Rehabilitation Research - E-Book

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Covering the full range of rehabilitation research with a clear, easy-to-understand approach, this resource will help you analyze and apply research to practice. Rehabilitation Research: Principles and Applications examines traditional experimental designs as well as nonexperimental and emerging approaches, including qualitative research, single-system design, outcomes research, and survey research. Clinical case studies and references will enhance your skills as a scientist-practitioner. Written by noted educators Russell Carter and Jay Lubinsky, this book emphasizes evidence-based practice within physical therapy, occupational therapy, and other rehabilitation professions.

  • Discipline-specific examples are drawn from three major fields: physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech-language pathology.
  • Unique! Coverage of non-experimental research includes chapters on clinical case reports and qualitative research, so you can understand a wide range of research methods and when it is most appropriate to use each type.
  • Expanded Single-Subject Design chapter provides a more thorough explanation and examples of multiple baselines, alternating treatments, and interactions -- designs that can be use in everyday clinical practice.
  • Finding Research Literature chapter includes step-by-step descriptions of literature searches within different rehab professions.
  • Student resources on a companion Evolve website allow you to review important concepts with exercises and discussion questions, research article analyses, and a downloadable spreadsheet.
  • Unique! New Evidence-Based Practice chapter provides an overview of the important concepts of EBP and the WHO model of health and disease.
  • Discussion questions on the companion Evolve website provide you with ideas for further study.
  • Unique! Research article analyses on Evolve provide more in-depth analysis and demonstrate the writing style you should employ.
  • New authors Russell Carter and Jay Lubinsky bring an interdisciplinary focus and a stronger emphasis on evidence-based practice.

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Published by
Published 27 December 2013
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EAN13 9780323290968
Language English
Document size 22 MB

