Underdevelopment, Development and the Future of Africa
573 Pages
English
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Underdevelopment, Development and the Future of Africa

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573 Pages
English

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In view of the resilience of Africa's underdevelopment, what do Africans make of their determined aspirations for development? The continent of Africa has constantly drawn global attention, most especially for both human and natural evils. Underdevelopment, it appears, is one of the most eminent threatening evils. It has plunged and promises to maintain the majority of Africa in abject poverty, insecurity, and vulnerability. What perpetuates the ghost and gory of underdevelopment in Africa, despite a proliferation of development rhetoric and initiatives? How do ordinary Africans react to repeated talk and claims of development with little evidence of transformation for the better in their material circumstances? This book interrogates the tenacity of underdevelopment amid calls for Africa to rise from its slumber and reclaim its position in global affairs as the mother continent of humankind. It contributes to the ongoing debates on why Africa remains trapped in the clutch of underdevelopment many decades after the purported end of colonialism. The book comes at a critical time in human history; a time when the talk on Africa's [under-]development is louder due to the ravages of economic downturns and dysfunctional conflicts. It poses a challenge to development practitioners, civil society activists, statesmen, economists, political scientists and theorists to rethink and reconsider their role as technocrats, experts and ambassadors of positive change in Africa and the world beyond.

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Published by
Published 10 February 2017
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EAN13 9789956764884
Language English
Document size 6 MB

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Underdevelopment, Development
DITEDBY
Underdevelopment, Development and the Future of Africa
EDITEDBY Munyaradzi Mawere
Underdevelopment, Development and The Future of Africa Edited by Munyaradzi Mawere L a ng a a R esea rch & P u blishing CIG Mankon, Bamenda
Publisher:LangaaRPCIG Langaa Research & Publishing Common Initiative Group P.O. Box 902 Mankon Bamenda North West Region Cameroon Langaagrp@gmail.comwww.langaa-rpcig.net Distributed in and outside N. America by African Books Collective orders@africanbookscollective.com www.africanbookcollective.com ISBN-10: 9956-764-63-9 ISBN-13: 978-9956-764-63-1 ©Munyaradzi Mawere 2017All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, mechanical or electronic, including photocopying and recording, or be stored in any information storage or retrieval system, without written permission from the publisher
List of Contributors Munyaradzi Mawereholds a PhD in Social Anthropology from the University of Cape Town (UCT) in South Africa. Professor Mawere also holds a Master’s Degree in Social Anthropology from UCT; a Master’s Degree in Development Studies; Master’s Degree in Philosophy; B. A. (Hons) Degree in Philosophy; Certificate in Tertiary and Higher Learning; Certificate in Information Technology; and Certificate in Diplomacy, Negotiation and Bargaining. He is currently Professor in the Department of Culture and Heritage Studies at Great Zimbabwe University. Before joining this university, Professor Mawere was a lecturer at the University of Zimbabwe and at Universidade Pedagogica, Mozambique, where he has worked in different capacities as a Senior lecturer, Assistant Research Director, Postgraduate Co-ordinator and Associate Professor. He has an outstanding publishing record of more than one hundred and twenty pieces of work which include more than twenty-five books and over a hundred book chapters and papers in scholarly journals. Professor Mawere has published extensively on poverty and community development, knowledge studies, political anthropology, science and technology studies (STS), environment and agrarian issues, democracy and African states, coloniality, decoloniality and transformation, African philosophy and political systems, culture and heritage studies. Some of his bestselling books are:Other Humans, Beings and the Environment: Harurwa (Edible stinkbugs) and Environmental Conservation in South-eastern Zimbabwe(2015);Democracy, Good Governance and Development in Africa: A Search for Sustainable Democracy and Development, (2015);Culture, Indigenous Knowledge and Development in Africa: Reviving Interconnections for Sustainable Development (2014);Harnessing Cultural Capital for Sustainability: A Pan Africanist Perspective (2015);Divining the Future of Africa: Healing the Wounds, Restoring Dignity and Fostering Development,(2014);African Cultures, Memory and Space: Living the Past Presence in Zimbabwean Heritage(2014);African Philosophy and Thought Systems: A Search for a Culture and Philosophy of Belonging(2016); andColonial Heritage, Memory and Sustainability in Africa: Challenges, Opportunities and Prospects(2016).
