378 Pages
English
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The National Council for Higher Education and the Growth of the University Sub-sector in Uganda, 2002-2012

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378 Pages
English

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The National Council for Higher Education (NCHE) and the Growth of the University Sub-sector in Uganda, 2002-2012, narrates the experience of the Ugandan NCHE in the establishment, development and regulation of higher education institutions in Uganda from 2002 to 2012. In this period, student numbers in higher education institutions increased from about 65,000 to some 200,000 and university institutions from about ten to more than triple the number. The book discusses the role of a regulatory agency in the delivery of higher education, the relations of universities and colleges with such an agency, its impact on developing university capacities, and leadership in creating and refining higher education ideas. The experience of Uganda’s regulatory agency, the NCHE, in those ten years should help both the Ugandan and other African countries’ higher education stakeholders in sharing lessons learned from this one case study. The author sees the roles of regulatory agencies as vital in the initial stages of building a higher education sub-sector and in periods of system transitions such as the current journey from elite to mass systems but is of the view that the university remains the home of knowledge creation, dissemination, and its application in society.

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Published 29 December 2016
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EAN13 9782869787285
Language English
Document size 6 MB

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The National Council for Higher Education and the Growth
of the University Sub-sector in Uganda, 2002–2012
This book is a product of the CODESRIA Higher Education Leadership Programme.
The National Council for Higher Education
and the Growth of the University Sub-sector
in Uganda, 2002–2012
A.B.K. Kasozi
Council for the Development of Social Science Research in AfricaDAKAR
©CODESRIA 2016 Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa Avenue Cheikh Anta Diop, Angle Canal IV BP 3304 Dakar, 18524, Senegal Website : www.codesria.org ISBN : 978-2-86978-711-7 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording or any information storage or retrieval system without prior permission from CODESRIA.
Typesetting: Alpha Ousmane Dia Cover Design: Ibrahima Fofana
Distributed in Africa by CODESRIA Distributed elsewhere by African Books Collective, Oxford, UK Website: www.africanbookscollective.com
The Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA) is an independent organisation whose principal objectives are to facilitate research, promote research-based publishing and create multiple forums geared towards the exchange of views and information among African researchers. All these are aimed at reducing the fragmentation of research in the continent through the creation of thematic research networks that cut across linguistic and regional boundaries.
CODESRIA publishesAfrica Development, the longest standing Africa based social science journal;Afrika Zamani, a journal of history; theAfrican Sociological Review; the African Journal of International Affairs;Africa Review of Booksand theJournal of Higher Education in Africa. The Council also co-publishes theAfrica Media Review;Identity, Culture and Politics: An Afro-Asian Dialogue;The African Anthropologist, Journal of African Tranformation, Method(e)s: African Review of Social Sciences Methodology,and the Afro-Arab Selections for Social Sciences. The results of its research and other activities are also disseminated through its Working Paper Series, Green Book Series, Monograph Series, Book Series, Policy Briefs and the CODESRIA Bulletin. Select CODESRIA publications are also accessible online at www.codesria.org.
CODESRIA would like to express its gratitude to the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), the Ford Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York (CCNY), the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD), the Danish Agency for International Development (DANIDA), the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Rockefeller Foundation, the Open Society Foundations (OSFs), TrustAfrica, UNESCO, UN Women, the African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) and the Government of Senegal for supporting its research, training and publication programmes.
Contents
Dedicationxiii ................................................................................................................................................................................... Forewordxv ........................................................................................................................................................................................ Prefacexxi .............................................................................................................................................................................................. Acknowledgementsxxvii ........................................................................................................................................................ List of Tables and Figuresxxix ........................................................................................................................................ List of Appendicesxxxi ............................................................................................................................................................ Abbreviationsxxxiii ................................................................................................................................................................... Notes on Author and Contributorxxxv ................................................................................................................