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Rehabilitation Research
Principles and Applications
F O URT H EDI T I O N
Russell E. Carter, PT, EdD Professor Emeritus, Department of Physical Therapy College of Health and Human Professions, Governors State University, University Park, IL Jay Lubinsky, PhD, CCC-A/SLP Professor Emeritus, Department of Communication Disorders, College of Health and Human Professions, Governors State University, University Park, IL
AUT HO R EM ERI TA
Elizabeth Domholdt, PT, EdD Vice President for Academic Affairs, Professor of Physical Therapy, The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, Minnesota
Table of Contents
Cover image
Title page
Copyright
Dedication
Preface
Section One: Research Fundamentals
CHAPTER 1. Rehabilitation Research DEFINITIONS OF RESEARCH REASONS FOR DEVELOPING REHABILITATION RESEARCH
BARRIERS TO REHABILITATION RESEARCH
STATUS OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH SUMMARY REFERENCES
CHAPTER 2. Theory in Rehabilitation Research RELATIONSHIPS AMONG THEORY, RESEARCH, AND PRACTICE DEFINITIONS OF THEORY
SCOPE OF THEORY
EVALUATING THEORY
Putting Theory Into Practice: Research, Questions, Hypotheses, and Problems
SUMMARY REFERENCES
CHAPTER 3. Evidence-Based Practice THE NEED/DEMAND WHAT IS EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE?
EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROCESS
EVALUATING RESEARCH STUDIES
INSTITUTING EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE
DATABASES OF EVALUATED STUDIES
LIMITATIONS OF EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE
STILL TO BE RESOLVED REFERENCES
CHAPTER 4. Finding Research Literature REASONS FOR SEARCHING THE LITERATURE TYPES OF INFORMATION
TYPES OF PROFESSIONAL LITERATURE
FINDING LITERATURE
SOME COMMON REHABILITATION DATABASES
LIBRARY CATALOGS
REFERENCE LISTS AND BIBLIOGRAPHIES
SINGLE-JOURNAL INDEXES OR DATABASES
ORGANIZING YOUR SEARCH REFERENCES
CHAPTER 5. Research Ethics BOUNDARIES BETWEEN PRACTICE AND RESEARCH MORAL PRINCIPLES OF ACTION
INFORMED CONSENT
RESEARCH CODES OF ETHICS
RESEARCH RISKS
SUMMARY REFERENCES
Section Two: Research Design
CHAPTER 6. Research Paradigms QUANTITATIVE PARADIGM QUALITATIVE PARADIGM
SINGLE-SUBJECT PARADIGM
RELATIONSHIPS AMONG THE RESEARCH PARADIGMS
SUMMARY REFERENCES
CHAPTER 7. Variables INDEPENDENT VARIABLES LEVELS OF INDEPENDENT VARIABLES
ACTIVE AND ASSIGNED VARIABLES
FUNCTIONAL RELATIONSHIPS GRAPHS SUMMARY REFERENCES
CHAPTER 8. RESEARCH VALIDITY INTERNAL VALIDITY CONSTRUCT VALIDITY
EXTERNAL VALIDITY
RELATIONSHIPS AMONG TYPES OF VALIDITY
SUMMARY REFERENCES
CHAPTER 9. Selection and Assignment of Participants SIGNIFICANCE OF SAMPLING AND ASSIGNMENT POPULATION AND SAMPLES
PROBABILITY SAMPLING
NONPROBABILITY SAMPLING
ASSIGNMENT TO GROUPS SAMPLE SIZE SUMMARY REFERENCES
Section Three: Experimental Designs
CHAPTER 10. Group Designs ASSUMPTIONS OF GROUP DESIGNS RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS
SINGLE-FACTOR EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS
MULTIPLE-FACTOR EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS
SUMMARY REFERENCES
CHAPTER 11. Single-Subject Design WHEN TO USE SINGLE-SUBJECT DESIGNS PROBLEMS WITH GROUP DESIGNS
CHARACTERISTICS OF SINGLE-SUBJECT DESIGNS
SINGLE-SUBJECT DESIGNS
GRAPHING SINGLE-SUBJECT DATA
CONSIDERATIONS WHEN USING SINGLE-SUBJECT DESIGNS
LIMITATIONS OF SINGLE-SUBJECT DESIGNS
SUMMARY REFERENCES
Section Four: Nonexperimental Research for Rehabilitation
CHAPTER 12. Overview of Nonexperimental Research DESCRIPTION ANALYSIS OF RELATIONSHIPS
ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENCES SUMMARY
REFERENCES
CHAPTER 13. Clinical Case Reports CONTRIBUTIONS OF CASE REPORTS TO THEORY AND PRACTICE PURPOSES OF CASE REPORTS
FORMAT OF CASE REPORTS
SUMMARY REFERENCES
Section Five: Research Beyond the Everyday
CHAPTER 14. Qualitative Research ASSUMPTIONS OF THE QUALITATIVE PARADIGM QUALITATIVE DESIGNS
QUALITATIVE METHODS
SUMMARY REFERENCES
CHAPTER 15. Epidemiology RATIOS, PROPORTIONS, AND RATES SCREENING AND DIAGNOSIS
NONEXPERIMENTAL EPIDEMIOLOGICAL DESIGNS
SUMMARY REFERENCES
CHAPTER 16. Outcomes Research PURPOSE OF OUTCOMES RESEARCH FRAMEWORKS FOR OUTCOMES RESEARCH
MEASUREMENT TOOLS FOR OUTCOMES RESEARCH
DESIGN ISSUES FOR OUTCOMES RESEARCH SUMMARY References
CHAPTER 17. Survey Research SCOPE OF SURVEY RESEARCH TYPES OF INFORMATION
TYPES OF ITEMS
IMPLEMENTATION OVERVIEW
MAILED SURVEYS
INTERNET SURVEYS
INTERVIEW SURVEYS
SUMMARY REFERENCES
Section Six: Measurement
CHAPTER 18. Measurement Theory DEFINITIONS OF MEASUREMENT VARIABLE PROPERTIES
SCALES OF MEASUREMENT
TYPES OF VARIABLES
STATISTICAL FOUNDATIONS OF MEASUREMENT THEORY
MEASUREMENT FRAMEWORKS
MEASUREMENT RELIABILITY
MEASUREMENT VALIDITY
RESPONSIVENESS TO CHANGE
SUMMARY REFERENCES
CHAPTER 19. Methodological Research RELIABILITY DESIGNS VALIDITY DESIGNS
RESPONSIVENESS DESIGNS
SUMMARY REFERENCES
Section Seven: Data Analysis
CHAPTER 20. Statistical Reasoning DATA SET FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION
CENTRAL TENDENCY VARIABILITY NORMAL DISTRIBUTION
SAMPLING DISTRIBUTION
SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE
ERRORS POWER STATISTICAL CONCLUSION VALIDITY
SUMMARY REFERENCES
CHAPTER 21. Statistical Analysis of Differences: The Basics DISTRIBUTIONS FOR ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENCES ASSUMPTIONS OF TESTS OF DIFFERENCES
INDEPENDENCE OR DEPENDENCE OF SAMPLES
STEPS IN THE STATISTICAL TESTING OF DIFFERENCES
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENCES
SUMMARY REFERENCES
CHAPTER 22. Statistical Analysis of Differences: Advanced ADVANCED ANOVA TECHNIQUES ANALYSIS OF SINGLE-SUBJECT DESIGNS
SURVIVAL ANALYSIS
HYPOTHESIS TESTING WITH CONFIDENCE INTERVALS
POWER ANALYSIS SUMMARY
REFERENCES
CHAPTER 23. Statistical Analysis of Relationships: The Basics CORRELATION LINEAR REGRESSION
SUMMARY REFERENCES
CHAPTER 24. Statistical Analysis of Relationships: Advanced RELIABILITY ANALYSIS MULTIPLE REGRESSION
LOGISTIC REGRESSION
DISCRIMINANT ANALYSIS
FACTOR ANALYSIS
SUMMARY REFERENCES
Section Eight: Being a Consumer of Research
CHAPTER 25. Evaluating Evidence One Article at a Time ELEMENTS OF A RESEARCH ARTICLE GUIDELINES FOR DISCUSSING PUBLISHED RESEARCH
GENERIC EVALUATION OF ORIGINAL RESEARCH STUDIES
GENERIC EVALUATION OF REVIEW ARTICLES
STRUCTURED EVALUATION BY CLINICAL RESEARCH ISSUES
EVALUATION OF LEVELS OF EVIDENCE
EVALUATION OF RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS
SUMMARY REFERENCES
CHAPTER 26. Synthesizing Bodies of Evidence REASONS TO SYNTHESIZE THE LITERATURE WAYS TO SYNTHESIZE THE LITERATURE