International Migration and Development in Eastern and Southern Africa

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English
276 Pages
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The impact of international migration, both South-South as well as South-North, on the economic, social and political life of the people in Eastern and Southern Africa [was] not well documented and studied,� and �the evidence-base for policy on migration and development [was] very weak.� With this in mind, OSSREA�s invitation to conduct a study on international migration in Africa had the following objectives: To analyze the nature and type of South-South migration, focusing on issues, such as brain gain and/or brain drain, remittance flows, technical knowhow transfers, violations of the right of African migrants and gender dimensions of migration; To investigate the dynamics of migration from Eastern and Southern Africa to the Arab Gulf States as well as to developed countries, focusing on the skills of migrants, brain gain and/or drain, remittance flows, technical know-how transfers, violations of the rights of African migrants and gender dimension of migrants; and to assess the successes, impediments and challenges of African international migrants from Eastern and Southern Africa and to formulate policy recommendations to maximize the gains and minimize the costs associated with international migration in Africa.

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Published 23 August 2014
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EAN13 9789994455805
Language English
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International Migration and Development in Eastern and Southern Africa
Edited by
Assefaw Bariagaber
Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA)
© 2014 Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA)
OSSREA acknowledges the support of Swedish International Development Co-operation Agency (Sida), Norwegian Agency for Development Co-operation (NORAD), and Danish Development Agency (DANIDA).
Published 2014
Printed in Ethiopia
ISBN:978-99944-55-76-8
All rights reserved.
Text layout:Alemtsehay Zewde
Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa
P.O. Box 31971, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Fax:
Tel:
251-11-1223921
251-11-1239484
E-mail: info@ossrea.net
Website: www.ossrea.net
Table of Contents Preface Contributors 1International Migration and Development in Africa: Issues, Challenges, and Policy Options Assefaw Bariagaber 2Zimbabwe Skilled Migrants in Botswana: What Are the Impacts? Albert Makochekanwa and Prosper Kambarami 3Nature and Impact of International Migration in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Case of Ugandans Moving to South Sudan and Arab Gulf States Rogers Twesigye 4International Migration in Ethiopia: Challenges and Opportunities Endalew Addis 5Impact of Migrant Remittances on National Economyand Household Income: Some Evidence from Selected Sudanese States Abdul Hameed Elias Suliman, Ebaidalla Mahjoub Ebaidalla, and Abdalla Ali Ahmed 6The Impact of International Remittance on Poverty, Household Consumption and Investment in Urban Ethiopia: Evidence from Cross-sectional Measures Kokeb G.Giorgis and Meseret Molla
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International Migration and Development in Eastern and Southern Africa
Preface This book grew out of the “Call for Proposals” onInternational Migration and Development: Sub-Saharan Africa in Perspective,which the Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA) made in 2012. The proposals were selected on competitive basis, after which OSSREA provided the authors with the necessary financial support to undertake their respective studies. According to OSSREA, “The impact of international migration, both South-South as well as South-North, on the economic, social and political life of the people in Eastern and Southern Africa [was] not well documented and studied,” and “the evidence-base for policy on migration and development [was] very weak.” With this in mind, OSSREA’s invitation to conduct a study on international migration in Africa had the following objectives: xTo analyze the nature and type of South-South migration, focusing on issues, such as brain gain and/or brain drain, remittance flows, technical know-how transfers, violations of the right of African migrants and gender dimensions of migration; xTo investigate the dynamics of migration from Eastern and Southern Africa to the Arab Gulf States as well as to developed countries, focusing on the skills of migrants, brain gain and/or drain, remittance flows, technical know-how transfers, violations of the rights of African migrants and gender dimension of migrants; and xTo assess the successes, impediments and challenges of African international migrants from Eastern and Southern Africa and to formulate policy recommendations to maximize the gains and minimize the costs associated with international migration in Africa. In the chapters that follow, more focus has been given to South-South migration partly because the majority African international migrants remain within Africa and partly because South-South migration remains an understudied area within migration studies. This feature sets the book apart from other books on international migration in Africa. Indeed, the book may be unique because it puts more emphasis on inter-African migration processes without neglecting the migration of Africans outside of the continent. And for this in particular and for their efforts to write on a topic not many have written before, I thank the authors. I also thank OSSREA for providing the authors with the necessary funds to complete their respective chapters, and Seton Hall University for granting my sabbatical leave, as a result of which I had enough time to serve as editor of the book. Assefaw Bariagaber
Contributors