SECTIONI
The Establishment of NCHE Secretariat and Design of Quality Benchmarks
1.The Need for aHigher Education RegulatoryAgency  Introduction 3 ......................................................................................................................................................................  Rationale 4 ................................................................................................................................................................................  Higher Education is Key to Economic Development 5 ......................................................  Addressing the Impact of Globalisation 6 ............................................................................................  Global Power Relations Influence Higher Education 8 .......................................................  Market Models and Private Higher Education 9 .........................................................................  Cross-border Higher Education 11 .............................................................................................................  Massification of Higher Education 12 .....................................................................................................  Connectivity: Language and Technologies 14 ................................................................................  Research and Publications: The Soul of the new Global University 14 ............  Global Rankings have Local Impact 16 ..................................................................................................  Consequences of Globalisation on Institutional Management 17 ..........................
vi
NCHE and the Growth of the University Sub-sector in Uganda
2.The Establishment of the Council and Secretariat of the NCHE, 2002–2003  Introduction 19 ..................................................................................................................................................................  Establishment of the Council 19 ....................................................................................................................  Establishment of the Secretariat 20 ..............................................................................................................  Selecting Staff to Work at the Secretariat 22 .....................................................................................  Addressing the Apparent Duplication of Effort on the Ministry of Education 30 .........................................................................................................................................................................  The Ministry Gets Nervous about the Invisibility of NCHE 32 ............................
3.Designing the Benchmarks for Universities  Introduction 35 ..................................................................................................................................................................  A Model University for Uganda: The Paper that Guided the Initial Design of the Benchmarks for the NCHE Quality Assurance Framework 36 .............................  Possible Parameters to Guide the NCHE in Licensing and AccreditingUniversities38in Uganda ......................................................................................................
4.The Quality Assurance Framework for Ugandan Universities  Introduction 43 ....................................................................................................................................................................  Components of the Quality Assurance Framework 44 . ...............................................................  The NCHE Focused on Quality, not Relevance 61 ........................................................................
5.Funding of the National Council for Higher Education, 2002–2012  Introduction 63 ........................................................................................................................................................................................  The Actual Funding of the NCHE 64 ..........................................................................................................  The Ministry of Education Agrees to Increase Allocations  to the NCHE 66 ...............................................................................................................................................................  Increased Funding Helps the NCHE do More work but Increases  Internal Discords 67 ......................................................................................................................................................  The Ntinda Retreat 68 . .................................................................................................................................................  Arrangements for a Study and Evaluation of the NCHE 70 ..................................................  Achievements During 2011–2012 72 ......................................................................................................
Contents
SECTION II
The NCHE’s Relations with Institutions of Higher Learning
vii
6.Supervising the Growth of the Higher Education Sub-sector, 2001–2012  Introduction 75 ..................................................................................................................................................................  What is Higher Education? 76 .........................................................................................................................  The NCHE Focused on the Growth and Management of Universities 77 ............... 78  Management of Increasing Demand for Higher Education..................................  Access to Higher Education in Uganda is Inequitable 79 .................................................  Increasing Numbers but Decreasing Resources 80 ....................................................................  The Politics of Fees and the Inability of Universities to Raise Money 82 ......................  Ensuring the Delivery of Quality Education 84 ..........................................................................  Rigidities in Higher Education 84 ...............................................................................................................  A Credit System could have Integrated the Higher Education  Sub-sector 85 .........................................................................................................................................................................
7.Public UniversitiesEducation and The National Council for Higher  Introduction 89 ..................................................................................................................................................................  What are Public Universities in Uganda? 89 ......................................................................................  Slow Development of Public Universities 90 ................................................................................... 90Declining Funding .................................................................................................................................................  Lack of Institutional Autonomy in Public Universities 91 ..................................................  Confusion at the Top: The Legal Impasse 93 ........................................................................................  Selection of a Vice-chancellor and Top Officials 94 .................................................................  Detaching the University from Public Service Administrative  Regulations and Political Interference 95 .............................................................................  Chartering of Public Universities to Improve their Institutional  Autonomy 96 ........................................................................................................................................................................  “Pride and Prejudice” of Certain Public Universities 98 ................................................
