Africa at the Crossroads
330 Pages
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Africa at the Crossroads


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330 Pages


This volume interrogates and theorises various forms of fundamentalism and fetishism that impinge on Africa and the African people. The book valiantly rethinks and unpacks these forms of fundamentalisms and fetishisms, offering in the process critical vistas for students, scholars and activists on matters of decoloniality and transformation. By meticulously and painstakingly unpacking pertinent issues, the book provides unparalleled intellectual milestones and platforms for the oncoming revolution and quest for justice in the form of decoloniality and transformation. Drawing from several disciplinary domains such as Development Studies, Security Studies, Political Anthropology and Sociology, Economic Anthropology and Social studies, English Studies, History, Philosophy and Religious Studies, and drawing from scholars from across different universities in the Southern African region, the book provides multiple lenses from which to understand the complex goings on in a continent that can no longer afford to simply fold hands and watch while its citizens suffer multiple forms of coloniality, fetishisms and fundamentalisms.



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Published 11 April 2017
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EAN13 9789956762576
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AFRICA at the CROSSROADS AFRICA at the CROSSROADS Theorising Fundamentalisms in the 21st Century
Edited by
Edited by Artwell Nhemachena &nyMuMziadarerewa
Africa at the Crossroads: Theorising Fundamentalisms in the 21st Century
Edited by Artwell Nhemachena & Munyaradzi Mawere
L a ng a a R esea rch & P u blishing CIG Mankon, Bamenda
Publisher:LangaaRPCIG Langaa Research & Publishing Common Initiative Group P.O. Box 902 Mankon Bamenda North West Region Cameroon Distributed in and outside N. America by African Books Collective ISBN-10: 9956-764-08-6 ISBN-13: 978-9956-764-08-2 ©Artwell Nhemachena & Munyaradzi Mawere 2017All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, mechanical or electronic, including photocopying and recording, or be stored in any information storage or retrieval system, without written permission from the publisher
List of Contributors Munyaradzi Mawereholds a PhD in Social Anthropology from the University of Cape Town (UCT) in South Africa. Professor Mawere also holds a Master’s Degree in Social Anthropology from UCT, a Master’s Degree in Development Studies, and Master’s Degree in Philosophy and B. A. (Hons) Degree in Philosophy from the University of Zimbabwe. He is currently Professor in the Department of Culture and Heritage Studies at Great Zimbabwe University. Before joining this university, Professor Mawere was a lecturer at the University of Zimbabwe and at Universidade Pedagogica, Mozambique, where he has worked in different capacities as a Senior lecturer, Assistant Research Director, Postgraduate Co-ordinator and Associate Professor. He has an outstanding publishing record of more than one hundred and twenty pieces of work which include more than twenty-five books and over a hundred book chapters and papers in scholarly journals. Professor Mawere has published extensively on poverty and community development, knowledge studies, political anthropology, science and technology studies (STS), environment and agrarian issues, democracy and African states, coloniality, decoloniality and transformation, African philosophy and political systems, culture and heritage studies. Some of his bestselling books are: Humans, Other Beings and the Environment: Harurwa (Edible stinkbugs) and Environmental Conservation in South-eastern Zimbabwe(2015);Democracy, Good Governance and Development in Africa: A Search for Sustainable Democracy and Development, (2015);Culture, Indigenous Knowledge and Development in Africa: Reviving Interconnections for Sustainable Development (2014);Harnessing Cultural Capital for Sustainability: A Pan Africanist Perspective (2015);Divining the Future of Africa: Healing the Wounds, Restoring Dignity and Fostering Development,(2014);African Cultures, Memory and Space: Living the Past Presence in Zimbabwean Heritage(2014);African Philosophy and Thought Systems: A Search for a Culture and Philosophy of Belonging(2016);Colonial Heritage, Memory and Sustainability in Africa: Challenges, Opportunities and Prospects(2016);Development Perspectives from the South: Troubling the Metrics of [Under-]development in Africa(2017); andTheorising
Development in Africa: Towards Building an African Framework of Development(2017). Artwell Nhemachenaa PhD in Social Anthropology from holds the University of Cape Town in South Africa. Dr Nhemachena has studied Sociology and Social Anthropology. He has lectured at several universities in Zimbabwe including the University of Zimbabwe, Women’s University in Africa and Great Zimbabwe University before pursuing PhD studies in South Africa. His current areas of interest include Indigenous Knowledge Systems, Environment, Democratic Governance, Social Theory from the South, Decoloniality and Transformation, African Jurisprudence, Human Security, Food Security and Food Sovereignty, Conflict and Violence, Poverty and Development, Science and Technology Studies. He has published on Democracy, Environment, Indigenous Knowledge, Decoloniality, Health, Resilience and Theory. Nokuthula Hlabangane was awarded a PhD in Anthropology in 2012 by the University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa. Her doctoral thesis is titled “The political economy of teenage sexuality in the time of HIV/AIDS: The case of Soweto, South Africa”. Her research interests include knowledge and power; how these intersect to form a potent and dangerous potent that informs various levels of life. So far, her research interests have directed her towards home – she chooses to be a student in her own community – the reasons have been both ideological and practical. Her ethics are about redress and restoration and as such she has a vested interest in decolonizing anthropology (and the academy at large) by painting pictures of strength and resilience where others have left bleak images of savagery and inferiority. Her research practices shy away from delving into cultural pluralism, a fascination with the thick description of the mundane-made-exotic. Rather, she attempts to interpret micro-practices through macro-systems. Her thinking is informed by decolonial meditations that places a responsibility for African(ist) intellectuals to see Africa from within. She also gravitates towards trans-disciplinarity in her work. Hlabangane teaches at the University of South Africa.
