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Social problems in europe

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Social work in the twenty-first century faces the dilemmas of the modern world. Ever present problems, such as drug addiction, alcoholism, poverty, homelessness, social exclusion and ethnicity, and crime and terrorism, are becoming increasingly intricate and complex in today's global environment. However, in addition to the old dilemmas there are now new crises and problems. This book is an attempt to respond to the problems of the modern world and to familiarize the reader with various aspects of coping with the challenges of postmodernity (…)

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Published 01 December 2013
Reads 9
EAN13 9782336332918
Language English
Document size 3 MB

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Social problems in Europe Dilemmas and possible solutions
Edyta Januszewska Stéphane Rullac
Social problems in Europe Dilemmas and possible solutions
Collection managed by Ghislaine Pelletier and Stéphane Rullac, BUC Ressources. This collection proposes reflexions formalized within the framework of social work. In accordance with the anthropological approach of BUC Ressources, which considers the human being in all its dimensions, these writings are multi referential, according to the nature of this professional sector which is crossed by social, economic, political, ethical, epistemological and methodological problems. The vocation of the questionings is concrete in order to take part in the professionalization of the grounds, students, trainers and researchers in social work. The Writings of BUC Ressources articulate theories and practices, in close link with the needs and constraints of the professional exercise. This implication in reality is an alternative to publications on social work which too often hesitate to be put at the service of the professional practices and to face the complexity of its realities. This bias falls under an active approach of development of professional fields in specialized education, social and medico-social accompaniment, superior training in social work and on a territory of setting up which has to become a center of excellence. Reviewers Jonas Ruškus Nassira Hedjerassi  Editor L’Harmattan Paris Cover design Emmanuel BusquetBUC Ressources’Librarian
Edited by Edyta Januszewska and Stéphane Rullac Social problems in Europe Dilemmas and possible solutions
“What we all seem to fear, [...] whether we are in the full light of day or harassed by nocturnal hallucinations, is abandonment, exclusion, being rejected, ostracized, disowned, dropped, stripped of what we are, being refused what we wish to be. We fear being left alone, helpless and hapless. Barred company, loving hearts, and helping hands. We fear being dumped - our turn for the scrapyard […]. We yearn for immunity from the toxic fumes that rise from the rubbish dumps”.
Zygmunt Bauman
Illustration de couverture :L’Europe en 3D© 123fr © L’Harmattan, 2013 5-7, rue de l’Ecole-Polytechnique, 75005 Paris http://www.librairieharmattan.com diffusion.harmattan@wanadoo.fr harmattan1@wanadoo.fr ISBN : 978-2-343-01867-6 EAN : 9782343018676
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION Barbara Smolińska-Theiss................................................................................. 7
I.REFUGEES AND IMMIGRANTS........11................................................ “Determinants of social work with refugees and immigrants” Krystyna M. Błeszyńska.................................................................................1.3.............“The arrival of north African migrants in the south of Italy: Practices of sustainable welfare within a non-welcoming system” Anna Elia.................................................................................................................... 33 “Child refugees and immigrants in Denmark: A researcher's reflections” Edyta Januszewska..................................................................................................... 49
II.HOMELESS............................................................................................. 71 “Paths to homelessness: Reconstruction of the process based on research into biographies of the homeless” Małgorzata Kostrzyńska........................................73.....................................................“The emergence of a state-aided aberration? The case of the homeless in France” Stéphane Rullac...........................................................................................................89
III.STREET KIDS, ORPHANHOOD KIDS, FOSTER FAMILY, SUICIDE AMONG YOUNG KIDS............................................................. 105 “Social orphanhood in Russia” Roza Valeeva170.............................................................................................................“Social assistance for the foster family in Russia” Gulnara Biktagirova...................51........1......................................................................“Psycho-pedagogic prevention of suicidal risks among collegiate young people” Nadezhda Kostyunina.................................................................................21....1...........“Actions on behalf of <street children>: Challenges, opportunities, dangers” Ewelina Cazottes...............................217........................................................................
IV.DOMESTIC VIOLENCE..................................................................... 147 “Processual models of biographies of women experiencing domestic violence: An analysis of human strengths in the context of an action plan” Katarzyna Gajek.......................................................................................................149
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V.SENIORS IN POLAND........................................................................ 171 “Social situation of older people in Poland” MariaŁuszczyńska................................................................................................... 173
VI.HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEMOCRACY........................................... 205 “The paradox of religious diversity and human rights in Europe” Anna Odrowąż-Coates............................................................................................. 207“Where do children learn democracy? (a voice from The Netherlands)” Theo Cappon............................................................................................................ 229
REVIEWS OF THE BOOK......................................................................... 235 Jonas Ruškus ........................................................................................................... 235Nassira Hedjerassi, .................................................................................................. 243
A NOTE ABOUT THE AUTHORS............................................................ 249