Richard Asanteholds a PhD in Political Science under the Harvard University (USA) and University of Ghana Split-PhD Programme. Asante is a Senior Research Fellow and Lecturer in the Institute of African Studies University of Ghana, Legon. He previously served as the Head of Department/Research Coordinator of the History and Politics Unit of the Institute of African Studies from August 2014 to July 2016. He also directed that Institute’s Quality of Life (QoL) research project which seeks to determine the quality of life of Ghanaians. He is currently a Visiting Scholar (in Residence) in International Relations at Pomona College, Claremont, USA, were he teaches comparative politics of Africa and Advanced course on Peace and Security in Africa. He has special research interest in the political economy of African development, social capital, democratisation and peace and conflict studies. Thomas Foxis a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Sociology at the University of Namibia, and is Honorary Research Fellow at University of Stellenbosch where he undertook PhD research on the topic of actor negotiations of media and identity formation in Windhoek. He teaches and researches in the areas of media cultures, social theory, development studies and political sociology. He formerly taught at Kingston and South Bank Universities (UK), and Birkbeck College (University of London). He has published in Namibia and internationally. His recent publications are Namibia’s Emergent Transculturalism at the African Global Borderlands (2014), Ethnicity in Discourse (2015, with Gerald Stell), Confronting the Global (2016), and War Without End (2016). He is co-author of the book Namibia Society Sociology (2005). Artwell Nhemachenaholds a PhD in Social Anthropology; MSc in Sociology and Social Anthropology and BSc Honours Degree in Sociology. He has lectured at a number of universities in Zimbabwe before pursuing his PhD studies in South Africa. Currently he lectures in Sociology at the University of Namibia. His currently areas of research interest are Knowledge Studies; Development Studies; Environment; Resilience; Food Security and Food Sovereignty; Industrial Sociology; Conflict and Peace; Transformation; Science and Technology Studies, Democracy and Governance; Relational
Ontologies; Decoloniality and Anthropological jurisprudence. He has published in the areas of democracy and governance; conflict and peace; relational ontologies; industrial sociology; development; environment, and knowledge studies; transformation and decoloniality. He has been a CODESRIA Laureate since 2010 and has been participating in the CODESRIA Democratic Governance Institute. Gertjan van Stam is a Research Fellow at the Scientific and Industrial Research and Development Centre (SIRDC) of Zimbabwe. He holds an MTech (cum laude) from Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University (NMMU) in South Africa. Gertjan and his family lived in the rural areas of Zimbabwe and Zambia for over 13 years. His broad academic interests focus on the nexus of society and technology in the so-called periphery with the goal to identify and inspire local talent and engender local capacity for community-led activities. Mohammed Abubakar Yinusaan Associate Professor and is Lecturer in the Department of Sociology, University of Ilorin, Nigeria. His area of specialization is in Sociology of Development and Social Problems. He has several publications and has attended various conferences both locally and internationally.Mirjam van ReisenisProfessor Computing for Society at Leiden University, Leiden Centre of Data Science and professor for International Relations, Innovation and Care at Tilburg University and chair of the research network ‘Globalisation, Accessibility, Innovation and Care’ (GAIC). She lectures at Amsterdam University College (AUC). Van Reisen is Director of Europe External Policy Advisors (EEPA) and the Secretary General of the Europe External Programme with Africa. She is a member of the Dutch Government Council on International Relations and the chair of the Commission on Development Cooperation. Van Reisen is a member of the Supervisory Boards of the Transnational Institute (TNI), Philips Foundation and the Dutch Development Organisation (SNV). She has a Masters in Social Sciences from Nijmegen University and a PhD in Social Sciences from the University of Maastricht. In 2012 Mirjam
van Reisen received the Golden Image Award for Peace-Building from President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia. Her most recent books and articles include: https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/en/news/2016/04/searching-for-the-wanted-and-unwanted-effects-of-innovation; “Maslow’s Theory of Human Motivation and its Deep Roots in Individualism: Interrogating Maslow’s Applicability in Africa”, In: M. Mawere & A. Nhemachena (Eds.), Theory, Knowledge, Development and Politics: What Role for the Academy in the Sustainability of Africa? Langaa: Bamenda; “Money Remittances: Contributing to the Quality of Rural Health Care”; “ICT and Changing Identities”; “ICT-facilitated Human Trafficking (Handbook on Human Trafficking)” in: Van Reisen, M. (ed) (2015). Women's Leadership in Peace-building. Community, Conflict and Care, Trenton: Africa World Press; Van Reisen M., Estefanos M., Rijken C., (2014). The Human Trafficking Cycle: Sinai and Beyond. Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Publishers. Van Reisen, M, Estefanos, M, & Rijken, C., (2012); and Human Trafficking in the Sinai: Refugees between Life and death. Nijmegen: Wolf Publishers;Sinai Trafficking: Origin and Definition of a new Form of Human Trafficking. Social Inclusion, 3 (1): 113-124).Ephraim Taurai Gwaravandaholds a Philosophy PhD from the University of South Africa (UNISA). Heis a philosophy lecturer at Great Zimbabwe University where he teaches Advanced Logic, Metaphysics and Philosophy of Law. His research interests are in the areas of Indigenous Knowledge Systems, Globalization, Epistemic Justice, Governance and Legal Philosophy. He has published several articles with international peer reviewed journals. Primrose Nakazibwea PhD holder and senior lecturer at the is Institute of Interdisciplinary Training and Research, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Uganda. I have taught many development courses including; Gender and Development, Rural Development and Civil Society Organisations. My research interest include: Gendered Commodity Chain analysis, Gender analysis and Community Development. I have passion working with rural communities as well as the marginalised populations. If am not doing