Oliver Mtapuriis a professor at the University of Kwa-Zulu Natal. He holds a PhD in Development studies (UKZN) and an MBA degree from the University of Zimbabwe. He is an Associate of the Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators. Before joining the academe, Oliver worked for 12 years in the Government of Zimbabwe as a Labour Economist/Researcher in the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare. Prior to joining UKZN, Oliver was a full Professor at the University of Limpopo. Oliver’s areas of research interest include poverty, redistribution and inequality, community-based tourism, public employment programmes, research methodologies, financial management, climate change and project management. Recently he has taken a keen interest in the nexus between the environment and poverty and the “Anthropocene” particularly in light of the surfacing of many ‘poverties’ and many ‘inequalities’ afflicting contemporary societies. Oliver was the Editor in Chief (Founding) of theJournal of Business and Public Dynamics for Development.Bankie Forster Bankiewasborn in Europe of African parenthood, a lawyer by training, with experience in diplomacy, the Academy and Youth matters. His research areas of interest are inter- African relations/Pan-Africanism, Afro-Arab relations, Diasporas/African integration and Sudanese studies. After 1972, he resided in a number of African countries in West, South and North East Africa. From 1984 – 6 served as Charge d’Affaires at the Ghana Embassy in Luanda, Angola with concurrent responsibility for Congo (Brazzaville), SWAPO, ANC and FRETLINE (East Timor). Residence starts in Namibia in 1991. Work starts in the Transitional Planning Team (TPT) for the new University of Namibia (UNAM), as Personal and Executive Assistant to The Vice-Chancellor Designate, which University was established by law in 1992. Thereafter, he served as Staff Development Officer for the new University, going on to the new Faculty of Law, as Researcher in the Human Rights and Documentation Centre. In 1996 joined the Secretariat of the Law Reform and Development Commission of The Ministry of Justice, serving as Researcher and acted as assistant to The Government Coordinator for Human Rights. Between 2000 and 2004, Bankie served as Head of Administration in The Centre for
Advanced Studies of African Society (CASAS) in Cape Town, South Africa. Thereafter he returned to Namibia and in 2006-8 worked in Juba, South Sudan in an administrative capacity towards the establishment and in the Kush Institution, in the Office of the President of South Sudan. He worked for five years at the National Youth Council of Namibia (NYCN) as acting Secretary to its Board and Sub-Committees, trained Youth on Pan-Africanism in the Youth Leadership Development Program (YDLP). Internationalist, since November 2015 Director of the Pan-African Institute for the Study of African Society (PAISAS) Trust, in Windhoek, Namibia. Munesti Ruzivoholds a PhD in Religious Studies. He is currently teaching in the Department of Religious Studies, Philosophy and Classics at the University of Zimbabwe. Tasara Mugutiis registered with UNISA as a PhD candidate. He holds an M.A and B.A Hons in Economic History, Grad. C.E, Lecturer-Department of History and Development Studies, Great Zimbabwe University, Masvingo, Zimbabwe, e-mail address: muguti.tasara4@gmail.comNkwazi Mhangois the author ofSaa ya Ukombozi(Tanzania Educational Publishers (TEPU), 2009), Nyuma ya Pazia(Langaa RPCIG, 2015) (Swahili fiction),Souls on Sale(Langaa RPCIG, 2015), Born with Voice(Langaa RPCIG, 2015),Psalm for the Oppressed(Langaa RPCIG, 2016) (English poetry),Africa Reunite or Perish(Langaa RPCIG, 2015), andand Worst Presidents: HowAfrica's Best Neocolonialism and Imperialism Maintained Venal Rules in Africa(Langaa RPCIG, 2016) (Scholarly tomes).Other five manuscripts are in the pipeline. Mhango is a staunch proponent of deconstruction theory that he has been working on based on Africanology as new ways of addressing Africa's problems. So, too, Mhango is a poet, teacher, columnist, Human Right Activist, Journalist, Peace and Conflict Scholar, and member of Writers’ Association of Newfoundland and Labrador (WANL) St. John’s, NL, Canada; also has contributed five chapters in various scholarly books; and an alumnus of Universities of Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) Winnipeg and Manitoba (Canada) respectively.
