Reference Guide to Writing Across the Curriculum

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English
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This reference guide traces the writing across the curriculum movement from its origins in British secondary education through its flourishing in American higher education and extension to American primary and secondary education.

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Published 04 July 2005
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EAN13 9781932559446
Language English

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Rhetoric and Composition
RÉÉÉÇÉ GÛïÉ Ô Wïï AÇÔŚŚ É CÛïÇÛÛtraces the Writing Across the Curriculum movement from its origins in British second-ary education through its flourishing in American higher education and extension to American primary and secondary education. The authors follow their histori-cal review of the literature by a review of research into primary, secondary, and higher education WAC teaching and learning. Subsequent chapters examine the relations of WAC to Writing to Learn theory, research, and pedagogy, as well as its interactions with the Rhetoric of Science and Writing in the Disciplines move-ments. Current issues of theory and practice are followed by a presentation of best practices in program design, assessment, and classroom practices. An extensive bibliography and suggestions for further reading round out this comprehensive guide to Writing Across the Curriculum.
CĀEŚ BĀZEĀis Professor and Chair of the Department of Education at the University of California, Santa Barbara, His most recent books areWriting Selves and Societies(co-edited with David Russell; http://wac.colostate.edu/books/ selves_societies/) andWhat Writing Does and How It Does It(co-edited with Paul Prior). HisThe Languages of Edison’s Light, won the Association of American Pub-lisher’s award for the best scholarly book of 1999 in the History of Science and Technology.JÔŚE LïEis a writer and teacher of writing who lives and works in Toronto, having earned his PhD at UCSB in Language, Literacy, and Compo-sition Studies. His work has been published inWritten Communication, Rhetoric Society Quarterly,and theJournal of Technical Writing and Communication.LïŚĀ BEE teaches writing in the Los Angeles area.TEï CĀVï is a doctoral student in the Gevirtz Graduate School of Education at UCSB, specializing in the teaching of writing and researching the writing processes of students with high functioning autism.DĀïEE FÔUQUEEis Instructor of English at Fullerton College, where she teaches writing and researches the assumptions and perspec-tives of teacher commentary on student writing.JĀE GĀUïŚis adding gradu-ate studies in writing to a successful career in the banking industry. Her interests include business writing, writing and identity, and social justice. R ÉÉ ÉÇÉ GÛïÉŚ Ô R ÉÔïÇ Ā CÔÔŚïïÔ Series Editor, Charles Bazerman Parlor Press 816 Robinson Street West L a fayette, I N 47906 w w w.pa rlorpress.com S A N: 2 5 4 - 8 8 7 9 ISBN 1-932559 - 4 4 -2 The WAC Clearinghouse http://wac.colostate.edu/
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CHARLESBAZERMAN JOSEPHLITTLE LISABETHEL TERICHAVKIN DANIELLEFOUQUETTE JANETGARUFIS
REEEÇE GUïEŚ Ô REÔïÇ Ā CÔÔŚïïÔ Series Editor, Charles Bazerman
REEEÇE GUïEŚ Ô REÔïÇ Ā CÔÔŚïïÔ Series Editor, Charles Bazerman
The Series provides compact, comprehensive and convenient surveys of what has been learned through research and practice as composition has emerged as an academic discipline over the last half century. Each volume is devoted to a single topic that has been of interest in rhetoric and composition in recent years, to synthesize and make available the sum and parts of what has been learned on that topic. These reference guides are designed to help deepen classroom practice by making available the col-lective wisdom of the field and will provide the basis for new research. The Series is intended to be of use to teachers at all levels of education, researchers and scholars of writing, graduate students learning about the field, and all who have interest in or responsibility for writing programs and the teaching of writing. Parlor Press and The WAC Clearinghouse are collaborating so that these books will be widely available through low-cost print editions and free digital distribution. The publishers and the Series editor are teachers and researchers of writing, com-mitted to the principle that knowledge should freely circulate. We see the opportunities that new technologies have for further democratizing knowledge. And we see that to share the power of writing is to share the means for all to articulate their needs, interest, and learning into the great experiment of literacy.
Reference Guide to Writing Across the Curriculum
