169 Pages
English
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The United Nations, the Bretton Woods Institutions and African Reconstruction

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169 Pages
English

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The United Nations and the Bretton Woods institutions were established in the immediate post-World War II period to preserve and promote international peace and security, cooperation, free trade in goods and services in the world as a factor of reconstruction and development after the overwhelming effects of the war. What is the relationship between Sub-Saharan Africa and the United Nations and the Bretton Woods institutions? What are the roles of these institutions in African reconstruction and development?

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Published 01 November 2014
Reads 31
EAN13 9782336359878
Language English
Document size 3 MB

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Lang Fafa DAMPHA
The United Nations, the Bretton Woods Institutions and African Reconstruction
The United Nations, the Bretton Woods Institutions and African Reconstruction
© L’Harmattan, 2014 5-7, rue de l’Ecole polytechnique, 75005 Paris http://www.harmattan.fr diffusion.harmattan@wanadoo.fr harmattan1@wanadoo.fr ISBN : 978-2-343-04585-6 EAN : 9782343045856
Lang Fafa DAMPHA The United Nations, the Bretton Woods Institutions and African Reconstruction
L’Harmattan
By the same author 1. Nationalism and Reparation in West Africa, L'Harmattan, April 2013 2.Afrique subsaharienne : mémoire, histoire et réparation. L'Harmattan, June 2013. 3. African Aliens (novel), L'Harmattan, July 2013. 4. African Attitude (novel),L'Harmattan, December 2013.
Acknowledgement My sincere thanks to all those who have contributed directly or indirectly to the writing of this book. Special thanks to Mr. and Mrs. Alan and Anne Trevarthen and Mr Marc Solère for their encouragement and assistance. I also thank my colleague Dr. Moustafa Traore for his constant support and solidarity. I thank my mother, Mba Maty, and my wife, Isatou Njie Dampha for their love, protection and encouragement.
This book is dedicated to the memory of my late beloved paternal grandmother, Mba Fatou (Keba) Jammeh. The upbringing you gave me contributed to the person I am today. Thank you Mba Keba; rest in Heaven.
The ideas and intentions behind the creation of the international economic institutions were good ones, yet they gradually evolved over the years to become something different. Joseph Stiglitz,Globalisation and its discontent
Table of Contents Introduction ........................................................................................ 11Chapter 1 ........................................................................................... 19The concept of reconstruction and development in Sub-Saharan Africa................................................................................. 19 The United Nations and African reconstruction ...................... 25  The structure and functioning of the United Nations .......... 36  The Security Council and the veto right................................... 45  The reform of the Security Council ......................................... 56 Chapter two........................................................................................ 71The Bretton Woods institutions and African reconstruction..71  The World Trade Organisation.................................................. 72  The Doha Development Agenda and the Bali Agreement.77  The International Monetary Fund and the Wold Bank ......... 97  The Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP) ................... 109 The structure and functioning of the International Mometary Fund and the World Bank...................................117
Conclusion ........................................................................................ 133
Bibliography .................................................................................. 147
Index............................................................................................... 161