Fidelis Peter Thomas Duriis a lecturer in the Department of History and Development Studies at Great Zimbabwe University. He is a holder of a PhD in History from the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. He has published a number of books and articles which focus on environmental history, socio-cultural dynamics, subaltern struggles, African border studies and politics in Zimbabwe during the colonial and post-colonial periods. He has also reviewed and edited a number of scholarly books and articles and is also a member of the editorial boards of international journals such as theZimbabwe Journal of Historical Studies and theInternational Journal of Developing Societies. Tobias Dindi Ong’ariais a Kenyan, a Jesuit, trained as a journalist. He is currently a student of Philosophy at Arrupe College, Jesuit School of Philosophy and Humanities, in Harare Zimbabwe. Some of his published works include:Towards Peace Journalism: Assessing the Role of the Media in Ethnic Conflicts in Africa, in Chiedza Journal of Arrupe College, Vol 17, No. 2 May 2015 andPhilosophy and Africa: Reading Kwame Appiah, in Chiedza Journal of Arrupe College, Vol 18, No. 2 May 2016. He has also served The Editor of two issues of Chiedza Journal;Overcoming the Dependency Syndrome in Africa(Vol.18, No.1) andReviewing the Concepts of Leadership in Africa (Volume 18, No.2). Tafirenyika Madziyauswawas born in Bulawayo in Zimbabwe in 1972 and did part of primary school there. It was in Gweru where he completed his primary schooling. He attended Nashville and Chaplin High schools for Ordinary and Advanced level education, respectively. He holds a teaching qualification (Diploma in Education- Secondary) from the now defunct Gweru Teachers’ College, a Bachelor of Arts Honours Degree in English and Communication and a Master of Arts in African Diasporean Literature, both from Midlands State University in Gweru, Zimbabwe. He has extensive teaching experience having taught English, Literature in English and History at a number of schools in Zimbabwe. I briefly taught Communication Skills (2006-2007) as a pilot project at Midlands State University, as a teaching Assistant. He has also taught English and English for Speakers of Other Languages
at International Training College in Namibia from 2014 to March 2016. Currently, he is a PhD candidate at the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. His research interests include auto/biography, Caribbean and Afro-American literature, African literature especially Zimbabwean, South African, Kenyan and Nigerian literature, children literature, identity studies, ageing and older people in literature, language planning and policy and is also interested in Judith Butler’s gender performativity theory.Benias TirivaviriMasters in Strategic Management, BSc holds Agriculture Management, former Regional Coordinator, National Association of non-governmental organization (NANGO), Masvingo, Zimbabwe.Tirivaviri has extensive experience in working with civic organisations and has strong research interests in issues that deal with human rights and democracy.Mapetere Kudakwasheholds a PhD in instructional Leadership in History and Med History. He is the incumbent chairperson for the Department of Curriculum Studies, Great Zimbabwe University, Masvingo, Zimbabwe. Dr Mapetere has strong research interests in issues that deal with instructional leadership in History, human rights and democracy.
Table of Contents Chapter One Theorising Fundamentalisms and Fetishisms in the 21st Century………………………..……. 1 Artwell Nhemachena & Munyaradzi Mawere Chapter Two “Humanitarian” Fundamentalism: Interrogating “Global” Processes of Fishing in African Troubled Waters…….…………….…… 31 Munyaradzi Mawere & Artwell Nhemachena Chapter Three On the Coloniality of Research in Africa: The Case of HIV/AIDS in South Africa……………….….. 61 Nokuthula Hlabangane Chapter Four Poverty and Fundamentalism in Africa………………….… 107 Oliver Mtapuri Chapter Five Questioning the Cult of the State: Evangelicals on the Zimbabwean National Pledge 2014-2016…………………………..……… 131 Munetsi Ruzivo Chapter Six Foot Soldiers of the New Empire or Horizontal Saviours? Interrogating Civil Society Organisations and Fundamentalisms in Twenty-First Century Africa……………………….……. 151 Artwell Nhemachena & Bankie F. Bankie