98 Pages
English
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Curing our Ills

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Gain access to the library to view online
Learn more
98 Pages
English

Description

Millions of Ghanaians live with diabetes, hypertension, stroke, cancers and other major chronic diseases. Millions more are at risk of getting these conditions. Individuals living with chronic conditions experience many disruptions, especially at the early stages of diagnosis and adjustment. The disruptions are physical (medical complications), psychological (depression), material (impoverishment), social (stigma) and spiritual (struggles with faith and trust). These experiences have an impact on family life and resources, with primary caregivers bearing similar disruptions to their chronically ill loved ones. While chronic conditions cannot be cured, many individuals hope for a cure. This hope drives healthcare seeking across different sectors of Ghana’s vibrant pluralistic health system. When ‘hope for a cure’ meets ‘claims to cure’ within the herbalist and faith healing sectors, especially, the outcomes for individuals and their families can be catastrophic. The Ghanaian situation is mirrored in many African countries. It is estimated that African chronic non-communicable disease (NCD) prevalence, morbidity and mortality rates will rise faster than rates in Asia and Latin America over the coming decades. The long term and costly nature of NCDs has major implications for individuals, communities, health systems and governments.
In this inaugural lecture, Professor Ama de-Graft Aikins discusses the psychology of chronic disease risk, experience and care in Africa. She makes a case for why the problem of NCDs needs to be examined through a psychological lens. She draws on her independent and collaborative work on diabetes representations and experiences among Ghanaians in Ghana and Europe, and the broader African and global health literature, to highlight the complex multi-level context of chronic disease risk, experience and care. She presents a synthesis of the evidence through the concepts of physical ills and ideological ills, arguing that both are interconnected and, as a result, must be addressed through interdisciplinary approaches. She concludes by offering practical solutions for reducing chronic disease risk and improving the quality of long-term experience and care in Ghana, using examples from countries that have implemented successful NCD interventions.

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Published by
Published 23 September 2018
Reads 2
EAN13 9789988883027
Language English
Document size 5 MB

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Exrait

Curing our Ills The psychology of chronic disease risk, experience and care in Africa
Ama de-Grat Aîkîns BSc (Manchester), MSc (Manchester Met), PhD (London) Professor of Social Psychology Regîonal Insïtute for Populaïon Studîes, Unîversîty ofGhana, Legon
Inaugural Lecture delivered at the Great Hall, University of Ghana, on 30th June 2016
First published in Ghana 2018 for THE UNIVERSITY OF GHANA by Sub-Saharan Publishers P.O.Box 358 Legon-Accra Ghana Email: saharanp@africaonline.com.gh Website: www.subsaharanpublishers.com
© Ama de-Graft Aikins, 2018 Regional Institute for Population Studies University of Ghana P.O.Box LG 96 Legon - Accra Ghana Tel: +233-302-50074 website: http://www.ug.edu.gh
ISBN: 978-9988-550-02-8
Copyright Notice No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the University of Ghana or the publishers. All Rights Reserved.
Cover image: Asante Adinkra symbol of life transformation titled Sesa wo suban, which means ‘change or transform your character’ or ‘change or transform your life’.
Contents
FOREWORD................................................................................... v INTRODUCTION...........................................................................1 PART 1: CRITICAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY .............................. 5 Deînitions and sub-îelds of Psychology ..........................................5 The critical turn in Psychology ............................................................7 The Theory of Social Representations ...............................................9 PART 2: THE PSYCHOLOGY OF CHRONIC DISEASE RISK, EXPERIENCES AND CARE ....................................................... 13 The Psychology of Chronic Disease Risk........................................13 The Psychology of Chronic Disease Experience ...........................25 The Psychology of Chronic Disease Care .......................................33 PART 3: CURING OUR ILLS?...................................................... 41 Understanding Our Physical and Ideological Ills ............................41 Developing multi-level chronic disease interventions ....................44 CONCLUSIONS ............................................................................46 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ...........................................................48 APPENDICES................................................................................49 REFERENCES ..............................................................................78 Professor Ama de-Graft Aikins: a Proîle.......................................86 INDEX ...........................................................................................88