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Reformation Design of Training : A Professional Development with a Behavioral Digital Approach


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172 Pages


This course deals with the development of educational curricula in many fields. The course covers evaluation criteria, educational design, workforce development, needs assessment for on-the-job training, post-secondary organizational development, program evaluation, trainers, and training methods.



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Published 01 January 2015
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EAN13 9796500163260
Language English
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Training and Human Development
Reformation Design of Training- A Professional Development with a Behavioral Digital Approach.
COPYRIGHT©2015.by Mohamed Ziad Hamdan. Allrights reserved.
ISBN978-9933-532-77-2  ﻊﻳزﻮﺘﻟاو ﻊﺒﻄﻟا قﻮﻘﺣ ﻒﻟﺆﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﻇﻮﻔﺤﻣ  2015،ﺔﻳدﺎﻌﻟا سﺎﺒﺘﻗﻻاو ﺚﺤﺒﻟاو ﻢﻳﺪﻘﺘﻟاو ﺔﻌﺟاﺮﳌا تﻻﺎﺣ اﺪﻋ ﻦﻣ ءﺰﺟ يأ ﻦﻳﺰﺨﺗ وأ ﺔﻤﺟﺮﺗ وأ ﺮﻳﻮﺼﺗو أ ﺦﺴﻧ وأ ﴩﻨﺑ ﺢﻤﺴﻳ ﻻ ﻪﻧﺈﻓ ،ﺔﻳرﺎﺠﺗ ضاﺮﻏﻷ ﻲﻋﺠﻟا ﺐﻳرﺪﺘﻟا وأ ﺲﻳرﺪﺘﻟا ﰲ ﻪﻟﻌﺘﺳإ وأ ﻪﻌﻳزﻮﺗ وأ ،بﺎﺘﻜﻟا اﺬﻫ
،ﻞﺒﻘﺘﺴﳌا ﰲوأ نﻵا ﺎﻬﻋﻮﻧ نﺎﻛ ﻬﻣ ﺔﻠﻴﺳو وأ ﻞﻜﺷ يﺄﺑ
.ﻒﻟﺆﳌا ﻦﻣ بﻮﺘﻜﻣ نذﺈﺑ ﻻإ
Modern Education HousePublishing, Consultations & Training mz.hamdan@hotmail.com
Damascus – Syria
تارﺎﺸﺘﺳﻻاو ﴩﻨﻠﻟﺔﺜﻳﺪﺤﻟا ﺔﻴﺑﱰﻟا راد  ﺐﻳرﺪﺘﻟاو www.hamdaneducation.com ﺎﻳﻮﺳ – ﻖﺸﻣد
ناﺪﻤﺣ دﺎﻳز ﺪﻤﺤﻣ :لواﺪﺠﻟاو مﻮﺳﺮﻟاو ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟا ةدﺎﳌا جاﺮﺧإو ﻢﻴﻤﺼﺗBook Design and Art Production: Mohamed Ziad Hamdan
*Curriculum Development; Educational Technology; Evaluation Criteria; *Instructional Design; *Labor Force Development; *Needs Assessment; *On the Job Training; Organizational Development; Postsecondary Education; Program Evaluation; Program Implementation; Skill Development; Trainers; *Training Methods; Training Objectives
This handbook, which presents a design-based approach to training, leads training professionals through a systemic process to developing employee training programs based on a behavioral digital approach. The design approach is a scientific methodology built on three principles: the systematization, behaviorism, and quantification of training.
The handbook is organized in three parts:
(1) Professional Needs Assessment for Skill Renewal/Training;
(2) Designing the Training Program; and
(3) Designing Program Dissemination and Evaluation.
The four chapters contained in part 1 cover the following topics: the reformation design of training, professional needs assessment of a job, professional needs assessment of an organization and its employees, and unifying professional needs and establishing behavioral digital bases of training design.
The three chapters of part 2 discuss the design of the training curriculum (goals, knowledge and achievement activities), designing the instruction of training (methods, media, and technologies), and the design of human and material services.
Topics of the two chapters of the final partare: designing the training document, program marketing, and preparation for implementation; and designing the evaluation of training. The handbook includes 49 references and an index.
In-service training as a form of continuing education is vital to professional development as its counterpart - the pre-service preparation.
While pre-service preparation introduces students to new knowledges, professions or skills, in-service training on the other hand maintains afterwards these professional inputs, updates them and implants new ones deem necessary for better performance of employees.
Despite the immense technological advances and the explosion of knowledge that characterize contemporary life, in-service training is still lacking of a truly disciplined operational methodology. It is suffering from being descriptive in nature, subjective in conduct and somewhat an open-ended activity.
What training really needs is an accountable methodology by which all professional acts from needs assessment to evaluation of productivity can be scientifically and systematically planned, developed and implemented. This handbook presents a new approach in this line that is behavioral, digital and operational in structure; satisfying as expected the working needs of the trio determining factors of any training endeavor: the employee, the organization and the job.
The practical and academic validity and reliability of the approach were tested by the Author through the implementation of two professional programs in a leading professional training and human development institution in Arab Middle East: "Specialists of Training" and "Managers of Training Administrations". The results were highly encouraging.
While the approach is believed to be different from what is available in the field, it operates with about fifty forms and figures; ending when used systematically to a training program that is valid, accountable and quality effective.
More validity and reliability testing of the approach is essential however, to prove its final workability in different environments under varied human and institutional conditions. Therefore, training parties are welcomed to provide thankfully the Author with any feedbacks concerning this matter. Moreover, if additional clarifications or training assistance regarding the application of the approach are needed, contacts with the Author are also
welcomed on the stated address of Modern Education House in www.meh-sy.com.
Finally, special thanks should go to Dr. Karen L. Marcum, the director of the American Language Center in AmmanJordan, 1991,, for reading the manuscript and making linguistic and typing corrections. The final language and academic qualities of the text remain however, the sole responsibility of the Author.
 May 29, 2014
Table of Contents
Part I: Professional Needs Assessment
for Renewal / Training 7 Chapter I: Prologue: The Reformation Design of Training 8 Chapter II: Professional Needs Assessment of a Job 22 Chapter III: Professional Needs Assessment of Organization and Employees 39 Chapter IV: Unifying Professional Needs and Establishing Behavioral  Digital Bases of Training Design 57
