Africa at a Glance
88 Pages
English
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Africa at a Glance

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88 Pages
English

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Although a great deal of attention is focused on Africa�s economic failures and political instability, a factual compendium such as this, the 15th edition of Africa at a Glance, serves as a reminder of the many positive achievements which need to be appreciated. This compilation has been issued since 1968. It has been prepared to fulfill the need for an up-to-date and concise compendium of published but not readily accessible data on the countries of Africa. Every effort has been made to provide the most current as well as authoritative information. Apart from presenting the latest available data, new tables, maps and diagrams have been added. Attention may be drawn particularly to the inclusion of a new table and maps in Section Four: Democracy Index. While the raison d��tre of the Africa Institute of South African is the conducting and dissemination of scholarly research, it is also concerned with the collection and dissemination of statistical and other factual data about the African continent. The present issue of Africa at a Glance serves the latter purpose.

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Published 22 May 2012
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EAN13 9780798303309
Language English
Document size 59 MB

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Exrait

at a glance
Although a great deal of attention is focused on Africa’s economic failures and political instability, a factual compendium such as this, the 15th edition ofAfrica at a Glance,serves as a reminder of the many positive achievements which need to be appreciated.
This compilation has been issued since 1968. It has been prepared to fulfill the need for an up-to-date and concise compendium of published but not readily accessible data on the countries of Africa. Every effort has been made to provide the most current as well as authoritative information.
Apart from presenting the latest available data, new tables, maps and diagrams have been added. Attention may be drawn particularly to the inclusion of a new table and maps in Section Four: Democracy Index.
While theraison d’êtreof the Africa Institute of South African is the conducting and dissemination of scholarly research, it is also concerned with the collection and dissemination of statistical and other factual data about the African continent. The present issue ofAfrica at a Glanceserves the latter purpose.
A
F
R
I CAat a glance
facts and figures 15th edition
AFRICAat a glance facts andgures 15thEdition
Compiled by Elize van As
A C I R ISBN: 978-0-7983-0303-3 F First Edition published in 1968 by the Africa Institute of South Africa PO Box 630 Aat aFglaRncIeC A Pretoria 0001 South Africa
© Copyright Africa Institute of South Africa, 2012
No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted by any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission of the copyright owner.
The Africa Institute of South Africa is a statutory body and research organisation, focusing on political, socio-economic, international and development issues in contemporary Africa. The Institute conducts research, publishes books, monographs and a quarterly journal, and holds regular seminars on issues of topical interest. It is also home to one of the best library and documentation centres world-wide, with materials on every African country.
For more information, contact the Africa Institute of South Africa at PO Box 630, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa; e-mail ai@ai.org.za; or visit our website at http://www.ai.org.za.
Project manager: Yolanda Mokoena
Cartographer: Elize van As
Design and layout by Future Pre-press
Cover Design by Future Pre-press
Printed by
Contents
Editorial notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Chapter 1: Introductory Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1  Country Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3  Island States and Dependencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8  Of11cial and Other Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  Geographical Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Chapter 2: Social Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19  Global Population Growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20  African Populations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22  Countries Ranked According to Size (Population and Territory) . . . . . . . . . . 24  Urban Populations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25  Africa’s Major Cities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28  Human Development Ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31  Adult Literacy and School Enrolment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33  University Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35  Life Expectancy and Child Mortality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Chapter 3: Economic Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41  Regional Economic Groupings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44  Currencies and Exchange Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45  Gross National Income (GNI). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47  Gross Domestic Produsct (GDP) and GDP Growth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48  Ranking of Countries According to PPP GNI per capita . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49  Composition of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by Sector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50  External Merchandise Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52  External Debt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53  Development Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54  African Recipients’ Share of Developmemt Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56  Foreign Direct Investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57  Transport (Selected Indicators) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58  Power and Communications (Selected Indicators) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Chapter 4: Political Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63  Africa’s Present Leaders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64  Previous and Forthcoming Elections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73  Military Strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76  Democracy Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Selected sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
