172 Pages
English

Gender, Sport and Development in Africa

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To many young people, the term sport has an exhilarating ring; to many older persons, it signifies recreation and leisure. From colonial times, it has been viewed as a means of social control. Increasingly, it is being touted by governments and donor agencies as a self-evident tool of Africa�s development. How accurate are these individual, romantic and moral notions of sport? In this volume, eleven African scholars offer insightful analyses of the complex ideological and structural dimensions of modern sport as a cultural institution. Drawing on various theories and cross-cultural data, the contributors to this volume highlight the various ways in which sport norms, policies, practices and representations pervasively interface with gender and other socially constructed categories of difference. They argue that sport is not only a site of competition and physical recreation, but also a crossroad where features of modern society such as hegemony, identities, democracy, technology, development and master statuses intertwine and bifurcate. As they point out in many ways, sport production, reproduction, distribution and consumption are relational, spatial and contextual and, therefore, do not pay off for men, women and other social groups equally. The authors draw attention to the structure and scope of efforts needed to transform the exclusionary and gendered nature of sport processes to make them adequate to the task of engendering Africa�s development. Gender, Sport and Development in Africa is an immensely important contribution to current debates on the broader impacts of sport on society. It is an essential reading for students, policy-makers and others interested in perspectives that interrogate the grand narratives of sport as a neutral instrument of development in African countries.

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Published 12 July 2010
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EAN13 9782869784017
Language English
Document size 6 MB

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Gender, Sport and Development in Africa
Gender, Sport and Development in Africa
Cross-cultural Perspectives on Patterns of Representations and Marginalization
Edited by Jimoh Shehu
Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa
©CODESRIA 2010 Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa Avenue Cheikh Anta Diop, Angle Canal IV BP 3304 Dakar, 18524, Senegal Website: www.codesria.org
ISBN: 978-2-86978-306-5
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording or any information storage or retrieval system without prior permission from CODESRIA.
Typesetting: Daouda Thiam Cover Design: Ibrahima Fofana Printing: Imprimerie Saint-Paul, Dakar, Senegal
Distributed in Africa by CODESRIA Distributed elsewhere by African Books Collective, Oxford, UK Website: www.africanbookscollective.com
The Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA) is an independent organisation whose principal objectives are to facilitate research, promote research-based publishing and create multiple forums geared towards the exchange of views and information among African researchers. All these are aimed at reducing the fragmentation of research in the continent through the creation of thematic research networks that cut across linguistic and regional boundaries.
CODESRIA publishesAfrica Development, the longest standing Africa based social science journal;Afrika Zamani, a journal of history; theAfrican Sociological Review; theAfrican Journal of International Affairs;Africa Review of Books and theJournal of Higher Education in Africa. The Council also co-publishes theAfrica Media Review;Identity, Culture and Politics: An Afro-Asian Dialogue;The African Anthropologistand theAfro-Arab Selections for Social Sciences. The results of its research and other activities are also disseminated through its Working Paper Series, Green Book Series, Monograph Series, Book Series, Policy Briefs and the CODESRIA Bulletin. Select CODESRIA publications are also accessible online at www.codesria.org.
CODESRIA would like to express its gratitude to the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA/SAREC), the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), the Ford Foundation, the MacArthur Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation, the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD), the Danish Agency for Inter-national Development (DANIDA), the French Ministry of Cooperation, the United Na-tions Development Programme (UNDP), the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Rockefeller Foundation, FINIDA, the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA), TrustAfrica, UN/UNICEF, the African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) and the Government of Senegal for supporting its research, training and publication programmes.
Contents
Notes on Contributors ................................................................................... vii Introduction ....................................................................................................... ix Jimoh Shehu
 1. The most Beautiful Game or the most Gender Violent Sport? Exploring the Interface between Soccer, Gender and Violence in Zimbabwe ............................................................................................... 1 Anusa Daimon
 2. From ‘Safety’ Zones to Public Spaces: Women’s Participation in Sport in Zimbabwe ............................................................................. 13 Molly Manyonganise
 3. 2010 FIFA World Cup and the Patriarchy of Football Spectatorship in Malawi ....................................................................... 27 Jessie Kabwila Kapasula
 4. Media, Sport and Male Dominance: Analysis of Sport Presentations in a Nigerian Newspaper .............................................. 47 Aretha Oluwakemi Asakitikpi
 5. Football, Empowerment and Gender Equality: An Exploration of Elite-Level Women’s Football in South Africa ............................ 63 Mari Haugaa Engh
 6. Thiery Henry asIgwe: Soccer Fandom, Christening and Cultural Passage in Nollywood ............................................................................ 79 Senayon Olaoluwa and Adewole Adejayan
 7. The Gendered Dimension of Competitive Sports in a Multicultural Context: The Mauritian Scenario ................................ 95 Ramola Ramtohul
 8. Challenging Gender Stereotypes: A Case Study of Three South African Soccer Players .......................................................................... 109 Sharon Groenmeyer
 9. The Corporatization of Women’s Football in South Africa: A Case Study of the Sasol Sponsorship and its Transformative Potential ..................................................................... 125 Lucy Mills
10. Football for Hope Centres in Africa: Intentions, Assumptions  and Gendered Implications ................................................................. 135 Jimoh Shehu
Notes on Contributors
Anusa Daimonis a PhD candidate and lecturer in the Department of History, University ofZimbabwe. He teaches introductory courses in African History, and Gender Studies from the pre-colonial to the post-independence period. His research focuses on migration, citizenship and identity politics, autochthony, belonging and gender. His publications include, ‘Migrant Chewa Identities and their Construction through Gule Wamkulu Dances in Zimbabwe’, in Bahru Zewde (ed.),Society, State & Identity in African History, Addis Ababa, Forum for Social Studies, 2008.
Molly Manyonganiseisa lecturer in Religious Studies and Theology, Zimba-bwe Open University. She was formerly a lecturer in Religious Studies at the Great Zimbabwe University. Her area of specialization is African Traditional Religion(s).
Jessie Kabwila Kapasulahas a PhD in Comparative Literature from Binghamton University, State University of New York. She is a lecturer at the University of Malawi, Chancellor College, Department of English. She has published with JENdA Journal andFeminist Africa. She focuses on contemporary African and Afro-Diaspora feminist theory.
ArethaOluwakemi Asakitikpihas a PhD in African Art History/Visual Arts from the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. She currently teaches in the Department of Mass Communication, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria. Her areas of research intersect the fields of communication, history and cultural studies and her articles have appeared in various international journals, includingNordic Journal of African Studies, African ReviewandCommunication and Language ArtsJouranl of .
Senayon Olaoluwateaches Post-colonial Literature at the Osun State University in Nigeria. His research interests, among others, are exile and cosmopolitanism, globalization, and gender concepts in African popular culture. Some of his publi-cations include ‘Where Do We Go from Here? Niger Delta, Crumbling Urbanscape and Migration in Tanure Ojaide’sWhen It no Longer Matters Where You Live’,inAfrican StudiesNordic Journal of Vol. 18, 2, 2009; 175-195; ‘Between Magic and Logic: Globalization and the Challenge of Medical Collaboration in Ngugi’s Wizard of the Crow’,inPerspectives on Global Development and Technology,Vol. 7, 3-4, 2008; and ‘From Simplicity to Performance: The Place of Second Generation Anglophone African Poets’, inEnglish Studies,Vol. 89, 4, 2008.