Youth and Nation-Building in Cameroon. A Study of National Youth Day Messages and Leadership Discourse (1949-2009)
212 Pages
English
Gain access to the library to view online
Learn more

Youth and Nation-Building in Cameroon. A Study of National Youth Day Messages and Leadership Discourse (1949-2009)

-

Gain access to the library to view online
Learn more
212 Pages
English

Description

This meticulous and comprehensive documentation of Cameroonian Youth Day Messages and leadership discourse on youth from 1949 - 2009 is a gold mine for researchers, historians and anyone interested in studying youth, politics and society in Africa. The book presents and explores themes and content of Youth Day Messages: how these messages tied in with, or veered away from, key events and issues of the time; how they served as a platform for West Cameroon governments, and the Ahidjo and Biya regimes to articulate their political vision, justify their policies, sell their respective ideologies to the youth; and what lessons could be drawn from them on competing, conflicting and complementary perspectives on youth agency in Cameroon and Africa. Churchill links the Youth Day to ongoing discussions in Africa about the role and place of youths as agents of development in Africa. Most significantly, he finally puts Cameroon's controversial Youth Day in its appropriate historical context - not as a political device created by the Francophone politicians to distort Cameroonian history and erase 'plebiscite day' from the collective memory as Anglophone nationalists claim, but as a British Cameroons colonial legacy, successfully sold to the Ahidjo regime as a day to be commemorated throughout the federation, by leaders of the federated state of West Cameroon. Churchill Ewumbue-Monono, a senior career diplomat, is Minister Counsellor in the Cameroon Embassy in Moscow. A graduate of the International Higher School of Journalism, and the International Relations Institute of Cameroon in the University of Yaounde, he was a 1991-92 Fellow in Public Diplomacy in Boston University, USA. He has served in Cameroon in various professional capacities. Ewumbue-Monono has written extensively on Cameroon's political history, and his books include Men of Courage, published in 2005.

Subjects

Informations

Published by
Published 15 July 2009
Reads 1
EAN13 9789956717521
Language English
Document size 2 MB

Legal information: rental price per page 0.0078€. This information is given for information only in accordance with current legislation.

