A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology E-Book


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In its 38th year, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology has been a companion reference for anyone who needs the most up-to-date terms, acronyms, and codes terms relating to clinical orthopaedics and research. Portable and easily accessible, this authoritative compilation categorizes and cross-references terms to enable those unfamiliar with orthopaedics to locate a term in its proper context.  Unlike a traditional A-Z dictionary format, terms are organized by topic—facilitating faster search results with related terms appearing on the same or immediately adjacent page. 

  • Consult this title on your favorite e-reader.
  • Understand basic science terms as they relate to clinically relevant issues.
  • Clarifies terms used in injury and insurance claims with immediately neighboring relative terms.
  • Find information quickly with chapters organized by topic for easy reference.
  • Stay abreast of the latest terminology with new terms provided by contributors who are orthopaedic researchers from across the country and whose expertise provides current information on terminology and procedures.
  • Understandable to the lay reader and the professional with new illustrations, formatting, and tables clarifying disease processes.
  • Confer on the go with an easy-to-carry pocket size and online access to the complete text on Expert Consult, which also includes an enhanced eBook version at no extra cost!



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Published 16 August 2014
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EAN13 9780323315678
Language English
Document size 11 MB

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A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology
Fred R.T. Nelson, MD, FAAOS Emeritus, Orthopaedics, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan Carolyn Taliaferro Blauvelt Formerly Writer-Editor, Medical-Dental Publications, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National Naval Medical Center and Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland
Table of Contents
Cover image
Title page
Introduction to the Orthopaedic Speciality
1. Classifications of Fractures, Dislocations, and Sports-Related Injuries Terminology of Fractures and Dislocations Classifications of Fractures
Classic and Descriptive Names (By Anatomic Location)
Contributing Factors
Degree and Nature of Healing
International Classification System and Trauma Registry System
Classification Systems by Grades, Types, and Mechanisms
Strains and Sprains
Sports-Related Injuries
Trauma Scoring Systems and Associated Soft Tissue Injuries
2. Musculoskeletal Diseases and Related Terms
Bone Diseases
Infectious Bone Diseases
Tumors of Bone (Fig. 2-3)
Soft Tissue Tumors
Miscellaneous Bone Conditions
Eponymic Bone Diseases
Muscle Diseases
Cartilage Diseases
Diseases of (Specific) Soft Tissue
Ligament, Tendon, Bursa, and Fascia Diseases
Joint Diseases (Arthro-, Synovio-, Capsulo-, Ankylo-)
Vascular Diseases and Conditions
Neurologic Diseases
Metabolic Diseases
Diseases and Conditions by Anatomic Area
Deficiencies of the Acetabulum and Femur
Knee Disorders
Congenital Limb Absences
International Organization for Standardization for Limb Deficiencies (IOS)
Associated Disease Terminology
3. Imaging Techniques General Radiologic Terms Orthopaedic Radiographic Techniques and Procedures
Routine Radiographic Views
Radiographic Angles, Lines, Signs, and Methods
Invasive and Noninvasive Techniques
Vascular Diagnostic Studies
Radiation Therapy
4. Orthopaedic Tests, Signs, and Maneuvers Tests, Signs, and Maneuvers
Neck (Fig. 4-1)
Back Shoulder Upper Limbs and Elbow Hands Hips Lower Limbs Knees (Table 4-1)
Feet and Ankles
Neurologic Examination
Metabolic Tests
General Observations Gaits Scales and Ratings
Other Physical Examinations
5. Laboratory Evaluations Routine Evaluations General Blood and Serum Tests
Serum and Urine Tests for Metabolic Disease
Bacteriologic Studies
Other Special Studies
Histologic and Pathologic Techniques
Laboratory Evaluations in Musculoskeletal Tumors
Blood Bank Procedures and Products
Routine Physiologic Parameters
Laboratory Abbreviations
Annotation of Units
Important Laboratory Notes
6. Casts, Splints, Dressings, and Traction
Cast Materials
Cast Immobilization
Devices Applied to Casts
Cast Complications
Splints and Accessories Dressings Suspensions, Tractions, and Frames
Emergency Stabilization
7. Prosthetics and Orthotics Prosthetics Orthoses Shoe Modifications
8. Anatomy and Orthopaedic Surgery
Osteo- (Bone)
Arthro- (Joints)
Other Specific Tissues
Vascular (Blood Vessels) System (Fig. 8-8)
Specific Anatomy and Surgery by Location Skin Grafts Surgical Blocks
Surgical Approaches
Replantation Microsurgery
Treatment of Tumors Amputations Associated Surgical Terms
9. The Spine General Anatomy of the Spine Cervical Spine Anatomy
Thoracic Spine Anatomy
Lumbar and Lower Spine Anatomy
Diseases and Structural Anomalies
Surgery of the Spine
10. The Hand and Wrist Anatomy of the Hand and Wrist Diseases and Structural Anomalies
Surgery of the Hand and Wrist
11. The Foot and Ankle Anatomy Diseases and Conditions of the Foot and Ankle Surgery
12. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Occupational Therapy
13. The Research Enterprise
The Research Proposal
Reporting the Results
General Research Terminology
A. Appendix: Orthopaedic Abbreviations
B. Appendix: Anatomic Positions and Directions
C. Appendix: Etymology of Orthopaedics
Suggested Readings
1600 John F. Kennedy Blvd. Ste 1800 Philadelphia, PA 19103-2899 A MANUAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC TERMINOLOGY, EIGHTH EDITION ISBN: 978-0-323-22158-0 Copyright © 2015 by SaunHers, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. Copyright © 2007, 1998, 1994, 1990, 1985, 1981, 1978 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliation of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Details on how to seek permission, further information about the Publisher’s permissions policies and our arrangements with organizations such as the Copyright Clearance Center and the Copyright Licensing Agency, can be found at our website:www.elsevier.com/permissions. This book and the individual contributions contained in it are protected under copyright by the Publisher (other than as may be noted herein). Notices Knowledge and best practice in this field are constantly changing. As new research and experience broaden our understanding, changes in research methods, professional practices, or medical treatment may become necessary. Practitioners and researchers must always rely on their own experience and knowledge in evaluating and using any information, methods, compounds, or experiments described herein. In using such information or methods they should be mindful of their own safety and the safety of others, including parties for whom they have a professional responsibility. With respect to any drug or pharmaceutical products identified, readers are advised to check the most current information provided (i) on procedures featured or (ii) by the manufacturer of each product to be administered, to verify the recommended dose or formula, the method and duration of administration, and contraindications. It is the responsibility of practitioners, relying on their own experience and knowledge of their patients, to make diagnoses, to determine dosages and the best treatment for each individual patient, and to take all appropriate safety precautions.
To the fullest extent of the law, neither the Publisher nor the authors, contributors, or editors, assume any liability for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any methods, products, instructions, or ideas contained in the material herein. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Nelson, Fred R. T., 1941- author. A manual of orthopaedic terminology / Fred R.T. Nelson, Carolyn Taliaferro Blauvelt. -- Eighth edition. p. ; cm. Includes index. ISBN 978-0-323-22158-0 (paperback : alk. paper) I. Blauvelt, Carolyn Taliaferro, 1933- author. II. Title. [DNLM: 1. Orthopedics--Terminology--English. WE 15] RD723 616.7001′4--dc23 2014014681 Content Strategist:Delores Meloni Content Development Specialist:Margaret Nelson Publishing Services Manager:Catherine Jackson Senior Project Manager:Mary Pohlman Design Direction:Teresa McBryan Printed in the United States Last digit is the print number: 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1