Reference Guide to
Writing Across the Curriculum
Charles Bazerman, Joseph Little, Lisa Bethel, Teri Chavkin, Danielle Fouquette, and Janet Garufis
Parlor Press West Lafayette, Indiana www.parlorpress.com
The WAC Clearinghouse http://wac.colostate.edu/
Parlor Press LLC, West Lafayette, Indiana 47906
© 2005 by Parlor Press and The WAC Clearinghouse All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America
S A N: 2 5 4 - 8 8 7 9
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Reference guide to writing across the curriculum / Charles Bazerman ... [et al.].  p. cm. -- (Reference guides to rhetoric and composition)  Includes bibliographical references and index.  ISBN 1-932559-42-6 (pbk. : alk. paper) -- ISBN 1-932559-43-4 (hard-cover : alk. paper) -- ISBN 1-932559-44-2 (Adobe ebook) 1. Language arts--Correlation with content subjects. 2. Interdisciplinary approach in education--History. I. Bazerman, Charles. II. Series.  LB1576.R435 2005  808’.042’071--dc22  2005009596
Series logo designed by Karl Stolley. This book is printed on acid-free paper.
Parlor Press, LLC is an independent publisher of scholarly and trade titles in print and multimedia formats. is book is available in cloth, paperback, and Adobe eBook formats from Parlor Press on the World Wide Web at http://www.parlorpress.com. For submission information or to find out about Parlor Press publications, write to Parlor Press, 816 Robinson St., West Lafay-ette, Indiana, 47906, or e-mail editor@parlorpress.com.
e WAC Clearinghouse supports teachers of writing across the disciplines.Hosted by Colorado State University’s Composition Program, it brings to-gether four journals, three book series, and resources for teachers who use writing in their courses. is book will also be available free on the Internet at e WAC Clearinghouse (http://wac.colostate.edu/).
Contents
PEĀÇExi PĀ I. TE WAC MÔVEE3 1 IÔUÇïÔ Ô KEY CÔÇEŚ5 Literacy and Schooling5 Reading and Writing Activities in Schooling6 Literacy in the Rhetorical University6 Literacy in the Research University6 Literacy in High Schools7 Academic Literacy 7 Academic Language Socialization8 Literacy and Curriculum8 First-Year Writing (or Composition9 Writing Across the Curriculum 9 Writing in the Disciplines9 Writing-Intensive or Writing-Emphasis Courses 10 Writing in the Professions 10 Reading in Content Areas 12 Writing using Reading12 Intertextuality 12 Plagiarism 12 2 HïŚÔY Ô E WAC MÔVEE14 American Roots of Writing Across the Curriculum to 197014 The Influence of British Reforms in the 1960s & 1970s20
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Workshops, National Organizations and Dissemination22 3 PÔĀŚ ï Wïï AÇÔŚŚ E CUïÇUU26 Earliest Programs26 Administrative & Institutional Support and Interest (1970–1985)30 Writing Across the Curriculum in K-12 Education32PĀ II. AÔĀÇEŚ Ô TEÔY A REŚEĀÇ35 4 REŚEĀÇ Ô WAC TEĀÇï Ā LEĀï37 Writing Across the Curriculum in K-12 Schooling38 Primary School38High School39 Talk and Writing in Secondary Science41 Subject Organization of Secondary Schools as an Obstacle to WAC43 Writing Across the Curriculum in Higher Education43 Student Goals and Course Goals45 Studies of WAC Instructors and Instruction50 Studies of Graduate Students53 Reading/Writing Connection: Specialized Forms of Reading54 5 Wïï Ô LEĀ57 Origins of the Writing to Learn Approach57 More Recent Developments59 Discipline Specific Approaches62 6 REÔïÇ Ô SÇïEÇE, REÔïÇ Ô IQUïY, Ā Wïï ï E DïŚÇïïEŚ66 The Politics of Academic Knowledge— Anthropology’s Self Examination67 The Social Location and Purposes of Academic
Contents
Writing—Sociology’s Rhetoric68 The Rhetoric of Economics and the Rhetoric of Inquiry70 Scientific Knowledge as Humanly Written—Science Studies75 Rhetoric of Science77 Writing and Language Focused Approaches to Writing in the Disciplines80 7 O-GÔï CÔÇEŚ: TE PĀïÇUĀïY Ô DïŚÇïïĀY DïŚÇÔUŚEŚ85 Unity vs Particularity85 Genre and Activity Theories90 Intertextuality96 8 O-GÔï CÔÇEŚ: TE PĀÇE Ô SUEŚ ï DïŚÇïïĀY DïŚÇÔUŚEŚ98 Student Orientation Towards Disciplinary Assignments98 Domination, Participation, and Agency100 PĀ III. PĀÇïÇĀ GUïEïEŚ105 9 NEw PÔĀĀïÇ DïEÇïÔŚ107 Coordinating with Other Campus Resources107 Writing Intensive Courses107Writing Centers109 Peer Tutors and Writing Fellows110 English as a Second Language in a WAC Context111 Enriching Student Experiences113 Interdisciplinary Learning Communities113 Service Learning114 Electronic Communication Across the Curriculum115
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10  AŚŚEŚŚE ï Wïï AÇÔŚŚ E CUïÇUU120 Assessment of Student Writing120WAC Program Assessment and Evaluation12311 WAC CĀŚŚÔÔ PĀÇïÇEŚ–FÔ FUE REĀï129 Mathematics131 English, Literature and Language Arts134 Psychology136 Economics137 History138 BïïÔĀY139 AÔU E AUÔŚ169 IEX171
Contents