324 Pages
English
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Trysts with Democracy

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324 Pages
English

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A cross-disciplinary approach to the diverse and entangled political and democratic practices of South Asia.


This volume addresses the current configuration of democratic politics in South Asia from a cross-disciplinary perspective. The essays seek to examine the larger questions of how democratic values are embedded in social and political institutions, and how localised and everyday political values inform the multiple ways in which democracy is understood and practised. One of the strengths of this collection is the fact that it does not seek to provide answers to these questions from within one academic discipline only, but rather brings together scholars with backgrounds in a variety of social science disciplines and the humanities.


A number of allied questions and engaging debates emerge throughout the book. How may we distinguish between democracy’s formal and less-than-formal dimensions in the context of South Asia? How do notions of kinship, kingship and community tie in with larger processes of democratic politics and deepening political mobilisation? How do people construe the political in a context where the sphere of the religious seemingly seamlessly overlaps with the political, where the political cannot be separated from the social, and where the boundaries between state and society are blurred? How do people practically engage with the political and with democratic processes at a local level – and what might democracy mean in the vernacular?


1. Introduction – Stig Toft Madsen, Kenneth Bo Nielsen and Uwe Skoda; 2. Why Did India Become a Democracy and Why Did It Remain Democratic? A Survey of the Literature and Some Comments to the Scholarly Debate – Jørgen Dige Pedersen; 3. Democracy in Bangladesh: A Village View – Arild Engelsen Ruud; 4. Ajit Singh s/o Charan Singh – Stig Toft Madsen; 5. A Princely Politician in an Indigenized Democracy: A Raja and His Electoral Situation in Rural Orissa 2004 – Uwe Skoda; 6. A Political Breakthrough for Irrigation Development: The Congress Assembly Campaign in Andhra Pradesh in 2003-2004 – Pamela Price; 7. Congress Factionalism Revisited: West Bengal – Kenneth Bo Nielsen; 8. Nepal: Governance and Democracy in a Frail State – Neil Webster; 9. Entanglement of Politics and Education in Sri Lanka – Birgitte Refslund Sørensen; 10. Shifting Between the Local and Transnational: Space, Power and Politics in War-Torn Sri Lanka – Cathrine Brun and Nicholas Van Hear; 11. Domestic Roots of Indian Foreign Policy – Walter Andersen; 12. Political Practice and Post-Islamism in Pakistan – Thomas Gugler

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Published 15 March 2011
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EAN13 9780857288356
Language English
Document size 1 MB

