How Africa Developed Europe
331 Pages
English
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How Africa Developed Europe

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331 Pages
English

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Whether Africa is developed or not, depends on how and what one addresses. Development is relative. Nonetheless, the fact is: Africa developed Europe; and thereby became underdeveloped. Addressed academically, the notion of development creates many questions amongst which are: Development in what? Whose development? Development for whom? Who defines development? In this volume, the development dealt with is polygonal; and touches on politico-economic sequels which also affect the social aspect. No doubt. Africa is abundantly rich in terms of resource and culture. Paradoxically, however, Africa is less developed economically compared to Europe thanks to the history of unequal encounters, among other reasons. We cannot emphasise enough the fact that Africa’s underdevelopment is the price of the development of Europe which is based on historical realities gyrating around Europe’s criminal past wherein slavery and colonialism enabled Europe to spawn its future capital and investment. How can anyone quibble about Europe’s development resulting from perpetual plunderage of Africa with impunity committed by European treasure-hunting adventurers? This volume prescribes Africa’s restorative recompense as the only way forward for the duo and the world.

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Published 19 February 2018
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How Africa Developed Europe: Deconstructing the HIS-STORY
Nkwazi N. Mhango
of Africa, Excavating Untold Truth and What Ought to Be Done and Known
How Africa Developed
Whether Africa is developed or not, depends on how and what one
addresses. Development is relative. Nonetheless, the fact is: Africa
developed Europe; and thereby became underdeveloped. Addressed Europe:
academically, the notion of development creates many questions
amongst which are: Development in what? Whose development?
Development for whom? Who defi nes development? In this volume, Deconstructing the HIS-STORY of Africa,
the devdealt with is polygonal; and touches on
politicoeconomic sequels which also affect the social aspect. No doubt. Africa Excavating Untold Truth and What Ought to
is abundantly rich in terms of resource and culture. Paradoxically,
Be Done and Knownhowever, Africa is less developed economically compared to Europe
thanks to the history of unequal encounters, among other reasons. We
cannot emphasise enough the fact that Africa’s underdevelopment is
the price of the development of Europe which is based on historical
realities gyrating around Europe’s criminal past wherein slavery and
colonialism enabled Europe to spawn its future capital and investment.
How can anyone quibble about Europe’s development resulting from
perpetual plunderage of Africa with impunity committed by European
treasure-hunting adventurers? This volume prescribes Africa’s
restorative recompense as the only way forward for the duo and the
world.
NKWAZI MHANGO is the author of Saa ya Ukombozi, Nyuma ya
Pazia, Souls on Sale, Born with Voice, Africa Reunite or Perish, Psalm of
the Oppressed, Perpetual Search, Africa’s Best and Worst President: How
Neocolonialism and Imperialism Maintained Venal Rules in Africa and ‘Is
It Global War on Terrorism’ or Global War over Terra Africana?: The Ruse
Imperial Powers Use to Occupy Africa Militarily for Economic Gains.
Langaa Research & Publishing
Common Initiative Group
P.O. Box 902 Mankon
Bamenda Nkwazi N. MhangoNorth West Region
Cameroon

How Africa Developed Europe
Deconstructing the His-story of
Africa, Excavating Untold Truth and
What Ought to Be Done and Known




Nkwazi Nkuzi Mhango


























Langaa Research & Publishing CIG
Mankon, Bamenda Publisher:
Langaa RPCIG
Langaa Research & Publishing Common Initiative Group
P.O. Box 902 Mankon
Bamenda
North West Region
Cameroon
Langaagrp@gmail.com
www.langaa-rpcig.net



Distributed in and outside N. America by African Books Collective
orders@africanbookscollective.com
www.africanbookscollective.com





ISBN-10: 9956-764-94-9
ISBN-13: 978-9956-764-94-5

© Nkwazi Nkuzi Mhango 2018






All rights reserved.
No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any
means, mechanical or electronic, including photocopying and recording, or be
stored in any information storage or retrieval system, without written permission
from the publisher

Table of Contents


Abbreviations ....................................................................................... v
Acknowledgements ............. vii
Preface ................................................................................................... ix

Chapter One: How Africa Developed Europe ......................... 1
Introduction ................................................................ 1
How Europe Laid the Foundations for the
Exploitation of Africa ......................................................................... 13

