Norms and Practices in Contemporary Rural Vietnam
142 Pages
English

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Since the 1980s, while trying to maintain political stability and territorial integrity, the Vietnamese state has strongly moved towards the transformation of a centrally-planned economy to a more market-oriented model, in which private, foreign and joint-venture businesses are increasingly becoming the key pillars of the national economy. Another key aspect of the Đổi Mới's agenda was a fundamental shift in the party-state's foreign relations policy toward a normalization of Vietnam's diplomatic and trading relations with China, the United States, and other countries since the early 1990s. Over twenty years after the Đổi Mới renewal renovation, Vietnam has been praised by various domestic and international institutions for its “impressive” achievements in socio-economic development and poverty reduction and for its gradual liberalization and market diversification, coupled with its commitment to equality. Consequently, this has changed the relationship between the party-state and society in a number of fields, including the control of agricultural land and other forms of natural resources. Such transition marks a great change in our scholarly understanding of Vietnam. It has opened the door for intellectual exchange between academics and has resulted in a great amount of research and new knowledge/publications in different languages about various domains regarding Vietnamese society, including the relationships between the state and society at different levels and in various sectors or geographic areas. Among them, studies like those of Kerkvliet, Fforde and others, have developed the “everyday politics approach”, which examines social interactions on an everyday action basis. This approach “from below” has given a fresh impetus to the study of social relations in Vietnam. However, our observations regarding academic research show that besides a number of rich ethnographic studies, there are many analyses from different social science disciplines that give a generalized view of trends of development and change in Vietnamese society over the past decades with limited field data. This means that research projects based on first-hand data from longer periods of fieldwork and qualitative investigations are still inadequate. As a result, we are suggesting that more field-based research be carried out in order to enhance and promote our understanding of Vietnam, especially its processes of socio-political changes.


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Published 16 August 2018
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Norms and Practices in Contemporary Rural Vietnam Social Interactions between Authorities and People
Christian Culas and Văyũênd(S̉ưugNinr.)
DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.811 Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine Year of publication: 2010 Published on OpenEdition Books: 16 August 2018 Serie: Carnets de l’Irasec Electronic ISBN: 9782355960031
http://books.openedition.org
Printed version ISBN: 9786169028277 Number of pages: 142
Electronic reference CULAS,Christian(ed.);NGUYỄN,Vẳu(nSư.ed.)Norms and Practices in Contemporary Rural Vietnam: Social Interactions between Authorities and People.New edition [online]. Bangkok: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine, 2010 (generated 04 septembre 2018). Available on the Internet: . ISBN: 9782355960031. DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.811.
This text was automatically generated on 4 September 2018.
© Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine, 2010 Terms of use: http://www.openedition.org/6540
Since the 1980s, while trying to m aintain political stability and territorial integ rity, the Vietnam ese state has strong ly m oved towards the tra nsform ation of a centrally-planned econom y to a m ore m arket-oriented m odel, in which p rivate, foreig n and joint-venture businesses are increasing ly becom ing the key pillar s of the national econom y. Another key aspect of theĐổi Mới'sn relationsental shift in the party-state's foreig was a fundam ag enda policy toward a norm alization of Vietnam 's diplom atic and trading relations with China, the United States, and other countries since the early 1990s. Over twenty years after theĐổi Mớirious dom estic and international renewal renovation, Vietnam has been praised by va institutions for its “im pressive” achievem ents in socio-econom ic developm ent and poverty reduction and for its g radual liberalization and m a rket diversification, coupled with its com m itm ent to equality. Consequently, this has chan g ed the relationship between the party-state and society in a num ber of fields, including the control of ag ricultural land and other form s of natural resources. Such transition m arks a g reat chang e in our scholar ly understanding of Vietnam . It has opened the door for intellectual exchang e between a cadem ics and has resulted in a g reat am ount of research and new knowledg e/publications in different lang uag es about various dom ains reg arding Vietnam ese society, including the relationships between the state and society at different levels and in various sectors or g eog raphic areas. Am ong them , studies like those of Kerkvliet, Fforde and others, have developed the “everyday politics approach”, which exam ines social interactions on an everyday a ction basis. This approach “from below” has g iven a fresh im petus to the study of social relations in Vietnam . However, our observations reg arding academ ic resear ch show that besides a num ber of rich ethnog raphic studies, there are m any analyses from different social science disciplines that g ive a g eneralized view of trends of developm e nt and chang e in Vietnam ese society over the past decades with lim ited field data. This m eans that research projects based on first-hand data from long er periods of fieldwork an d qualitative investig ations are still inadequate. As a result, we are sug g esting that m or e field-based research be carried out in order to enhance and prom ote our understanding of V ietnam , especially its processes of socio-political chang es.
CHRISTIAN CULAS
Christian Culas est charg é de recherches en anthropolog ie au centre Norbert Élias (UMR 8562). Responsable du projet de coopération franco-vietnam ien d’étude du chang em ent social et du développem ent au Vietnam (2010-2012), collaboration entre le Centre Norbert Elias (EHESS-CNRS, Marseille), le Départem ent de la Culture, du Tourism e et du Sport de la province de Lao Cai (Vietnam ) et l’Institut des Hautes Etudes Internationales et du Développem ent (IHEID, Genève, Suisse), financé par l’AFD –Départem ent de la recherche.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Localisation Maps
Introduction. Social Interaction between Authorities and People in Contemporary Rural Vietnam: Evidence from Three Case Studies Christian Culas and Nguyen Van Suu
Chapter 1. A failed “success story” for Tourist Development Projects in Tam Dao: Gaps between Laws and their Application Christian Culas Introduction I-Temples, Farmers and Tourist projects: are these the key ing redients in the making of a success story? II-A brief history of local projects in Den Thong villag e III-Sources of tension and conflicts between local administration and villag ers IV-What are the possibilities to file a complaint or to have one’s rig hts recog nized? V-Key elements in understanding the current tensions between villag ers and local authorities VI-What are the possibilities of g overnance within a complex leg al framework? Conclusion
Chapter 2. Agricultural Land Claims in the Red River Delta during Decollectivization Nguyen Van Suu Introduction I-State Laws and Reg ulations about Claims to Land in Contemporary Vietnam II-The Practices of Villag ers’Claims to Land since the Decollectivization Period: The Case of Red River Delta Villag es III-Consequences: Local Conflicts IV-Implications: The Importance of Property Rig hts Conclusion
Chapter 3. Practical Norms and Gaining Legitimacy in Ha Nam Province Nguyen Thi Thanh Binh I-Profane Power II-Tolerance and Sentiment in the Building of Leg itimacy III-Rebuilding Trust and Decision: “Enter into the Hearts” of People IV-Conclusion
Bibliography
Localisation Maps
Vietnam
Northern Vietnam
In grey, the 3 provinces where field studies were conducted
Bac Ninh Province
The * marks where field studies were conducted
Ha Nam Province
The * marks where field studies were conducted
Vinh Phuc Province
The * marks where field studies were conducted