Pan-Africanism: Political Philosophy and Socio-Economic Anthropology for African Liberation and Governance
582 Pages
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Pan-Africanism: Political Philosophy and Socio-Economic Anthropology for African Liberation and Governance


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582 Pages


This Book is the outcome of a long project begun thirty years ago. It is a book on the makings of pan-Africanism through the predicaments of being black in a world dominated by being white. The book is a tribute and celebration of the efforts of the African-American and African-Caribbean Diaspora who took the initiative and the audacity to fight and liberate themselves from the shackles of slavery. It is also a celebration of those Africans who in their own way carried the torch of inspiration and resilience to save and reconstruct the Free Humanism of Africa. As a story of the rise from the shackles of slavery and poverty to the summit of Victors of their Renaissance Identity and Self-Determination as a People, the book is the story of African refusal to celebrate victimhood. The book also situates women as central actors in the Pan-African project, which is often presented as an exclusively masculine endeavour. It introduces a balanced gender approach and diagnosis of the Women actors of Pan-Africanism which was very much lacking. The problem of balkanisation of Africa on post-colonial affiliations and colonial linguistic lines has taken its toll on Africa's building of its common identity and personality. The result is that Africans are more remote to each other in their pigeon-hole-nation-states which put more restrictions for African inter-mobility, coupled by education and cultural affiliations, the communication and transportation and trading networks which are still tied more to their colonial masters than among themselves. This book looks into the problem of the new wave of Pan-Africanism and what strategies that can be proposed for a more participatory Pan-Africanism inspired by the everyday realities of African masses at home and in the diaspora. This book is the first book of its kind that gives a comprehensive and multidimensional coverage of Pan-Africanism. It is a very timely and vital compendium.



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Published 23 September 2015
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EAN13 9789956762088
Language English
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PAN-AFRICANISM PAN-AFRICANISMPolitical Philosophy and Socio-Economic Anthropology for African Liberation and Governance
Anthropology for African Liberation and Governance American Contributions
Caribbean and African American Contributions(VOLUMETHREE)
Fongot Kini-Yen Kinni
PAN-AFRICANISM Political Philosophy and Socio-Economic Anthropology for African Liberation and Governance: Caribbean and African American Contributions (Volume THREE) Fongot Kini-Yen Kinni L a ng a a R esea rch & P u blishing CIG Mankon, Bamenda
Publisher: LangaaRPCIG Langaa Research & Publishing Common Initiative Group P.O. Box 902 Mankon Bamenda North West Region Cameroon Distributed in and outside N. America by African Books Collective ISBN: 9956-762-54-7 ©Fongot Kini-Yen Kinni2015
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, mechanical or electronic, including photocopying and recording, or be stored in any information storage or retrieval system, without written permission from the publisher.
About the Author Dr Fongot Kini-Yen Kinni is Dean of the Faculty of Law and Deputy Vice Chancellor in charge of Research and Cooperation, Bamenda University of Science and Technology – BUST, Bamenda, North West Region, Cameroon. He is a prolific researcher, writer, designer, artist, musician, philosopher and poet, who has travelled widely in Africa and the world. As the Cross-Cultural Coordinator and Trainer of the United States of America Peace Corps Volunteer Programme in Cameroon; he was nicknamed the “renaissance man” by some of his American Peace Corps friends who enjoyed him as a poet, a musician, a creative artist, designer, producer and a writer who, apart from French, Italian, German and English, he could also express himself in his mother-tongue “Mùngáàkà” and his father-tongue “Tángíkóm” and also in Pidgin the Creole language of West Africa. His academic prowess is what has marvelled his friends who used to call him the “professional student”: with a BA in Philosophy, a BA in Theology and MA in Philosophy and Theology from the Pontifical Urbanianan University of Rome after eight years of study, as well as a BSc in the Social Sciences from the International University of Social Sciences Pro Deo, Rome; an MSc in Anthropology with specialisation in Industrial Anthropology, from the University of Paris V Rene Descartes Sorbonne; an MA in History with specialisation in Economic History, and a PhD in Anthropology from the University of Paris VII Jussieu; an MSc in Political Science, with specialisation in International Relations, an LLM in International Law with specialisation in Comparative International and African Law and