Displacement, Elimination and Replacement of Indigenous People
281 Pages
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Displacement, Elimination and Replacement of Indigenous People


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281 Pages


Colonial scholars have taken immense pleasure in portraying Africans as possessed by spirits but as lacking possession and ownership of their resources, including land. Erroneously deemed to be thoroughly spiritually possessed but lacking senses of material possession and ownership of resources, Africans have been consistently dispossessed and displaced from the era of enslavement, through colonialism, to the neocolonial era. Delving into the historiography of dispossession and displacement on the continent of Africa, and in particular in Zimbabwe, this book also tackles contemporary forms of dispossession and displacement manifesting in the ongoing transnational corporations land grabs in Africa, wherein African peasants continue to be dispossessed and displaced. Focusing on the topical issues around dispossession and repossession of land, and the attendant displacements in contemporary Zimbabwe, the book theorises displacements from a decolonial Pan-Africanist perspective and it also unpacks various forms of displacements - corporeal, noncorporeal, cognitive, spiritual, genealogical and linguistic displacements, among others. The book is an excellent read for scholars from a variety of disciplines such as Geography, Sociology, Social Anthropology, History, Linguistics, Development Studies, Science and technology Studies, Jurisprudence and Social Theory, Law and Philosophy. The book also offers intellectual grit for policy makers and implementers, civil society organisations including activists as well as thinkers interested in decolonisation and transformation.



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Published 19 February 2019
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EAN13 9789956550913
Language English
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Displacement, Elimination and Replacement of Indigenous People Displacement, Elimination and Replacement of Indigenous People Putting into Perspective Land Ownership and Ancestry in Decolonising Contemporary Zimbabwe
EDITEDBY Jairos Kangira, Artwell Nhemachena & Nelson Mlambo
Displacement, Elimination and Replacement of Indigenous People: Putting into Perspective Land Ownership and Ancestry in Decolonising Contemporary Zimbabwe Edited by Jairos Kangira, Artwell Nhemachena & Nelson MlamboL a ng a a R esea rch & P u blishing CIG Mankon, Bamenda
Publisher:LangaaRPCIG Langaa Research & Publishing Common Initiative Group P.O. Box 902 Mankon Bamenda North West Region Cameroon Langaagrp@gmail.comwww.langaa-rpcig.net Distributed in and outside N. America by African Books Collective orders@africanbookscollective.com www.africanbookscollective.com
ISBN-10: 9956-550-31-0
ISBN-13: 978-9956-550-31-9 ©Jairos Kangira, Artwell Nhemachena & Nelson Mlambo 2019 All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, mechanical or electronic, including photocopying and recording, or be stored in any information storage or retrieval system, without written permission from the publisher
About the Contributors Professor Jairos Kangiraearned his PhD in Rhetoric Studies from the University of Cape Town, South Africa. He is an international scholar of rhetoric, particularly presidential rhetoric. Prof Kangira has travelled the length and breadth of the world delivering conference papers, guest-lecturing and conducting workshops in universities - the latest workshop being the International Rhetoric Workshop that was held at Uppsala University, Sweden. The workshop was attended by 50 PhD students in rhetoric from across the world. He has published extensively in the field of rhetoric and language. He is the Dean of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of Namibia (UNAM). Previously, he was the Head of the Department of Language and Literature Studies at UNAM. He was the Deputy Dean of the Faculty of Arts at the University of Zimbabwe before he relocated to Namibia in 2006, joining the then Polytechnic of Namibia (now Namibia University of Science and Technology). Having great interest in research and publication, Prof Kangira successfully established two international journals in Namibia,Nawa Journal of Language and Communication at NUST in 2007, and theJournal for Studies in Humanities and Social Sciencesat UNAM in 2012, and became the founding editor of both publications. He is also the founding board member of the UNAM Press where he has played a leading role in the publication of many academic books. Prof Kangira’s other qualifications are: a Master of Philosophy in Linguistics, a Special Honours in Linguistics degree and a Certificate in Education from the University of Zimbabwe; a Bachelor of Arts from the University of South Africa; and a Postgraduate Certificate in Tertiary Education Management and a Master of Tertiary Education Management from the University of Melbourne, Australia. Prof Kangira has made a great impact in the development of the English language in Namibia. Dr Artwell Nhemachenaholds a PhD in Social Anthropology; MSc in Sociology and Social Anthropology, BSc Honours Degree in Sociology. In addition to having a good mix of social science and law courses in his undergraduate studies, he also has a Certificate in Law.
