My Scrapbook of Discoveries and Inventions (by Professor Genius)

My Scrapbook of Discoveries and Inventions (by Professor Genius)

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English
68 Pages

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The wise Professor Genius opens up the pages of his personal Scrapbook of Discoveries and Inventions.

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Published 09 August 2012
Reads 87
EAN13 9782764409046
License: All rights reserved
Language English
Document size 10 MB

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My Scrapbook of DISCOVandERIES INVENTIONS Professor Genius
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QA INTERNATIONAL
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My Scrapbook of Discoveries and Inventions by Professor Genius
QA INTERNATIONAL Extrait de la publication
As you open this scrapbook… Stop for a moment and take a good look at all the different objects around you. What do you see? Books, pencils, a blanket, a glass, a telephone, a bedside lamp, or perhaps a television? These objects are so much a part of everyday life that we often forget they didn’t always exist. In fact, most of the things we take for granted are here only because of the work of the clever, daring, insightful, curious, talented, and resourceful inventors that came before us!
Over the years I have collected newspapers, magazines, books, and photographs that are witness to the incredible ingenuity of human beings. Today I want to share these stories with you and, at the same time, pay tribute to the many people who “invented” modern life for us. “My Scrapbook of Discoveries and Inventions” is a voyage that spans thousands of years, from the invention of the wheel to the introduction of the computer and the Internet.
History is full of fascinating stories about the circumstances that led to the creation of many amazing discoveries and inventions, great and small. Unfortunately, there wasn’t room in my scrapbook for all of them! I have had to make some difficult choices in order to present you with the ones that seemed to be the most significant. I sincerely hope that this brief overview will encourage you to search for other interesting stories!
Have fun reading this scrapbook and never forget to ask questions and let your imagination run free. Who knows? You may be one of the people who will “invent” tomorrow’s world!
Professor Genius
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Montreal, March 3, 2004
Hello, my friend Genius,
I had a terrific time reading your book on discoveries and inventions. I felt like I’d been taken on a trip in a time machine. The road human beings have traveled since the invention of the wheel is incredible! And yet, there is so much more to do, because everything can always be improved.
As you probably know, Genius, people often imagine an inventor as a bearded, slightly balding elderly man with glasses on the tip of his nose, fussing about with his test tubes… But you and I both know this isn’t true! Tomorrow’s inventors, my friend, are the young readers to whom you’ve dedicated your scrapbook. Congratulations on this wonderful initiative of yours. I hope to have the great pleasure of welcoming these future inventors to my Inventarium!
And always remember my old saying, “The best way to predict the future is to invent it.”
Daniel Paquette Police officer (retired) and inventor
MyfriendDanielPaquetteisaretiredpolice officer. He is the founding president of the “Inventarium,” a service center created for inventors, to help them protect, develop, and market their inventions. To learn more, I invite you to visit my friend’s website at www.inventarium.com
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T 514.499.3000 F 514.499.3010 www.qa-international.com
For ages 10 and over
Canadian Cataloguing in Publication Data
You can write to Professor Genius at the following address:
j509
Q180.55.D57M66 2004
1. Inventions  Juvenile literature. 2. Scientific discoveries  Juvenile literature. I. QA International (Firme) II. Collection
ISBN 9782764409046
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 10 09 08 07 06
Professeur Génius e 3 étage 329, rue de la Commune Ouest Montréal (Québec) H2Y 2E1 Canada
My scrapbook of discoveries and inventions (by Professor Genius)
Printed and bound in Singapore.
The characters in Professor Genius’ world, except for Mr. Daniel Paquette and those mentioned in the Acknowledgments, are pure fantasy. Any resemblance to actual living persons is entirely coincidental. Although the facts they contain are accurate, the newspaper articles, old letters, books, and magazines drawn from the professor’s personal collection are all products of the imagination of the creators of this scrapbook.
C20039422003
) was created and produced by: My Scrapbook of Discoveries and Inventions (by Professor Genius
QA International e 3 étage 329, rue de la Commune Ouest Montréal (Québec) H2Y 2E1 Canada
Includes index
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No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from the publisher. © 2006 QA International Inc. All rights reserved. www.qainternational.com
Table of Contents INVENTORS AND INVENTIONS 6 Discoveries and inventions, inventor profile, and civilizations.
REVOLUTIONARY INVENTIONS 12 The wheel, electricity, and the steam engine. EATING 18 Agriculture, foods, cooking, and conservation of food. DAILY LIVING 24 Houses, money, measurements, public hygiene, heating, and lighting.
WRITING AND COUNTING 32 Letters, printing, numbers, and calculation.
HEALTH CARE 36 Diagnosis, surgery, and medication.
GETTING AROUND 42 Maritime, land, and air transportation.
COMMUNICATING 48 Mail, newspapers, the typewriter, the telegraph, the telephone, radio, and television.
ENTERTAINMENT 54 Music, photography, motion pictures, and games.
CRAZY INVENTIONS 58 Gadgets and other wacky inventions.
INVENTIONS OF THE FUTURE 60 Futurology, virtual reality, and the inventions of tomorrow.