Part II : Designing The Training Program 74 Chapter V: The Design of Training Curriculum - The Goals, Knowledge and Achievement Activities 75 Chapter VI: DesigningInstruction of Trainin the g: Methods, Media & Technologies 93
Chapter VII: The Design of Human and Material Services 111
Part III: Designing Program Dissemination
and Evaluation 129 Chapter VIII: Designing the Training Document, Marketing & Implementation 130 Chapter IX: Designing the Evaluation of Training Productivity and Validity 145
 References 167
Part I: Professional Needs Assessment for Renewal /Training
1. Prologue: The Reformation Design of Training.2. Professional Needs Assessment of Job.
3. Professional Needs Assessment of Organization and Employees.
4. Unifying Professional Needs and Establishing the
Behavioral Digital Bases of Training Design.
Chapter IPrologue: The Reformation Design of Training
The History of Training: A Short Summary
Current Problems of Training
The Reformation Design of Training- A Brief Illustration
Foundations of the Reformation Design of Training
Methodology of Developing the Reformation Design of Training
What Comes Next?
Training is a direct approach to education. It concerns itself with the behavioral development of individuals by bringing their inadequate professional status to its optimistic level of performance.
Training also is a behavioral operational act, necessitating simultaneously the application of both theoretical and practical knowledge. It differs for example from school education where cognitive - armchair epistemology is dominant.
Training moreover concentrates on reality, or on the felt needs of employees, organization and/or job in their actual work settings, whether these needs belong to the present or immediate future.
Current literature on training, though contains tremendous information concerning: goals, skills, steps / stages, methods, media, technologies, support services, merits and problems, and is considered very useful for understanding and guiding training acts; it is seen generally however, un-operational. It stops short from providing training specialists with objective and rational mechanisms by which they could scientifically plan, construct and implement a professional development program.
 (1) It is noticed in this context, that while some sources appear to be somewhat operational, e.g. Abella (1989), Freedman and Yarbrough (1985), and Rogoff (1987), many others are still exclusively descriptive, incoherent and open-ended treatments of training. Hence, they are incompatible with the technical, behavioral and strictly time-bound acts of training.
What training actually needs is an accountable and integrated literature, specific and concise in language, instrumental in methodology, and measurable in content and products. In short: a down-to-earth operational literature.
The rational method to achieve these qualities in training is possible through controlling the quality of its attributes: programs and execution. A preliminary tool by which one could exert his/her professionalism in this regard is embedded in the art and science of designing.
Designing is probably the first act that God used in creating the uni-verse. Training, without designing, will not lead to professional development of people in the proper sense. With poor designing, there could be many losses in manpower, time, efforts, logistics and outcomes.
Thus, considering the ultimate importance of design for training, this book presents a systemic behavioral and digital approach. It is hoped that the newly developed methodology is capable of reforming the designing processes of training, helping specialists 'to' pull together the various pieces of training data, factors and activities; and to obtain consequently professional development programs that are valid, reliable, and effective in content and product.
The History of Training - A Short Summary
 (2) Training, like teaching, is a prehistoric and still persisting human activity. It occupied a good part of daily activities of early settlements of human kind; probably with the formation of hunting communities during the Old Stone Age, several million years ago.
One could also infer from history that primitive man of the Stone Age, initiated the first type of training, that is theInformal method, to help his offspring's and fellow men develop the basic life skills, such as: making stone weapons, animal skin dresses, wood utensils and dwellings.
With the advent of The Modem Store Age, about 7000-3000 B.C, new human developments had emerged within the realm of training, such as: the written language, agricultural settlements, battery industry and domestication of animals. Despite of all these developments, training is believed to have remained, during this long period of human history, an informal labor.
Thesecond principal shiftin the status of training came about toward the beginning of recorded historyaround 3000 B.C. During this era, the popularly organized method by means ofapprenticeshipwidely was practiced in Mesopotamia. The use of this method, which is still effective for the conduct of training until today, was documented in Babylonia at the (3) year 2100 B.C. ,
Apprenticeship, in spite of the profound changes within human life which took place throughout the last four thousand years, is yet prevailing to a large degree. Ancient, medieval and recent societies up to eighteenth century, used apprenticeship as a basic popular method for developing almost all daily life skills, from farming, commerce, hand crafts and industry, sports, rearing / education of the young, to the inculcation of culture.
During the eighteenth centuryhowever, training was transformed into a newthird approach that isthe formal method. From that period on, training became an administrative, certificated business ... a formal schooling, and a relatively curricular pursuit.
In the United States for example, Moravian Brothers established in 1745 a training centre in Bethlehem Pa. The nineteenth century moreover was