a PhD in Political Science from the University of Paris I-Pantheon Sorbonne, Paris, France. Homecoming to Cameroon after 26 years of study, research and travel all over Europe, and Latin America where he researched in social change in a Project for the Reforestation of the Andean countries - Columbia, Ecuador Brazil and Peru – PREDESU, under the supervision of the Director of the Bank of America for Development; and acquiring more Anthropological knowledge and insights in the cross-cultural miscegenation of the migrant with the native peoples and cultures of Latin America of the Pacific Coast, decided to restudy and redefine Africa. He was able to appreciate first-hand the forensic dynamic archaeology of the peoples and cultures of the First Nation People (Native Indians) of the Maya of Columbia, the Ketchua and the Guarani of Ecuador and Brazil, the Inca of Ecuador and Peru with the Blacks and Europeans who have contributed to what he identified as “The Chocolate-Black-and Coloured Coast” of the Latin American Pacific Coast line which made him to call it the “Pacific Africa.”. He also honed his research talents when he worked for several years as a research assistant at the French National Centre for Scientific Research – CRNS - at the Laboratory of Legal, Political and Economic Anthropology of the University of Paris I – Pantheon Sorbonne and became
one of the privileged alumni who rigorously attended the Levy-Strauss Conferences at College De France by the Sorbonne. Back in Cameroon he plunged into fundamental research in various topic areas including development studies, conflict and peace-building in Africa, Art, Heritage Management and Public History. He now owns one of the largest Art and Anthropological Museums in Africa with over two thousand African Art Objects and Artefacts, with some dating up to two and three hundred years old. He has taught at several State Universities in Cameroon; and since 2004 has been a Visiting Lecturer at the Aalto University School of Economics and Business of Helsinki, Finland. Since last year he was recruited to teach Pan Africanism at the newly created branch in Cameroon of the Pan African University by The Afrin Union with Head Quarters at Addis Ababa.
Table of Contents Acknowledgement…………………………………………………...v Prologue……………………………………………………………...xv Introduction………………………………………………………….xv Glossary of Acronyms………………………………………………..xxxv Chapter 13: The Seventh and the Eighth Pan African Congress of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania – 1974 and Kampala, Uganda- 1994: The Radical X-ray of the Balkanisation and Neo-Colonisation of Africa by the African Petty Bourgeoisie……………………………………….1 Chapter 14: The Birth of the African Union………………………..53 Chapter 15: A Critical Appraisal and Evaluation of Pan-Africanism Theory of Governance and Development Policy……...151 Chapter 16: Conclusion: A Critical Appraisal and Evaluation of African Identity, Citizenship, African Re-Renaissance for a Sustainable Afrikology and Revolutionary Pan-Africanism for Development…………………………………...219 References/Bibliography……………………………………………323 Appendices…………………………………………………………...349
AcknowledgementMy acknowledgementgoes to Professor Catherine Coquery Vidrovitch who was not onlymyteacher in economic historyof Africa, but also the supervisor of my M.A. thesis in History, who inspired and spurred me on to undertake this research on Pan-Africanism. Her insights and stimulus on methodologywith regards to historiography and the applied Marxist approach of the material historyfoundations of socio-economic modes of and production of human societiesgave me the strongfoundation of myresearch approach. It was through her rigorous and assiduous method of scrutiny that this thesis was rejected for the firstpresentation for defence, because she complained it lacked the historical approach leaningmore on the sociological approach. It was thanks to her strict butprofessional and encouragingguidance that I was able to come upwithpart of the work for the M.A. thesis, in Historyand the entire work whichyou now have beforeyou today. Mygratitude alsogoes to mymentor and Supervisor of myPhD thesis in Political Science, Professor Michel Alliot, who also instilled in me the critical Cartesian spirit. After admittingme into the Laboratoryof Political and Legal Anthropology, of the French National Centre for Scientific Research, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique – CNRS, as a research member, and assistant lecturer in law andpolitical science, he also undertook to drill me how to become an accomplished researcher and an academician. I was veryprivileged that he and his wonderful wife Michelle Alliot Marie admitted me as a member of their familyandgave me full support and access to theirprivate and familylibrary. Credit alsogoes to Professor Etienne Le Roywho incessantlyencouraged me, and his wifeJacqueline Le Roywho initiated me in classicalguitar lessons to bridge upfastidious toil the lon and g toughyears of French Doctorat D’État Thesis research. While she mellowed myand brain in musical heart explorations, Etienne Le Roy initiated andguided me on the nitty-gritty of practical research and field work. His trustful and unfailing friendship was a good shot mybrain and heart will ever appreciate and honour. My recognition alsogoes to Berinyuy Bruno Lukong, who went through the work and was able togive me more critical insights, especiallythe on Southern African contributions which I kind ofpresented superficially. His insights as ayoungperson seeingthis work from a muchyouthfulperspectives made me readjust a lot of the work to entice theyounger readergeneration. I also thank him for his frank and subtle critique and initiative topropose pertinent Southern African Pan Africanists; and his enthusiasm in accepting to v
