Africa at a Crossroads
242 Pages
English
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242 Pages
English

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This book is a compilation of selected papers presented during the 8th Africa Institute of South Africa (AISA) Young Graduates and Scholars (AYGS) Conference held at the University of Johannesburg in the year 2014. The three-day conference dubbed, Africa at a Crossroads: Future prospects for Africa after 50 years of the Organisation of African Unity/African Union, voiced young graduates and scholars’ views on Africa’s future and developmental breakthroughs, as well as its challenges and opportunities. While the annual conference is a capacity building platform for young scientists, it provided a platform for participants to engage in critical dialogue about the African realities and possible, plausible and desirable future for the continent. The book thus provides a critical interrogation of the drivers of change in Africa moving forward, especially as the AU was busy churning out new ideas and mapping out a new vision for the next 50 years. Essentially the book provides insights on national systems of innovation, matrices on poverty, climate change and lastly a reflection on Africa’s position in global governance.

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Published 16 May 2018
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EAN13 9780798305259
Language English
Document size 6 MB

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Afrîca at a Crossroads Future Prospects for Africa after 50 Years of the Organisation of African Unity/African Union
Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Africa Young Graduates and Scholars (AYGS) Conference 1719 February 2014
Edited by Dr Shingirirai Savious Mutanga Dr Thokozani Simelane Dr Munyaradzi Mujuru Dr Trynos Gumbo
Africa at a Crossroads Future Prospects for Africa after 50 Years of the Organisation of African Unity/African Union
First published in 2018 by the Africa Institute of South Africa Private Bag X41 Pretoria South Africa, 0001 ISBN: 9780798305150
© Copyright Africa Institute of South Africa 2018
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted by any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission from the copyright owner. Any unauthorised copying could lead to civil liability and/or criminal sanctions.
To copy any part of this publication, you may contact DALRO for information and copyright clearance.
Telephone: 086 12 DALRO (from within South Africa); +27 (0)11 7128000 Telefax:+27 (0)11 4039094 Postal Address: P O Box 31627, Braamfontein, 2017, South Africa www.dalro.co.za.
Opinions expressed and conclusions arrived at in this book are those of the authors and should not be attributed to the Africa Institute of South Africa.
Project Manager: Siphokazi Mdidimba Copy Editing: Dudu Coelho Proofreading: Bangula Educational Services Design and Layout: Dudu Coelho Cover Design: Jigsaw Graphic Design Printing: Baithaupi Media
The Africa Institute of South Africa is a think tank and research organisation, focusing on political, socioeconomic, international and development issues in contemporary Africa. The Institute conducts research, publishes books, monographs, occasional papers, policy briefs and a quarterly journal – Africa Insight. The Institute holds regular seminars on issues of topical interest. It is also home to one of the best library and documentation centres world wide, with materials on every African country.
