Development Perspectives from the South
448 Pages
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Development Perspectives from the South


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448 Pages


Not so long ago, The Economist described Africa as a hopeless continent. This damning description specifically referred to the development status of Africa. While the debate on the political and socio-economic [under-]development of Africa had been raging on prior to the Economist’s daring but controversial pronouncements, it intensified from thereon. Many concerned people from within the continent and elsewhere have reproved the proclamation but mainly in newspapers and the broadcast media. Not enough has been done by development scholars to critically reflect on the description and status of Africa’s development condition in a nuanced and systematic fashion. Yet, it is through incisive reflections and systematic engagements with Africa’s situations and circumstances that directions and solutions to the African development predicament could be forged.
The present volume is an attempt to open up a constructive dialogue between the Global North and the Global South on the African [under-]development conundrum. The book is an eye opener to African governments, social scientists, policy makers and development scholars concerned with the urgent need to rethink, reimagine and retheorise Africa’s development gridlock.



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Published 14 December 2016
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EAN13 9789956764037
Language English
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DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVES from the SOUTH Troubling the Metrics of [Under-]development in Africa
EDITEDBY Munyaradzi Mawere
Development Perspectives from the South: Troubling the Metrics of [Under-]development in Africa Edited by Munyaradzi Mawere L a ng a a R esea rch & P u blishing CIG Mankon, Bamenda
Publisher:LangaaRPCIG Langaa Research & Publishing Common Initiative Group P.O. Box 902 Mankon Bamenda North West Region Cameroon Distributed in and outside N. America by African Books Collective ISBN-10: 9956-764-97-3 ISBN-13: 978-9956-764-97-6 ©Munyaradzi Mawere 2016All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, mechanical or electronic, including photocopying and recording, or be stored in any information storage or retrieval system, without written permission from the publisher
List of Contributors Munyaradzi Mawereholds a PhD in Social Anthropology from the University of Cape Town (UCT) in South Africa. Professor Mawere also holds a Master’s Degree in Social Anthropology from UCT, a Master’s Degree in Development Studies, and Master’s Degree in Philosophy and B. A. (Hons) Degree in Philosophy from the University of Zimbabwe. He is currently Professor in the Department of Culture and Heritage Studies at Great Zimbabwe University. Before joining this university, Professor Mawere was a lecturer at the University of Zimbabwe and at Universidade Pedagogica, Mozambique, where he has worked in different capacities as a Senior lecturer, Assistant Research Director, Postgraduate Co-ordinator and Associate Professor. He has an outstanding publishing record of more than one hundred and twenty pieces of work which include more than twenty-five books and over a hundred book chapters and papers in scholarly journals. Professor Mawere has published extensively on poverty and community development, knowledge studies, political anthropology, science and technology studies (STS), environment and agrarian issues, democracy and African states, coloniality, decoloniality and transformation, African philosophy and political systems, culture and heritage studies. Some of his bestselling books are:Other Humans, Beings and the Environment: Harurwa (Edible stinkbugs) and Environmental Conservation in South-eastern Zimbabwe(2015);Democracy, Good Governance and Development in Africa: A Search for Sustainable Democracy and Development, (2015);Culture, Indigenous Knowledge and Development in Africa: Reviving Interconnections for Sustainable Development (2014);Harnessing Cultural Capital for Sustainability: A Pan Africanist Perspective (2015);Divining the Future of Africa: Healing the Wounds, Restoring Dignity and Fostering Development,(2014);African Cultures, Memory and Space: Living the Past Presence in Zimbabwean Heritage(2014);African Philosophy and Thought Systems: A Search for a Culture and Philosophy of Belonging(2016); andColonial Heritage, Memory and Sustainability in Africa: Challenges, Opportunities and Prospects(2016).
