164 Pages

White Narratives: The depiction of post-2000 land invasions in Zimbabwe


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The post-2000 period in Zimbabwe saw the launch of a fast track land reform programme, resulting in a flurry of accounts from white Zimbabweans about how they saw the land, the land invasions, and their own sense of belonging and identity. In White Narratives, Irikidzayi Manase engages with this fervent output of texts seeking definition of experiences, conflicts and ambiguities arising from the land invasions. He takes us through his study of texts selected from the memoirs, fictional and non-fictional accounts of white farmers and other displaced white narrators on the post-2000 Zimbabwe land invasions, scrutinising divisions between white and black in terms of both current and historical ideology, society and spatial relationships. He examines how the revisionist politics of the Zimbabwean government influenced the politics of identities and race categories during the period 2000-2008, and posits some solutions to the contestations for land and belonging.



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Published 29 December 2016
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EAN13 9781920033484
Language English
Document size 8 MB

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FoR mY late fatheR to whom I dedicate this booK
About the Series he Arîcan Humanîtîes Serîes îs a partnersîp between te Arîcan Humanîtîes Program (AHP) o te Amerîcan Councîl o Learned Socîetîes and academîc publîsers NISC (Pty) Ltd*. he Serîes covers topîcs în Arîcan îstorîes, languages, lîteratures, pîlosopîes, polîtîcs and cultures. Submîssîons are solîcîted rom Fellows o te AHP, wîc îs admînîstered by te Amerîcan Councîl o Learned Socîetîes and inancîally supported by te Carnegîe Corporatîon o New York. he purpose o te AHP îs to encourage and enable te productîon o new knowledge by Arîcans în te ive countrîes desîgnated by te Carnegîe Corporatîon: Gana, Nîgerîa, Sout Arîca, Tanzanîa, and Uganda. AHP ellowsîps support one year’s work ree rom teacîng and oter responsîbîlîtîes to allow te Fellow to complete te project proposed. Elîgîbîlîty or te ellowsîp în te ive countrîes îs by domîcîle, not natîonalîty. Book proposals are submîtted to te AHP edîtorîal board wîc manages te peer revîew process and selects manuscrîpts or publîcatîon by NISC. In some cases, te AHP board wîll commîssîon a manuscrîpt mentor to undertake substantîve edîtîng and to work wît te autor on reinîng te inal manuscrîpt. he Arîcan Humanîtîes Serîes aîms to publîs works o te îgest qualîty tat wîll oreground te best researc beîng done by emergîng scolars în te ive Carnegîe desîgnated countrîes. he rîgorous selectîon process beore te ellowsîp award, as well as AHP edîtorîal vettîng o manuscrîpts, assures attentîon to qualîty. Books în te serîes are întended to speak to scolars în Arîca as well as în oter areas o te world. he AHP îs also commîtted to provîdîng a copy o eac publîcatîon în te serîes to unîversîty lîbrarîes în Arîca.
*early tîtles în te serîes was publîsed by Unîsa Press, but te publîsîng rîgts to te entîre serîes are now vested în NISC
AHP Editorial Board Members as at January 2019 AHP Series Editors: Proessor Adîgun Agbaje*, Unîversîty o Ibadan, Nîgerîa Proessor Emerîtus Fred Hendrîcks, Rodes Unîversîty, Sout Arîca Consultant: Proessor Emerîtus Sandra Barnes, Unîversîty o Pennsylvanîa, USA (Antropology) Board Members: 1 Proessor Akosua Adomako Ampoo, Instîtute o Arîcan Studîes, Gana (Gender Studîes & Advocacy) (Vîce Presîdent, Arîcan Studîes Assocîatîon o Arîca) 2 Proessor Koi Anyîdoo, Unîversîty o Gana, Gana (Arîcan Studîes & Lîterature) (Dîrector, Codesrîa Arîcan Humanîtîes Instîtute Program) 3 Proessor Ibraîm Bello-Kano, Bayero Unîversîty, Nîgerîa (Dept o Englîs and Frenc Studîes) 4 Proessor Satî Fwatsak, Unîversîty o Jos, Nîgerîa (Dept o Hîstory & Internatîonal Studîes) 5 Proessor Patrîcîa Hayes, Unîversîty o te Western Cape, Sout Arîca (Arîcan Hîstory, Gender Studîes and Vîsualîty) (SARCI Caîr în Vîsual Hîstory and heory) 6 Assocîate Proessor Wîlred Lajul, College o Humanîtîes & Socîal Scîences, Makerere Unîversîty, Uganda (Dept o Pîlosopy) 7 Proessor Yusuu Lawî, Unîversîty o Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzanîa (Dept o Hîstory) 8 Proessor Bertram Mapunda, Unîversîty o Dar es Salaam, Tanzanîa (Dept o Arcaeology & Herîtage Studîes) 9 Proessor Innocent Pîkîrayî, Unîversîty o Pretorîa, Sout Arîca (Caîr & Head, Dept o Antropology & Arcaeology) 10 Proessor Josepat Rugemalîra, Unîversîty o Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzanîa (Dept o Foreîgn Languages & Lînguîstîcs) 11 Proessor Idayat Bola Udegbe, Unîversîty o Ibadan, Nîgerîa (Dept o Psycology)
