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Building Peace from Within


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This book seeks to examine how successful models of building 'peace from within' in the African context function. It draws emerging lessons to provide critical recommendations on policy, practice and academia - our primary audience. While there are numerous examples of failures of conflict resolution in Africa, shown by intractable conflict axes, less attention is paid to successes. While acknowledging the challenges that exist, this edited volume provides positive examples of building peace from within in fragile contexts through many forms of initiatives and actions at different levels: community-based (through individual and/or collective local peace initiatives), government (through ministries and/or departments), and regional (through external and/or multilateral infrastructure for peace). As a guiding principle the notion of building peace from within draws from the idea of community regeneration, which describes voluntary and peaceful activities of grassroots actors that reflect their broader interests of building peaceful communities and existence.



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Published 07 March 2014
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EAN13 9780798304412
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Building Peace from Within
Building Peace from Within
Edited by: Sylvester B. Maphosa Laura DeLuca and Alphonse Keasley
Building Peace from Within
First published in 2014 by the Africa Institute of South Africa PO Box 630 Pretoria 0001 South Africa
ISBN: 9780798304405
© Copyright Africa Institute of South Africa 2014
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The chapters in this book were each reviewd by at least two peers.
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The Africa Institute of South Africa is a think tank and research organisation, focusing on political, socioeconomic, international and development issues in contemporary Africa. The Institute conducts research, publishes books, monographs, occasional papers, policy briefs and a quarterly journal –Africa Insight. The Institute holds regular seminars on issues of topical interest. It is also home to one of the best library and documentation centres worldwide, with materials on every African country.
For more information, contact the Africa Institute at PO Box 630, Pretoria 0001, South Africa; Email ai@ai.org.za; or visit our website at http://www.ai.org.za
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements Preface Editors biographies Notes on contributors
Chapter 1 Building peace from within: an introductionSylvester B. Maphosa and Alphonse Keasley
Chapter 2 Capacity-buildingforsustainablepeacebuildinginAfricaTony Karbo
Chapter 3 Letustalk:AfricancontributionstopeacebuildingJohn Paul Lederach and Angela Lederach
Chapter 4 Healingandintegrateddevelopmentaspartofpeacebuilding in post-conflict areas: a social capital lens Yvonne Sliep
Chapter 5 Does restorative justice work? an evaluation of the restorative justice programmes of Phoenix Zululand Geoff Harris
Chapter 6 Reintegration of child soldiers: a case of southern Sudan Pamela Machakanja
Chapter 7 AnAfricanodyssey:fromchildsoldieringtopeacemakerMorris Matadi, Alphonse Keasley, and Laura DeLuca
Chapter 8 Addressing ethno-political conflicts through the concept of Abanyarwanda: a case of ‘ethnic amnesia’ in Rwanda? Martha Mutisi
Chapter 9 Thepoliticsofalternativejusticeinpost-genocideRwanda:assessing theGacacacommunity justice system Nicasius Achu Check
Chapter 10 Conictresolution,landdisputesandpeacebuildinginnorthernTanzania:the role of customary institutions Mara Goldman, Makko Sinandei and Laura DeLuca
Chapter 11 TheroleofwomeningrassrootspeacebuildinginKenyaKarambu Ringera
Chapter 12 Women’s involvement in peace and security: the case of the SANDFNtsiki Memela-Motumi
Chapter 13 Electionsbycontract:acovenantofpeaceinAfricancommunitiesAjume Wingo
Chapter 14 Elections and community regeneration: implications for democracy and peacebuilding in the DRC Sylvester Bongani Maphosa
Chapter 15 Peacebuilding in South Africa: cross-cultural implications Alphonse Keasley
Chapter 16 SocialmediaandcivilsocietyintheTunisianRevolution:implicationsfordemocracy and peacebuilding Stephen Juan King
Chapter 17 Conclusion – peace from within The Editors
The oft-quoted statement of African humanity, ‘I am because we are’, captures the spirit of this book. The contributions embody, as Sylvester states in the introduction, ‘… the concept of ubuntu value, which describes the sense of duty to care for those in need in a neighbourhood or community by building family and community trust and cohesion’. Without forethought or discussion, we – the editors– Sylvester, Laura and Alphonse, have actualised our personal ubuntu value system and have functioned, en-gaged and blossomed within this ethos to benefit the ‘we’ across Africa.We are indebted to many and joyously share with the world the gratitude that we feel for those who have buoyed us up along the journey of crafting this work.  We, the editors, devotedly appreciate and have much gratitude to AISA for mak-ing possible and for supporting the peacebuilding book, especially Dr Matlotleng Mat-lou and Prof. Phindile Lukhele-Olorunju. To Dr Stan Deetz and Dr Colleen Scanlon-Lyons and One Earth Future Foundation, a special thank you for hosting Dr Sylvester B. Maphosa at the Governance conference in 2010 that made our (the editors’) col-laboration possible; and Heidi Burgess for knowledge-sharing and helping us connect with John Paul Lederach.  A special thanks to Lizzy Motaung for coordinating arrangements for the AISA flat and office space, Mamello Theledi for coordinating our many phone calls between Pretoria and Boulder, Laurette Mkhwebane, Charl van der Merwe, Ali Bibbo, Octavia Rorke,Yvette Francis and Vincent Mnisi, who helped organise the logistics and public-ity for the round table colloquy and series of review meetings.  We also wish to thank experts who came together for the 9 to 12 January 2012 colloquy at AISA, who contributed not only by writing a chapter for the book, but also through knowledge-sharing, cross-cultural exchange and relationship-building as part of the roundtable seminar. These include Dr Siphamandla Zondi, Prof. Narnia Bohler-Muller, Ms Sandra Adong Order, Mr Rob Rose, Dr Sehlare Makgetlaneng and Ms Monica Moore. We are grateful for their collegiality.  Thank you to the following chapter authors for tolerating the many email re-minders and demands for drafts and for their patience with administrative delays: Mr Nicasius Achu Check, Dr Laura DeLuca, Dr Mara J. Goldman, Prof. Geoff Harris, Dr Tony Karbo, Dr Alphonse Keasley, Dr Stephen J. King, Ms Angela Jill Lederach, Dr John Paul Lederach, Dr Pamela Machakanja, Dr Sylvester B. Maphosa, Mr Morris Matadi, Major General N. Memela-Motumi, Dr Martha Mutisi, Dr Karambu Ringera, Mr Makko Sinandei, Prof.Yvonne Sliep and Dr Ajume Wingo. Special thanks to Prof. Geoff Harris, Dr Mara Goldman and Dr Ajume Wingo for listening and for offering many productive suggestions about the book, and to Dr Alphonse Keasley for going above and beyond expectations and joining the editorial team at a critical time for the success of the book.
viii | Building Peace from Within
WealsothanktheArcadiaHotelinPretoriaandtheRoseGuestHouseinBrooklynforhosting our guests for the peacebuilding conference. To the staff at the Hector Pieter-son Museum, thank you for the warm welcome, and to the staff at Freedom Park, thank you for the warm welcome for our last round table session. The visit was an inspiring space linked to peacebuilding in the South African context. One poignant moment was when we washed our hands and took a moment for reflection at the rocks represent-ing South Africa and the international orb. Our discussions and collaboration indeed produced revelatory insights that have deepened our appreciation for humanity and for Africa.
Sylvester B. Maphosa, Laura DeLuca and Alphonse Keasley.
Acknowledgements | ix