Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation into Southern Thailand

Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation into Southern Thailand

English
91 Pages

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Human trafficking has been one of the most challenging problems of nation states across the globe since the 20th century. Thailand has lately turned into a country of origin, destination, and transit for human trafficking. So far, the degree of human trafficking into Thailand is still unknown. Studies on human trafficking into Thailand have been mostly carried out in the Mekong Sub-region. The south of Thailand is an under-researched area, particularly when dealing with trafficking for sexual exploitation. This manuscript provides key findings of the research project entitled Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation into Southern Thailand, under the joint support of the Alliance Française Bangkok and the IRASEC. Carried out during December 2006 - December 2007, the study was expected to fill the gap of research in the problem of trafficking for sexual exploitation in Thailand along a qualitative approach. It was designed towards fact-findings for a better understanding with the most updated information on the problem there. In all, the highlight of the contribution of this study is two folds. First, it enriches literatures on human security from the perspective of people on the move through a qualitative study of human trafficking for sexual exploitation into areas of marginal investigation - southern Thailand. Second, it contributes in terms of policy impact for further strengthening of the collaborative efforts at the national and district levels within Thailand as well as at the regional level.


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Published 03 July 2018
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Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation into Southern Thailand
Patcharawalai Wongboonsin (dir.)
DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.420 Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine Year of publication: 2007 Published on OpenEdition Books: 3 July 2018 Serie: Carnets de l’Irasec Electronic ISBN: 9782956447030
http://books.openedition.org
Printed version Number of pages: 91
Electronic reference WONGBOONSIN, Patcharawalai (ed.).Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation into Southern Thailand.New edition [online]. Bangkok: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine, 2007 (generated 05 juillet 2018). Available on the Internet: . ISBN: 9782956447030. DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.420.
This text was automatically generated on 5 July 2018.
© Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine, 2007 Terms of use: http://www.openedition.org/6540
Hum an trafficking has been one of the m ost challeng ing problem s of nation states across th the g lobe since the 20 century. Thailand has lately turned into a country of orig in, destination, and transit for hum an trafficking . So far, the deg ree of hum an trafficking into Thailand is still unknown. Studies on hum an traffic king into Thailand have been m ostly carried out in the Mekong Sub-reg ion. The south of Thailand is an under-researched area, particularly when dealing with trafficking for sexual exploitation. This m anuscript provides key finding s of the resear ch project entitled Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation into Southern Thailand, under t he joint support of the Alliance Française Bang kok and the IRASEC. Carried out during Decem ber 2006 - Decem ber 2007, the study was expected to fill the g ap of research in t he problem of trafficking for sexual exploitation in Thailand along a qualitative approach. It was desig ned towards fact-finding s for a better understanding with the m ost updated inform ation on the problem there. In all, the hig hlig ht of the contribution of this study is two folds.First, it enriches literatures on hum an security from the perspective of people on the m ove throug h a qualitative study of hum an trafficking for sexual exploitation into areas of m arg inal investig ation - southern Thailand.Seconds of policy im , it contributes in term pact for further streng thening of the collaborative efforts at the national and district levels within Thailand as well as at the reg ional level.
PATCHARAWALAI WONGBOONSIN
Institute of Asian Studies, Chulalong korn University.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Preface Patcharawalai Wongboonsin
Acknowledgements Patcharawalai Wongboonsin
Executive summary Patcharawalai Wongboonsin
List of table / list of figures
Chapter I. Introduction Patcharawalai Wongboonsin 1. Rational of the Study 2. Objective of the Study 3. Study Period and Sites 4. Methodolog y 5. Report of the Study
Chapter II. Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation into Ranong Samarn Laodumrongchai 1. Introduction 2. Geog raphic and Socio-Economic Backg round of Ranong 3. Situation of Mig ration and Trafficking into Ranong 4. Area and Form of Sex Industry 5. Intervention Mechanism and Role at the Provincial Level 6. Conclusion
Chapter III. Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation into Sadao, Songkhla Province Nuttapot Yuenyong and Supaphan Tangtrongpairoj 1. Introduction 2. Geog raphic and Socio-Economic Backg round of Sadao, Song khla Province 3. Situation of Mig ration and Trafficking into Sadao 4. Area and Form of Sex Industry 5. Intervention Mechanism and Role at the Provincial Level
Chapter IV. Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation into Sungai Kolok District, Narathiwat Province Supaphan Tangtrongpairoj 1. Introduction 2. Geog raphic and Socio-Economic Backg round of Sung ai Kolok 3. Situation of Mig ration and Trafficking into Sung ai Kolok 4. Area and Form of Sex Industry 5. Intervention Mechanism and Role at the Provincial Level
Chapter V. Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation in Betong Saikaew Thipakorn
1. Introduction 2. Geog raphic and Socio-Economic Backg round of Betong 3. Situation of Mig ration and Trafficking into Betong 4. Sex Industry in Betong 5. Intervention Mechanism and Role at the Provincial Level
