The Carbon Charter
161 Pages
English

The Carbon Charter

-

161 Pages
English

Description

As mayors and city councilors seek solutions to climate change, existing policies and legislation can stand in the way of effective change.

The Carbon Charter is the first book to describe the municipal bylaws required to abate climate change and create sustainable communities. It provides city councilors with a cut-and-paste set of green bylaws and policies of best practices culled from environmentally advanced communities around the world. They can be taken straight out of the book, placed into a council agenda with minimum modification, and voted on.

The Carbon Charter provides city councilors with the ammunition they need to implement and accelerate sustainability initiatives quickly. The book describes bylaws that are applicable throughout the world, with the emphasis on examples that are beneficial to temperate climates such as the U.S. and Canada. It also proposes innovative new bylaws that are found nowhere else. This highly accessible, comprehensive handbook includes:

  • Sample bylaws, case studies and background material and references
  • Numbered QuickLinks that allow readers access to full bylaw texts and links
  • Special icons that pinpoint target audiences, with bylaws relevant to each audience.

This book will appeal to city councilors and mayors, municipal planners, architects, and engineers world-wide.


Subjects

Informations

Published by
Published 01 May 2009
Reads 0
EAN13 9781550923704
Language English
Document size 3 MB

Legal information: rental price per page €. This information is given for information only in accordance with current legislation.