I invent, Paris, October 29, 2003 you invent, Dear brother, they invent… I just came back from the National Museum of Do you know the difference between a discovery Arts and Crafts. You should see their collection! and an invention? Since we are going to talk a There are more than 80,000 objects and lot about both terms in this scrapbook, it is best 15,000 drawings of different inventions. Its a that we understand from the start what the wonderful tribute to the amazing ingenuity difference is between the two words. All right, of humans. Visiting this place has made me think here we go: an invention is something that is of you and your new project about discoveries and inventions. Im really looking forwardcreated by a human being, something that never to discussing it all with you when we seeexisted before. It may be an object, a tool, or a material. A discovery, on the other hand, is a each other at Christmastime. thing or event that already existed in nature, but is found or understood for the first time. Here is an Love from your big sister example: prehistoric man DISCOVERED fire (probably from watching his first forest descoverte (from the Latin DISCOVERY fire). Only much later did humans INVENT I’m sure you are aware that [discovery], which comes from the Latin verb ways of making fires themselves. Just think discooperire[to uncover]): The act of finding or not all inventions are necessarilyuncovering something previously unknown; to learn of a phenomenon that, although hidden orof matches and lighters, for instance. brilliant ones! Many inventions, ignored, already exists. like the first flying machines, for example, were complete failures.inventum INVENTION (from the Latin , which comes from the verb invenire [to find]): The act of Even some of the most famousinventing or creating; an invented thing, a new scientific creation or technique. inventors are quite familiar with failure. I have in mind Thomas Edison (the inventor of the lightbulb) and one far-too-noisy telephone he invented. I also think about John Logie Baird (the inventor of television) and his self-heating socks. But even failed efforts occasionally pay off in the end. Although the alchemists of the Middle Ages never succeeded in transforming base metals into gold, they gathered much valuable knowledge that today forms the basis of modern chemistry. So, if you think you have what it takes to be an inventor, never lose heart. Perseverance and daring are the keys to success! 6
Although most inventions are designed to improve the quality of our lives, some inventions can ALSO have the opposite effect! Take the case of the automobile. We know that the car is a very practical means of transportation and the automobile industry provides employment for thousands of people. HOWEVER, the car is also the cause of sometimes fatal accidents and contributes greatly to air pollution (mainly because of the carbon dioxide produced by the burning of fuel). It is not always easy to predict what the consequences of an invention will be, as you will see in the text that follows.
Alfred NOBEL (1833–1896) In 1863, Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel invented a method to stabilize nitroglycerine, a highly explosive liquid that was used mainly in construction but was very unstable. Mixing nitroglycerine with a clay-like material, Nobel created dynamite, which was much safer to handle. While the inventor’s original intent was to reduce accidents on construction sites, the military was quick to turn his invention into a weapon of destruction. Alfred Nobel decided to leave the enormous fortunes he earned from his invention to individuals who rendered the greatest services to humanity. Inventors and Inventions, p. 123 Every year since 1901, the Nobel Foundation has awarded this medal to outstanding individuals or organizations in a number of fields, including the When we consider all the machines, sciences, literature, and peace. gadgets, and other objects that humans have created up to now, it is easy to come to the conclusion that everything has been invented. Personally, I am convinced that the future has many surprises in store for us because it Thef irst vacuseems that the need to invent is a basic um thati tac l ctualleahuman instinct. Perhaps the real challenge yn e tor ow ksevatoday is to use our vast knowledge to s s eo r alcoprotect the future of our planet and m pp el opicat ed leto ensure that ALL people can live ju st to runit!healthy as well as peaceful lives.
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A world of inventions
Have you ever heard the saying “Necessity is the mother of invention”? It refers to the idea that, throughout history, things have been invented because the people who invented them had a need for them. Of course, some people also invent things just to satisfy their creative urges! SOCIAL needs, which include comfort, security, cleanliness, health, and communication, have always been the inspiration for most of our inventions. However, since the Industrial Revolution (I will talk more about this great period later on), it has been more common to see inventions crop up in response to ECONOMIC needs. For example, the inventions that made the textile (fabric) industry progress from the start were brought about by the desire to make more money faster. Wars, too, have always pushed people to invent better and more powerful weapons and machinery. In fact, MILITARY needs have been at the heart of many discoveries and inventions, such as the jet engine and radar. Before going any further, I would like to present a few important ideas that you should keep in mind in the course of your reading.
AD1200… 3,500 years ago… 130 yearsBC… Sometimes it’s difficult to know where you are with all these dates! Before you get lost in time, here’s a little note that will help you find your way more easily through all the historical references you may come across during your reading.
Our measure of time
hen we refer to a date in history, especially ancient history, the year may be followed by the letters “BC” or be preceded by W the letters “AD.” BC, or “before Christ,” refers to the years before the birth of Jesus Christ, which historians call the year “0.” The years that follow 0 sometimes have the letters “AD” before them. It stands for “anno Domini”, Latin for “in the year of the Lord,” meaning the years that follow the birth of Christ. Historia, p. 401
Sumerians were the first inhabitants of Mesopotamia. They were followed by the Babylonians.
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Birth of humanity
Cradles of invention The world’s great civilizations were born on the fertile shores of important rivers like the Nile in Egypt, the Tigris and Euphrates in Mesopotamia (today’s Iraq) and the Yellow River in China. Since so many inventions sprang from the fertile minds of these early peoples, I thought it would be a good idea to show you a map to help you locate when and where these civilizations lived. You can refer to the map anytime during the course of your reading.
W
N
E
Consult my map to see where the great civilizations I refer to were located. Sumer (3500 BCto1900 BC) Ancient Egypt (3300 BCto30 BC) City of Babylon (1830 BCto539 BC)