Chapter Two: How Europe Decreated and
Reinvented Africa Ready for Exploitation ................................ 29
How Europe Corrupted African Brains as
Means to Colonisation ........................................ 33
How Religion Made Ungodly Godly as the Colonial Agent ......... 42
How Colonialism and Religion Are Bedfellows;
Who Did What and Why ................................................................... 46

Chapter Three: How Robbing Africa
Developed Europe ............................................................................ 65
How Competitive Advantage and Power
Differentials Helped Europe ............................................................. 82

Chapter Four: How Missionaries Spread
Toxic Gospel in Africa .................................................................... 95
How Europe Used Democracy to Further
Colonialism in Africa .......... 106
How Fake Elitism Perpetually Ruined
Africa’s Economies ............................................................................. 114

Chapter Five: How Democracy Is a
Double-Edged Sword ...................................................................... 125
How Organic African Democracy and
Development Were Ignored .............................. 138

iii Chapter Six: How Africa’s Underdevelopment
Became a Myth to Save Europe ................................................... 147
How Who Defines What, How and Why
Negatively Impacted on Africa.......................... 148
How [Under] Development is and Whose Needs Matter? ........... 154

Chapter Seven: How Aid Became another
European Hypnotic Tool in Africa.............................................. 175
How Africa’s Role in the Industrial Revolution ............................. 187

Chapter Eight: How Europe and the Vatican
Colluded in Robbing Africa ........................................................... 203
How Tanzania’s Stance Shows the Way Forward .......................... 213
How Africa Internalised and Reinforced Underdevelopment ...... 217
How Africa Takes Some Things for Granted ................................. 225

Chapter Nine: How Can Africa Heed Its Wake-up Call ....... 233
How Cultural Imperialism Misdefined Africa ................................. 243
How Europe’s Redress of Africa Is a Sine Qua Non .................... 255
How Africa Needs Paradigm Shift Shall It
Want to Catch Up ............................................................................... 261

References........................................................................................... 275

iv Acknowledgements


This book was enabled to come into being by the humungous
contribution from my wife Nesaa that I cherish and relish who, as
always, has never complained about my academic adventures. Her
cooperation and support are second to none. I remember how I used
to change many family topics into academic discourse in order to get
her responses on various issues I raised in this compendium. Boring,
as they always are, academic topics and its general narrative need a
person who seriously care, especially when such a person is
specialised in a different discipline.
So, too, I am indebted to:
My young professors our children Ng’ani, Nkuzi and Nkwazi Jr.
who oft like to help even where they do not know what they are
doing. They have always been around my computer giving me a hard
time of explaining almost everything since they believe that their dad
knows everything. One important thing I appreciate about these little
creatures is the fact that they know that their dad makes book.
My brother colleague and friends professor, Eliakim Sibanda
(University of Winnipeg) spent much of his precious time digging
hole on my manuscript so as to improve it. Brother professor
Munyaradzi Mawere (Great Zimbabwe University) spent his precious
time to assess the title not to mention my mentor professor Sean
Byrne who reminded the importance of touching on her-story along
with his-story as Europe concocted, doctored, desecrated and
fabricated it. Brother Artwell Nhemachena (University of Namibia),
as well, liked the idea and told me to tweak it.
My friends and readers Salih Hassan Ibrahim aka Darfur
(Winnipeg, Canada) and Sirili Akko (Arusha, Tanzania and friends
who always want to be the first to grab the copy of whatever comes
out; and Langaa my publishers that have always been instrumental to
my writing adventure, to all I am, indeed, beh.




