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Regional mechanisms of collective security

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Today, nearly seven decades after the adoption of the UN Charter, voices are often heard claiming that the Charter's regime is obsolete and that greater autonomy is needed for regional organizations. This book focuses on the changes, factors and activities that have appeared in the sphere of regional organizations' operations during the last few decades, and tries to determine the face of collective security at the universal and regional levels.

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Published 01 January 2013
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EAN13 9782296515260
Language English
Document size 7 MB

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provided a fertile ground for disputes both in doctrine and in the Ield.
She specializes in the Ields of international security, the law of
vil servants, military ofIcials and managers, the Centre d’Études Diplomatiques et Stratégiques (CEDS) – the Center for Diplomatic and Strategic Studies – has consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council and has trained, since 1985,
Alena F. Douhan
RegIOnàL MechànIsms Of COLLecTIve SecurITy The New Face of Chapter VIII of the UN Charter?
Preface by Fouad Nohra
DiploMaCY aND StRatEGY RegIOnàL MechànIsms Of COLLecTIve SecurITy
REGIONAL MECHANISMS OF COLLECTIVE SECURITY THE NEW FACE OF CHAPTER VIII OF THE UN CHARTER?
“Diplomacy and Strategy” English Series Directors: Fouad Nohra and Michael J. Strauss Diplomacy and Strategy is a collection initiated by the academic directorate of the Centre d’Etudes Diplomatiques et Stratégiques to promote the outstanding scientific work presented by Ph.D. graduates, professors and researchers. The scope of subjects covered is as wide as international relations itself, encompassing disciplines such as political science, economic science, international law and sociology. OTHER TITLES SOLVIT Samuel,Dimensions of War. Understanding War as a Complex Adaptive System, 2012. DUQUESNE Isabelle,Nepal, Zone of Peace. A Revised Concept for the Constitution, 2011. STRAUSS Michael J.,The Viability of Territorial Leases in Resolving International Sovereignty Disputes,2010.
Alena F. Douhan REGIONAL MECHANISMS OF COLLECTIVE SECURITY THE NEW FACE OF CHAPTER VIII OF THE UN CHARTER?
Preface by Fouad Nohra
By the Same Author: ɉɪɢɧɰɢɩɧɟɜɦɟɲɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚɜɨɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɢɟɞɟɥɚɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜ: ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟɬɟɧɞɟɧɰɢɢPrinciple of Non-Intervention into the [The Domestic Affairs of States: Contemporary Challenges](Economy and Law, Minsk, 2009)* Co-Authored Works: ЭɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɣɋɭɞɋɨɞɪɭɠɟɫɬɜɚНɟɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɵɯГɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜ: 15ɥɟɬ[The Economic Court of the Commonwealth of Independent States: 15 Years](Kovcheg, Minsk, 2008)* ИɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟɨɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɧɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɝɨɡɚɤɨɧɨɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚɊɟɫɩɭɛɥɢɤɢБɟɥɚɪɭɫɶɧɨɪɦɚɦɦɟɠɞɭɧɚɪɨɞɧɨɝɨɝɭɦɚɧɢɬɚɪɧɨɝɨɩɪɚɜɚɩɨɜɨɩɪɨɫɭɨɡɚɳɢɬɟɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɵɯɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɟɣɜɩɟɪɢɨɞɜɨɨɪɭɠɟɧɧɵɯɤɨɧɮɥɢɤɬɨɜon the Implementation in Belarusian Legislation of [Study Norms of International Humanitarian Law concerning the Protection of Cultural Values during Armed Conflicts](Minsk, 2009)* Collective Security Treaty Organization (2002-2009)(Procon, Geneva/ Minsk, 2010) *In Russian © L’Harmattan, 2013 5-7, rue de l’Ecole-Polytechnique, 75005 Paris http://www.librairieharmattan.com diffusion.harmattan@wanadoo.fr harmattan1@wanadoo.fr ISBN : 978-2-343-00082-4 EAN : 9782343000824
TABLE OF CONTENTS Acknowledgments .......................................................................................11Abbreviations ..............................................................................................13Preface .........................................................................................................15Introduction.................................................................................................21Chapter 1. Collective Security in the Modern World.............................251.1 Security in the Modern World ..............................................................251.2 History of Collective Security ..............................................................291.3 Notion of Collective Security ...............................................................331.4 System of Collective Security...............................................................36Conclusions...................................................................................................41Chapter 2. Regional Arrangements and Agencies ..................................432.1 Scope and Terminology ........................................................................432.2 Regionalism, Membership and Territorial Constraints.........................48Regional Organizations ...........................................................................49Membership .............................................................................................50Territorial Constraints.............................................................................522.3 Competence ..........................................................................................54Purpose ....................................................................................................54.....................................................................55“Obligatory” Competences Expansion of Competences ......................................................................56Military (Self-Defense) Alliances