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INTRODUCTION Prof. Barbara Smolińska-Theiss The Maria Grzegorzewska Academy of Special Education, Warsaw, Poland "Social problems in Europe: Dilemmas and possible solutions" is a significant work. Its realization was at the initiative of Dr. Edyta Januszewska of the Maria Grzegorzewska Academy of Special Education in Warsaw and Dr. Stéphane Rullac of BUC Ressources (Paris region), and it is the expression of several years cooperation between the social workers and pedagogues of these centers. The editors of the volume did not restrict themselves to the circle of their own institutions. They also invited input from members of well known academic centers in Poland, Russia, the Netherlands and Italy. The result of this, is a work that represents a meeting of European academics and professionals who are close to the social problems of modern Europe, who know these issues, and who examine and deal with them in practice. Their studies clearly show that the social problems in today's Europe are of a similar nature, resulting from crises and shortages as well as from the ethnic, political, religious and cultural conflicts plaguing Europe and the world. They also highlight that the spread of these problems transcends the boundaries of place and time, and the delineations of poverty, unemployment, homelessness and domestic violence which embrace Europe at present. "Social problems in Europe: Dilemmas and possible solutions" reveals and presents a little-known picture of a dual natured European community. It is a community of social problems which affect people in different countries. It's also an ideological and professional community of social workers, educators, public policy makers and everyone involved in social care, the support and building of better conditions for development, for improving the quality of life and the observance of human rights, including the rights of children, the disabled and of ethnic and social minorities. On the one hand - the authors treat Europe as a shared endeavor, a social project encompassed by the slogans of freedom, equality, justice and democracy. On the other hand, they point to today's nagging problems of economic, political and social crisis. They reveal the dangers and shortcomings afflicting various social groups and unmask the failures of social services in different countries. The myth of universal abundance has been shattered and faith in the efficacy of the welfare state and in its willingness and effectiveness to solve social problems has also collapsed. The winners and losers of the transformations are
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become increasingly easier to recognize. Before our eyes a group is growing that was described Zygmunt Bauman as people for the rubbish tip. Among these are refugees, immigrants, orphans, street children, the homeless, and women and children experiencing violence. These are people ejected from mainstream society that end up stigmatized and marginalized. This group includes European and North African migrants as well as those fleeing war and violence from various parts of the world. Many make their way to Italy and France, but also to Denmark and Poland, in the hope of finding better living conditions. However, they often find that legal, political, and economic realities soon dispel the myth of finding easy opportunities to settle in another country and of an untroubled life. "Social problems in Europe: Dilemmas and possible solutions" is centered around three themes. The first involves the presentation of selected social problems with refugees and migration at the fore. This theme is illustrated by the works: "The arrival of North African migrants in the South of Italy: Practices of sustainable welfare within a non-welcoming system" (Dr. Anna Elia); "Child refugees and immigrants in Denmark: A researcher's reflections" (Dr. Edyta Januszewska); "Determinants of social work with refugees and immigrants" (Prof. Krystyna M. Błeszyńska). This section also includes the article "The paradox of religious diversity and human rights in Europe" (Dr. Anna Odrowąż-Coates). These works examine the overall legal, political, and cultural regulation of the migration and refugee problems in the world today. They are completed by a pedagogical analysis of the situation of refugee and immigrant children presently in Denmark. In general, the above studies show a diverse, multi-faceted and differentiated picture of migration and of the situation of migrants in Europe, be it in Italy, which is taking in Africans that land in Calabria and Sicily, or in France, which is experiencing a variety of religious and cultural entanglements with its significant Muslim population. The second thematic area raised by the authors focuses on social work practices. Here, in "Processual models of biographies of women experiencing domestic violence: An analysis of human strengths in the context of an action plan" (Dr. Katarzyna Gajek), theoretical and methodological material shows social work both as a discipline and a research process, while the works "Actions on Behalf of <street children>: Challenges, opportunities, dangers" (M.A. Ewelina Cazottes); "Social orphanhood in Russia" (Prof. Roza Valeeva); "Social assistance for the foster family in Russia" (Dr. Gulnara Biktagirova); "Psycho-pedagogic prevention of suicidal risks among collegiate young people" (Dr. Nadezhda Kostyunina); "Where do children learn democracy? (a voice from The Netherlands)" (Ing. Theo Cappon) and "Social situation of older
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people in Poland" (Dr. Maria Łuszczyńska), describe the development of social and welfare practices for the benefit of children, women, families, youth, and the elderly. The last two papers cover the final and third theme of homelessness: "Paths to Homelessness: Reconstruction of the process based on research into biographies of the homeless" (M.A. Małgorzata Kostrzyńska) and "The emergence of a state-aided aberration? The case of the homeless in France" (Dr. Stéphane Rullac). They share common subject but present completely different insights. The first looks at the life paths that can lead to this phenomenon. In the second, the author looks at the problem of homelessness in a broader historical context, examining the changing legal status and the variety of system solutions in France that are adopted by social services. These concluding works also give insights into the broad field of research and study that is contemporary social work. They present what is common, and to some extent universal, in the sphere of the individual and show the differences in approach to social solutions. In Poland, as well as in France, Russia, Italy and the Netherlands, the problems of poverty, displacement, orphanhood and homelessness of both children and adults are a difficult fate that marks and excludes. However, each country has differing regulations, traditions and capacities with which to address the problems before them. Individual countries are therefore having to build their own systems and care institutions, their own support networks, and they are mobilizing different social and cultural capital. "Social problems in Europe: Dilemmas and possible solutions" is an important and necessary read for social workers, educators and public policy makers. It reveals what unites and what differentiates us in Europe today, as well as teaching us how to identify, define, and understand the social problems of individuals and of social groups. The works within help us to reflect on the essence, meaning, power and, in some cases, the powerlessness of social work. Not only we are presented with the possibilities that exist, including institutional standard solutions, but we are also compelled at the same time to seek our own paths to the better understanding of social work and to the improvement of the profession itself.
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