Exrait

Youth and Nation-Building in CameroonA Study of National Youth Day Messages and Leadership Discourse (1949-2009)
Churchill Ewumbue-Monono
Other Titles byLangaaRPCIG
Francis B. Nyamnjoh Stories from Abakwa Mind Searching The Disillusioned African The Convert Souls Forgotten Married But Available
Dibussi Tande No Turning Back. Poems of Freedom 1990-1993 Scribbles from the Den: Essays on Politics and Collective Memory in Cameroon
Kangsen Feka Wakai Fragmented Melodies
Ntemfac Ofege Namondo. Child of the Water Spirits Hot Water for the Famous Seven
Emmanuel Fru Doh Not Yet Damascus The Fire Within Africa‘s Political Wastelands: The Bastardization of Cameroon Oriki’badan Wading the Tide
Thomas Jing Tale of an African Woman
Peter Wuteh Vakunta Grassfields Stories from Cameroon Green Rape: Poetry for the Environment Majunga Tok: Poems in Pidgin English Cry, My Beloved Africa No Love Lost Straddling The Mungo: A Book of Poems in English & French
Ba’bila Mutia Coils of Mortal Flesh
Kehbuma Langmia Titabet and the Takumbeng An Evil Meal of Evil
Victor Elame Musinga The Barn The Tragedy of Mr. No Balance
Ngessimo Mathe Mutaka Building Capacity: Using TEFL and African Languages as Development-oriented Literacy Tools
Milton Krieger Cameroon’s Social Democratic Front: Its History and Prospects as an Opposition Political Party, 1990-2011
Sammy Oke Akombi The Raped Amulet The Woman Who Ate Python Beware the Drives: Book of Verse
Susan Nkwentie Nde Precipice Second Engagement
Francis B. Nyamnjoh & Richard Fonteh Akum The Cameroon GCE Crisis: A Test of Anglophone Solidarity
Joyce Ashuntantang & Dibussi Tande Their Champagne Party Will End! Poems in Honor of Bate Besong
Emmanuel Achu Disturbing the Peace
Rosemary Ekosso The House of Falling Women
Peterkins Manyong God the Politician
George Ngwane The Power in the Writer: Collected Essays on Culture, Democracy & Development in Africa
John Percival The 1961 Cameroon Plebiscite: Choice or Betrayal
Albert Azeyeh Réussite scolaire, faillite sociale : généalogie mentale de la crise de l’Afrique noire francophone
Aloysius Ajab Amin & Jean-Luc Dubois Croissance et développement au Cameroun : d‘une croissance équilibrée à un développement équitable
Carlson Anyangwe Imperialistic Politics in Cameroun: Resistance & the Inception of the Restoration of the Statehood of Southern Cameroons
Bill F. Ndi K‘Cracy, Trees in the Storm and Other Poems Map: Musings On Ars Poetica Thomas Lurting: The Fighting Sailor Turn’d Peaceable /Le marin combattant devenu paisible
Kathryn Toure, Therese Mungah Shalo Tchombe & Thierry Karsenti ICT and Changing Mindsets in Education
Charles Alobwed’Epie The Day God Blinked
G.D. Nyamndi Babi Yar Symphony Whether losing, Whether winning Tussles: Collected Plays
Samuel Ebelle Kingue Si Dieu était tout un chacun de nous?
Ignasio Malizani Jimu Urban Appropriation and Transformation : bicycle, taxi and handcart operators in Mzuzu, Malawi
Justice Nyo’ Wakai: Under the Broken Scale of Justice: The Law and My Times
John Eyong Mengot A Pact of Ages
Ignasio Malizani Jimu Urban Appropriation and Transformation: Bicycle Taxi and Handcart Operators
Joyce B. Ashuntantang Landscaping and Coloniality: The Dissemination of Cameroon Anglophone Literature
Jude Fokwang Mediating Legitimacy: Chieftaincy and Democratisation in Two African Chiefdoms
Michael A. Yanou Dispossession and Access to Land in South Africa: an African Perspevctive
Tikum Mbah Azonga Cup Man and Other Stories
John Nkemngong Nkengasong Letters to Marions (And the Coming Generations)
Amady Aly Dieng Les étudiants africains et la littérature négro-africaine d’expression française
Tah Asongwed Born to Rule: Autobiography of a life President
Frida Menkan Mbunda Shadows From The Abyss
Bongasu Tanla Kishani A Basket of Kola Nuts
Fo Angwafo III S.A.N of Mankon Royalty and Politics: The Story of My Life
Basil Diki The Lord of Anomy
Churchill Ewumbue-Monono Youth and Nation-Building in Cameroon: A Study of National Youth Day Messages and Leadership Discourse (1949-2009)
Youth and Nation-Building in Cameroon
A Study of National Youth Day Messages and Leadership Discourse (1949-2009)
By Churchill Ewumbue-Monono
Langaa Research & Publishing CIG Mankon,Bamenda
Publisher: Langaa RPCIG Langaa Research & Publishing Common Initiative Group P.O. Box 902 Mankon Bamenda North West Region Cameroon Langaagrp@gmail.com www.langaa-rpcig.net
Distributed outside N. America by African Books Collective orders@africanbookscollective.com www.africanbookscollective.com
Distributed in N. America by Michigan State University Press msupress@msu.edu www.msupress.msu.edu
DISCLAIMER
ISBN: 995655832X
© Churchill Ewumbue-Monono 2009
All views expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of Langaa RPCIG.
Youth and Nation-Building in Cameroon
Content
African Youth Charter Anthem ................................................................. ix Preface ........................................................................................................ xi Prologue ................................................................................................... xiii
Part One The International and National Policy Framework for Youth Governance 1. The Global Concern for Youth Governance and the Youth Day ..................... 3 1.1: The Youth Day as a Policy Advocacy Tool ............................................. 6
2. Youth Policy and the Youth Day in Cameroon: 1949-2009 ................................ 7 2.1: The Colonial Period: 1960-1960 .............................................................. 7 2.2: The Cameroon Federation Period: 1961-1972 ...................................... 8 2.3: The Ahidjo Unitary State Period: 1972-1982 ....................................... 10 2.4: The One-Party Democracy New Deal Period: 1982-1992 ............... 11 2.5: Youth Governance and the New Democratic Order (1992-2009) ................................................................................................ 12 2.6: The National Youth Day and Policy Articulation in Cameroon ....... 14 2.7: Youth Day Themes and Leadership Ideology ..................................... 18 2.8: Influences on Choice of Youth Day Themes ...................................... 21
Part Two Youth Day Messages and Leadership Discourse: 1949-2009 3. The Empire Day and Commonwealth Youth Day Messages: 1949-1961 ................................................................................................................ 25 3.1: Commissioner’s Address to the Youths on Empire Day, 1949 ........ 25 3.2: Address to the Youths by Commissioner of the Cameroons on Empire Day, Buea, 1951 .................................................................... 26 3.3: Address by the Acting Commissioner of the Cameroons, Mr. J.S Dudding, on the Occasion of the First Commonwealth Youth Day, Buea, 2 June 1957 ................................................................ 26
v
Churchill Ewumbue-Monono
4. The West Cameroon Youth Day Messages: 1964-1966 ..................................... 29 4.1: Address by the Prime Minister for West Cameroon, Hon. J.N Foncha, on the Inauguration of Youth Day in West Cameroon, Buea, 11 February, 1964 ...................................................... 29 4.2: Addressed by the President of the Republic to the Youths of West Cameroon on the Occasion of the Youth Day Inaugural Celebration, Yaounde, 11 February 1964 .............................................. 35 4.3: Address by the Prime Minister of West Cameroon, Hon. J.N Foncha on the Occasion of the Youth Day in West Cameroon, Buea, 11 February, 1965 ...................................................... 36 4.4: Address by the Prime Minister of West Cameroon, Hon. A.N Jua on the Occasion of the 1st National Youth Day Celebrations, Buea, 11 February 1966 ................................................... 40 4.5: Address by the Prime Minister of West Cameroon, Hon. A.N Jua on the Occasion of 1st National Youth Day, Buea, 11 February 1967 ............................................................................ 44 4.6: Address by the President of the Republic, Ahmadou Ahidjo on the Occasion of the 1st National Youth Day, Buea, 11 February 1967 ............................................................................ 49