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Exrait

Trysts with Democracy
Trysts with Democracy
Political Practice in South Asia
Edited by Stig Toft Madsen, Kenneth Bo Nielsen and Uwe Skoda
Anthem Press An imprint of Wimbledon Publishing Company www.anthempress.com
This edition first published in UK and USA 2011 by ANTHEM PRESS 75-76 Blackfriars Road, London SE1 8HA, UK or PO Box 9779, London SW19 7ZG, UK and 244 Madison Ave. #116, New York, NY 10016, USA
© 2011 Stig Toft Madsen, Kenneth Bo Nielsen and Uwe Skoda editorial matter and selection; individual chapters © individual contributors
The moral right of the authors has been asserted.
Cover photograph © Uwe Skoda
All rights reserved. Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise), without the prior written permission of both the copyright owner and the above publisher of this book.
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Trysts with democracy : political practice in South Asia / edited by Stig Toft Madsen, Kenneth Bo Nielsen, and Uwe Skoda. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN-13: 978-0-85728-773-1 (hardcover : alk. paper) ISBN-10: 0-85728-773-7 1. DemocracySouth Asia. 2. Political participationSouth Asia. 3. South AsiaPolitics and government--21st century. I. Madsen, Stig Toft. II. Nielsen, Kenneth Bo. III. Skoda, Uwe, 1973-JQ98.A91T79 2011 320.954dc22  2011003907
ISBN-13: 978 0 85728 773 1 (Hbk) ISBN-10: 0 85728 773 7 (Hbk)
This title is also available as an eBook.
List of Tables List of Abbreviations Glossary Map of South Asia Acknowledgements
C
O
N
TEN
TS
1. Introduction  Stig Toft Madsen, Kenneth Bo Nielsen and Uwe Skoda
Part One: Theoretical Issues  2. Why did India Become a Democracy and Why did it Remain Democratic? A Survey of the Literature and Some Comments to the Scholarly Debate  Jørgen Dige Pedersen  3. Democracy in Bangladesh: A Village View  Arild Engelsen Ruud
Part Two: India  4. Ajit Singh S/O Charan Singh  Stig Toft Madsen  5. A Princely Politician in an Indigenised Democracy: A Raja and his Electoral Situation in Rural Orissa 2004  Uwe Skoda  6. A Political Breakthrough for Irrigation Development: The Congress Assembly Campaign in Andhra Pradesh in 20032004  Pamela Price
vii ix xiii xix xxi
1
17
19
45
71 73
103
135
vi
TRYSTS WITH DEMOCRACY
 7. Congress Factionalism Revisited: West Bengal  Kenneth Bo Nielsen
Part Three: Beyond India  8. Nepal: Governance and Democracy in a Frail State  Neil Webster  9. Entanglements of Politics and Education in Sri Lanka  Birgitte Refslund Sørensen 10. Shifting between the Local and Transnational: Space, Power and Politics in War-torn Sri Lanka  Cathrine Brun and Nicholas Van Hear 11. Domestic Roots of Indian Foreign Policy  Walter Andersen 12. When Democracy is Not the Only Game in Town: Sectarian Conflicts in Pakistan  Thomas K. Gugler
About the Editors
About the Contributors
157
193 195
215
239
261
281
297 299
Table 8.1
LIST OF TABLES
EthnicandcastegroupsinNepal,theirstatus,number and proportion
Table 8.2 Representation of various socio-economic groups in the central committees of the major political parties in Nepal Table 12.1 Umbrella organisations for registeredmadarisand their affiliations in Pakistan Table 12.2 Umbrella organisations and numbers of their madarisin Pakistan
198
204
283
284
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
ACTC All Ceylon Tamil Congress AICC All India Congress Committee AP Andhra Pradesh ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations BJP Bharatiya Janata Party BKU Bharatiya Kisan Union BSP Bahujan Samaj Party CBS Central Bureau of Statictics CFT Congress Forum for Telangana CLP Congress Legislative Party Congress (I) Congress (Indira) Congress (O) Congress (Organisation) Congress (R) Congress (Requisition) Congress (S) Congress (Socialist and Secular) COP 15 2009 UN Climate Change Conference CPI Communist Party of India CPM Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPN-UML Communist Party of Nepal (United Marxist-Leninist) DCC District Congress Committee DMK Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DSO Democratic Students Organisation EPRLF Eelam Peoples Revolutionary Liberation Front EPW Economic and Political Weekly EVM Electronic Voting Machine FP Tamil Federal Party G8 Group of Eight GDP Gross Domestic Product GMO Genetically Modified Organism GOI Government of India GTF Global Tamil Forum HAM Harakat ul-Mujahidin
x
TRYSTS WITH DEMOCRACY
IAS Indian Administrative Service IIT Indian Institute of Technology INGO International Non Governmental Organisation INTUC Indian National Trade Union Congress IPKF Indian Peace Keeping Forces ISI Inter-Services Intelligence ITAK Ilankai Tamil Arasu Katchi JD Jamaat ud-Dawa JI Jamaat-e Islami JM Jaish-e Muhammad JUH Jamiat ul-ulama-ye Hind JUI Jamiat-e ulama-ye Islam JUP Jamiat-e ulama-ye Pakistan JVP Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna KMC Kolkata Municipal Corporation LF Left Front LJ Lashkar-e Janghvi Lok Dal (A) Lok Dal (Ajit Singh) Lok Dal (B) Lok Dal (HN Bahuguna) LT Lashkar-e Taiba LTTE Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam MEP Mahajana Eksath Peramuna MLA member of legislative assembly MP member of parliament MQM Muttahida Qaumi Movement NDA National Democratic Alliance NeGP National e-Governance Programme NGO Non Governmental Organisation NRS Indias National Readership Survey OCHA UNs Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs PCC Pradesh Congress Committee PM Prime Minister PML Pakistan Muslim League PMO Prime Ministers Office PPP Pakistan Peoples Party RLD Rashtriya Lok Dal RPP Rastriya Prajatanta Party RSS Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh SDSA State of Democracy in South Asia. A Report SLAF Sri Lankan Armed Forces SMP Sipah-e Muhammad Pakistan