For more information, contact the Africa Institute of South Africa at Private Bag X41, Pretoria, South Africa 0001 Email publish@hsrc.ac.za; or visit our website at http://www.ai.org.za
Table of Contents
Foreword About the Edîtors
About the Contrîbutors
Abbrevîatîons and Acronyms
INTRODUCTIONShingirirai Mutanga and Thokozani Simeane
PART 1: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
CHAPTER 1Woody Specîes Dîversîty and Surace Soî Nutrîents în anOpuntia FulgidaEngem ïnvaded Semî-Arîd Savannah Rangeand o South-West Zîmbabwe Buhe Francis, Dave Peper and Hiton G.T. Ndagurwa
CHAPTER 2 Sustaînabe ïntensîIcatîon în Arîcan Smahoder Farmîng Potentîa and Lîmîts o Conservatîon Agrîcuture Justice A. Tambo, Maximiiano V. Seoane and Vincent N. Kyere
CHAPTER 3 Arîca and Socîa Medîa Leon T. Gwaka and Yoande Smit
CHAPTER 4 Usîng Radîo Frequency ïdentîIcatîon or Asset Monîtorîng Totoo Sidwe Haee
PART 2: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
CHAPTER 5 The Grîdock Anthropogenîc Goba Warmîng Debate în Lîght o ‘Uncertaînty’ How Arîcan Epîstemîc Contrîbutîon can Bypass the Impasse Okoiko Dominic Ayegba
CHAPTER 6 Arîcan Poverty Reductîon Strategîes Reducîng Peope’s Poverty wîthout the Peope? Isaac Adegbenga Aadegboa
CHAPTER 7 A Southern Arîcan Resource Based Economy Concepts or the Future Nqobizitha Dube
v vîî îx x
1
5
8
24
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59
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PART 3: GOVERNANCE, SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
CHAPTER 8 ReconIgurîng the Ezuwînî Consensus în Pursuît o the Unîted Natîons Securîty Councî Reorm Frank Gadiwee Lekaba Table Of CONteNts CHAPTER 9 Evauatîng the Arîcan Unîon’s Peace and Securîty Councî în Roîng Back State Fragîîty sînce 2004 Agaptus Nwozor
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CHAPTER 10 Trîba Corruptîon and Preerentîa Treatment Contradîctory Arîcan Corrupt Practîces and Tanzanîa’s Progress Rase Madaha
CONCLUSIONShingirirai Mutanga and Trynos Gumbo
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Foreword
Young African graduates and scholars from South Africa and around the world converged at the University of Johannesburg for the eighth annual Af-rica Institute of South Africa’s (AISA) Africa Young Graduates and Scholars (AYGS) Conference, from 17 to 19 February, 2014. The three-day conference, entitledAfrica at a Crossroads: Future prospects for Africa after 50 years of the Organisation of African Unity/African Union, voiced young graduates and scholars’ views on Africa’s future and developmental breakthroughs, as well as its challenges and opportunities going forward. The African continent has succeeded in re-positioning itself as an ap-propriate and important actor in the international political economy, as proven by its role in shaking the reform of the United Nations. This means that there is an urgent need to prepare young graduates, from Africa and the Diaspora, to become innovative researchers and knowledge reservoirs in order to advance the socio-economic and political development of this continent, and to ensure that growth is sustainable. The annual conference is intended to bridge the existing gap of expertise in knowledge production on African affairs by contributing to the devel-opment of a society of knowledge producers among the youth. As one of AISA’s prime capacity-building programmes aimed at providing research skills and experience for emerging young African scholars, the AYGS Con-ference also takes the form of discussions on ways to uplift African value systems and provide pathways for the ultimate integration of the entire African continent. These proceedings are therefore meant to disseminate knowledge, in-spire other emerging scholars – in particular those at universities – and encourage them to write and publish their own work. It is quite humbling to note how the contribution of young scientists can actually influence policy direction. Ms Buhle Francis, one of the award winners of this Confer-ence, and Mr Ngobizitha Dube, from the National University of Science and Technology in Zimbabwe, received overwhelming praise from Zimbabwean Parliamentarians for their innovative projects – in particular Ms Francis’ research findings on the effects of the poisonousOptuntia fulgidaorCactus rosea plant that has invaded Matabeleland South Province in Zimbabwe. Her research proposed specific solutions to the problem and the government of Zimbabwe has considered investing US$2.5 million for the eradication of the plant.
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The above testimony to the great potential of young scientists can only be a sign of hope for Africa’s future. These proceedings challenge young scientists, mentors in institutions of higher and further education, and gov-FORewORD ernments of African countries to support research and development for the betterment of the continent.
