350 Pages
English

Gender and Citizenship in the Global Age

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One of the major issues this book examines is what the African experience and identity have contributed to the debate on citizenship in the era of globalisation. This volume presents case studies of different African contexts, illustrating the gendered aspects of citizenship as experienced by African men and women. Citizenship carries manifold gendered aspects and given the distinct gender roles and responsibilities, globalisation affects citizenship in different way. It further examines new forms of citizenship emerging from the current era dominated by a neoliberal focus. This book is not exclusive in terms of theorisation but its focus on African contexts, with an in-depth analysis taking into consideration local culture and practices and their implications for citizenship, provides a good foundation for further scholarly work on gender and citizenship in Africa.

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Published 29 December 2014
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EAN13 9782869786172
Language English
Document size 5 MB

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Gender and Citizenship in the Global Age
Genre et citoyenneté à l’ère de la mondialisation
This book is a product of the CODESRIA Gender Symposium
Ce livre est une compilation des articles issus du Symposium sur le genre du CODESRIA
Gender and Citizenship
in the Global Age
Genre et citoyenneté à l’ère de la mondialisation
Edited by / Sous la direction Laroussi Amri Ramola Ramtohul
Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa DAKAR
©CODESRIA 2014 Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa Avenue Cheikh Anta Diop, Angle Canal IV BP 3304 Dakar, CP 18524, Senegal Website: www.codesria.org ISBN: 978-2-86978-589-2 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording or any information storage or retrieval system without prior permission from CODESRIA.
Typesetting: Alpha Ousmane Dia Cover Design: Ibrahima Fofana
Distributed in Africa by CODESRIA Distributed elsewhere by African Books Collective, Oxford, UK Website: www.africanbookscollective.com The Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA) is an independent organisation whose principal objectives are to facilitate resea rch, promote research-based publishing and create multiple forums geared towards the exchange of views and information among African researchers. All these are aimed at reducing the fragmentation of research in the continent through the creation of thematic research networks that cut across linguistic and regional boundaries. CODESRIA publishesAfrica Development, the longest standing Africa based social science journal;Afrika Zamani, a journal of history; theAfrican Sociological Review; theAfrican Journal of International Affairs;Africa Review of Booksand theJournal of Higher Education in Africa. The Council also co-publishes theAfrica Media Review; Identity, Culture and Politics: An Afro-Asian Dialogue;The African Anthropologistand theAfro-Arab Selections for Social Sciences. The results of its research and other activities are also disseminated through its Working Paper Series, Green Book Series, Monograph Series, Book Series, Policy Briefs and the CODESRIA Bulletin. Select CODESRIA publications are also accessible online at www.codesria.org.
CODESR IA would like to express its gratitude to the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA/SAREC), the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), the Ford Foundation, the MacArthur Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation, the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NOR AD), the Danish Agency for International Development (DANIDA), the French Ministry of Cooperation, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Rockefeller Foundation, FINIDA, the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the Open Society Foundations (OSFs), TrustAfrica, UN/UNICEF, the African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) and the Government of Senegal for supporting its research, training and publication programmes.
Contents/Sommaire
Contributors/Contributeursvii ..............................................................................................................
Introduction: Gender and Citizenship in the Global Age Laroussi Amri and Ramola Ramtohul1 ..................................................................................
1- Citoyenneté, Démocratie et Genre: Le principe féminin comme alternative d’ensemble à la société actuelle Laroussi Amri................................................... ..............................................................................29 .
2- État, mondialisation et citoyenneté multiculturelle: femmes bantoues et femmes pygmées face au genre et aux politiques publiques Jacques Tshibwabwa..... .................................................................61 ................................................
3- Masculinities, Femininities and Citizen Identities in a Global Era: The Case Study of Kiambu District in Kenya, 1980-2007  Felix Kiruthu...................................................................................................................................99
4- Acquisition of New Citizenship in the Global Village through the Emerging Female Chiefship and Notability in Bangwaland, Cameroon Prudentia Fonkwe Tamonkeng............................................................................................121
5- Globalisation, Masculinity and Citizen Migration: Rethinking Gender in the Twenty First Century with reference to Zimbabwe  Ivan Marowa... ..............................151 ................................................................................................
6- The Body as a Tool: Female Youths in Nigeria Negotiating the New Global Order Mfon Umoren Ekpootu..........................................................................................................171
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Gender and Citizenship in the Global Age
7- Genge Videos?Struggles over Gender and Citizenship in Kenya  Hezron Ndunde Otieno...........................................................................................................187
8- Citoyenneté et développement humain au maroc face aux différentes formes d’exclusion: une approche genre Mustapha Ziky..............................................................................................................................209
9- Uganda’s Gendered Polity Since 1995: Reconstitution of the Public Sphere to Enhance the Presence and Participation of Women  Sabastiano Rwengabo245 ................................................................................................................
10- Globalization and the Gender Question: The Role of the CEDAW in Enhancing Women’s Experience of Citizenship in Kenya  Samwel Ong’wen Okuro.........................................................................267 ................................
