Unite or Perish
390 Pages
English
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390 Pages
English

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This book is an outcome of the third conference in the successful 'Scramble for Africa' International Conference series, now renamed the 'African Unity for Renaissance' International Conference. The book provides an overview and contains profound analyses of the important issues pertaining to African Unity and African Renaissance. The book is accessible to a wide variety of readers, ranging from policy makers to researchers, from teachers to students, and for anyone concerned with the further development of the African continent and Africa's renewal. The book outlines the various issues that animate Africa's stand in the global political, socio-economic, cultural and technological arenas. The chapters gathered in the book critically examine and evaluate the burning questions and challenges with which Africa is grappling. This book is one of the vital texts for understanding how Africa will manage to navigate the tumultuous waters of globalisation as Africa has just recently emerged out of the horrors of slavery, colonialism, apartheid, neo-colonialism and genocide, and is still wrestling with unceasing conflicts, popular unrest, neo-imperialism, coloniality and mushrooming insurgency. The chapters provide a much-needed insight into the issue of whether Africa has achieved genuine and meaningful independence after 50 years of the founding of the OAU and whether the baby-steps Africa has taken towards unity are worth celebrating. The contributors highlight these and allied issues with a view to capture more public attention in order to stimulate debate and usher in a new phase in the quest for African Unity and Renaissance. The contributors are distinguished authors and established and emerging scholars in their own domains. While a majority of the contributors are from the continent, distinguished scholars from around the globe have joined their African fellows in dealing with the relevant issues regarding Africa's place in an ever changing world.

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Published 26 March 2015
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EAN13 9780798304849
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Unite or Perish Afrîca Fîfty Years after the Foundîng of the OAU Edited by Mammo Muchie, Vusi Gumede, Phindile Lukhele-Olorunju and Hailemichael Teshome Demissie
Unite or Perish: Africa Fifty Years after the Founding of the OAU
First published in 2014 by the Africa Institute of South Africa Private Bag X41 Pretoria South Africa, 0001 ISBN: 978-0-7983-0483-2
© Copyright Africa Institute of South Africa 2014
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted by any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission from the copyright owner. Any unauthorised copying could lead to civil liability and/or criminal sanctions.
To copy any part of this publication, you may contact DALRO for information and copyright clearance.
Telephone: 086 12 DALRO (from within South Africa); +27 (0)11 712-8000 Telefax:+27 (0)11 403-9094 Postal Address: P O Box 31627, Braamfontein, 2017, South Africa www.dalro.co.za.
Opinions expressed and conclusions arrived at in this book are those of the authors and should not be attributed to the Africa Institute of South Africa.
Project Manager: Kate Speirs Copy Editing: Write Skills Proofreading: Bangula Language Centre CC Design and Layout: Dudu Coelho Cover Design: Berekile Pila Projects Printing: BusinessPrint
The Africa Institute of South Africa is a think tank and research organisation, focusing on political, socio-economic, international and development issues in contemporary Africa. The Institute conducts research, publishes books, monographs, occasional papers, policy briefs and a quarterly journal – Africa Insight. The Institute holds regular seminars on issues of topical interest. It is also home to one of the best library and documentation centres world-wide, with materials on every African country.
For more information, contact the Africa Institute of South Africa at Private Bag X41, Pretoria, South Africa 0001 Email publish@hsrc.ac.za; or visit our website at http://www.ai.org.za
Contents
Preface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Mammo Muchie, Phindile Lukhele-Olorunju and Hailemichael Teshome Demissie
About the Contributors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .viii
About the Editors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x
Abbreviations and Acronyms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xi
List of Tables 20.1 Conlict Cases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .330 20.2 Neutra Cases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .331
INTRODUCTION Is it Still ‘Unite or Perish’ Time for Africa?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xv Mammo Muchie and Vusi Gumede
PART I Pan-Africanism: Shared Values of Governance and Democratic Principles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. . . . . . . . . .
CHAPTER 1 Ancient African Ethics and the African Union. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 An African Mode for Sustainabe Deveopment Charles Verharen
CHAPTER 2 Re-discovering and Re-vitalising the Neglected Roots of Pan-Africanism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ethiopianism for African Renaissance and Unity Mammo Muchie and Hailemichael Demissie
CHAPTER 3 Applying Categorial Conversion to the Study of the African Liberation Day Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 John Trimble
CHAPTER 4 Institutional and Leadership Rebirth as Prerequisites for Africa’s Social, Economic and Political Transformation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Westen Shilaho
i
ii
CHAPTER 5 Re-visiting Marcus Garvey. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 Extrapoating Lessons for Twenty-rst Century Pan-Africanism th and the AU’s 6 Region CONTENTS Claudius Fergus
CHAPTER 6 Re-thinking Nigeria’s Foreign Policy Approach to Continental Integration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103 Poicy Perspectives Babatunde Fagbayibo
CHAPTER 7 Female Youth in Africa and their Involvement in Political Activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114 Babatunde Omotosho
PART II Pan-African Education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .129
CHAPTER 8 What, Fundamentally, is Pan-African Education?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131 A De-coonia Epistemic Perspective on Education and Deveopment in Post-coonia Africa Morgan Ndlovu
CHAPTER 9 Promoting a Pan-African Education Agenda by Shifting the Education Paradigm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .146 Oscar Brathwaite
CHAPTER 10 A Paradigm Shift In Mental Models Processing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .163 A Systems Approach Amos Otieno Ahenda
CHAPTER 11 University Education in Africa Since Independence. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176 Tuntufye Mwamwenda
CHAPTER 12 Anti-Colonial Education and Climate Change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .188 A Case Study Examining Attitudes to Indigenous Knowedge and Deveopment in Tshongwe Caroline Marks Madongo
CHAPTER 13 Early Childhood Education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203 Afrocentric-based Montessori Schoo Carol Williams
Part III Development, Economy, Trade and Diaspora Engagement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .215
CHAPTER 14 From African Union of Governments to African Union of Peoples?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .217 Rethinking Democratic Governance and Deveopment in Africa Solomon Akinboye and Samuel Oloruntoba
CHAPTER 15 The Economic Partnership Agreements and the Role of SADC in the African Economic Community. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .230 Are they Mutuay Excusive? Marumo Nkomo
CHAPTER 16 Economic Partnership Agreements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .247 Another Too for the Scrambe for Africa or a Viabe Undertaking for the Continent’s Deveopment? Serges Djoyou Kamga
CHAPTER 17 Foreign Direct Investment and Intra-Africa Trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .263 The Roe of African Governments in the Context of the African Renaissance Vusi Gumede and Kagiso Pooe
CHAPTER 18 Twinning Diaspora Associations and Local Councils to Boost Africa’s Development. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .277 Bernard Njoh Niba
CHAPTER 19 Immigrants’ Social Welfare. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .303 A Route TowardsRealRegiona Integration Christal Oghogho Spel
Part IV Conict, Peace and Security. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .319
CHAPTER 20 Separatist Movements, Insurgencies and Integration in Africa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .321 Manji Augustine Diyal
CHAPTER 21 The Use and Abuse of Militias. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .337 Making Sense of Miitia-induced Conlict in Post-coonia Africa and the Impotence of Regiona Organisations Chakawa Joshua
CONTENTS
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iv
CONCLUSION Towards Making Africa’s Free Future with Unity and Renaissance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .350 Mammo Muchie, Phindile Lukhele-Olorunju and Hailemichael Teshome Demissie CONTENTS
ANNEX 1 The Third Tshwane Declaration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .356
Preface
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NOTES AND REFERENCES
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