324 Pages
English

Unemployment and Health

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This outstanding book provides a rare insight into ground-breaking comprehensive research from Europe, Australia, Asia and the United States on the health impact of unemployment on the individual and the community. Featuring authors from across the fields of psychology, medicine, economics, sociology, occupational health and organisational development,  Unemployment and Health outlines current theory and findings about the factors responsible for the generally detrimental health effects of being out of work or in unstable employment. This book is a vital resource for policy-makers, social workers, educators, researchers, students and anyone with an interest in the global effects of unemployment on the human condition.

Unemployment and Health is based on presentations by leading researchers at the Second International Expert Conference organised by the Scientific Committee Unemployment and Health of the International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH) on ‘Occupational Transitions: Unemployment, Underemployment and Health’, held in Adelaide, Australia in December 2001. The activities of this body bring together researchers working specifically on occupational health issues related to employment with those focusing on the health effects of being out of work in a society centred on paid employment. Thus the ICOH Scientific Committee tries to bridge these two areas that are traditionally separated and to reduce the gap between unemployment research and occupational health. The Adelaide conference was the second international conference. The first one, held in Paris in 1998, focused on interventions with unemployed people. Additional contributions have been invited from other leading researchers who were unable to attend the conference.


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Published by
Published 01 December 2006
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EAN13 9781875378876
Language English
Document size 2 MB

Legal information: rental price per page 0.0050€. This information is given for information only in accordance with current legislation.