AAF R I C F R I at a glance C A
A C Editorialnotes I R This is thefteenth edition ofAfrica at a Glancesince therst edition wasrst published in 1968. FCompilation of the data for this issue was completed on 31 December 2011, though it should be noted that more recent information (i.e. post-2008) has been unavailable on several topics. Aat aFglaRncIeC A Although the most authoritative sources have been used, various factors inuence the comparability of statistics for the various countries. The data in this book should therefore be seen as indicating salient features and broad trends, rather than being accurate measures of differences between countries.
iv
Although South Sudan gained independence on 9 July 2011, it has not been included in all the tables and maps due to a lack of recent data.
A signicant feature ofAfrica at a Glance in recent years has been the subdivision of the tables to provide data for at least six African macro-regions, such as Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, Southern Africa and others.
Symbols used in the tables ..data not available or not relevant Indicates
--nil or negligible Indicates
Abbreviations GNP Gross Domestic Product PM Prime Minister GNI Gross National Income PPP purchasing power parity HS Head of State SEA Sub-Equatorial Africa IAP International Airport SP Seaport NA National Assembly SSA Sub-Saharan Africa ND National Day
Some country names are abbreviated thus Burkina Faso (Burkina), Central African Republic (CAR), Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Equatorial Guinea (Eq Guinea), São Tomé and Príncipe (São Tomé).
CHAPTER1
IntroductoryData
Tables Country checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Island States and Dependencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ofcial and Other Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Geographical Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MapsandGraphs Africa Political, Sub-Saharan Africa and Sub-Equatorial Africa . . . . . Subequatorial Africa and Associated Islands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Six African Regions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arabic and European Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Christianity and Islam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indigenous Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Standard Time Zones. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Africa and the World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 8 11 16
2 7 10 13 14 15 18 19
IntroductoryData
AF R I C A F R I at a glance C A
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FIGURE 1:Africa Political, Sub-Saharan Africa and Sub-Equatorial Africa
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IntroductoryData
TABLE 1: Country Checklist
This table shows 54 independent African states. Data for non-independent territories are given in Table 2. More particulars of heads of state appear in Table 28. Of the 54 countries, 49 are situated in the continent and six are island states (see also Table 2). Equatorial Guinea consists of a mainland portion and several islands.
Official English name of country
Capital
ALGERIA, People’s Algiers Democratic Republic of -ANGOLA, Republic Luanda of -
BENIN, Republic of -
BOTSWANA, Republic of -BURKINA FASO, Republic of -BURUNDI, Republic of -CAMEROON, Republic of -CAPE VERDE, Republic of -
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (CAR) CHAD, Republic of -
COMOROS. Union of the Comoros CONGO, Republic of -
CÔTE D’IVOIRE, Republic of -DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO (DRC) DJIBOUTI, Republic of -EGYPT, Arab Republic of -
Porto Novo
Gaborone
Ouagadougou
Bujumbura
Yaoundé
Praia
Bangui
Ndjamena
Moroni
Brazzaville
1 Yamoussoukro
Kinshasa
Djibouti
Cairo
Independence date and national day (ND) 5 July 1962 ND 1 November
11 November 1975 ND 11 November
1 August 1960 ND 1 August 30 September 1966 ND 30 September 5 August 1960 ND 11 December 1 July 1962 ND 1 July 1 January 1960 ND 20 May 5 July 1975 ND 5 July
13 August 1960 ND 1 December 11 August 1960 ND 11 August 6 July 1975 ND 6 July 15 August 1960 ND 15 August
7 August 1960 ND 7 August 30 June 1960 ND 30 June
27 June 1977 ND 27 June 28 February 1922 ND 23 July
Head of state
Pres Abdelaziz Bouteflika – in office since April 1999
Nationality
Algerian(s)
Pres José Eduardo dos Angolan(s) Santos – in office since September 1979 Pres Yayi Boni – in office Beninese or since April 2006 Beninois Pres Ian Khama – in office Motswana (single) since April 2008 Batswana (plural) Pres Blaise Compaoré – in Burkinese or office since October 1987 Burkinabe Pres Pierre Nkurunziza – in Burundian(s) office since August 2005 Pres Paul Biya – in office Cameroonian(s) since November 1982 Pres Jorge Carlos de Cape Verdean(s) Almeida Fonseca – in office since September 2011 Pres François Bozizé – in Central African(s) office since March 2003 Pres Idriss Déby Itno – in Chadian(s) office since December 1990 Pres Ikililou Dhoinine – in Comoran(s) office since May 2011 Pres Denis Congolese Sassou Nguesso – in office (single and plural) since October 1997 Pres Alassane Ouattara – in Ivorian(s) office since December 2010 Pres Joseph Kabila Congolese Kabange – in office since (single and plural) January 2001
Pres Ismael Omar Guelleh – Djiboutian(s) in office since May 1999 Chairman of the Supreme Egyptian(s) Council of the Armed Forces Mohamed Hussein Tantawi
IntroductoryData
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