Within the UN Rules...........................592.4 Limitations ............................................................................................61Adherence to the Purposes and Principles of the UN..............................61Subordination to the Norms of the UN Charter (art. 103).......................632.5 Criteria and Qualification .....................................................................642.6 Definition ..............................................................................................67Conclusions...................................................................................................68Chapter 3. Enforcement Activity of Regional Organizations ................713.1 “Enforcement” under Chapter VIII of the UN Charter.........................73The Notion of “Enforcement”..................................................................73“Force” and “Intervention” in International Law .................................75...................................................................................77Legality Threshold Decision Leading to “Enforcement” .......................................................79
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3.2 UN Security Council and “Enforcement” Activity of Regional Organizations ................................................................................................81..81UN’s Right to “Use” Regional Organizations for Enforcement Action ..........................................................................83Competence Constraints Territorial Constraints.............................................................................843.3 The Need for Authorization to Take Enforcement Measures ...............85Timing of Authorization ...........................................................................87Form and Wording of Authorization........................................................89......................................................91Sanctions by Regional Organizations 3.4 Targeted Sanctions of Regional Organizations.....................................95Targeted Sanctions of the UN Security Council ......................................96EU Targeted Sanctions (Characteristics) ..............................................100Targeted Sanctions as Acts Not Prohibited by International Law.........104Targeted Sanctions as Applied in the Course of Countermeasures.......1123.5 Treaty-based Intervention ...................................................................118Intervention by Invitation (Consent-based Intervention).......................120Treaty-based Intervention......................................................................123Conclusions.................................................................................................129Chapter 4. The UN Security Council and Regional Organizations: Dependence and Partnership ...................................................................1334.1 UN Security Council Control over Regional Action ..........................133Regular Mechanisms of UN-Regional Organization Cooperation........134Practical Mechanisms of UN-Regional Organization Cooperation......136......................................139Cooperation between Regional Organizations 4.2 Regeneration of the System of Collective Security ............................141Promoting Respect and Adherence to the Rule of Law..........................142Functional Reform of the UN Security Council .....................................145Obligation to Report in Accordance with art. 54 of the UN Charter ....148Conclusions.................................................................................................150Chapter 5. Collective Security in the Post-Soviet Region.....................1535.1 Overview and Qualification................................................................1535.2 Obligation to Report in Accordance with art. 54 of the UN Charter ..156........................................................................................156OCSE Activity CIS Activity ............................................................................................160CSTO Activity ........................................................................................1675.3 Cooperation with the UN and Regional Organizations ......................172OSCE .....................................................................................................172CIS .........................................................................................................173CSTO......................................................................................................174Conclusions.................................................................................................175Conclusion .................................................................................................177
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Annex 1. Chapter VIII of the UN Charter: Regional Arrangements .181Annex 2. System of Regional “Security” Organizations in Europe ....183Annex 3. System of Regional Organizations in Europe-Central Asia.184Annex 4. Organizations Involved in the Maintenance of Peace and Security in Europe-Central Asia .............................................................185Bibliography ..............................................................................................187Monographs ...........................................................................................187Articles and Chapters ............................................................................192Academic papers....................................................................................204.................................204Decisions of International Courts and Tribunals. Documents .............................................................................................206Electronic documents.............................................................................210
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