346 Pages
English

Constitutional and Political History of Uganda: From 1894 to Present

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Published 20 December 2010
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EAN13 9789966031501
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CONSTITUTIONAL ANDPOLITICALHISTORY OF UGANDAFROM1894TO THEPRESENTND 2EDITION
CONSTITUTIONAL ANDPOLITICALHISTORY OF UGANDAFROM1894TO THEPRESENTND 2 EDITIONGWKANYEIHAMBALLB, LLM, PHD, LLD, SC.
Published by:
LawAfrica Publishing (U) Ltd Crown House, 1st Floor Plot 4A Kampala Road P.O. Box 6198 Kampala, Uganda Phone: +256 41 255808 Fax: +256 41 347743
LawAfrica Publishing (K) Ltd Co-op Trust Plaza, 1st Floor Lower Hill Road P.O. Box 4260 - 00100 GPO Nairobi, Kenya Phone: +254 20 2722579/80 Fax: +254 20 2722592
LawAfrica Publishing (T) Ltd Co-Architecture Building, 7th Floor P.O. Box 38564 Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania Phone: +255 22 2120804/5 Fax: +255 22 2120811 Email: sales@lawafrica.com Website: www.lawafrica.com
First Published in 2002
nd © 2 Edition GW Kanyeihamba 2010
ISBN: 9966-7448-0-0
TABLE OFCONTENTS
PageDedication .............................................................................................. viii Acknowledgment..................................................................................... ix Foreword................................................................................................. xi Preface..................................................................................................... xii Chapter One - Historical Background: The Foundations of Uganda 1.1 Declaration of A Protectorate ................................................ 1 1.2 The Uganda Order-in-Council 1902..................................... 8 1.3 Executive and the Legislative Councils .................................. 10 1.4 Extending Representation to the People................................ 15 1.5 The Beginning of Responsible Government .......................... 22 Chapter Two - The Forces which Determined the Destiny of Uganda 2.1 Political Parties...................................................................... 31 2.2 The Traditional Rulers.......................................................... 38 2.3 The Colonial Government .................................................... 45 2.4 The Constitutional Conference in London ............................ 51 Chapter Three - Uganda Becomes an Independent Sovereign State 3.1 Second Conference in London .............................................. 59 Chapter Four - The Dramatic Years 4.1 The Conspiracies................................................................... 77 4.2 Monarchism Goes into Hibernation ...................................... 94 4.3 The Republican Constitution of 1967: A Prelude to Instability.......................................................... 100 Chapter Five - The Age of Militarism in Uganda 5.1 The Origins of Military Rule ................................................ 105 5.2 The Reasons for the First Coup D’etat in Uganda ................. 108
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Constitutional and Political History of Uganda
GW Kanyeihamba
5.3 The Constitutionalism of the Idi Amin Regime..................... Chapter Six - Power Rides Naked Through Uganda under the Muzzle of a Gun 6.1 Revulsion Against Amin and His Military Regime ................ 6.2 Liberation of Uganda from the Idi Amin Regime .................. 6.3 The Rise and Fall of the UNLF Government ........................ 6.4 Confrontation at Mwanza ..................................................... 6.5 Removal of Yusuf Lule From the Presidency......................... Chapter Seven - The Return of Obote and Continued Misrule 7.1 UNLF, The Trojan Horse of UPC........................................ 7.2 The Military Commission as Chief Executive of Uganda ....... 7.3 Obote II; No Lessons From the Past ...................................... 7.4 The Economic Mirage Under Obote II ................................. Chapter Eight - The National Resistance Movement in the Bush 8.1 Opposition Groups Against the Obote II Regime.................. 8.2 The National Resistance Movement...................................... 8.3 Consolidation of the NRM Philosophy ................................. 8.4 The Collapse of Obote II ...................................................... 8.5 Fundamental Changes Under NRM...................................... Chapter Nine - The Best Legacy of the NRM to Uganda Failures of the NRM Chapter Ten - Failures of the NRM Chapter Eleven - The Metamophosis of the NRM 11.1 The Demise of the NRM Principles...................................... 11.2 What Went Wrong?.............................................................. Chapter Twelve - Governance from Customary, Through Colonial to Modern Obligations Chapter Thirteen – Theory’s and Principles of Governance 13.1 The Doctrine of Separation of Powers ................................... 13.2 The Rule of Law .................................................................. 13.3 Deviance from Constitutional Doctrines and Theories........
