence Cultural hybridity Emerging themes Why Christmas bands? Fieldwork and methodology Comparative study Outline Notes
CHAPTER2 Etnograpy of te Crîstmas Bands Movement History of the Christmas Bands Movement Meetings he road marches he reinterpretation of public space: Spectacular moments Federal structures Cultural identity, religious and moral underpinnings
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1 1 3 5 6 7 9 13 14 19 21 24 25 26
29 30 32 34 37 40 42
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Respectability Strategies of discipline Constructing value Musical sound of community Notes
CHAPTERSt Josep’s Crîstmas Band3 he Biographical sketches of band members Hannes September: founder and “father” of the band Wallace Witbooi: Bandmaster Chris Petersen: Captain Anthony Tockley: Chairperson Sharon Tockley: Secretary Peter Noble: Treasurer Cecil Tookley: Senior drum major Embodied subjectivity Notes
46 47 49 52 54
57 58 58 62 64 65 65 66 67 68 70
CHAPTERora/aura to îterate: Musîca transmîssîon4 From în te Crîstmas Bands 71 Ambivalent notions about reading music 78 Ownership of instruments 86 he r88oles of the bandmaster and captain Learning the “solo” in St Joseph’s 89 ConLîctîng îdeas:91Bandmaster’s aspirations versus community’s expectations Visiting other bands 93 Star of Peace Christmas Band, Bishop Lavis 94 Royal Crusaders Christmas Band, Bellville 94 Palm Crusaders Christmas Band, Ravensmead 96 Perseverance Christmas Band, Elsies River 97 Biographical sketches of musical directors of other bands 99 Rochelle Klassen, Star of Calvary Christmas Band,HeatIed 99 Byron Abrahams, Good Hope Christmas Band, Grassy Park 101 In conclusion 106 Notes 108
CHAPTERîn te bands: Crîstmas Bands5 Mîîtarîsm Competîtîons Background to the competitions Getting ready for the union competition he Cîty and Suburban Union Competition he“solo” “Best-dressed band” “Grand march past” he contestation of process Why competitions? Paternalism and masculinity Military înLuenceChristmas band competitions and the local-global contexts he spectacular nature of competitions Conclusions Notes
CHAPTERsubjectîvîtîes: Women’s învovement6 Hîdden în te Crîstmas bands Gendered scholarship Advance of the women’s sector Women in the Christmas Bands Movement Royal Crusaders Christmas Band Mrs Shirley de Kock Women as music educators Ms Christine Fondling Star of Calvary Christmas Band Women in executive positions Gendered citizenship Conclusion Notes
111 112 113 115 117 120 121 124 128 130 131 136 137 139 140
143 143 144 147 153 156 157 158 160 164 165 167 168
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