Exrait

A D V A N C E P R A I S E F O R The Carbon Charter
During a time when municipalities are both insolvent and crumbling under the weight of short-sighted assumptions, Godo brings forth an attainable green vision for municipal leaders to create effective change with.We know that the majority of our municipal leaders have acted responsibly and seek to embrace our challenging future; here is one of the keys to that future. Godo Stoyke raises the bar again. ~ Joey Hundert, social entrepreneur, Philadelphia, PA
TheCarbon Charteris an invaluable resource for local governments that want to lower their carbon footprint. It is an excellent source of best practices, and is organized in a manner that facilitates technology transfer. Godo Stoyke has developed a wonderful how-to guide based on the leading carbon reducing efforts in the world from local and state governments. ~ Roger Duncan, Austin Energy
The roots of theCarbon Charterare growing in hope and in the fertile compost of communities all over the world creating bold, local solutions. Godo Stoyke gives the challenge of carbon reduction the flavor of a treasure hunt. The invitation to join is irresistible. ~Rob Harlan, Executive Director Solar Energy Society of Canada — Northern Alberta Chapter
P R A I S E F O R G O D O S T O Y K E ’ S The Carbon Buster’s Home Energy Handbook
This book offers real solutions for reducing our energy use and helping our environment. ~Doug Anderson, ENERGY STAR program, US Environmental Protection Agency
For all of us who want to reduce our environmental impact and save money, here is the invaluable, practical resource we’ve been looking for. If you are concerned about global warming, rising fuel costs, or the world we will leave our grandkids, read this book, and tell your friends. ~Alexis Karolides, Rocky Mountain Institute
At last, a book written in plain English that guides you step by step through the best choices to make for reducing both energy costs and carbon emissions at a family level. ~Richard Freudenberger, publisher, BackHome Magazine
This book is a dream come true for anyone who wants to reduce their carbon emissions in the most cost-effective way. ~ Guy Dauncey, author ofThe Climate Challenge: 101 Solutions to Global Climate Change
blueprint for a carbon free future
New Society Publishers
Cataloging in Publication Data: A catalog record for this publication is available from the National Library of Canada. Copyright © 2009 by Godo Stoyke. All rights reserved. Cover design by Diane McIntosh. Image: Inge Hardmann, Oceanview Photography Printed in Canada. First printing June 2009. New Society Publishers acknowledges the support of the Government of Canada through the Book Publishing Industry Development Program (BPIDP) for our pub-lishing activities. Paperback ISBN: 978-0-86571-634-6 Inquiries regarding requests to reprint all or part ofThe Carbon Chartershould be addressed to New Society Publishers at the address below. To order directly from the publishers, please call toll-free (North America)1-800-567-6772, or order online at www.newsociety.com Any other inquiries can be directed by mail to: New Society Publishers P.O. Box 189, Gabriola Island, BC V0R 1X0, Canada (250) 247-9737 Disclaimer Though we believe the information in this book to be accurate, the author and the publisher make no warranty of any kind, expressed or implied, with regard to the per-formance of any procedures or products described herein. The author and publisher shall not be liable in any event for incidental or consequential damages in connection with, or arising out of, the use of these procedures or products. ® Carbon Busters is a registered trademark of Carbon Busters Inc. Other trademarks or registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Financial self-disclosure: The author of this book owns stock in Ballard Power Systems Inc., a manufacturer of hydrogen fuel cells, and in Arise Technologies Corporation, a manufacturer of photovoltaic cells. This book was written on a solar- and wind-powered energy-efficient MacBook Air. New Society Publishers’ mission is to publish books that contribute in fundamental ways to building an ecologically sustainable and just society, and to do so with the least possible impact on the environment, in a manner that models this vision. We are com-mitted to doing this not just through education, but through action. This book is one step toward ending global deforestation and climate change. It is printed on Forest Stewardship Council-certified acid-free paper that is100% post-consumer recycled (100% old growth forest-free), processed chlorine free, and printed with vegetable-based, low-VOC inks, with covers produced using FSC-certified stock. Additionally, New Society purchases carbon offsets based on an annual audit, operating with a carbon-neutral footprint. For further information, or to browse our full list of books and purchase securely, visit our website at: www.newsociety.com
NEW SOCIETY PUBLISHERS www.newsociety.com
This book is dedicated to my brother,
Asmus Stoyke,
the best brother in the world
CO N T E N T S
Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .reface . Dominic Mishio, City Councillor, Leduc, Alberta, Canada Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The State of the Planet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Value of Ecosystem Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Loss of Biodiversity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Climate Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . From Peak Oil to Peak Sustainability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . What is Peak Oil? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Examples and Case Studies: San Francisco Peak Oil Preparedness Task Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Climate Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Climate Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Climate Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Starting Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “You Want This byWhen?” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Ten-Year Target: 2018 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
vii
xi xiii
1 3 8 10 13 15 15
21 23 23 23 24 25 27 29
viii
T HE C ARBON CHARTER
Zero-Carbon Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Zero-Carbon Target Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Zero- and Low-Carbon Targets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fossil-Fuel Free Växjö . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Woodstock: Zero Carbon by 2017 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other Carbon Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carbon Footprint Product Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . US Mayors Climate Protection Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carbon Accounting and Green Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . Genuine Progress Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Genuine Wealth Indices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Energy Efficiency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Energy Labeling for Homes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Purpose and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Examples and Case Studies: The UK Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Building Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ® LEED Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Solar Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Walkable and Rideable Cities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Walkable Cities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bikeable Cities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Zero-Fare Public Transport: The Belgian City of Hasselt . . . . . . Costs and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Examples and Case Studies: Plug-in Austin . . . . . . . . . . . . . Congestion and CO Charges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Purpose and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Examples and Case Studies: London Congestion Charge . . . Renewable Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Feed-in Tariffs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Purpose and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Examples and Case Studies: Germany’s Renewable Energy Act (EEG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30 30 31 32 38 39 39 43 45 47 48 51 52 53
53 59 59 59 63 63 63 66 69 69 71 74 76 76 76 79 79 79
79
C o n t e n t s
What is the Role of Nuclear Energy in Abating Climate Change? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Renewable Incentive Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Berkeley FIRST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Renewable Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Purpose and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Examples and Case Studies: Germany’s Renewable Energies Heat Act (EEWärmeG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Biodiversity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Global Bio-Bounty and Bio-Feebate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . How Would This Work? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Integrated Municipal Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District Heating and Cooling Design: Hammarby Sjöstad . . . . . SymbioCity: The Short Term is Obsolete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Waste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. A Carbon-Free Society . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Story So Far . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Eight Sustainability Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Carbon Footprint of Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carbon Payback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Energy Payback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TheNewMontreal Protocol: Phase-out of Carbon over Ten Years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No Ordinary Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carbon Charter Companion Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sustainability Organizations with Municipal Members . . . . . . . Other Organizations Promoting Municipal Sustainability . . . . . Online Information Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Books . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Endnotes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . About the Author . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ix
83 84 84 87 87
88 91 92 92 95 95 102 105 107 107 108 112 112 113
115 120 123 125 125 126 126 126 127 140 145