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Neurology: Neonatology Questions and Controversies Series E-Book

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Description

Neurology, a volume in Dr. Polin’s Neonatology: Questions and Controversies Series, offers expert authority on the toughest neurological challenges you face in your practice. This medical reference book will help you provide better evidence-based care and improve patient outcomes with research on the latest advances.
  • Reconsider how you handle difficult practice issues with coverage that addresses these topics head on and offers opinions from the leading experts in the field, supported by evidence whenever possible.
  • Find information quickly and easily with a consistent chapter organization.
  • Get the most authoritative advice available from world-class neonatologists who have the inside track on new trends and developments in neonatal care.

Subjects

Books
Savoirs
Medicine
Médecine
Glucagón
Arterial embolism
Congenital cytomegalovirus infection
Electroencephalography
Herpes simplex
Meningitis
Photocopier
Viral disease
Therapeutic hypothermia
Deoxyglucose
Hypoxia
Systemic disease
Herpes simplex virus
Neurological examination
Crigler?Najjar syndrome
Cerebral hemorrhage
Partial seizure
Transforming growth factor beta
Neonatal jaundice
Necrotizing enterocolitis
Status epilepticus
Cerebral hypoxia
Stressor
Krabbe disease
Neonatology
Blood culture
Small for gestational age
Electromyography
Hypotonia
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Cerebral circulation
Probiotic
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
Light therapy
Stroke
Hypertrophy
Blood flow
Fetal distress
Patent ductus arteriosus
Intracranial pressure
Hypotension
Ischemia
Physician assistant
Positive airway pressure
Temperance (virtue)
Spinal muscular atrophy
Bacteremia
Encephalopathy
Thermoregulation
Absence seizure
Echocardiography
Lesion
Kernicterus
Hemodynamics
Health care
Medical ventilator
Apparatus
Gentamicin
Stress (mechanics)
Hydrocephalus
Hypothermia
Bleeding
Medical ultrasonography
Bilirubin
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Jaundice
Hematology
Circulatory system
Pneumonia
X-ray computed tomography
Cerebral palsy
Multiple sclerosis
Philadelphia
Address
Encephalitis
Infection
White matter
Data storage device
Epileptic seizure
Presbyterianism
Pediatrics
Neurologist
Neurology
Mechanics
Magnetic resonance imaging
Muscular dystrophy
Immunology
Infectious disease
Hypoglycemia
Gastroenterology
Epilepsy
Major depressive disorder
Down syndrome
Brain abscess
Anxiety
Cardiology
Proven
Human
Pneumothorax
Brain
Midazolam
Nociception
Consultant
Electronic
Coma
Nutrition
Copyright
Glucose
Dopamine

Informations

Published by
Published 02 March 2012
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EAN13 9781455733712
Language English
Document size 14 MB

Legal information: rental price per page 0.0324€. This information is given for information only in accordance with current legislation.

