Innovations in Achieving Sustainable Food Security in Eastern and Southern Africa

English
314 Pages
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Innovations in Achieving Sustainable Food Security in Eastern and Southern Africa addresses roles and issues related to social and institutional innovations and approaches in food security in Southern and Eastern Africa. They include implementation of food security policy, rural livelihood and agricultural innovation, land consolidation for food security, interdisciplinary school-based health for food security, harnessing indigenous and modern knowledge for food security, household food resource handling for food security, institutions for technological innovation, role of land tax in food security, trade protectionism and food security, and gender-power relations in food security.

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Published 13 June 2016
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EAN13 9789994455973
Language English
Document size 9 MB

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Innovations in Achieving Sustainable Food Security in Eastern and Southern Africa
Editors Workneh Negatu and Herman Musahara
Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA)
© 2016 Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA) Published 2016 Printed in Ethiopia ISBN:978-99944-55-87-4All rights reserved. Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa P. O. Box 31971, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Fax: 251-11-1223921 Tel: 251-11-1239484 E-mail: info@ossrea.net Website: www.ossrea.net Copyediting and Layout:Matebu TadesseFormatting: Alemu Tesfaye
OSSREA acknowledges the financial support of the Danish Development Agency (DANIDA), without which this book wouldn’t have been initiated.
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................... xiii Workneh Negatu
CHAPTER ONE........................................................................................... 1 The Puzzle in Implementation of Uganda’s Food Security Policy Jennifer T. Tumushabe
CHAPTER TWO........................................................................................ 31 Rural Livelihoods and Agricultural Innovation Systems in Malawi Mariam A.T. Kadzamira
CHAPTER THREE .................................................................................... 57 Some Indicators of Food Security Challenges in Eastern and Southern Africa: Lessons from the Land Use Consolidation in Rwanda Herman Musahara
CHAPTER FOUR ...................................................................................... 89 Development of an Interdisciplinary School-Based Intervention to Address Food and Nutrition-Related Needs in Poor Communities in South Africa Ronél Ferreira, Karien Botha, William FraserandPeet du Toit
CHAPTER FIVE ...................................................................................... 129 Harnessing Indigenous Knowledge and Scientific Knowledge to Promote Farmer Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships in Food Security in Kakamega County, Kenya Boaz S.W. Maloba
CHAPTER SIX ........................................................................................ 171 Farmers’ Adaptive Capacity on Household Food-resource Handling Procedures and Food Security in Rural Western Kenya Oino P. Gutwa
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CHAPTER SEVEN .................................................................................. 207 Institutions and Technological Innovation in Smallholder Agriculture: Lessons from a Case Study inBatiandKewot woredas (Districts) in Northeastern Ethiopia Workneh Negatu
CHAPTER EIGHT ................................................................................... 225 Land Tax and the Sustainable Use of Land for Food Security in Post-Land Reform in Zimbabwe Peter MacKaye
CHAPTER NINE ..................................................................................... 251 A Holistic Strategy for ImprovingGender-Power Relations and Food Security in Tigania, Meru County, KenyaConstance Rose
CONCLUSION ........................................................................................ 289 Herman Musahara
Acronyms
AAU AIDS AIKS AIS AKIS/RD
AKIS AKS ARC ASK AU BAZ BBM CAADP
CDD CE CIFORD
CIP CTSL DANIDA DAP DAs DPPC EAC ERI ESK EU FAO
FESLM
FGD FGM FPR GDP GFW GMOsGoK HIV ICT IDIs IFAD IFPRI
Addis Ababa University Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome African Indigenous Knowledge Systems Agricultural Innovation Systems Agricultural Knowledge Information Systems /Rural Development Agricultural Knowledge Innovation Systems Agricultural Knowledge Systems Agricultural Research Council Agricultural Society of Kenya African Union Bankers Association of Zimbabwe Broad Bed Maker Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Programme Convention to Combat Desertification, Uganda Capacity Enhancement Community Initiatives for Rural Development, Kenya Crop Intensification Programme Care and Support for Teaching and Learning Danish International Development Agency Diammonium Phosphate (soil fertiliser) Development Agents Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Commission East African Community Enabling Rural Innovation Economic Survey of Kenya European Union Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations Framework for Evaluation of Sustainable Land Management Focus Group Discussion Female Genital Mutilation Farmer Participatory Research Gross Domestic Product Global Fund for Women Genetically Modified Organisms Government of Kenya Human Immunodeficiency Virus Information Communication Technology In-depth interviews International Fund for Agricultural Development International Food Policy Research Institute
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IGAD IK IMF KARI LC LUC MAAIF MDGs MINAGRI MOGLSD
MoH NAADS NAP NARO
NARSNCDs NCPB NEPAD NFA NFCS-FB
NFNCNFNP NFNS NFP NGOs NRM NSNP OAF PEAP PMA PMA PRA PSM R&D RAAKS SAIS SIDA SMEP SPSS SSA U.K. UNDP UNFNP USAID
Intergovernmental Authority on Development Indigenous Knowledge International Monetary Fund, Uganda Kenya Agricultural research Institute local councillors, Uganda Land Use Consolidation, Rwanda Agriculture Industry Animal and Fisheries, Uganda Millennium Development Goals Ministry of Agriculture, Rwanda Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development, Uganda Ministries of Health, Uganda National Agricultural Advisory Services, Uganda National Agricultural Policy, Uganda National Agricultural Research Organisation, Uganda National Agricultural Research System Non-Communicable Diseases Nation Cereals and Produce Board, Kenya New Partnership for African Development National Forestry Authority, Uganda National Food Consumption Survey-Fortification Baseline, South Africa National Food and Nutrition Council, Uganda National Food and Nutrition Policy National Food and Nutrition Strategy, Uganda National Forestry Plan, Uganda Non-Governmental Organisations National Resistance Movement, Uganda National School Nutrition Programme One Acre Fund Poverty Eradication Action Plan, Uganda Plan for Modernisation of Agriculture Plan for Modernisation of Agriculture, Uganda Participatory Reflection and Action Propensity Score Matching Research and Development Rapid Appraisal of Agricultural knowledge Systems Sustainable Agricultural Innovation System Swedish International Development Agency Small Micro Enterprises Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Sub-Saharan Africa United Kingdom United Nations Development Programme Uganda National Food and Nutrition Policy United States Development Agency