11- Globalisation and Gendered Citizenship: The Mauritian Scenario  Ramola Ramtohul293 .....................................................................................................................
12- Rethinking Gender and Citizenship in a Global Age: A South African Perspective on the Intersection between Political, Social and Intimate Citizenship  Sharon Groenmeyer317 ....................................................................................................................
Contributors/Contributeurs
Laroussi Amriest Professeur de Sociologie, Chercheur Senior, Directeur de l’Unité de Recherches « Développement Local-Approches Comparées », Uni-versité de Tunis el Manar. Il a publié notamment :Les femmes soufies ou la pas-sion de Dieu,(en collaboration avec Nelly Amri), (Labege : Dangles, 1992) ; La femme rurale dans l’exploitation familiale : Nord-Ouest de la Tunisie – Pour une sociologie des ruptures, (Paris : L’Harmattan, 2003) etAssociation et genre en TuniTJe(à paraître en 2014).
Mfon Umoren Ekpootuis a lecturer in the Department of History and Diplomatic Studies at the University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Her doctoral dissertation was on prostitution and child labour in the Cross River region of Nigeria. Her research is focused primarily on women, working children and sexuality. Her publications include: ‘Contestations of Identity: Colonial Policing of Female Sexuality in Nigeria’ in theAfrican Journal of Political Science, and ‘Interrogating Policies on Human Trafficking in Nigeria’ [forthcoming]. Her recent paper, ‘Getting them Young: Child Labour in Ikot Ekpene from a Historical Perspective’, is a chapter in the recently published CODESRIA book,Children and the Labour Process in Africa. She is a SEPHIS Research Fellow and a SEPHIS-CODESRIA Young Historian. She is currently working on women, sexuality and the occult in Nigeria.
PrudentiaTamonkeng Fonkweis from Cameroon. She is a trained Secondary school teacher. She also has a BA in English from the University of Yaoundé and a Masters degree in Women and Gender Studies from the University of Buea. She has taught in secondary and high schools in Cameroon but she currently works for the Ministry of Women Empowerment and the Family in Yaoundé.
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Gender and Citizenship in the Global Age
Sharon Groenmeyeris an independent consultant and external collaborator of the International Labour Organisation in South Africa. She has a PhD from the Norwegian Univeristy of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. She has published in the South African feminist journalAGENDAand the Women’s Peacebuilders Network.
Felix Kiruthua lecturer in the Department of History. Since 1997, he is has taught at the Department of History, Archaeology, and Political Studies, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya. Besides his research interest in gender studies, he also researched the urban history of Africa, with a special focus on informal enterprises. His other research interests include pedagogical methods in the study of history, as well as peace and conflict studies.
Jacques Tshibwabwa Kuditshini est Docteur en Sciences Politiques et Administratives. Membre de plusieurs associations savantes, il est actuellement Fellow à l’Institut d’Etudes Avancées de Nantes en France. Il enseigne les sciences politiques à l’Université de Kinshasa depuis 1997. Il participe aux programmes de recherche initiés par le CODESRIA, le Musée royal de l’Afrique centrale (Tervuren/Belgique), l’Institut Français d’Afrique du Sud, l’Université de Witwatersrand et l’Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie. Il a publié dans des revues à comité de lecture et participé à plusieurs colloques internationaux.
Ivan Marowais a Junior Fellow with Bayreuth International Graduate School of African Studies (BIGSAS), Universität Bayreuth, Germany. He comes from Zimbabwe and holds a Masters degree in African History from the University of Zimbabwe. His research is based on Zimbabwe and focuses on oral narratives, the environment, social memories and gender issues from a historical perspective. He is currently conducting research for his doctoral studies on ‘Environment and Social Memory’,which focuses on two groups of people that were forcibly relocated in 1958. He has written articles dealing with memory and on engendering the African public sphere. He has participated in CODESRIA workshops and conferences and has published in the CODESRIA Journal -Identity, Culture and Politics:An Afro-Asian Dialogue.
Contributors/Contributeurs
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Samwel Ong’wen Okuroholds a PhD in History and is currently a Senior Lecturer at Bondo University, Kenya. An economic historian, his research interests include human rights, gender and agrarian processes in Africa. His recent publications include ‘Daniel arap Moi and the Politics of HIV/AIDS in Kenya, 1983-2002’ inAfrican Journal of AIDS Research, Vol. 8, 275-283, 2009; ‘Our Women must Return Home: Institutional Patriarchy in Colonial Central Nyanza District, 1945-1963’ inJournal of Asian and African Studies, Vol. 45 (5), 2010; andImpactStruggling with In-laws and Corruption – The of HIV/AIDS on Widow’s and Orphan’s Land Rights in Kombewa Division, Kenya’ in Birgit Englert and Elizabeth Daley (eds), 2008,Falling Between Two Stools – Women’s Land Rights in Eastern Africa,London: James Currey.
Hezron Ndunde Otienois an independent researcher. His interests span issues of gender, women, youth and children, the environment and information and communications technologies. He was previously a Tutorial Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies in Nakuru, Kenya, and an Adjunct Lecturer at the Highlands College of Technology, Kericho, where he tutored in community development studies. He also conducted research in the Research and Extension Department of Egerton University, Kenya.
Ramola Ramtohulis postdoctoral research fellow at the Institute for Women and Gender Studies in the Department of Jurisprudence at the University of Pretoria, South Africa; she was previously a lecturer in Sociology and Gender Studies at the University of Mauritius. She has a PhD in gender studies from the University of Cape Town, South Africa. Her research interests include intersectionality and women’s political activism in plural societies, as well as women’s rights, citizenship and democracy in postcolonial contexts. She has published in the South African feminist journal AGENDA, and with CODESRIA.
Sabastiano Rwengaboholds a Master’s degree in Public Administration and Management and a BA in Political Science and Sociology from Makerere University, Uganda. He also has a Postgraduate Certificate in Research Methodology from the Centre for Basic Research (CBR), Uganda. He attended CODESRIA’s 2008 and 2009 Governance Institutes. He has published on electoral democracy in Uganda and he is currently investigating ‘Religion and Democratisation Processes in Africa’ (under TrustAfrica’s ‘Meeting the