Chapter VI. Synthesis and Evaluation Patcharawalai Wongboonsin 1. Introduction 2. Routes of Trafficking 3. Sex Trade 4. Problems Encountered by Victims 5. Intervention Measures/Instruments Ag ainst Trafficking and Prostitution 6. Conclusion and Postscripts
References
Preface
Patcharawalai Wongboonsin
Hum an trafficking has been one of the m ost challen g ing problem s of nation states across th the g lobe since the 20 century. Thailand has lately turned into a country of orig in, destination, and transit for hum an trafficking . So far, the deg ree of hum an trafficking into Thailand is still unknown. Studies on hum an traffic king into Thailand have been m ostly carried out in the Mekong Sub-reg ion. The south of Thailand is an under-researched area, particularly when dealing with trafficking for sexual exploitation.  This m anuscript provides key finding s of the resea rch project entitled Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation into Southern Thailand, under t he joint support of the Alliance Francaize Bang kok and the IRASEC. Carried out durin g Decem ber 2006 – Decem ber 2007, the study was expected to fill the g ap of research in the problem of trafficking for sexual exploitation in Thailand along a qualitative approach. It was desig ned towards fact-finding s for a better understanding with the m ost updated inform ation on the problem there.  In all, the hig hlig ht of the contribution of this study is two folds.First, it enriches literatures on hum an security from the perspective of people on the m ove throug h a qualitative study of hum an trafficking for sexual e xploitation into areas of m arg inal investig ation-southern Thailand.Seconds of policy im , it contributes in term pact for further streng thening of the collaborative efforts at the national and district levels within Thailand as well as at the reg ional level. 30 Decem ber 2007
AUTHOR
PATCHARAWALAI WONGBOONSIN
Institute of Asian Studies Chulalong korn University
Acknowledgements
Patcharawalai Wongboonsin
This study is carried out under the joint support of the Alliance Francaize Bang kok and the IRASEC – Institute de Recheche sur l’Asie du Sud-Es t Contem poraine. According ly, the research team wishes to acknowledg e, with g reat appreciation, their support. Appreciative recog nition is also g iven to all key inform ants fro m both the g overnm ental and non-g overnm ental sectors at the Bang kok Headquarters, at all provinces and all districts under investig ations, who share with the research team th eir thoug hts and experiences dealing with hum an trafficking and sex trade.  The g ratitude also g oes to Professor Dr. Suchada K irananda, the President of Chulalong korn University, Dr. Sunait Chutintaranond, the director of the Institute of Asian Studies (IAS), Chulalong korn University, Professor Dr. Supang Chantavanich, the director of the IAS’s Asian Research Center for Mig ration (ARCM ) and all the IAS staff for all their support and facilitation throug hout the period of study. Special thanks are extended to Mrs. Arunothai Supalertm ong kolchai and Ms. Montakarn Chi m m am ee, who never withheld their efforts in rendering all kinds of assistance to the research team . Last but not least, as the director of the research project, I would also to express m y deepest g ratitude to the research team . Without them , this research project could not com e to fruition. I am solely responsible for all factual errors and shortcom ing s. 30 Decem ber 2007
Executive summary
Patcharawalai Wongboonsin
The study on Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation in to Southern Thailand was carried out during Decem ber 2006 – Decem ber 2007. The study was desig ned to provide a better understanding of the overall picture of the situation of trafficking for sexual exploitation in Southern Thailand, to identify and to understand th e victim s there, to understand the factors, conditions, routes and process of trafficking in persons into Southern Thailand, and to identify the role of g overnm ental and non-g overnm ental m echanism s there. Covering the pre-departure stag e, the route and pro cess of trafficking , as well as the entry and post-entry dim ension of hum an trafficking into Southern Thailand, four areas were selected as case studies. They are: Muang District – or Ranong District – in Ranong Province; Sadao District in Song khla Province; Sung ai Kolok D istrict in Narathiwat Province; and Betong District in Yala Province. The study is based on archival and field research with in-depth interview of key inform ants – the stakeholder s from local authorities in charg e of and an NGO dealing with hum an trafficking as well a s victim s so as to obtain first-hand inform ation. This study arg ued that there was a chang ing face of sex trade in Thailand with unabated continuation of people m aking their fortunes via se x trade, despite intervention m easures. Am ong others, these were key points: Sex trade was expanding in form. The current sexual services are not limited to direct and indirect sex services, but also included freelance, and those in the g uise of mistress. Brothel-based sexual services no more dominated the scene. Sex services became more mobile in nature, either with or without employers. There was less force being used in human trafficking for sexual exploitation into Southern Thailand. Soft tricks proved to be more effective in trafficking strateg ies. More routes of trafficking were being used, including expensive ones with relatively easy transportation. There was better communication between sex workers and their people back home via mobile phones than in the past few years. In the m eantim e, the trend of trafficking wom en and g irls from hill tribes in Northern Thailand and its neig hbouring countries continued – particularly from Myanm ar. Six routes of trafficking for sexual exploitation i nto Southern Thailand was found: a flig htland-water-land transport route from Myanm ar’ s Yang on via Kawthaung into Ranong , the first southern province bordering the southernm ost Myanm ar; a land-water-land transport route from Mawlanyine and Dawei in T enasserim via Kawthaung into Ranong ; a land-transport route from northern Thaila nd; a land-transport route from Northeastern Thailand; a landtransport route from China via the Shan State of Myanm ar