216 Pages
English
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Liberal Peace In Question

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216 Pages
English

Description

Examines the internationally facilitated peace process between the Government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam in order to provide critical insights on contemporary attempts at crafting liberal peace in intrastate conflicts.


The present book uses Sri Lanka’s failed attempt at negotiating peace with the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, to examine the politics of state and market reforms towards liberal peace. Sri Lanka is seen as a critical case that demonstrates key characteristics and shortcomings of liberal peace, vividly demonstrated by internationally facilitated elite negotiations and donor-funded neoliberal development.


List of Illustrations; List of Contributors; 1. Liberal Peace in Question: The Sri Lankan Case - Kristian Stokke; 2. Travails of State Reform in the Context of Protracted Civil War in Sri Lanka - Jayadeva Uyangoda; 3. Fallacies of the Peace Ownership Approach: Exploring Norwegian Mediation in Sri Lanka - Kristine Höglund and Isak Svensson; 4. The Politics of Market Reform at a Time of Ethnic Conflict: Sri Lanka in the Jayewardene Years - Rajesh Venugopal; 5. From SIHRN to Post-War North and East: The Limits of the ‘Peace through Development’ Paradigm in Sri Lanka - Charan Rainford and Ambika Satkunanathan; 6. Buying Peace? Politics of Reconstruction and the Peace Dividend Argument - Camilla Orjuela; 7. Women’s Initiative in Building Peace: The Case of Northern Sri Lanka - Doreen Arulanantham Chawade; 8. Liberal Peace and Public Opinion - Pradeep Peiris and Kristian Stokke; Notes; References

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Published by
Published 01 January 2011
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EAN13 9780857286499
Language English
Document size 1 MB