write theprologue to this book. His selfless interest and endearing care has cemented the spiritual mindset and subconscious spontaneous optic fibres that bind andgenerate our intellectual engineering. This work would not have taken its final lustre had it not been for the diligent and foresighted constructive contribution of Professor Francis B. Nyamnjoh for the supplementaryarticles and books supplied to complete this work. I owe him myinvaluablegratitude, regard and intellectual friendship. Mygratitude alsogoes to myBertha Leo mother, ga Sama Fokum, who encouraged me to devote my energy in writingleave a le to gacy to the next generation. She advised me that seeing the wealth of knowledge and experience I hadgathered from living and studying in Europe for twenty-six years, it weregood for me to, either enterpolitics and take a leadershiprole, or go into writingbrain-drive the to youths of tomorrow with the wealth of myknowledge and experience. Ipreferred and chose the latter and this is the result. My deepeverlastin and ggratitude alsogoes to myAc soul-brothers quiles Sepulveda and Sergio Varas Olea, Steve Moffat, Andrejz Guteck and Louis Crusol, Sama and Godlove Bangha who have always encouraged me to carryon research and write. It equallygoes to mybeloved sisters Martha Nayah Kini and Mary Nsang Kini Ngwabo Ngwabo and to Regine Bella Foumane, mypartner, friend and life accomplice, to Oluwa-Toyin the mother of my twin sons, who have opened for mythe Yoruba rich and creative cultural universe; for their unflinchingresilient su and pport. Their encouragement has been material, financial, emotional andpsychological. Without their contributions and love, even though sometimes at a distance, I would not have had all the energy, assurances, comfort and finances as well as the creativitycarr to y out most of this mammoth research which requires travelling, documenting, buyingreadin and g manyand books papers and falling back onpeople who form the bridges we cross in our lifequest for Happiness and Truth, and makingotherpeople happy. Mygratitude alsogoes to Douglas Kachi Terwase, myNigerian friend and critic who introduced me to the rich ebullient cultural Tiv world. He has contributedgreatly through his encouragement and some vital cross-cultural information and orientation. His relentless friendshipin times of hardshipand despondencyhas been agreat energisingbooster. His verycritical eye in what is trendy and brandyalso shar has pened myof taste, ima sense ging and presentation. I thank you sincerely Kachi. My deep appreciation also goes to my sponsors and friends Professor Stein Skjoschammer and Alvard Haugen the “White Pope” for their emotional and financial as well as their intellectual support during the hard times I
experienced in finalisingthis work. Also myappreciationgoes to Azibo Balga for the firstproof readingand valuable comments, Frederick Oponde for the computerised editingand arrangements ofpictures; to Irene Mejane Epie and Rose Mbole Epie for their sisterly support, their invaluable friendship and encouragement in times of difficulty. Final but not least this homagegoes to myfather Henr beloved y Ghuchi Kini who had the sense togive me a name that would determine my life research forever. It alsogoes to the Dutch Missionaries and especiallythe Irish Missionary Reverend Father Thomas Kennedyfinall who y brought up myfather who became an orphan at the age of eight months after his father Crown Prince Kini was arrested and assassinated in Mamfe bythe Germans in 1912 for resistingcolonisational im their perialism and dominion in Kom, Cameroon, whichprovoked the Laikom Palace Women Anlu Uprising and subsequent suicides of the Princesses and several Fon’s Wives in revolt. That is how mynamed me “Kini” after m father ygrandfather to light his spirit of nationalism. It was in his everlasting memorycoura of ge andpatriotism that I composed thispoem and elegyin his honour titled: Kaisar Reich Theycame with muskets And Daneguns These Nordic harbingers Ofmean crumbs OfCivilisations who decided That God was insane To have created humans in Divine likeness and diversities… From their Platonic cave allegories ofDeformed visions theyswore To resetphenomena to suit their Myopic loops ofinterpretations And reduced the dynamic normative Universe to their Arctic curves To pitch their belief that the sun Can only travel in their skewed optic horizon… And so when they could see the Sun standing at their height’s zenith