*replaced Proessor Kwesî Yanka, Cental Unîverîty College, Gana, co-edîtor rom 2013–2016
Published in this series
Domînîca Dîpîo,Gender terrains in African cinema, 2014 Ayo Adeduntan,WHat tHe forest told me: Yoruba Hunter, culture and narrative performance,2014 Sule E. Egya,Nation, power and dissidence in tHird-generation Nigerian poetry in EnglisH, 2014 Irîkîdzayî Manase,WHite narratives: he depiction of post-2000 land invasions in Zimbabwe, 2016 Pasca Mungwînî, Indigenous SHona PHilosopHy: Reconstructive insigHts, 2017 Sylvîa Bruînders,Parading Respectability: he Cultural and Moral AestHetics of tHe CHristmas Bands Movement in tHe Western Cape, SoutH Africa, 2017 Mîcael Andîndîlîle,he AnglopHone literary-linguistic continuum: EnglisH and indigenous languages in African literary discourse, 2018 Jeremîa Arowosegbe,Claude E Ake: tHe making of an organic intellectual, 2018 Romanus Abo,Language and tHe construction of multiple identities in tHe Nigerian novel, 2018 Bernard Matolîno,Consensus as Democracy in Africa,2018 Babajîde Ololajulo, UnsHared Identity:PostHumous paternity in a contemporary Yoruba community,2018
White Narratives The Depiction of Post-2000 Land Invasions in Zimbabwe
Orîgînally publîsed în 2016 by Unîsa Press, Sout Arîca under ISBN: 978-1-86888-825-2
hîs edîtîon publîsed în Sout Arîca on beal o te Arîcan Humanîtîes Program by NISC (Pty) Ltd, PO Box 377, Graamstown, 6140, Sout Arîca www.nîsc.co.za
NISC irst edîtîon, irst împressîon 2019
Publîcatîon © Arîcan Humanîtîes Program 2016, 2019 Text © Irîkîdzayî Manase 2016, 2019 All rîgts reserved. No part o tîs publîcatîon may be reproduced or transmîtted în any orm or by any means, electronîc or mecanîcal, încludîng potocopyîng, recordîng, or any înormatîon storage or retrîeval system, wîtout prîor permîssîon în wrîtîng rom te publîser.
ISBN: 978-1-920033-47-7 (prînt) ISBN: 978-1-920033-48-4 (PDF) ISBN: 978-1-920033-49-1 (ePub)
Book Desîgner: Lubabalo Qabaka Project Edîtor: Tsegoatso Selodîmela Copyedîtor: Katryn-Jean Gîbbs Typesettîng: hea Bester-Swanepoel Cover Image: Janaka Darmasena, used under lîcense rom Sutterstock.com
he autor and te publîser ave made every efort to obtaîn permîssîon or and acknowledge te use o copyrîgt materîal. Sould an înadvertent înrîngement o copyrîgt ave occurred, please contact te publîser and we wîll rectîy omîssîons or errors în any subsequent reprînt or edîtîon.
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INtRoductioN: ImagiNaRies of LaNd aNd BeloNgiNg The Post-2000 zimbabwe CRisis aNd the WRitiNgs about the LaNd WitNessiNg the LaNd INvasioNs iNAfrican Tears aNdBeyond Tears
MemoRY-maKiNg aNd the LaNd iN GRaham LaNg’s Place of Birth Divided WoRlds iNHouse of Stone VulNeRable IdeNtities aNd Child-paReNt relatioNs iNThe Last Resort
7.The CRisis, ANimals aNd Activism iNInnocent Victims8.White BeloNgiNg aNd IdeNtitY iN zimbabwe iN the Twenty-first Century refeReNcesINdex
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52 70 93
107 129
137 145
I benefited from assistance and support from institutions, friends and colleagues iN wRitiNg this booK. I would liKe to especiallY acKNowledge the AmeRicaN CouNcil of LeaRNed Societies (ACLS) AfRicaN HumaNities PRogRam (AHP) foR the PostdoctoRal Fellowship gRaNt that assisted me iN wRitiNg this booK. I also thaNK the ACLS AHP team foR iNvitiNg me to a maNuscRipt-wRitiNg woRKshop iN GhaNa, foR theiR RigoRous maNuscRipt publishiNg competitioN aNd theiR awaRdiNg of fuNds to publish this booK, aNd I would especiallY liKe thaNK BaRbaRa vaN deR MeRwe, the AHP Secretariat at the Johannesburg office, for all the logistical support, eNcouRagemeNt aNd quicK RespoNses to mY emails. A NumbeR of iNdividuals plaYed aN impoRtaNt Role iN the wRitiNg of this booK. I thaNK mY bRotheR-iN-law, EdwiN MuNgadZi, foR giviNg me CathY BucKle’s memoiRs iN 2003; this opeNed mY eYes to the gRowth of the bodY of white NaRRatives about the post-2000 laNd iNvasioNs. A NumbeR of colleagues Read the maNuscRipt aNd offeRed valuable cRiticism. I waNt to thaNK robeRt MupoNde iN paRticulaR foR his iNsightful cRiticism. I also thaNK Michael Wessels, FRaNcis GaRaba, TeRReNce MusaNga aNd TeNdai MupaNduKi foR theiR assistaNce iN diffeReNt waYs as well as eNcouRagiNg me to soldieR oN with the wRitiNg of the booK. MY special thaNKs to WeNdY Willems aNd roRY Pilossof foR shaRiNg some of theiR woRK which added value to mY ReseaRch aNd wRitiNg. FiNallY, I would liKe to thaNK mY wife aNd childReN foR the suppoRt theY gave me duRiNg the peRiod of ReseaRchiNg aNd wRitiNg this booK.