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Exrait

Liberal Peace in Question
Liberal Peace in Question
Politics of State and Market Reform in Sri Lanka
Edited by Kristian Stokke and Jayadeva Uyangoda
Anthem Press An imprint of Wimbledon Publishing Company www.anthempress.com
This edition first published in UK and USA 2011 by ANTHEM PRESS 7576 Blackfriars Road, London SE1 8HA, UK or PO Box 9779, London SW19 7ZG, UK and 244 Madison Ave. #116, New York, NY 10016, USA
© 2011 Kristian Stokke and Jayadeva Uyangoda editorial matter and selection; individual chapters © individual contributors
Cover image © Bo Lambert
The moral right of the authors has been asserted.
All rights reserved. Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise), without the prior written permission of both the copyright owner and the above publisher of this book.
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data A catalog record for this book has been requested.
ISBN13: 978 1 84331 896 5 (Hbk) ISBN10: 1 84331 896 2 (Hbk)
This title is also available as an eBook.
List of IllustrationsList of Contributors
C
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N
TEN
TS
1. Liberal Peace in Question: The Sri Lankan Case  Kristian Stokke 2. Travails of State Reform in the Context of Protracted Civil War in Sri Lanka  Jayadeva Uyangoda 3. Fallacies of the Peace Ownership Approach: Exploring Norwegian Mediation in Sri Lanka  Kristine Höglund and Isak Svensson 4. The Politics of Market Reform at a Time of Ethnic Conflict: Sri Lanka in the Jayewardene Years  Rajesh Venugopal 5. From SIHRN to PostWar North and East: The Limits of the ‘Peace through Development’ Paradigm in Sri Lanka  Charan Rainford and Ambika Satkunanathan 6. Buying Peace? Politics of Reconstruction and the Peace Dividend Argument  Camilla Orjuela 7. Women’s Initiative in Building Peace: The Case of Northern Sri Lanka  Doreen Arulanantham Chawade 8. Liberal Peace and Public Opinion  Pradeep Peiris and Kristian Stokke
NotesReferences
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Table 4.1
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
SriLankapublicsectoremployment,19771983
Figure 4.1 Sri Lanka Parliamentary general election vote percentages, 1952–1977, UNP versus Left + SLFP
Figure 4.2 Map of Gam Udawa sites, 1979–1993
Figure 8.1 Sinhalese public opinion about the mode of conflict resolution
Figure 8.2 Sinhalese, Tamil, Upcountry Tamil and Muslim views on federalism and asymmetric federalism
Figure 8.3 Sinhalese and minority public opinion on the GOSL and LTTE’s commitment to creating peace through negotiations
Figure 8.4 Public support for Norway’s role in the Sri Lankan Peace Process
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LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
Doreen Arulanantham Chawadecurrently pursuing a doctoral is degree at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. She has been a lecturer in Sociology at the University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka. Her interests include gender, development and peacebuilding. She currently works on understanding the role of Tamil women in social reconstruction in Sri Lanka.
Kristine Höglundis Associate Professor at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Sweden. Her research has covered issues such as the dilemmas of democratization in countries emerging from violent conflict, the importance of trust in peace negotiation processes, and the role of international actors in dealing with crises in wartorn societies. She recently published the bookViolencePeace Negotiations in the Shadow of (Martinus Nijhoff, 2008).
Camilla OrjuelaGlobal Studies,Associate Professor at the School of  is University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Her research has specialised in Sri Lankan politics, civil society peacebuilding, diasporas, identity and nationalism, corruption and conflict, and postwar reconstruction. Orjuela is the author ofThe Identity Politics of Peacebuilding: Civil Society in WarTorn Sri Lanka(Sage, 2008), as well as articles inSecurity Dialogue,Peace ResearchJournal of ,Civil WarsandGlobal Networks: A Journal of Transnational Affairs.
Pradeep Nirosh Peiris is Social Indicator, the surveythe unit head of research unit of the Centre for Policy Alternatives in Colombo. Mr. Peiris is currently a PhD Candidate in Political Science at the University of Colombo, Sri Lanka. He has been a member of the World Association for Public Opinion Research (WAPOR) since 2000. He has also served as the Sri Lankan survey coordinator for cross national surveys such as South Asian Democratic Barometers 2004/5, South Asian Corruption Survey 2000/1 and Peace Poll initiatives of Centre for Irish Studies, University of Liverpool. Mr. Peiris is one of Sri Lanka’s pioneering pollsters and has been involved in the training
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and capacity building of academic and midcareer professionals on survey research methodologies both in Sri Lanka and abroad.
Charan RainfordPoliticala doctoral candidate in the Department of  is Studies at Queen’s University, Canada. Prior to this, he was a researcher and programme manager at the International Centre for Ethnic Studies (ICES), Colombo. He specializes in nationalism and ethnic conflict, state responses to majorityminority relations in divided societies, and the successful management of such division. His recent publications includeMistaking Politics for Governance: The Politics of Interim Arrangements in Sri Lanka 2002–2005(with Ambika Satkunanathan, ICES, 2009) and contributions to theInternational Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest, 1500 to Present(edited by Immanuel Ness; Blackwell, 2009).
Ambika Satkunanathanis an independent researcher who is presently a Legal Consultant at the United Nations, Colombo. She specializes in issues surrounding the rule of law and accountability; minority rights; conflict, peace and development; and violence against women. She has also actively contributed to the drafting of legislative reform. Her recent publications includeFishing in the Stream of Trafficking and Women’sMigration: Modern Forms of Freedom of Movement(with Radhika Coomaraswamy, Women Unlimited 2008), Mistaking Politics for Governance: The Politics of Interim Arrangements in Sri Lanka 2002–2005 (with Charan Rainford, ICES, 2009) and contributions to the European Centre for Minority Rights’ European Yearbook of Minority Issues(Martinus Nijhoff, 2010), andOxford University’s Refugee Studies Centre Working Paper series(Oxford, 2010).
Kristian StokkeHuman Geography at the University ofProfessor of  is Oslo, Norway, specialising in movement politics, democratisation and conflict transformation. His most recent books includeDemocratising Development: The Politics of Socioeconomic Rights in South Africa(edited with Peris Jones, Martinus Nijhoff, 2005),DemocratisationPoliticising Democracy: The New Local Politics of (edited with John Harriss and Olle Törnquist, Palgrave, 2004) andRethinking Popular Representation(edited with Olle Törnquist and Neil Webster, Palgrave, 2009).
Isak Svensson is Associate Professor at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Sweden, and Postdoctoral Fellow at the National Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, Otago University, New Zealand. His areas of expertise are religion in conflict resolution, unarmed insurrections, and in particular, international mediation in civil wars. He has, together with Kristine Höglund, published several journal articles on the