v
vi Preface


Although Africa has sadly always been seen as a doomed continent,
it played a very pivotal role in the development of others, particularly
Europe. This is because its actual history has never been known.
What is known is a besmirched, distasteful, miswritten and
misrepresented story of the white man on Africa or his-story that is
taken as the history of Africa. Factually, without Africa’s contribution
through blood and resources, Europe the world knows of today
would not be or look like it is. It is only through Africa’s profound
and humongous contribution that produced the Europe the world
knows of today. Through slavery, colonialism and neocolonialism,
Europe garnered the capital that propelled to the development and
success it boasts of today. However sadly, despite such leg up,
Europe has never appreciated Africa so as to do justice to it. Instead,
Europe has taken Africa for granted as its backyard for bullying and
plundering.
Now time has come for Europe to do justice to Africa and itself
based on the rationalisation and the deconstruction of the centrality
of true history of Africa by redressing Africa for the all evils it has
caused resulting from slavery, colonialism, and neocolonialism.
Under deconstruction theory, every aspect of the so-called African
history that Europe fabricated and launched to the world by killing
its true history needs to be doubted, interrogated in order to be
deconstructed, detoxified. In addressing Africa’s role to Europe’s
development and Europe’s role in Africa’s underdevelopment, this
discourse seeks to deconstruct everything revolving around this
oxymoronic interdependence so that truth can come out. In so
doing, history but not monolithic his-story built on blatant lies is used
as a tool that can help both parties to come up with a viable and just
way of addressing the problem. The author shows how, when and
who did and what; and who is responsible for what. The book seeks
to show how Africa developed Europe at the expenses of its
underdevelopment. This is why the international community is not
left out. For, it has always been predisposed so as to let Europe off
hooks vis-à-vis taking responsibility for destroying robbing and
vii violating Africa for its benefits among which is the development of
the former as opposed to the latter’s underdevelopment.
In a nutshell, this cutting-age volume in that it has used current
information and references aims at presenting the case for Africa to
the world so that the world can reciprocate by presenting Africa’s
worth to Africans and the world but not Europe alone. Nothing this
book seeks to demystify, detoxify and deconstructing the “his-story”
that the reader needs to investigate and interrogate as Europe and its
allies and cohorts fabricated and subscribed to it. This is the history
and story that portrays and shows Africa in a bad light. This is how
Africa developed Europe.










viii Abbreviations


AD–Anno Domino
ATO–Alternative Trading Organisation
B.C–Before Christ
BAKWATA–Baraza la Waislam Tanzania
BBC–British Broadcasting Corporation
BBD – Big Black Dog
CAR–Central African Republic
CDC–Center for Disease Control
CIA–Central Intelligence Agency
CNN–Cable News Network
DRC–Democratic Republic of Congo
EAC–East African Community
ECOWAS–Economic Community of West African States
EEC–European Economic Community
EU–European Union
FAO–Food and Agricultural Organisation
FDA–Food and Drug Administration
GDP–Gross Domestic Product
GER–Gross Enrolment Ratio
GMF–Genetically Manipulated Foods
GNP–Gross National Product
Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
HIPC–Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
HIV–Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome
IFI–international Financial Institution
IMF–International Monetary Fund
IRT–Institute of Responsible Technology
ITEC–Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation
KFC–Kentucky Fried Chicken
MCC–Millennium Challenge Corporate
MDG–Millennium Development Goals
MIT–Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MPLA–Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola
NAB–New American Bible
NCD–Non-Communicable Diseases
NLT–New Living Translation
ODM–Orange Democratic Movement
ix OECD–Organization for Economic Cooperation and
Development
PEV–Post-Election Violence
PM–Prime Minister
PNU–Party of National Unity
R2P–Responsibility to Protect
RF–Rockefeller Foundation
SADC–South African Development Community
SAPs–Structural Adjustment Programmes
SDT–Self-determination Theory
SSA–Sub-Saharan Africa
TMK–Traditional Medicinal Knowledge
Tsh.–Tanzania Schilling
UK–United Kingdom
UNITA–União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola
UN–United Nation
US$–United States Dollar
USD–United States Dollar
USSR–Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
US–United States
WB–World Bank
WTO–World Trade Organisation
WW–World War




x Chapter One

How Africa Developed Europe


Introduction

“The last four or five hundred years of European contact with Africa
produced a body of literature that presented Africa in a very bad light and
Africans in very lurid terms. The reason for this had to do with the need to
justify the slave trade and slavery. […] This continued until the Africans
themselves, in the middle of the twentieth century, took into their own hands
the telling of their story” Achebe (2000) cited in Kasapovic (2015: 7).

