Africa at a Glance: Facts and Figures
96 Pages
English
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Africa at a Glance: Facts and Figures

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96 Pages
English

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Although a great deal of attention is focused on Africa�s economic failures and political instability, a factual compendium such as this, the 16th edition of Africa at a Glance, serves as a reminder of the many positive achievements which need to be appreciated. This compilation has been issued since 1968. It has been prepared to fulfill the need for an up-to-date and concise compendium of published but not readily accessible data on the countries of Africa. Every effort has been made to provide the most current as well as authoritative information. Apart from presenting the latest available data, new tables, maps and diagrams have been added. Attention may be drawn particularly to the inclusion of new tables in Section Two: Poverty and Selected Risk Indicators. While the raison d��tre of the Africa Institute of South African is the conducting and dissemination of scholarly research, it is also concerned with the collection and dissemination of statistical and other factual data about the African continent. The present issue of Africa at a Glance serves the latter purpose.

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Published 27 February 2015
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EAN13 9780798304979
Language English
Document size 51 MB

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Exrait

AFRICA at a glance
facts and figures 16th Edition
Compiled by Elize Van As
at a glance
AFRICA First Published in 1968 by the Africa Institute of South Africa Private Bag X41 Pretoria South Africa, 0001
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ISBN: 9780798304917
© Copyright Africa Institute of South Africa 2016
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted by any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopy ing, recording or otherwise, without prior permission from the copyright owner. To copy any part of this publication, you may contact DALRO for information and copyright clearance.
Telephone: 086 12 DALRO (from within South Africa); +27 (0)11 7128000 Telefax: +27 (0)11 4039094 Postal Address: P O Box 31627, Braamfontein, 2017, South Africa www.dalro.co.za.
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Opinions expressed and conclusions arrived at in this book are those of the authors and should not be attributed to the Africa Institute of South Africa.
Project Manager: Mmakwena Chipu Cartographer: Eliza Van As Copyediting: Bangula Language Services Proofreading: Write Skills Design and Layout: Pamset Printing:
The Africa Institute of South Africa is a think tank and research organisation, that focuses on political, socioeconomic, international and development is sues in contemporary Africa. The Institute conducts research, publishes books, monographs, occasional papers, policy briefs and a quarterly journal – Africa Insight. The Institute holds regular seminars on issues of topical interest. It is also home to one of the best library and documentation centres worldwide, with materials on every African country.
For more information, contact the Africa Institute of South Africa at Private Bag X41, Pretoria, South Africa 0001 Email publish@hsrc.ac.za; or visit our website at http://www.ai.org.za
Contents
Editorial Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii Chapter 1: Introductory Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1  Country Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3  Island States and Dependencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7  Official and Other Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10  Geographical Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Chapter 2: Social Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18  Global Population Growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19  African Populations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21  Countries Ranked According to Size (Population and Territory) . . . . . . . . . . . . 24  Urban Populations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25  Africa’s Major Cities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27  Human Development Ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31  Poverty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33  Adult Literacy and School Enrolment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35  Life Expectancy and Child Mortality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37  Selected Risk Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Chapter 3: Economic Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44  Regional Economic Groupings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46  Currencies and Exchange Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47  Gross National Income (GNI) and Purchasing Power Parity (GNI) . . . . . . . . . . . 49  Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Composition of GDP and GDP Growth . . . . . . . 51  External Merchandise Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54  External Debt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56  Development Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58  Foreign Direct Investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60  Transport (Selected Indicators) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63  Power and Communications (Selected Indicators) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Chapter 4: Political Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68  Africa’s Present Leaders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69  Previous and Forthcoming Elections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78  Military Strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82  Democracy Index 2014. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Selected Sources . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
i i
AFRICA
at a glance
Editorial Notes
This is the sixteenth edition ofAfrica at a Glancesince it was first published in 1968. Compilation of the data for this issue was completed during December 2015, though at a glance it should be noted that more recent information than 2011 has been unavailable on several topics. AFRIAlthCoughAthe most authoritative sources have been used, various factors influence the comparability of statistics for the various countries. The data in this book should therefore be seen as indicating salient features and broad trends, rather than being accurate measures of differences between countries.