8.The NCHE and the Challenges of Makerere University  Introduction 101 ...............................................................................................................................................................  Funding as a Major Challenge of Tertiary Education 102 .........................................  The Impact of Neo-liberal Policies on Makerere University 103 ................................  Market no Permanent Solution to Makerere’s Financial Crisis 106 ...........................
viii
NCHE and the Growth of the University Sub-sector in Uganda
The Ensuing Challenges 108 ............................................................................................................................... Impact on Governance 111 ................................................................................................................................... Reduction of Programmes 111 ........................................................................................................................... Institutional Autonomy and Accountability 111 ..........................................................................
9.Nurturing other Public Universities  Mbarara University of Science and Technology, MUST) 115 .......................................  Kyambogo University 120 ......................................................................................................................................  Gulu University 127 ......................................................................................................................................................  Busitema University 129 ...........................................................................................................................................  Muni Univesitry Project 130 ...............................................................................................................................
10.Nurturing Private Higher Institutions,Licensing, Supervising, and  2002–2012  Introduction 133 ..............................................................................................................................................................  What is Private Higher Education? 134 .................................................................................................  Types of Private Higher Institutions 134 ..............................................................................................  Management of Private Higher Education, 2002–2012 135 .......................................  Major Problems of Private Universities in Uganda 136 .......................................................  General Characteristics of Private Universities 142 .................................................................
11.The NCHE and the Chartered Universities, 2002–2012  The Islamic University in Uganda (IUIU) 143 ..............................................................................  Ndejje University 147 ...................................................................................................................................................  Uganda Martyrs University 149 .......................................................................................................................  Nkumba University 152 ............................................................................................................................................  Bugema University 154 ..............................................................................................................................................  Uganda Christian University (UCU) 155 .............................................................................................  Kampala International University (KIU) 156 ..................................................................................
12.The NCHE and the Provisionally Licenced Private Universities  Busoga University 160 .................................................................................................................................................  Kampala University 161 ............................................................................................................................................  Aga Khan University 161 .........................................................................................................................................  Kumi University 162 .....................................................................................................................................................  Kabale University 162 ..................................................................................................................................................
Contents
ix
Mountains of the Moon University, Fort Portal (MMU) 163 ........................................ African Bible College 165 ....................................................................................................................................... Uganda Pentecostal University (UPU) 166 ........................................................................................... Bishop Stuart University 167 ............................................................................................................................... Muteesa I Royal University 168 ....................................................................................................................... St. Lawrence University (SLAU) 169 ......................................................................................................... All Saints University 169 ......................................................................................................................................... Cavendish University (CUU) 170 ................................................................................................................ International Health Science University (IHSU) 170 ............................................................ Victoria University 171 ............................................................................................................................................... International University of East Africa 172 ......................................................................................... Virtual University of Uganda (VUU) 172 ............................................................................................. LivingStone International University (LIU) 173 ..........................................................................
13.Other Degree Awarding as well as Failed Institutions  Other Degree Awarding Institutions 175 .............................................................................................  Failed and Failing Institutions 186 ...............................................................................................................
14. The NCHE and the Other Tertiary Institutions (OTIs)  Introduction 187 ...............................................................................................................................................................  The Ugandan Higher Education an Inverted Pyramid 187 ...........................................  Who is to Blame for the Slow Growth of the OTIs? 191 ....................................................  The Way Forward 193 ................................................................................................................................................
SECTION III
The Management of the National Council for Higher Education
15. Administering the NCHE, 2002–2012  Introduction 197 ...............................................................................................................................................................  Capacity Development at NCHE 197 ....................................................................................................  Designing the NCHE Logo 199 ....................................................................................................................  Survey of Institutions of Higher Learning in Uganda 199 ................................................  Exhibitions 199 ...................................................................................................................................................................  Staff Management 200 ................................................................................................................................................  Developing the NCHE Organograms 202 ........................................................................................