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Professor Phindile Lukhele-Olorunju Former Interim CEO: Africa Institute of South Africa
About the Edîtors
Shingirirai Savious Mutanga(Dr)is a Research Specialist at the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC), under the Africa Institute of South Africa’s (AISA) Science & Technology Programme. A well-established re-searcher in the fields of Energy and the Environment, his work experience spans from government to the private sector and academia. He holds a PhD in Industrial Systems Engineering from the University of Pretoria, South Africa; an MSc in Geo-Information Science and Earth observation for envi-ronmental modelling and management, obtained from a consortium of four universities: Southampton (UK), Lund (Sweden), Warsaw (Poland) and ITC (Netherlands); and an Honors degree in Geography and Environmental Sci-ence from Midlands University, Zimbabwe. He has published extensively in both national and international accredited journals, policy analysis reports, books and conference proceedings. Among his recent publications is the edited bookAfrica in a changing global environmentandManagement and mitigation of acid mine drainage (AMD) in South Africa: Input for mineral beneficiation in Africa. Dr Mutanga is also a senior research associate with the University of Johannesburg and is supervising masters’ students at the University of Johannesburg (UJ), University of the Free State (UFS) and Uni-versity of South Africa (UNISA).
Thokozani Simelane(Dr) is a Chief Research Specialist and the Acting Director of Research at the Human Sciences Research Council. He holds a PhD in biodiversity management from Nelson Mandela University and Doctorate of Engineering from the Durban University of Technology. He is a member of the Human Sciences Research Council’s Research Ethics Com-mittee. He is also a member of South Africa’s standing advisory committee on Intellectual Property Rights, where he serves as a member of the Patents sub-committee. He is a founding Member of the South African chapter of the International Systems Dynamics Society, where he served as a member of the Council until 2016. He has co-edited six book volumes, published more than 20 book chapters and 15 articles in peer reviewed journals. His research interests include systems analysis; biodiversity and environmental management; science and technology; intellectual property development and management; and renewable energy.
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Munyaradzi Mujuru(Dr) is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Water and Sanitation at the University of Limpopo. Dr. Mujuru has great interest in environmental monitoring, remediation and sustainability. Some of his research work has been in the broader technology development from labora-tory scale to commercial scale. Dr. Mujuru has published a number of papers on various environmental issues, including air and water pollution, an a AbOUt the EDîtORs book on acid mine drainage (AMD) in South Africa.
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Trynos Gumbo(Dr) is the Head of the Department of Town and Regional Planning (DTRP) in the School of Civil Engineering and the Built Environ-ment (SCEBE), within the Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment (FEBE) of the University of Johannesburg (UJ), since 2016. Dr Gumbo has over 13 years of national and international work experience, drawn from teaching, academic research and private consultancy. He specialises in cross-disciplinary areas that are informed by a passion for achieving and ensuring urban sustainability planning, development and management. He holds a PhD in Geography and Environmental Studies from Stellenbosch University (SUN); and a Masters and BSc honours degree in urban and regional planning obtained from the University of Zimbabwe. He has pub-lished extensively in national and international accredited journals.
About the Contrîbutors
Buhle Francis– Research Fellow, Institute of Development Studies, National
University of Science and Technology (IDS-NUST), Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
Tlotlollo Sidwell Hlalele– Magister student, Department of Electrical and Mining Engineering, University of South Africa
Shengzhi Du– Professor in the Department of Electrical and Mining Engi-neering, University of South Africa
Leon GwakaMaster of Technology (M.Tech.) Student, Department of – Internal Auditing & Information Systems, South Africa Cape Peninsula Uni-versity of Technology
Yolande Smit(Dr) – Head of the Department of Internal Auditing & Infor-mation Systems, South Africa Cape Peninsula University of Technology
Justice Tambo – PhD candidate, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Germany
Maximiliano V. Seoane– Center for Development Research (ZEF), Univer-sity of Bonn, Germany
Vincent N. Kyere– Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Germany
Nqobizitha DubeResearch Fellow, Institute of Development Studies, – National University of Science and Technology (IDS-NUST), Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
Isaac Adegbenga AladegbolaPhD: Political Sc., (Ilorin); PGDE, (Ado) – Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Adekunle Ajasin University
Dominic Okoliko– International and Public Affairs Cluster, School of Social
Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg Campus
Agaptus Nwozor– PhD, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Landmark University, Omu Aran, Kwara State
Rasel Madaha– University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Frank Lekaba– Junior Researcher, Governance and Security, Africa Institute
of South Africa, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
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