116
131 136 145 151 156
159 162 165 169
177 182 186 189 195
201 217
236 239
249
265 269 273
GW Kanyeihamba
Table of Contents
13.4 The Status and Role of the Judiciary in Governance........... 13.5 The Idea Judiciary.............................................................. 13.6 The Meaning of the Independence of the Judiciary ............ 13.7 Executive, Political and Military Assault on the Judiciary .... 13.8 Judicial Balancing Act ........................................................ 13.9 Accountability in the Judiciary ........................................... 13.10 The Challenges of Civil Society ......................................... Chapter Fourteen – Election Laws and Electoral Malpractices in Uganda 14.1 Introduction.......................................................................... 14.2 Deliberate Avoidance and Breaches of Electoral Laws in Uganda ............................................................................. 14.3 Reform or application and Enforcement of the Electoral Laws?...................................................................... 14.4 Lack of Law Enforcement ..................................................... 14.5 Reforms are only Secondary.................................................. 14.6 Women far worse under Election Laws ................................. Chapter Fifteen - A Gaze in the Future Bibliography..........................................................................................
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278 282 286 287 291 294 295
299
300
307 310 312 314 317 327
DEDICATION
This book is dedicated with love and gratitude to my dear wife Susan and our children, Sarah Kwezi, Joel Martin Masiko and Ruth Katungi Kanyeihamba and my daughter in Law, Katherine Kateera, whose abundant love, extreme tolerance and deep understanding have sustained me throughout my adult life.
I also dedicate it to my late beloved parents, Zakaliya Barorora and Malyamu Kyenda and my brothers and sisters and especially to Furida Baremirwe and the late Charles Ngambeki, all of whose love, work ethics, honesty, integrity and humanity I endeavoured to emulate, and to my friends and all Ugandans, good and true, whose warm companionship advice and understanding have been invaluable for my existence and well being.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I acknowledge with thanks and appreciation, the generosity, confidence and understanding of His Exellency, President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni who, over the years entrusted to me, the performance of duties and functions of high offices of state in the Republic of Uganda and who has given me ample opportunities since the early 1980’s to participate in, observe and learn about public service and its intricacies for the advancement and improvement of the well being of our people and country and not least, for creating and sustaining an environment in which this kind of writing is possible.
I am indebted to Dr James W Katalikawe of the Faculty of Law Makerere University who assisted me in, revising and updating sections of Chapters 1 and 2 which also appear in my earlier book “Constitutional Law and Government in Uganda”.
I acknowledge the many sources and published materials I consulted while preparing this book and the details of which I have given in the notes to each Chapter. I wish to acknowledge specially the work and writing of Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, ABK Kasozi and of Gingyera book. I am indebted to Mzee Canon John Bikangaga, my mentor in serving the public and Honourable Eriya Kategaya, a long standing political friend, both with whom I discussed some salient features of this book.
I am indebted to the Honourable the Chief Justice of Uganda, Benjamin Odoki, whose works I also referred to and who encouraged and tolerated my exposure as a judge when discussing this book publicly. I wish to thank my friends, the Daughters of St. Paul, who constantly kept me in their prayers as I prepared this book.
I wish to thank my readers and editors, Ernest Sempebwa, and Robert Kalule for an excellent job well done.
I acknowledge the long life devotion and companionship of my friends Professor J Kwesiga, Dr William N Nganwa, the late Jonathan Kateera, esq. and the late Dr James Kahirimbanyi and Mr Paul Kadoma.
Lastly but not least, I acknowledge, with thanks, the enthusiasm and professionalism of my publisher, LawAfrica Publishing Limited whose belief in my work and ability to complete it for publication remained undiminished throughout the relevant period.