He has lectured in Zimbabwe before pursuing his PhD studies in South Africa. His current areas of research interest are Knowledge Studies; Development Studies; Environment; Resilience; Food Security and Food Sovereignty; Industrial Sociology; Agnotology, Sociology and Social Anthropology of Conflict and Peace; Transformation; Sociology and Social Anthropology of Science and Technology Studies, Democracy and Governance; Relational Ontologies; Decoloniality and Anthropological/Sociological Jurisprudence. He has published over 80 book chapters and journal articles in accredited and peer-reviewed platforms. He has also published over twelve books in accredited and peer reviewed platforms.Dr Nelson Mlambo holds degrees from the University of Zimbabwe, Universityof Namibia and Stellenbosch University. He is currentlya Lecturer in the Department of Language and Literature Studies at the Universityof Namibia. An author of three books and more than twenty refereedjournal articles, Dr Mlambo has also supervised more than fifteen masters and PhD students. Dr Mlambo’s research interests are in the area of literary studies, particularlyfocusingof recent theorisations which are of relevance to Africa’spresent challenges. Of late Dr Mlambo has been researchingon the value of health communication in multilingual societies as well as the significance ofpostcolonial ecocriticism ingenocidal literature, with a specific focus on the Herero/Germanyabout the fiction genocide. Professor Ruby Magosvongwewho holds a Doctor of Philosophy from the University of Cape Town, is Associate Professor in the Department of English at the University of Zimbabwe, where she is the current Chairperson. Since April 2017, Prof Magosvongwe has been the Acting Editor-in-Chief ofZambezia, University of Zimbabwe’s Humanities Journal. Prof Magosvongwe is also currently an Academic Researcher with the Department of English Studies, UNISA. She has also been influential in growing and nurturing talent in the Arts through the National Arts Council of Zimbabwe where she is currently a Board member. In addition, she has been involved with the Cover-to-Cover National Writing
Competitions that seek to unearth and grow the creativity of young Zimbabweans before their University studies. Furthermore, Prof Magosvongwe has been a member of the Zimbabwe International Book Fair Association Executive Board between 2009 and 2013 at which point she took over as Deputy and Chairperson of the Zimbabwe International Book Fair Association General Council to date. Ruby Magosvongwe was also Acting Director: Information and Public Relations in the Vice Chancellor’s Office at the University of Zimbabwe between November 2008 and April 2010. In addition to being a published writer, Prof Magosvongwe has published academic articles and book chapters in peer-reviewed journals and peer-reviewed books respectively. She compiled and co-editedAfrica’s Intangible Heritage and Land: Emerging Perspectives(2016) andDialoguing Land and Indigenisation in Zimbabwe and Other Developing Countries: Emerging perspectives (2015), both published by University of Zimbabwe Publications. She also co-editedRe-discoursing Africana Womanism (2012);African Womanhood in Zimbabwean Literature: New Critical Perspectives on Women’s Literature in African Languages (2006). Refusing to be pigeonholed, her research interests are inter- and transdisciplinary with her primary focus on Literature and Land, Literature and Gender, English Literature, African Literature, Cultural Studies and Comparative Literature. Professor Enna Sukutai Gudhlangaholds a D Phil from UNISA, BA and MA from the University of Zimbabwe. She is an Associate Professor in African Languages and Literature and is the Chairperson of the Department of Languages and Literature at Zimbabwe Open University. Enna holds certificates in Gender Mainstreaming from OSSREA, CODESRIA and UNIDEP. Enna is interested in the study of Africa and the development of its literatures, cultures and world outlooks. Her main concern is the ultimate self-definition and complete mastery of the African people’s own life. Her publications include:Gender, Politics and Land Use in Zimbabwe, 1980-2012(Dakar: CODESRIA, 2015). She has presented papers on gender issues at many international conferences and been awarded research grants by several organisations to research on gender issues in Zimbabwe. Enna is also interested in socio-linguistic issues like democracy, language rights, planning and policy.