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> Unemployment and Health International and Interdisciplinary Perspectives
Edited by Thomas Kieselbach, Anthony H. Winefield, Carolyn Boyd and Sarah Anderson
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First published in 2006 from a completed manuscript presented to Australian Academic Press 32 Jeays Street Bowen Hills Qld 4006 Australia www.australianacademicpress.com.au
© 2006. Copyright for each contribution in the book rests with the listed authors.
All responsibility for editorial matter rests with the authors. Any views or opinions expressed are therefore not necessarily those of Australian Academic Press.
Reproduction and communication for educational purposes The Australian Copyright Act 1968 (the Act) allows a maximum of one chapter or 10% of the pages of this work, whichever is the greater, to be reproduced and/or communicated by any educational institution for its educational purposes provided that the educational institution (or the body that administers it) has given a remuneration notice to Copyright Agency Limited (CAL) under the Act.
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Reproduction and communication for other purposes Except as permitted under the Act (for example, a fair dealing for the purposes of study, research, criticism or review) no part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, communicated or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written permission. All inquiries should be made to the publisher at the address above.
National Library of Australia Cataloguing-in-Publication data:
Unemployment and health: international and interdisciplinary perspectives.
eBook ISBN 9781875378616
1. Unemployment — Health aspects. 2. Unemployment — Psychological aspects. 3. Unemployment — Social aspects. I. Kieselbach, Thomas. II. Winefield, Anthony H. (Anthony Harold), 1937–. 331.137
Cover design by Andrea Rinarelli of Australian Academic Press, Brisbane. Editing and typesetting by Australian Academic Press, Brisbane.
Foreword
Introduction
SECTION1
Health Effects of Unemployment
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Explanations for Deteriorating Wellbeing in Unemployed People: Specific Unemployment Theories and Beyond Peter A. Creed and Dee Bartrum
Chapter 2 Insecurity, the Restructuring of Unemployment and Mental Health David Fryer
Chapter 3 Justice Concerns and Mental Health During Unemployment Claudia Dalbert
Chapter 4 Quantitative Reviews in Psychological Unemployment Research: An Overview Karsten Ingmar Paul and Klaus Moser
Chapter 5 Unemployment, Secure Employment and Insecure Employment: Differences in Self-Reported Ill Health Bengt Starrin and Staffan Janson
Chapter 6 The Finances–Shame Model and the Relation Between Unemployment and Health Bengt Starrin and Leif R. Jönsson
Chapter 7 Retrenchment and Health Parameters: A Short Report Dimity Pond, Elizabeth Harris, Parker Magin, Amber Sutton, Vanessa Traynor, Kate D’Este and Susan Goode
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CONTENTS (CONTINUED)
SECTION1 (CONTINUED)
Chapter 8 Suicidal Ideation in the Long-Term Unemployed: A Five-Year Longitudinal Study Bjørgulf Claussen
Chapter 9 Quality of Life of the Employed and Unemployed in Turkey: A Comparative Field Study Yucel Demiral, Alp Ergör, Belgin Unal and Semih Semin
Chapter 10 Health and Lifestyle of Reemployed and Unemployed People Following the Japanese Corporate Reorganisation Law Tatsuya Ishitake and Tsunetaka Matoba
Chapter 11 Do the Health Consequences of Unemployment Differ For Young Men and Women? Anne Hammarström and Urban Janlert
Chapter 12 Mass Lay-Offs and Tolerance for Mental Illness: Racial Differences in the Economy’s Effect on Coerced Treatment Eric Kessell and Ralph Catalano
Chapter 13 Demographic, Occupational and Employer-Related Determinants of Long-Term Unemployment Among Danish Employees Thomas Lund and Merete Labriola
Chapter 14 Organisational Citizenship Behaviours in Relation to Job Status, Job Insecurity, Organisation Commitment and Identification, Job Satisfaction and Work Values N.T. Feather and Katrin A. Rauter
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SECTION2
CONTENTS (CONTINUED)
Interventions to Limit the Health Effects of Unemployment: Activation Policies and Empowerment
Chapter 15 Active Labour Market Programs for Young Long-Term Unemployed: Psychological Impact of Participation in a Recent Program Anthony H. Winefield and Edgar Carson
Chapter 16 Explaining the Negative Relationship Between Length of Unemployment and the Willingness to Undertake a Job Training: A Self-Determination Perspective Maarten Vansteenkiste, Hans De Witte and Willy Lens
Chapter 17 The Role of Limited Duration Contracts in Labour Market Transition Ola Bergström
Chapter 18 Youth Unemployment and the Risk of Social Exclusion in Six European Countries Thomas Kieselbach
Chapter 19 Can Volunteering Be a Moderator of the Detrimental Effects of Engagement in (Un)Employment? Jacques C. Metzer
Chapter 20 Restructuring and Outplacement in the Netherlands Ellen Heuven, Arnold Bakker and Wilmar Schaufeli
Chapter 21 Unemployment and Activation Policy: The Finnish Experience Simo Mannila
About the Contributors
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Foreword
There is ample circumstantial evidence indicating that unemployment, and underemployment, can cause or contribute to physical, mental and social morbidity. According to the United Nations Convention on Human Rights, the member states ‘recognise the right to work, which includes the right of everyone to the opportunity to gain his living by work which he freely chooses or accepts, and will take appropriate steps to safeguard this right’. In the same vein, the European Council concludes that ‘regaining full employment not only involves focusing on more jobs, but also on better jobs. Increased efforts should be made to promote a good working envi-ronment for all, including equal opportunities for the disabled, gender equality, good and flexible work organisation permitting better reconcilia-tion of working and personal life, lifelong learning, health and safety at work, employee involvement and diversity in working life’. And, according to Article 152 of the Treaty of Amsterdam, ‘a high level of human health protection shall be ensured in the definition and imple-mentation of all Community policies and activities’. Briefly, then, the insights exist. But they are not implemented. Given the present world rates of unemployment, underemployment and overemployment, there is an urgent need for integrative approaches to: • minimise unemployment and underemployment • minimise overemployment • promote ‘the good job’ • humanise workforce restructuring. By bringing together researchers from all over the world and from a range of different disciplines, this book makes an important contribution to our understanding of the complex range of issues involved in combating the problems caused by unemployment and underemployment.
Lennart Levi Karolinska Institute, Sweden
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Introduction
The objective of this book is to present important new findings from leading researchers who have examined the health impact of unemployment and underemployment on the individual and the community. Importantly, this book brings together research findings from Europe, Australia, Asia and the United States, and across the fields of psychology, medicine, economics, soci-ology, occupational health and organisational development. There is growing interest in employment research, due to the recogni-tion that unemployment and unstable employment can result in negative health effects. In a world work environment where there is an increase in temporary and contract work (so-called ‘flexible [precarious] employ-ment’), where working part-time is more common, and where people may be expected to retrain for new careers several times over, workers are increasingly subjected to new work-related pressures. These changes in the work environment bring financial and social costs to both the individual and society, and research is needed to measure these costs and identify methods of reducing them. This book addresses this growing interest in employment and unem-ployment research, by compiling papers based on presentations by leading researchers at the Second International Expert Conference organised by the Scientific Committee Unemployment and Health of the International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH) on ‘Occupational Transitions: Unemployment, Underemployment and Health’, held in Adelaide, Australia in December, 2001. The activities of this body bring together researchers working specifically on occupational health issues related to employment with those focusing on the health effects of being out of work in a society centred on paid employment. Thus the ICOH Scientific Committee tries to bridge these two areas that are traditionally separated and to reduce the gap between unemployment research and occu-pational health. The Adelaide conference was the second international con-ference. The first one, held in Paris in 1998, focused on interventions with unemployed people. Additional contributions have been invited from other leading researchers who were unable to attend the conference. The main aim of the book is to outline current theory and findings about the factors responsible for the generally detrimental health effects of being out of work or in unstable employment. In this context, the mechanisms underlying the
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