Artwell Nhemachena holds a PhD in Social Anthropology from the University of Cape Town in South Africa. Dr Nhemachena has studied Sociology and Social Anthropology. He has lectured at several universities in Zimbabwe including the University of Zimbabwe, Women’s University in Africa and Great Zimbabwe University before pursuing PhD studies in South Africa. His current areas of interest include Indigenous Knowledge Systems, Environment, Democratic Governance, Social Theory from the South, Decoloniality and Transformation, African Jurisprudence, Human Security, Food Security and Food Sovereignty, Conflict and Violence, Poverty and Development, Science and Technology Studies. He has published on Democracy, Environment, Indigenous Knowledge, Decoloniality, Health, Resilience and Theory.Gertjan van Stam is a Research Fellow at the Scientific and Industrial Research and Development Centre (SIRDC) of Zimbabwe. He holds an MTech (cum laude) from Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University (NMMU) in South Africa. Gertjan and his family lived in the rural areas of Zimbabwe and Zambia for over 13 years. His broad academic interests focus on the nexus of society and technology in the so-called periphery with the goal to identify and inspire local talent and engender local capacity for community-led activities.Ngonidzashe Marongwe is a lecturer in the History and Development Studies Department, Joshua Nkomo School of Arts and Humanities, Great Zimbabwe University located in Masvingo City, Zimbabwe. He holds a PhD in African History from the University of the Western Cape (UWC), South Africa. He is a past Andrew Mellon Foundation Doctoral Fellow at the Centre for Humanities Research, UWC (2009–2010 & 2012); and a SEPHIS fellow at the Centre for the Study of Culture and Society, Bangalore, India (2011). His research interests include African governance, political violence, gender, military history and terrorism.Afolabi Opeyemi Gloryis a researcher and writer. She attained her B.A in History and International Studies from Kogi State University, Anyigba and her M. A degree in History from the University of Ilorin,
Nigeria. Her main research interests include but not limited to Afro-Asian Studies, Coloniality and Decoloniality. She has published widely in esteemed book projects and internationally recognised peer review scholarly journals.CostainTandiis a High school teacher for Advanced level History and Sociology as well as Head of Department (Humanities) at Rufaro High School, Chatsworth, Zimbabwe. He holds a Master’s Degree in Development Studies from Midlands State University, Bachelor of th Arts 4 year Honours (History) from Great Zimbabwe University, Bachelor of Arts General Degree from the University of Zimbabwe, Graduate Certificate in Education from Great Zimbabwe University, An Executive certificate in Program and Project Monitoring and Evaluation from the University of Zimbabwe and An Executive Certificate in Project Management from the University of Zimbabwe. His research interests include but not limited to Indigenous Knowledge systems, Climate change and Variability, Rural poverty, agriculture and communitydevelopment.Fidelis Peter Thomas Duriis a lecturer in the Department of Historyand Development Studies at Great Zimbabwe University. He is a holder of a PhD in Historythe Universit from y of the Witwatersrand inJohannesburg, South Africa. He haspublished a number of books and articles which focus on environmental history, socio-cultural dynamics, subaltern struggles, African border studies andpolitics in Zimbabwe duringcolonial and the post-colonial periods. He has also reviewed and edited a number of scholarlybooks and articles and is also a member of the editorial boards of internationaljournals such as the ZimbabweJournal of Historical Studies and the InternationalJournal of DevelopingSocieties.Nkwazi Mhangothe author of is SaayaUkombozi, NyumayaPazia, Souls on Sale, Born with VoiceandAfrica Reunite or Perish, apoet, teacher, columnist,Jand member ofournalist, Peace and Conflict Scholar, Writers’ Association of Newfoundland and Labrador(WANL) St. John’s NL, Canada. Also, Mhango is an alumnus of Universities of Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) Winnipeg and Manitoba (Canada).