5. President Ahidjo’s National Youth Day Messages: 1968-1982 ......................... 51 5.1: Address by President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 3rd National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1968 ..................................................................... 51 5.2: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 4th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1969 ..................................................................... 53 5.3: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 5th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1970 ..................................................................... 56 5.4: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 6th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1971 ..................................................................... 59 5.5: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 6th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1972 ..................................................................... 63
vi
Youth and Nation-Building in Cameroon
5.6: Address by H.E the Vice President of the Republic, Prime Minister of West Cameroon and Chief Scout of the Boy Scouts of Cameroon, 8 February 1972 .............................................. 65 5.7: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 7th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 13 February 1973 .................................................................. 69 5.8: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 8th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 12 February 1974 .................................................................. 72 5.9: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 9th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1975 .................................................................. 75 5.10: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 10th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1976 .................................................................. 78 5.11: Address the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 11th Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1977 .................................................................. 82 5.12: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 12th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1978 .................................................................. 86 5.13: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 13th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1979 .................................................................. 89 5.14: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 14th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1980 .................................................................. 92 5.15: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 15th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1981 .................................................................. 95 5.16: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 16th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1982 .................................................................. 99
vii
Churchill Ewumbue-Monono
6. President Biya’s New Deal Messages to the Youth: 1983-1991 ...................... 103 6.1: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 17th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1983 ................................................................... 103 6.2: Address by the President of Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 18th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1984 ................................................................... 106 6.3: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 19th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1985 ................................................................... 108 6.4: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 20th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1986 ................................................................... 110 6.5: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 21st National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1987 ................................................................... 111 6.6: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 22nd National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1988 ................................................................... 113 6.7: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 23rd National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1989 ................................................................... 115 6.8: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 24th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1990 ................................................................... 117
7. President Biya’s Democratic Cameroon’s Youth Day Messages: 1991-2008 .............................................................................................................. 121 7.1: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 25th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1991 ................................................................... 121 7.2: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 26th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10th February 1992 ............................................................... 124 7.3: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 27th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1993 ................................................................... 125
viii
Youth and Nation-Building in Cameroon
7.4: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 28th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1994 ................................................................ 127 7.5: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 29th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1995 ................................................................ 129 7.6: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 30th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10th February 1996 ............................................................. 131 7.7: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 31st National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1997 ................................................................ 133 7.8: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 32nd National Youth Day, Yaounde 10 February 1998 ................................................................. 134 7.9: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 33rd National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 1999 ................................................................ 137 7.10: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 34th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 2000 ................................................................ 139 7.11: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 35th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 2001 ................................................................ 141 7.12: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 36th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 2002 ................................................................ 143 7.13: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 37th National Youth Day Yaounde, 11 February 2003 ................................................................ 146 7.14: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 38th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 2004 ................................................................ 149 7.15: Address by the President of the Republic to the Youths of Cameroon on the Occasion of the 39th National Youth Day, Yaounde, 10 February 2005 ................................................................ 153
ix