professional work, I am into small scale agricultural life enjoying both nature and food science. Joseph Adesoji Oluyemi is a prospective PhD student in the Department of Sociology, University of Ilorin, Nigeria. His areas of specialisation include Medical Sociology and Sociology of Development with special interests in Adolescent Health, Occupational health, Infectious diseases, Emerging diseases, Sexualities and issues in development. Takavafira Masarira Zhouis an environmental historian, a Lemba, trade unionist, educationist and Human Rights defender. He is a holder of B.A. General, B.A. Special Honours in History, Masters in African History, Graduate Certificate in Education, and D. Phil in Environmental History from the University of Zimbabwe. He was a Teaching Assistant in the History Department at the University of Zimbabwe (1991-1995), a History Lecturer at Mutare Teachers’ college (2002-2004), and a part-time History Lecturer at Africa University (2002-2004). He joined Great Zimbabwe University in 2004 as a History Lecturer and had by the time of his departure in 2008 helped to transform the history subject area into the Department of History and Development Studies. He was a technical advisor (researcher) in Zimbabwe Constitution Select Committee (2010-2011) that produced Zimbabwe’s new Constitution in 2013. He was also a member of the National Education Advisory Board (2009-2013) that among other things helped the then Ministry of Education, Sports, Arts and Culture in strategic planning, resource mobilisation and policy formulation during the period of Inclusive Government. Currently he is the president of the Progressive Teachers’ Union of Zimbabwe, and treasurer of the Non Aligned Teachers’ Unions of Southern Africa (ANTUSA). He has presented various papers at conferences in Zimbabwe, Africa, Europe and Asia. He has also published on African agriculture; white settler farming; environmental impact of mining in Zimbabwe; peace and security in Africa; History curricula changes in Zimbabwe; post-2016 Africa’s development; teacher education; and general history and politics of Zimbabwe.
Friday-Otun, Josephwho holds a Doctorate degree in Linguistics, is a Senior Lecturer of Linguistics at the Department of Linguistics and Nigerian Languages, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria. His areas of interests include Applied Linguistics, Sociolinguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics. He has taught and supervised both graduate and undergraduate students in the University. He is a member of many professional associations such as Linguistic Association of Nigeria, West African Language Congress, Yoruba Studies Association of Nigeria and Nigerian English Studies Association. Dr Friday-Otun has published papers in local, national and international journals such as Journal of Linguistic Association of Nigeria, Journal of West African Languages, Journal of Language, Discourse and Society and Journal of International Association of Translators.Raji Abdulateefis a PhD student and lecturer II in the Department of Sociology, University of Ilorin, Nigeria. His areas of specialization include Sociology of Development, Rural Sociology and Social issues. Costain Tandiis a High school teacher for Advanced level History and Sociology as well as Head of Department (Humanities) at Rufaro High School, Chatsworth, Zimbabwe. He holds a Masters Degree in Development Studies from Midlands State University, Bachelor of th Arts 4 year Honours (History) from Great Zimbabwe University, Bachelor of Arts General Degree from the University of Zimbabwe, Graduate Certificate in Education from Great Zimbabwe University, An Executive certificate in Program and Project Monitoring and Evaluation from the University of Zimbabwe and An Executive Certificate in Project Management from the University of Zimbabwe. His research interests include but not limited to Indigenous Knowledge systems, Climate change and Variability, Rural poverty, agriculture and community development.Odeigah, Theresa Nfam (Mrs)is a holder of B.A (History), M.A. (History), PGDE, PhD (History). She is a lecturer in the Department of History and International Studies at the University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. She is an Economic Historian specialising in
the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. She has publications in scholarly journals in the area of economic history. Fidelis Peter Thomas Duriis a lecturer in the Department of History and Development Studies at Great Zimbabwe University. He is a holder of a PhD in History from the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. He has published a number of books and articles which focus on environmental history, socio-cultural dynamics, subaltern struggles, African border studies and politics in Zimbabwe during the colonial and post-colonial periods. He has also reviewed and edited a number of scholarly books and articles and is also a member of the editorial boards of international journals such as theZimbabwe Journal of Historical Studies and theInternational Journal of Developing Societies.Ineke Buskensan independent research, gender and process is facilitation consultant, working with (international) NGO’s, government departments, local municipalities, universities and research councils in Africa and beyond. She has published on qualitative and emancipatory research methodology, women empowerment, Gender and ICT, women’s health, and open development. Ineke obtained her Doctoral degree in Cultural Anthropology from the Rijks Universiteit Leiden in the Netherlands, where she co-designed the country’s first major women’s studies’ curriculum in 1978. During the period 1991-1996, when she was leading the Centre for Research Methodology at the Human Sciences Research Council in South Africa, Ineke designed and facilitated the country’s first experiential education programme in qualitative and participatory research methods. Since then, Ineke has designed and facilitated several national and transnational research projects with one of these evolving into the GRACE Network, a collective of 35 research teams in 18 countries in Africa and the Middle East, focusing on women empowerment and Information and Communication Technology. GRACE published two books of which Ineke has been the main editor. At this moment, Ineke is based in Macao, SAR China, where she holds the position of principal research fellow at the United Nations University Institute on Computing and Society (UNU-CS).