ii
A significant feature ofAfrica at a Glancein recent years has been subdivision of the tables to provide data for at least six African macro-regions, such as sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, Southern Africa, North-east Africa, Central Africa, West Africa and the Western Indian Ocean.
Symbols used in the tables .. Indicates data not available or not relevant
Abbreviations GDP Gross Domestic Product GNI Gross National Income HS Head of State IAP International Airport NA National Assembly ND National Day PM Prime Minister PPP Purchasing Power Parity SEA Sub-Equatorial Africa SP Seaport SSA Sub-Saharan Africa
Chapter 1
Introductory Data
Tables Country Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Island States and Dependencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Official and Other Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Geographical Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Maps and Graphs
Africa Political, Sub-Saharan Africa and Sub-Equatorial Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Subequatorial Africa and Associated Islands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Six African Regions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Indigenous Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Arabic and European Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Christianity and Islam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Standard Time Zones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Africa and the World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
INTRODUCTORY DATA
1
AFRICA
at a glance
FIGURE 1: Africa Political, Sub-Saharan Africa and Sub-Equatorial Africa
2
INTRODUCTORY DATA
Sources:14, 31
Congolese (single and plural)
Ivorian(s)
Brazzaville
1 Yamoussoukro
Beninese or Beninois
President Paul Biya – in office since November 1982
Cape Verdean(s)
Motswana (single) Batswana (plural)
Kinshasa
Burundian(s)
3
Burkinese or Burkinabe
Congolese (single and plural)
President Roch Marc Christian Kaboré – in office since December 2015
Cameroonian(s)
Central African(s)
Comoran(s)
President Jorge Carlos de Almeida Fonseca – in office since September 2011
President Boni Yayi – in office since April 2006
President Pierre Nkurunziza – in office since November 2005
President Ian Khama – in office since April 2008
Porto Novo
Luanda
Ndjamena
Bangui
Gaborone
Interim president Catherine Samba-Panza – in office since January 2014
President Idriss Déby Itno – in office since December 1990
CONGO, Republic of -
Angolan(s)
President José Eduardo dos Santos – in office since September 1979
President Abdelaziz Bouteflika –in office since April 1999
Ouagadougou
Bujumbura
Yaoundé
Praia
BOTSWANA, Republic of -
BURUNDI, Republic of -
BURKINA FASO, Republic of -
CAPE VERDE, Republic of -
CAMEROON, Republic of -
Moroni
COMOROS. Union of the Comoros
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO (DRC)
CHAD, Republic of -
BENIN, Republic of -
CÔTE D’IVOIRE, Republic of -
Algerian(s)
More particulars of heads of state appear in Table 25.
Equatorial Guinea consists of a mainland portion and several islands.
Of the 54 countries, 49 are situated in the continent and six are island states (see also Table 2).
This table shows all 54 independent African states. Data for non-independent territories are given in Table 2.
ALGERIA, People’s Democratic Republic of -
Algiers
CENTRAL AFRICANREPUBLIC (CAR)
Chadian(s)
TABLE 1:Country Checklist
Head of state
ANGOLA, Republic of -
Nationality
Independence date and national day (ND)
5 July 1975 ND 5 July
1 January 1960 ND 20 May
11 August 1960 ND 11 August
13 August 1960 ND 1 December
15 August 1960 ND 15 August
6 July 1975 ND 6 July
30 June 1960 ND 30 June
7 August 1960 ND 7 August
President Denis Sassou-Nguesso – in office since October 1997
President Ikililou Dhoinine – in office since May 2011
President Joseph Kabila Kabange – in office since January 2001
President Alassane Ouattara – in office since December 2010
Official English name of country
Capital
5 July 1962 ND 1 November
11 November 1975 ND 11 November
1 August 1960 ND 1 August
30 September 1966 ND 30 September
5 August 1960 ND 11 December
1 July 1962 ND 1 July
INTRODUCTORY DATA
GUINEA-BISSAU, Republic of -
Maseru
Tripoli
Antananarivo
Independence date and national day (ND)
Capital
Head of state
Nationality
Libyan(s)
Liberian(s)
Madagascan(s) or Malagasy (single and plural)
Lilongwe
Bissau
Nairobi
Conakry
Malabo
Ethiopian(s)
Eritrean(s)
Egyptian(s)
President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo – in office since October 1979
Libreville
ETHIOPIA, Federal Democratic Republic of -
4
INTRODUCTORY DATA
Asmara
Addis Ababa
ERITREA, State of -
24 May 1993 ND 24 May
Ancient ND 28 May
17 August 1960 ND 17 August
18 February 1965 ND 18 February
GUINEA, Republic of -
GAMBIA, Republic of The -
GHANA, Republic of -
LIBERIA, Republic of -
DJIBOUTI, Republic of -
KENYA, Republic of -
LESOTHO, Kingdom of -
GABON, Republic of -
President Peter Mutharika – in office since June 2014
President of the House of Representatives Aguila Saleh Essa Gwaidar – in office since August 2014
President Hery Rajaonarimampianina – in office since January 2014
Malawian(s)
President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf – in office since January 2006
Monrovia
12 December 1963 ND 12 December
10 September 1974 ND 24 September
2 October 1958 ND 3 April
6 March 1957 ND 6 March
King Letsie III – in office from November 1990 to January 1995 and then again from February 1996
6 July 1964 ND 6 July
26 June 1960 ND 26 June
24 December 1951 ND 1 September
26 July 1847 ND 26 July
4 October 1966 ND 4 October
President Ali Bongo Ondimba – in office since October 2009
President Yahya Jammeh – in office since July 1994
President John Dramani Mahama – in office since July 2012
Mosotho (single) Basotho (plural)
Kenyan(s)
Guinean(s)
President Alpha Condé – in office since December 2010
President José Mario Vaz – in office since June 2014
President Uhuru Kenyatta – in office since April 2013
Djibouti
Official English name of country
Ghanaian(s)
President Isaias Afewerki – in office since May 1993
Guinean(s)
Gambian(s)
Gabonese (single and plural)
Djiboutian(s)
Equatoguinean(s) or Equatorial Guinean(s)
President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi – in office since June 2014
President Ismail Omar Guelleh – in office since May 1999
12 October 1968 ND 12 October
EQUATORIAL GUINEA, Republic of -
EGYPT, Arab Republic of -
Cairo
MADAGASCAR, Republic of -
MALAWI, Republic of -

President Mulatu Teshome Wirtu – in office since October 2013
LIBYA, Libyan Republic
Accra
28 February 1922 ND 23 July
27 June 1977 ND 27 June
Banjul