Professor Charles Pfukwa is a war veteran of the Zimbabwe liberation struggle. Upon his return from the liberation war, Pfukwa studied for his BA and MA degrees at the University of Zimbabwe. He obtained his PhD in Applied Linguistics from the University of South Africa. He has published widely in Zimbabwean onomastics, Zimbabwean cultural studies and the Zimbabwean liberation war. His research interests include onomastics cultural studies, popular music in Zimbabwe, and narratives of Zimbabwean liberation’s war. He is an Associate Professor and the Executive Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities at Bindura University of Science Education. He is the Editor ofDande, a Faculty journal at the University. He is also a Research Associate in the Unit of Language Empowerment at the University of Free State. Angeline Mavis Madongondaholds a Master of Arts in English and is a senior lecturer in the Department of Languages and Literature at the Zimbabwe Open University. She is currently a doctoral candidate with the same institution. She has authored a number of journal articles which include “Nurturing Mother Nature: Exploring the Zimbabwean woman’s role in environmental conservation through storytelling.” (2017) inAfrican Journal of Children’s Literature Vol. 1 No. 2book chapters such as “The and language of pain: (Re)interpreting nature as metaphor in Yvonne Vera’sUnder the tongue”inEmerging Perspectives on Yvonne VeraEds. Pauline Dodgson-Katiyo and Helen Cousins (2012). She has co-edited the bookThe Art of Survival: Depictions of Zimbabwe and the Zimbabwean in Crisis(2015) with Anna Chitando and Joseph Chikowero. Her research interests include subaltern voices in Zimbabwean and African literature. Her current research focus is on gender issues in both traditional and contemporary writings in Zimbabwe.Dr Blessing Makunikea holder of BSc Honours Degree in is Politics and Administration and a Masters Degree in Public Administration from the University of Zimbabwe. He received his PhD in African Studies from the University of the Free State (South Africa). He is a past recipient of the Eric Abraham Academic Fellowship (University of Cape Town, South Africa). His research
interests are in land and agrarian reform, poverty alleviation, indigenous knowledge systems, and rural development. Coletta M. Kandemiri is currently a PhD candidate at the University of Namibia in the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences. Her PhD thesis is on the literary representations of the Herero-Nama 1904-1908 genocide. She completed her Master of Arts in English Studies degree and her main interest is in literature that relates to social life. She obtained her first degree at the University of Zimbabwe after which she joined the University of Namibia for a Master of Arts in English Studies degree. Kandemiri’s passion for literature is driven by the fact that literature is all about “creatures” called human beings. She sees literature as a point from which all other life affairs stem from. Dr Shuvai Chingweholds a PhD in Development Studies, Master of Science Degree in Public Administration and a Bachelor of Science Degree Honours in Politics and Administration. Her PhD thesis was an exploration of self-determined development practices as a panacea for poverty reduction. She is currently lecturing at International University of Management (Namibia) in the School of Postgraduate Studies. Her current research interests are in Indigenous communities, indigenous livelihoods, indigenous knowledge systems, research methodology and public policy. She has published on the use of indigenous research methodologies in Indigenous communities. Dr Collen Sabaoa Senior Lecturer of Linguistics and is Communication in the Languages and Literature Department at University of Namibia. He is also an American Council of Learned Societies Fellow and African Humanities Fellow. His research interests are in Phonetics and Phonology, Political Discourse, Media Discourse, Appraisal Theory and Rhetoric. He has published extensively in these areas.
Table of Contents Chapter One: Theorising Displacement, Elimination and Replacement of Indigenous People: An Introduction to Decolonising Land Issues ............................................ 1Artwell Nhemachena, Jairos Kangira & Nelson Mlambo Chapter Two: Land Dispossession and the Genesis of Crises in Zimbabwe: Implications for Sustainable Livelihoods and People-centred Development as Depicted in Selected Zimbabwean Fictional Narratives........................................................... 29 Ruby Magosvongwe Chapter Three:Mapfupa angu achamuka(My bones will rise again): Spirituality, History, Memory and Ancestry in Land Ownership ‘Debates’ in Zimbabwe .................................. 65 Collen Sabao Chapter Four: Pegging out Claims in Space and Place: The Theme of Land Redistribution in the Music of Simon Chimbetu ............................................................... 83 Charles Pfukwa Chapter Five: Of Mothers, Umbilical Cords and Tongues: Land Ownership, Language and Identity in Chirikure Chirikure’sRukuvhute...................................................... 97Angeline Mavis Madongonda & Enna Sukutai Gudhlanga