Neurology
Neonatology Questions and Controversies
Jeffrey M. Perlman, MB, ChB Professor of Pediatrics Division of Newborn Medicine Department of Pediatrics Weill Cornell Medical College Division Chief, Newborn Medicine NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital New York, New York Consulting Editor
Richard A. Polin, MD Professor of Pediatrics College of Physicians and Surgeons Columbia University Vice Chairman for Clinical and Academic Affairs Department of Pediatrics Director, Division of Neonatology Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of NewYork-Presbyterian Columbia University Medical Center New York, New York
SECO ND EDI T I O N
Table of Contents
Cover image
Title Page
Series Page
Copyright
Contributors
Series Foreword
Preface
Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Cerebral Circulation and Hypotension in the Premature Infant
Definition of Hypotension
Pathogenesis and Diagnosis of Pathologic Cerebral Blood Flow
Treatment Strategies
Summary and Recommendations References
Chapter 3 Intraventricular Hemorrhage and White Matter Injury in the Preterm Infant Periventricular-Intraventricular Hemorrhage Periventricular White Matter Injury Associated with IVH
White Matter Injury in the Absence of Hemorrhage Outcome Gaps in Knowledge
Conclusions References
Chapter 4 Posthemorrhagic Hydrocephalus Management Strategies Question 1: What Measurements of Ventricular Size Are Used in Diagnosis of PHVD? Question 2: How Can Ventricular Dilation Driven by Cerebrospinal Fluid Under Pressure Be Distinguished from Ventricular Dilation Due to Loss of Periventricular White Matter?
Question 3: How Is Excessive Head Enlargement Defined?
Question 4: How Is Raised Intracranial Pressure Recognized?
Question 5: What Is Infant A's Prognosis?
Question 6: What Is the Mechanism of PHVD?
Question 7: How Can PHVD Injure White Matter?
Question 8: What Interventions Have Been Used in PHVD, and Is There Any Evidence That They Improve Outcome? Conclusions Gaps in Knowledge References
Chapter 5 The Use of Hypothermia to Provide Neuroprotection for Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury Experimental Evidence for the Use of Therapeutic Hypothermia Implementation of a New Therapy
Temperature Control Before and After Therapeutic Hypothermia
Assessment of Encephalopathy
Is an Amplitude-Integrated Electroencephalography Necessary?
Cooling on Transport
Selective Use of Therapeutic Hypothermia
Future of Therapeutic Hypothermia References
Chapter 6 General Supportive Management of the Term Infant with Neonatal Encephalopathy Following Intrapartum Hypoxia-Ischemia Delivery Room Management
Early Identification of Infants at Highest Risk for Development of Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury
Supportive Care
Potential Neuroprotective Strategies Aimed at Ameliorating Secondary Brain Injury
Gaps in Knowledge References
Chapter 7 Perinatal Stroke Case Histories Definitions Etiology Pathology Incidence
Clinical Manifestations Diagnosis Treatment Prognosis Conclusions
Acknowledgment References
Chapter 8 Diagnosis and Treatment of Neonatal Seizures Recognition of Neonatal Seizures Clinical Seizure Criteria
Nonepileptic Behaviors of Neonates
Electrographic Seizure Criteria
Subcortical Seizures versus Nonictal Functional Decortication
Seizures in the Clinical Context of Maternal-Fetal-Placental-Neonatal Disease: Developing a Diagnostic Algorithm
Principles of Therapy Summary Gaps in Knowledge
References
Chapter 9 Glucose and Perinatal Brain Injury Glucose Metabolism in the Fetus and Newborn Cerebral Metabolism of Glucose Definitions Symptomatic Versus Asymptomatic Hypoglycemia
Duration of Hypoglycemia
Causes of Hypoglycemia
Pathophysiology of Hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia and Brain Damage Outcome Treatment Conclusions References
Chapter 10 Hyperbilirubinemia and the Risk for Brain Injury Pathogenesis Approaches: Strategies for Diagnosis and Treatment
Recommendations for Treatment
Gaps in Knowledge
Acknowledgments References
Chapter 11 Neonatal Meningitis Question 1: What Risk Factors Predispose this Infant to Early-Onset Bacterial Meningitis? Question 2: Do Infants with Meningitis Have Positive Blood Culture Results?
Question 3: What is the Optimal Evaluation for Possible Late-Onset Sepsis in Preterm Infants in the NICU?
Question 4: What is the Empiric Antimicrobial Choice for Possible Late-Onset Sepsis in the NICU?
Question 5: What is the Treatment of Meningitis in Neonates, and in Particular that due to Gram-Negative Bacilli?
Question 6: Should Other Therapies Be Considered?
Question 7: What is the Duration of Treatment for Meningitis in Neonates?
Question 8: When Should Neuroimaging Be Considered, and What Type of Examination is Recommended?
Question 9: Should Other Adjunctive Therapies Be Provided to an Infant with Meningitis?
Question 10: What If the Infant's CSF Is Abnormal but Routine Bacterial Cultures of CSF and Blood Are Sterile?
Question 11: What is the Outcome of Meningitis in Neonates?
Conclusions References
Chapter 12 Neonatal Herpes Simplex Virus and Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infections Question 1: When Does Infection Occur? Question 2: What Are the Risk Factors for Neonatal Infection?
Question 3: What Are the Clinical Manifestations of Neonatal Infection and Disease?
Question 4: What Are the Treatments and Outcomes for HSV and CMV Brain Infections in Neonates?
Question 5: Do All Babies with HSV and CMV Infections Have to Be Treated?
Question 6: What Is the Appropriate Diagnostic Approach to a Baby in Whom HSV or CMV Infection is Suspected?
Question 7. How Should You Monitor the Response to Treatment?
Question 8. What Are the Biggest Gaps in Our Current Understanding of the Natural History, Diagnosis, and Management of these Infections? Conclusions References
Chapter 13 Pain and Stress
Pain Circuits
Development of Pain Circuits
Long-Term Consequences of Early Pain Exposure Stress Long-Term Consequences of Early Stress Exposure
Conclusions References
Chapter 14 Neonatal Hypotonia and Neuromuscular Disorders Definition of Hypotonia Physical Examination and Assessment of a Hypotonic Child
Differential Anatomic Diagnosis of Hypotonia
Common Neuromuscular Disorders Manifesting Principally with Hypotonia
Approach to Hypotonia References
Chapter 15 Amplitude-Integrated EEG and Its Potential Role in Augmenting Management Within the NICU Amplitude-Integrated EEG Assessment of aEEG Background Pattern
Comparison with Standard EEG
Pitfalls and Artifacts
Gaps in Knowledge Conclusion References
Chapter 16 Magnetic Resonance Imaging's Role in the Care of the Infant at Risk for Brain Injury The Term Newborn The Preterm Infant
Acknowledgement References
Chapter 17 Long-Term Follow-Up of Very Low-Birth-Weight Infants Outcome: Cerebral Palsy and Other Neurologic or Sensory Sequelae The 18- to 24-Month-Old Child
The 3- to 6-Year-Old Child
The School Age Child
The Adolescent and Young Adult
Gaps in Knowledge Conclusions References
Index
Series Page
NEUROLOGY Neonatology Questions and Controversies Series Editor Richard A. Polin, MD Professor of Pediatrics College of Physicians and Surgeons Columbia University Vice Chairman for Clinical and Academic Affairs Department of Pediatrics Director, Division of Neonatology Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of NewYork-Presbyterian Columbia University Medical Center New York, New York Other Volumes in the Neonatology Questions and Controversies Series GASTROENTEROLOGY AND NUTRITION HEMATOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASE HEMODYNAMICS AND CARDIOLOGY NEPHROLOGY AND FLUID/ELECTROLYTE PHYSIOLOGY THE NEWBORN LUNG