As Achebe, above, succinctly lucubrates, the true history of Africa
has neither been told nor written due to its oxymoronic nature and
lack of truth about both parts. Arguably, the current so-called history
of Africa was miswritten and misrepresented, as fake and fickle as it
has always been, and “left in the shadow” (Womack 2013: 154) if not
in the oblivion or warp of white history. It is, therefore, shrouded
with fabrications, lies and, above all, distortions that European bigots
created in order to discredit Africa. For, this very history was
miswritten without the consent or the participation of Africa which
denies it legality in any field of social science. The way it was
doctored, miswritten and mispresented definitively defies academic,
ethics and logic. For those who studied research ethics and methods,
especially on indigenous people, understand how the history Europe
wrote about Africa is against academic tenets due to the fact that
researching on somebody living; and publish the findings without his
or her consent is totally unethical (Brown and Strega 2005). This is
what happened vis-à-vis the history of Africa which this volume calls
his-story of Africa European bigots wrote that needs to be
decolonised (Shultz 2012) in order to address the concerns of the
victims as the part of decolonising social justice and general
education. This is because both colonisers and colonised people need
to be decolonised; and above all, vacuum cleaned from colonial
toxicity that has made it difficult to see the injustice Europe
1 committed against Africa. It should be noted from the outset that
his-story or call it histoire colonial, as (Blanchard and Snoep 2011) puts
it, represents Africa in general to mean even her story. It is only an
animal about which one can write without necessarily seeking its
views simply because animals do not communicate in human
language and sense. So, as you will see hereinafter later, Africa’s
history was miswritten by white bigots without necessarily seeking
any inputs from the subjects which is totally bigoted, unscholarly,
untruth and unethical. To make matters worse, these bigots
fabricated such toxic versions that sadly though have been taken as
truth while they actually are mere lies that sought to justify Europe’s
criminality against Africa. So, too, much of what is known as the
history of Africa is much opined instead of presenting the facts as
they are. History is about facts, and possibly, figures but not
fabrications and opinions. There is no way a Eurocentric history can
define Africa or the world (Marks 2006) as it actually was when such
toxic history was mendaciously written. This, therefore, undergirds
the importance of deconstructing and detoxifying it to see to it that
justice is done for both sides.
Fundamentally, what is known as the history of Africa is nothing
but historical fiction (Msiska and Hyland 2017) in which writing
history has no border between it and fiction. There is a famous
understanding that always “history is written by the winners”
(Remember the Titans (2000) cited in Marcus (2005: 65). This is
colonial mentality under which any history written based on it must
be decolonised and detoxified in order to as to do justice and avoid
legalising propagandistic and colonial history on any people as it is
the case for Africa among others. This is very important due to the
fact that whenever winners write history of their victims, they
commit many injustices to the losers as it is in the case of Africa
which needs to write the history of the loser. The thug will never
write an accurate history even a story of his victim[s]. When
colonisers wrote the history of Africa, like any colonisers, they
enacted many lies, big misrepresentation; and above all, injustices. In
such history, all colonised people suffer from what Memmi cited in
Shohat and Stam (2014) refers to as “the mark of the plural” whereby
they are projected as “all the same.” In such a chicanery, one
2 member’s ills are generalised as representative of the entire
community. If one member of a certain society is a thief, the entire
society becomes the society of thieves including babies and unborn
ones. This, by and large, is where the journey of historical tragedy
commences. The butcher will never bother about the justice of the
cow. For him, all cows are fair game. The Bible, Quran and other
religious and misogynistic books provide an ideal example. When
men authored these books, they doomed all females in order to
exploit, own and rule them. For example, when the Bible and the
Quran condemned one woman Eve (Bible) or Hawa (Quran) all
women were wholesomely condemned. It has taken many
generations for feminists to battle this injustice; which up until now,
has never been rectified. Essentially, with this “one-size-fits-all
mentality”, European bigots were able to dupe the world by
fabricating all mendacities about Africa; and got away with murder
for a long time simply because Africans did not rebut their
“hisstory.”
I have picked his-story but not her-story due to the cadence
hisstory makes in connection to history. So, his-story is her-story that
makes the miswritten history of Africa as Europe concocted it.
Hisstory epitomises Europe’s arrogance, animality, veristic idiocy,
criminality and shamelessness if we underscore the crime against
humanity Europe committed in Africa for many years without being
brought to book. Achebe’s quote above speaks volume as far as
Africa’s history and predicaments are concerned. As Achebe crisply
