The Politics of Neoliberal Reforms in Africa
348 Pages
English
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The Politics of Neoliberal Reforms in Africa

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Gain access to the library to view online
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348 Pages
English

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Neoliberalism has become the dominant development agenda in Africa. Faced with a deep economic and political crisis, African governments have been compelled by powerful external agencies, in particular the Bretton Woods institutions and western states, to pursue this agenda as a necessary precondition for the receipt of development aid. What is particularly striking in Africa, however, is that neoliberal experiments there have displayed such remarkable diversity. This may be due not only to substantial differences in historical, economic and political trajectories on the African continent but also, and maybe more importantly, in the degree of resistance internal actors have demonstrated to the neoliberal reforms imposed on them. This book focuses on Cameroon which has had a complex economic and political history and is currently witnessing resistance to the neoliberal experiment by the authoritarian and neopatrimonial state elite and various civil-society groups. It is the culmination of over twenty years of fine and refined research by one of the leading scholars of Cameroon today.

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Published 26 July 2011
Reads 1
EAN13 9789956717101
Language English
Document size 2 MB

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LANGAA | AFRICAN STUDIES CENTRE, LEIDEN
The Politics of Neoliberal Reforms in Africa: State and Civil Society in Cameroon
Pîet Konîngs
The Politics of Neoliberal Reforms in Africa
Langaa & African Studies centre
The Politics of Neoliberal Reforms in Africa
State and civil society in Cameroon
Piet Konings
Langaa Research and Publishing Common Initiative Group PO Box 902 Mankon Bamenda North West Region Cameroon Phone +237 33 07 34 69 / 33 36 14 02 LangaaGrp@gmail.com http://www.langaa-rpcig.net www.africanbookscollective.com/publishers/langaa-rpcig
African Studies Centre P.O. Box 9555 2300 RB Leiden The Netherlands asc@ascleiden.nl http://www.ascleiden.nl
ISBN: 9956-717-41-X
© Langaa & African Studies Centre, 2011
Contents
List of Tables .........................................................................................ix Acknowledgements ...................................................................................xi Abbreviations .......................................................................................xiii Map of the Republic of Cameroon ......................................................xvi
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Contesting Neoliberal Reforms in Africa Introduction ........................................................................................... 1 The impact of neoliberalism on Africa ............................................ 2 State and civil society opposition ....................................................... 6 Organisation of the book ................................................................ 13
The introduction of neoliberal economic and political reforms in the Cameroonian post-colonial state Introduction ........................................................................................ 21 The nature of the post-colonial state in Cameroon .................... 24 The post-colonial state and structural adjustment ........................ 31 The post-colonial state and democratisation ................................ 35 Conclusion .......................................................................................... 43
Opposition and social-democratic change in Cameroon: The Social Democratic Front Introduction ........................................................................................ 47 The birth and growth of the SDF ................................................. 48 The Anglophone-Francophone divide within the SDF .............. 55 The regime’s repressive and divisive tactics and its international support .......................................................................................... 59 The SDF in disarray .......................................................................... 66 Conclusion .......................................................................................... 69
The neoliberalising Cameroonian state and private capital accumulation Introduction ........................................................................................ 73 The post-colonial state and capital accumulation ......................... 76 Privatisation and capital concentration ........................................... 83 Globalisation and new forms of domestic private capital accumulation ................................................................................. 93 Conclusion .......................................................................................... 98
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Political liberalisation and Anglophone secessionist movements in Cameroon Introduction ...................................................................................... 101 The Anglophone problem ............................................................. 103 The Anglophone movements’ struggle for secession ............... 110 The SCNC leadership’s pursuit of international recognition for its secessionist claims ........................................................... 114 The Anglophone leadership’s sensitisation and mobilisation campaign ..................................................................................... 118 Prospects for Anglophone secessionist claims ............................ 121 Conclusion ........................................................................................ 125
Good governance, privatisation and ethno-regional conflict in Cameroon Introduction ...................................................................................... 129 Governance and privatisation in Cameroon ............................... 132 Privatisation of the CDC and ethno-regional opposition ........ 136 Ethno-regional protest actions against CDC privatisation ....... 141 Conclusion ........................................................................................ 151
Good governance and border conflicts in Africa: The Bakassi dispute between Cameroon and Nigeria Introduction ...................................................................................... 155 The development of the Bakassi dispute .................................... 158 The implications of the 2002 ICJ ruling and the 2006 Greentree Agreement ...................................................... 163 Regional resistance to the 2002 ICJ verdict and the 2006 Greentree Agreement ...................................................... 168 Conclusion ........................................................................................ 174
China and Africa in the era of neoliberal globalisation with Cameroon as a case study Introduction ...................................................................................... 177 The impact of renewed Chinese interest in Africa .................... 180 Africa’s response to China’s new engagement with their continent ...................................................................................... 187 China-Cameroon relations ............................................................. 190 Chinese investment in Cameroon ................................................. 192 Trade relations between Cameroon and China .......................... 196 Chinese aid to Cameroon .............................................................. 198 Conclusion ........................................................................................ 200
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Political liberalisation and the violent university students’ revolt in Cameroon Introduction ...................................................................................... 205 Political liberalisation and student organisation along ethno-regional lines .................................................................... 207 Political liberalisation and student revolt, 1990-96 ..................... 215 Conclusion ........................................................................................ 230
Solving transportation problems in African cities during neoliberal reforms: Innovative responses by the youth in Douala, Cameroon Introduction ...................................................................................... 233 The emergence and growth of bendskin andpousse-pousse in New Bell ................................................................................. 237 Bendskin drivers andpousseurs: Some socioeconomic characteristics .............................................................................. 240 Benskin drivers andpousseurs: Masters of the road .................... 243 Conclusion ........................................................................................ 249
Trade unionism in Cameroon and neoliberal globalisation: From crisis to revitalisation? Introduction ...................................................................................... 253 Cameroonian trade unionism in deep crisis ................................ 253 Prospects for trade-union revitalisation ....................................... 262
Structural adjustment and trade union identity in Africa: The case of Cameroonian plantation workers Introduction ...................................................................................... 265 Estate production and occupational change at Ndu ................. 267 Trade unionism on the Ndu estate and structural adjustment ................................................................................... 272 Ndu workers and trade union identity under structural adjustment ................................................................................... 277 Conclusion ........................................................................................ 280
References ..............................................................................................285 Index ....................................................................................................315
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List of Tables
Table 3.1 Results of Legislative Elections in Cameroon .......... 55
Table 4.1 Privatised State Enterprises in Cameroon .................. 85
Table 11.1 Central Labour Organisations in Cameroon .......... 258
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