Fundamentals of Urine and Body Fluid Analysis - E-Book

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Renowned for its clear writing style, logical organization, level and depth of content, and excellent color illustrations, Fundamentals of Urine & Body Fluid Analysis, 3rd Edition covers the collection and analysis of urine, fecal specimens, vaginal secretions, and other body fluids such as cerebrospinal, synovial, seminal, amniotic, pleural, pericardial, and peritoneal fluids. Expert author Nancy Brunzel shares her extensive knowledge and expertise in the field, presenting key information and essential techniques and procedures, as well as easy-to-grasp explanations of how to correlate data with basic anatomy and physiology to understand pathological processes.
  • Vaginal Fluid Analysis chapter covers vaginal wet preps, a topic not found in many other references.
  • Case studies help you understand how key concepts apply to real-world practice.
  • Full-color images and photomicrographs show you what you should see under the microscope.
  • An image glossary presents 94 additional images to help you identify rare and common cells.
  • Multiple-choice questions at the end of every chapter allow you to test your understanding of the material.
  • A glossary at the end of the book offers quick access to key terms and definitions.
  • NEW! Automation of Urine and Body Fluid Analysis chapter helps you understand the automated procedures being used in more and more labs.
  • NEW! Body Fluid Analysis: Manual Hemacytometer Counts and Differential Slide Preparation chapter ensures you know how to perform manual analysis methods.
  • UPDATED! Coverage of the latest instrumentation keeps you up to date with the technology used in today's laboratories.

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Published 13 August 2013
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EAN13 9780323277747
Language English
Document size 24 MB

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Fundamentals of Urine & Body Fluid Analysis
T HI RD EDI T I O N
CM Nancy A. Brunzel, MS, MLS(ASCP) Assistant Professor University of Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota
Table of Contents
Cover image
Title Page
IFC Quick Guide to Figures
Copyright
Dedication
Contributors and Reviewers
Preface Organization New to this Edition
Learning Aids
Evolve Instructor Resources
Acknowledgments
Chapter 1 Microscopy Brightfield Microscope Ocular Field Number
Microscope Adjustment Procedure
Care and Preventive Maintenance
Types of Microscopy
Study Questions References
Bibliography
Chapter 2 Quality Assurance and Safety Quality Assurance Safety in the Urinalysis Laboratory
Study Questions References Bibliography
Chapter 3 Urine Specimen Types, Collection, and Preservation Why Study Urine? Specimen Types
Collection Techniques
Urine Specimen Storage and Handling
Is this Fluid Urine?
Study Questions References Bibliography
Chapter 4 The Kidney Renal Anatomy Renal Circulation
Renal Physiology
Study Questions References Bibliography
Chapter 5 Renal Function Urine Composition Solute Elimination
Measurements of Solute Concentration
Urine Volume
Assessment of Renal Concentrating Ability/Tubular Reabsorptive Function
Assessment of Glomerular Filtration
Assessment of Renal Blood Flow and Tubular Secretory Function
Study Questions References Bibliography
Chapter 6 Physical Examination of Urine Color Foam Clarity
Odor Taste Concentration Volume Study Questions References Bibliography
Chapter 7 Chemical Examination of Urine Reagent Strips Tablet and Chemical Tests
Chemical Testing Technique
Chemical Tests
Reflex Testing and Result Correlation
Study Questions References Bibliography
Chapter 8 Microscopic Examination of Urine Sediment Study Questions References Bibliography
Urine Sediment Image Gallery
Chapter 9 Renal and Metabolic Disease Renal Diseases Metabolic Diseases
Study Questions References
Chapter 10 Fecal Analysis Fecal Formation Diarrhea Steatorrhea Specimen Collection
Macroscopic Examination
Microscopic Examination
Chemical Examination
Study Questions References
Chapter 11 Seminal Fluid Analysis Physiology Specimen Collection
Physical Examination
Microscopic Examination
Chemical Examination
Study Questions References Bibliography
Chapter 12 Amniotic Fluid Analysis Physiology and Composition Specimen Collection
Physical Examination
Chemical Examination
Study Questions References
Chapter 13 Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis Physiology and Composition Specimen Collection
Physical Examination
Microscopic Examination
Chemical Examination
Microbiological Examination
Immunologic Methods
Study Questions References
Chapter 14 Synovial Fluid Analysis Physiology and Composition Classification of Joint Disorders
Specimen Collection
Physical Examination
Microscopic Examination
Chemical Examination
Microbiological Examination
Study Questions References Bibliography
Chapter 15 Pleural, Pericardial, and Peritoneal Fluid Analysis Physiology and Composition Specimen Collection
Transudates and Exudates
Physical Examination
Microscopic Examination
Chemical Examination
Microbiological Examination
Study Questions References Bibliography
Chapter 16 Analysis of Vaginal Secretions Specimen Collection and Handling Microscopic Examinations
Clinical Correlations
Study Questions References Bibliography
Chapter 17 Automation of Urine and Body Fluid Analysis Automation of Urinalysis Automation of Body Fluid Analysis
Study Questions References
Chapter 18 Body Fluid Analysis Using A Hemacytometer Preparation of Slides for Differential
Study questions References
Glossary
Answer Key Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3
Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter 15 Chapter 16 Chapter 17 Chapter 18
Appendix A Reagent Strip Color Charts
Appendix B Reference Intervals
Appendix C Body Fluid Diluent and Pretreatment Solutions Saline, Isotonic (0.85%) or “Normal Saline” Saline, Hypotonic (0.30%)
Dilute Acetic Acid (3.0%)
Turk's Solution
Synovial Fluid Solutions
Semen Solutions References
Index
IFC
Quick Guide to Figures Blood Cells
Cell Type Figure(chapter-number)Image Gallery # Red blood 8-13, 8-14, (8-16, 8-23, 8-25, 8-44, 8-79, 8-89) 5, 7, 8, 11, 73, 74, 77, cells 83, (87, 88, 90) White blood 8-6, 8-9, 8-13, 8-14, 8-15, 8-16, 8-17, 8-18, 8-20, 8- 1, 4, 9, 10, 11, (66) cells 21, 8-22, (8-23, 8-89, 8-90), 8-92 Macrophages 8-22 ( ), Numbers in parentheses are not the predominant element in image. Casts
Image Gallery Type Figure(chapter-number) # Hyaline (1-12), 8-32, 8-33, 8-35, 8-39, 8-40, 8-48, 8-56, (8-99, 8- 31-33 105) Granular 8-36, 8-37, 8-38, 8-42, 8-45, 8-48, 8-49, 8-54 25-30 Cellular 8-38, 8-43, 8-44, 8-46, 8-47, 8-55 12-24 Waxy 1-17, 8-10, 8-12, 8-34, 8-36, 8-37, 8-41, 8-42, 8-56 34-38 Fatty 8-50, 8-51 75-76, 80 Crystalline 8-52, 8-53 ( ), Numbers in parentheses are not the predominant element in image.