Clay Mineral Cements in Sandstones

Clay Mineral Cements in Sandstones

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English
520 Pages

Description

Clay minerals are one of the most important groups of minerals that destroy permeability in sandstones. However, they also react with drilling and completion fluids and induce fines migration during hydrocarbon production. They are a very complex family of minerals that are routinely intergrown with each other, contain a wide range of solid solutions and form by a variety of processes under a wide range temperatures and rock and fluid compositions.

In this volume, clay minerals in sandstones are reviewed in terms of their mineralogy and general occurrence, their stable and radiogenic isotope geochemistry, XRD quantification, their effects on the petrophysical properties of sandstones and their relationships to sequence stratigraphy and palaeoclimate. The controls on various clay minerals are addressed and a variety of geochemical issues, including the importance of mass flux, links to carbonate mineral diagenesis and linked clay mineral diagenesis in interbedded mudstone-sandstone are explored. A number of case studies are included for kaolin, illite and chlorite cements, and the occurrence of smectite in sandstone is reviewed. Experimental rate data for clay cements in sandstones are reviewed and there are two model-based case studies that address the rates of growth of kaolinite and illite.

The readership of this volume will include sedimentologists and petrographers who deal with the occurrence, spatial and temporal distribution patterns and importance of clay mineral cements in sandstones, geochemists involved in unraveling the factors that control clay mineral cement formation in sandstones and petroleum geoscientists involved in predicting clay mineral distribution in sandstones. The book will also be of interest to geologists involved in palaeoclimate studies basin analysis.

  • Latest geochemical data on clays in sandstones
  • Provides important information for geologists involved in basin analysis, sandstone petrology and petroleum geology

If you are a member of the International Association of Sedimentologists (IAS), for purchasing details, please see: http://www.iasnet.org/publications/details.asp?code=SP34

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Published 05 March 2009
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EAN13 9781444304343
License: All rights reserved
Language English

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vii viii
Introduction Acknowledgements
Review papers
3
43
63
93
Contents
Clay minerals in sandstones: controls on formation, distribution and evolution R.H. Worden and S. Morad
Predictive diagenetic clay-mineral dis-tribution in siliciclastic rocks within a sequence stratigraphic framework J.M. Ketzer, S. Morad and A. Amorosi
Oxygen and hydrogen isotopic composi-tion of diagenetic clay minerals in sand-stones: a review of the data and controls S.H. Morad, R.H. Worden and J.M. Ketzer
Palaeoclimate controls on spectral gamma-ray radiation from sandstones A.H. Ruffell, R.H. Worden and R. Evans
109 Smectite in sandstones: a review of the controls on occurrence and behaviour during diagenesis J.M. McKinley, R.H. Worden and A.H. Ruffell
129 Patterns of clay mineral diagenesis in interbedded mudrocks and sandstones: an example from the Palaeocene of the North Sea H.F. Shaw and D.M. Conybeare
147 Cross-formational flux of aluminium and potassium in Gulf Coast (USA) sediments M. Wilkinson, R.S. Haszeldine and K.L. Milliken
161 Silicate–carbonate reactions in sediment-ary systems: fluid composition control and potential for generation of overpressure I. Hutcheon and S. Desrocher
177 Experimental studies of clay mineral occurrence D.A.C. Manning
191 Effect of clay content upon some physical properties of sandstone reservoirs P.F. Worthington
213 Quantitative analysis of clay and other minerals in sandstones by X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) S. Hillier
253
A review of radiometric dating techniques for clay mineral cements in sandstones P.J. Hamilton
Chlorite case study
291 Chlorite authigenesis and porosity preservation in the Upper Cretaceous marine sandstones of the Santos Basin, offshore eastern Brazil S.M.C. Anjos, L.F. De Ros and C.M.A. Silva
Kaolinite case studies
319
Origin and diagenetic evolution of kaolin in reservoir sandstones and associated shales of the Jurassic and Cretaceous, Salam Field, Western Desert (Egypt) R. Marfil, A. Delgado, C. Rossi, A. La Iglesia and K. Ramseyer
411
Illite case studies
383
Geochemical modelling of diagenetic illite and quartz cement formation in Brent sandstone reservoirs: example of the Hild Field, Norwegian North Sea B. Sanjuan, J.-P. Girard, S. Lanini, A. Bourguignon and É. Brosse
The effect of oil emplacement on diage-netic clay mineralogy: the Upper Jurassic Magnus Sandstone Member, North Sea R.H. Worden and S.A. Barclay
Illite fluorescence microscopy: a new technique in the study of illite in the Merrimelia Formation, Cooper Basin, Australia N.M. Lemon and C.J. Cubitt
Microscale distribution of kaolinite in Breathitt Formation sandstones (middle Pennsylvanian): implications for mass balance K.L. Milliken
vi
343
489
Index
Contents
425
The formation and stability of kaolinite in Brent sandstone reservoirs: a modelling approach É. Brosse, T. Margueron, C. Cassou, B. Sanjuan, A. Canham, J.-P. Girard, J.-C. Lacharpagne and F. Sommer
361
453
The role of the Cimmerian Unconformity (Early Cretaceous) in the kaolinitization and related reservoir-quality evolution in Triassic sandstones of the Snorre Field, North Sea J.M. Ketzer, S. Morad, J.P. Nystuen and L.F. De Ros
Glauconite case study
473
Application of glauconite morphology in geosteering and for on-site reservoir quality assessment in very fine-grained sandstones: Carnarvon Basin, Australia J.P. Schulz-Rojahn, D.A. Seeburger and G.J. Beacher
Colour plates facing p. 296, p. 392 and p. 424.