Mescort Nenduvais aqualified High School teacher with a Master of Education Degree in Adult Education from the Midlands State University in Zimbabwe. He also holds a Bachelor of Arts Degree from the University of Zimbabwe, a Diploma in Adult and Continuing Education, and an Executive Certificate in Programme and Project Monitoringand Evaluation. He worked as a High School teacher from 2002 to 2015 before he was appointed as a District Lifelong learningfor Zaka District b coordinator y the Ministry of PrimarySecondar and y Education. Nenduva is an aspiring PhD candidate at the UniversityWitwatersrand in South Africa. His of research interests include but not limited to Adult and lifelongEducation, Indigenous knowledge systems, Inclusive education and Development, Curriculum development and Innovation, African Languages, and Human Rights Education.Semie Memuna Sama is a PhD Candidate at the University Of Ottawa Faculty Of Law, Canada. She anticipates her completion of all requirements in November 2016. Semie holds an LL.M. from the University of Ottawa, and two M.Sc. degrees from the University of Mid Sweden and the University of Stockholm (Sweden) in the areas of environmental protection, environmental justice, and sustainable development. Semie obtained her LL.B. from the University of Buea in Cameroon. She is the recipient of many awards including the University of Ottawa’s Scholarship in Environment and Sustainability (2011-2014). She was the Graduate Student Representative for the Centre for Environmental Law and Global Sustainability (2013-2014), University of Ottawa and a Research Assistant at the IUCN Centre for Environmental Law and the Centre for Environmental Law and Global Sustainability (University of Ottawa, Canada) (2011-2015). In June 2016, Semie served as Rapporteur for the International Development Research Centre's conference in Ottawa—‘Future Directions on Access to Justice.’ Semie has authored published articles and a book chapter. Her research deals with environmental justice, land-grabbing, food security, land rights, environmental human rights, environmental governance, and sustainable development. Hence, Semie has significant familiarity with, among other international agreements, the Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Convention on
Biological Diversity, the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Minimum Human Rights Principles applicable to large-scale land acquisitions or leases, Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests, Principles for Responsible Agricultural Investment, and Guiding Principles on Large Scale Land Based Investments in Africa.Tasara Mugutiis a lecturer in the Historyand Development Studies department at Great Zimbabwe University. He holds a Bachelor of Arts(Hons)Economic Histor in y a Master of Arts in African Economic Historyand a Graduate Certificate in Education, all from the Universityof Zimbabwe. His research interests are in Indigenous Knowledge Systems with special emphasis on African Traditional Medicine, land reform, human rights, democracyman and y other topical issues on contemporarySouthern African history.Tendai Chibayais a lecturer in the School of Hospitality, Tourism and Culture at Great Zimbabwe University. She holds a Bcom (Hons)Tourism and Hos in pitality Management and MCom in Tourism and Hospitality Management(MSU). Currently, she is a PhD candidate at North West University, Potchefstroom Campus, South Africa. Her research interests are in human resources management, events management, tourism marketingreli and gious tourism.Marshal Madamburaholds two Master’s Degrees in Development Studies (from Great Zimbabwe University) and (GZU) and Peace and Governance (from Africa University). He also holds a Bachelor of Arts Degree from the University of Zimbabwe and a Graduate Diploma in Education from Great Zimbabwe University. His current placement is with the Family AIDS Caring Trust (FACT) Zimbabwe as a Project officer. Madambura also worked as a secondary teacher in Zimbabwe for several years before joining Family AIDS Caring Trust. In his current placement, Madambura has been working with rural people in areas to do with HIV/AIDS and other development projects for the past seven years and this has given him a broad base from which to approach many topics on education, gender and development. His current research interests are in the areas of
Education, Gender studies, Peace and conflict studies, and development issues.
Table of Contents Chapter One Beyond Africa’s Underdevelopment Jam: In Search of a Productive Future……………………………1 Munyaradzi Mawere Chapter Two Troubling the Myth of Africa’s [Under-]development……. 13 Nkwazi Mhango Chapter Three Pillage, Plunder and Migration in Africa: On the Expatriation of Riches and Remittances………….. 43Munyaradzi Mawere & Gertjan van Stam Chapter Four (Post-)development and the Social Production of Ignorance: Farming Ignorance in st 21 Century Africa……………………………………………77 Artwell Nhemachena Chapter Five Problematising the Developmental Potential of Community Share Ownership Trusts (CSOTS) in Zimbabwe: The Case of the Tongogara CSOT, 2011-2014……………... 119 Ngonidzashe Marongwe & Tasara Muguti Chapter SixEconomic Dependency and Third World Underdevelopment: A Case of Nigeria……………………..153Afolabi Opeyemi Glory