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WDI WFP WHO Win-LIFE
WRCCS ZIDERA
vviiii
World Development Indicators World Food Programme World Health Organisation Wellness in Lifestyle, Intake, Fitness and Environment Western Region Churches Community Services Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act
About Authors
Workneh Negatu:Workneh Negatu is an Associate Professor ofAgricultural Economics and Development, in the College of Development Studies at the Addis Ababa University (AAU), where he teaches and advises students in the Masters and Ph.D. programs. He has a Ph.D. in Development Studies/Agricultural Economics from the University of East Anglia, U.K. (1997), a M.Sc. in Regional Economics and Planning from Martin-Luther University, Wittenberg, Germany (1986), and a B.Sc. degree in Agricultural Economics from Alemaya College of Agriculture–Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 1979/80. Dr. Workneh has published extensively in referred journals, including theo Journal fEconomics and Sustainable Development,Journal of Applied Economics and Finance, Journal of Land Degradation and Development, e-Journal for Research and Innovation Foresight, Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, the EASSRR Journal, The Journal of Development Studies, Ethiopian Journal of Development Research,to mention recent ones. He also has contributed chapters in peer-reviewed books, and edited and co-edited many books. Currently, Dr. Workneh is also serving as Chief Director for Business Development, Training and Consultancy and Endowment Office under the Office of Vice President for Institutional Development, for which he is also an Acting vice President.
Jennifer T. Tumushabe: Jennifer T. Tumushabe is a Ugandan, Ph.D. candidate in Sustainable Development at the Institute of Inter-disciplinary Training and Research, Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST). She holds a Master’s and Bachelor’s degree in Environmental Science. She is a Researcher in the Department of Environment and Natural Resources Management at Kabale University, Uganda. Her research interests are climate change mitigation and adaptation policies and impacts on rural communities, with emphasis on food security. She is an environmental activist who is currently a Country Coordinator of Clean Air Action Corporation Programme, which is implementing the Carbon Emission Reduction Policies and Practices in South-Western Uganda.
Mariam A.T. Kadzamira:A.T. Kadzamira holds a Ph.D. in Mariam Agricultural Economics (Policy) from the University of Pretoria, South Africa. She also holds a Masters and a Bachelors degree in Agricultural Economics both from Bunda College of Agriculture, Malawi. She has worked extensively in the agricultural sector with experiences in Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique with different organisations including the International Food Policy Research Institute, The International Center for Tropical Agriculture, The Farmers Union of Malawi and the Ministry of Agriculture. She recently rejoined FUM as Director of Institutional Development. She is married to Limbikani H.K. Kadzamira and they live in Lilongwe, Malawi.
InAnboovuattiAountshionrsAchieving Sustainable Food Security in Eastern and Southern Africa
iixx
Herman MusaharaHerman Musahara is currently Acting Executive Director of the Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA). He holds a PhD in Development Studies from the University of Western Cape in South Africa, and an M.A in Economics from the University of Dar es Salaam. He has more than 30 years experience as an academic, researcher and consultant. He was formerly Dean Faculty of Economics and Management 2005, Director of University Consultancy Bureau 2008, Director of Planning and Development 2010 Acting Vice - Rector Academics in 2011–2012 at the former National University of Rwanda. He was till April 2014 an Associate Professor in the College of Business and Economics of University of Rwanda. Besides teaching Development Economics, Poverty Analysis and Research Methodology at post-graduate level, he has researched, consulted and published in several fields of the social sciences including poverty analysis, human development, environment, land and land use, governance, post-conflict transitions, including post-Genocide, entrepreneurship, SMEs, value chains and agricultural development.
Ronél Ferreira:Ronél Ferreira completed her initial qualification as home economics high school teacher (BHhk Ed) in 1992. She also holds a further diploma in teaching, two Honours degrees, two Master's degrees and a PhD degree in Educational Psychology, which she obtained in 2006. Ronél is currently associate professor and head of department in Educational Psychology at the University of Pretoria, South Africa.Her research focus areas are psychological well-being, coping and resilience within the context of vulnerability, participatory reflection and action research, and intervention research in support of community development, health and well-being.
Karien Botha:Botha completed her initial qualification (BA: Karien General) degree in 2000. She holds a post-graduate certificate (PGCE) in Education, a BPsych (School counselling) degree and a Master’s degree in Educational Psychology. Currently, Karien is completing her Ph.D. degree in Educational Psychology. Karien is a lecturer at the department ofEducational Psychology, University of Pretoria, South Africa.
William J. Fraser: is a charted biologist (CBIOL), Fellow of the Royal Society of Biology (FSB) and member of the South African Academy for Science and Arts (M.Acad.SA). He has also received a C2-rating as established researcher from the South African National Research Foundation (NRF). As subject methodologist, he specialises mainly in curriculum development, instructional design and programme evaluation. His prime research focus remains teaching and learning in the Life Sciences and he has also supervised many masters and doctoral students in the methodology of the Life Sciences. The social context of curriculum (environmental education and indigenous knowledge) as well as the