Assefaw Bariagaberis Professor of Diplomacy and International Relations at Seton Hall University. He is the author ofConflict and the Refugee Experience: Flight, Exile and Repatriation in the Horn of Africa(Ashgate 2006), and has published numerous articles on conflicts, refugee formations, and United Nations peace operations in Africa in peer-reviewed journals, including theJournal of Modern African Studies,Africa Today, Ethnic and Racial Studies, Journal of Black Studies, andInternational Migration. He has also served as consultant to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the Council for Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA), the Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA), and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (through Writenet/Refworld). He is Past-President of the Association of Third World Studies (2010–2011), and the founding Chair, Department of Diplomacy and International Relations at Seton Hall University during 2007–2013. Albert MakochekanwaAlbert Makochekanwa, a lecturer with the Department of Economics, University of Zimbabwe, has a Ph.D. Degree in Economics from the University of Pretoria, South Africa; a Master of Science (MSc) in Economics Degree from the University of Zimbabwe; an Honours in Economics Degree from the University of Zimbabwe and a Certificate in Project Management from the University of South Africa (UNISA). Dr. Makochekanwa has more than 11 years of research experience in economic and social science fields. Among the reputable organization that he has consulted and conduct research for includes (1) World Bank, and World Bank Institute (WIB) Washington DC, USA; (2) Trade and Industrial Strategies (TIPS of South Africa) and AusAID, (3) Center for Global Development (CGD), Washington DC, USA; (4) United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Harare, Zimbabwe; (5) African Economic Research Consortium (AERC), Kenya; (6) Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI), Canada; (7) Namibia Chamber of Commerce and Industry (NCCI), Namibia, (8) Underhill Capital Solutions, South Africa, (9) University of Mauritius (UoM), Mauritius; (10) United nations Conference on Trade and Development Virtual Institute (UNCTADVi) and Trade and Development Studies Centre, Zimbabwe, among others. Abdul Hameed Elias Suliman(Ph.D.):Dr. Suliman is a Sudanese national currently working as Assistant Professor and Head of the Research and Consultancy Unit at the Development Studies and Research Institute (DSRI), University of Khartoum. He has more about 20 years of teaching and research experience. His research interest includes various development issues particularly issues pertaining to macroeconomic policies, poverty and human development. Dr. Suliman holds a Ph.D. in Development Planning from the DSRI, University of Khartoum.
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International Migration and Development in Eastern and Southern Africa
Ebaidalla Mahjoub Ebaidalla:Dr. Ebaidalla is a Sudanese national currently working as Assistant Professor of Economics at Department of Economics, University of Khartoum, Sudan. He graduated in The Faculty of Economics, University of Khartoum, and received his Ph.D. in Economics from the same University. He worked for the University of Kassala for twelve years at the Department of Economics. His research interest is focused on the fields of Macroeconomics, International Economics, Migration and Labor Economics. Abdalla Ali Ahmed Edriss:Mr. Abdalla is currently working as assistant research professor at the Economic and Social Research Bureau, Ministry of Science and Communication. Mr. Abdalla also works, on part-time basis, as a lecturer in a number of Sudanese universities. He has more than 10 years of teaching and research experience. His research interest is focused on issues relating to economic growth, measurement of productivity and other macroeconomic policy issues. Mr. Abdalla holds the degree of M.Sc. in Economics from the Faculty of Economics, University of Khartoum and he is currently registered as a Ph.D. student at the Development Studies and Research Institute, University of Khartoum. Endalew Addisa Ph.D. Candidate at the Centre for Environment and is Development in College of Development Studies, Addis Ababa University. He is a Lecturer in the Department of Sociology, Hawassa University. He obtained his M.A. in Development Studies (Environment and Development) from Addis Ababa University in Ethiopia. Currently his area of research is social protection, migration, and climate change vulnerability and adaptation. Rogers Twesigye holds a Master’s of Science in Public Health from the University of Southern Denmark (2011) and a Bachelors’ degree in Social Work and Social Administration (SWSA) from Makerere University Kampala (2008). Since 2011, Twesigye works as a research associate and teaching assistant for research methods for both undergraduate and post doc students with Dept. of SWSA (MUK). Since December 2012, Twesigye has also been working as a research coordinator for Program for Accessible health Communication and Education (PACE) in Uganda. Twesigye has a keen interest in development and health research with a bias towards migrants. Twesigye worked as research Assistant at the center of Global health and Migration at Odense University Hospital, Denmark. As a research associate, Twesigye has worked with and for government agencies, local and international agencies in Uganda, conducting project baselines, mid-term reviews and evaluations, guiding policy formulation and strategic planning. Kokeb G.Giorgisholds a B.A. and M.Sc. degree in Economics from Addis Ababa University, School of Economics. He is a lecturer in the Department of Economics at the Ethiopian Civil Service University. Currently he is a Ph.D. Student in the Department of Economics at the Addis Ababa
Contributers
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Universityis in the. His research interest general areas of Development Economics and dynamics of householdpoverty. Meseret Molla holds M.Sc. degree in Economics and is a lecturer in the Department of Economics at the University of Gondar. Currently he is a Ph.D. Student in the Department of Environment and Development, College of Development Studies, at the Addis Ababa University.