puts it, Africa was painted in a bad light for the purpose of justifying
animalities and brutalities Europe committed against it. The question
we need to ask is: When will the evils Europe committed against
Africa be corrected? In answering such a pivotal question, the author
comes up with some suggestions that revolve around the theme of
the title of this book namely HOW AFRICA DEVELOPED
EUROPE: DECONSTRUCTING THE HIS-STORY OF AFRICA,
EXCAVATING UNTOLD TRUTH AND WHAT OUGHT TO
BE DONE AND KNOWN. Arguably, Europe has the duty to pull
Africa out of the devastation it caused. And this devastation equally
needs and involves Europe and Africa that need to cooperate in
addressing all evils as discussed in this volume. In deconstructing
his3 story through excavating distorted and hidden Truth about Africa,
this volume seeks to make the case for Africa vis-à-vis colonial evils as
Europe committed them; and thereby create a system that enabled it
to get away with murder for some times. Lincoln cited in Boeschoten
(2013) notes that “you can fool some of the people all of the time,
and all of the people some of the time, but you cannot fool all of the
people all of the time” (p. 18). All the same, Europe will never fool
all people all of the time. This is why deconstructing his-story or
narrative it fabricated is conditio sine qua non.
No doubt; Europe is a materially-developed continent compared
to Africa and some other continents of the world it once colonised
or exploited. However, Europe’s development came at the cost of
the development of others, particularly Africa which is the continent
of plenty but whose population lives in abject poverty and dearth
materially though not morally. Due to this, Africa has a profoundly
huge contribution to the development of Europe which however
occasioned its underdevelopment. If we peel back the layers of time,
no doubt; without Africa, Europe we know today would not have
existed in terms of economic prowess it has always boasted about
undeservedly so to speak. Despite this fact, Europe has never either
admitted or appreciated the role Africa played in bringing about its
development. Therefore, this compendium aims at showing how
Africa practically, and for a long time, contributed overly to the
development of Europe that resulted to the underdevelopment of
Africa (Amukowa and Ayuya 2013). To do so, the author of this book
decided to revisit the history or his-story of Africa as it was dubiously
authored by European bigots ever since they came into contact with
Africa. In doing so, they created what is known as the history of
Africa. However, it is nothing but his-story of Africa whereby his
stands for a European coloniser who also represents an archaic,
colonial and patriarchal Europe. This is why her-story is represented
by his-story. Likewise, the book examines the current situation in
which Africa contributes hugely to the development of Europe
premised on the plunderage of resources, mainly by the way of either
unfair international trade or by the way of fueling and sponsoring
violent conflicts that revolve around the quest of controlling and
extraction of resources that end up in the Western markets under
4 neoliberal policies and free market (Hahn 2007; LeBron and Ayers
2013). On the one hand, the hunch of this corpus, henceforth,
gyrates around slavery, colonialism and neocolonialism as the
phenomena Europe used to rob Africa. On the other hand,
nonetheless, the hunch of the book gyrates around ever-changing
realpolitik of the world as it currently is under the Western dominated
so-called international community. To be precise, Europe is used as
the representative of the West.
Achebe’s quote reflects on the big and true picture of what can
be said to be behind the development of Europe, as opposed to the
underdevelopment of Africa therefrom. No dispute. Despite having
no resources and land mass compared to Africa, Europe is one of a
leading continents in many aspects such as economics, politics,
science, technology and many more; which gave it; (and still does) an
advantage over others based on how Europe achieved such an edge
in development. Notwithstanding, the causes, the secrets and the
truths behind Europe’s advancement are typically dubious, felonious,
fictitious, grim and rapacious due to the fact that Europe has failed
to appreciate the role Africa played in achieving such development.
Therefore, the naked Truth about Europe’s development has never
truly come out for every eye to see how it came into being; because
many bigoted European and partly Asian thinkers and writers told a
one-sided story that, on the one hand, glorified Europe while it
belittled and demonised Africa on the other hand. Mhango (2017a)
names such jaundiced thinkers to include, inter alia, G. W. F. Hegel,
Darwin, Ibn Khaldun, François-Marie Arouet (Voltaire), Ibn Sina or
Avicenna, David Hume, Emanuel Kant, Ibn Qutaybah and others
who maliciously viewed Africa as the continent inhabited by a bunch
of mere androids whose brainpower was nothing but tabula rasa that
will never do anything meaningful for itself; while at the same time,
it has, for many years, contributed immensely for the prosperity of
the world, Europe in particular. Such bigots condemned Africa to
nihilism and neophytism while eulogising and uplifting its Europe to
fictional supermanship. Essentially, colonial his-story produced two
antithetic people namely Africans as subhuman and European as
superhuman. All such distortions and misrepresentations were based
on the pigment of the colour of the skin. What makes the sin of the
5