Discovering Reality. Feminist Perspectives on Epistemology, Metaphysics, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science

Discovering Reality. Feminist Perspectives on Epistemology, Metaphysics, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science

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English

Description

This collection of essays, first published two decades ago, presents central feminist critiques and analyses of natural and social sciences and their philosophies. Unfortunately, in spite of the brilliant body of research and scholarship in these fields in subsequent decades, the insights of these essays remain as timely now as they were then: philosophy and the sciences still presume kinds of social innocence to which they are not entitled. The essays focus on Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hobbes, Rousseau, and Marx; on the 'adversary method' model of philosophic reasoning; on principles of individuation on philosophical ontology and philosophy of language; on individualistic assumptions in psychology; functionalism in sociological and biological theory; evolutionary theory; the methodology of political science; and conceptions of objective inquiry in the sciences. In taking insights of both Liberal and Marxian women's movements into the purportedly most abstract and value-free areas of Western thought, these essays chart sexist and androcentric assumptions, claims and practices in the cognitive, technical cores of Western sciences and their philosophies. They begin to identify the distinctive aspects of women's experiences and locations in male-supremacist social structures which can provide resources needed for the creation of post-androcentric thinking in research, scholarship, and public policy. Such uses of feminist insights remain controversial today, and even among some feminists. These authors were all junior researchers and scholars two decades ago; today many are among the most distinguished senior scholars in their fields. Their work here provides a splendid opportunity for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in philosophy and the social sciences to explore some of the most intriguing and controversial challenges to disciplinary projects and to public policy today.

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Published 01 January 1983
Reads 19
EAN13 0306480174
License: All rights reserved
Language English

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
SANDRA HARDING AND MERRILL B. HINTIKKA/ Introduction
LYNDA LANGE/ Woman Is Not a Rational Animal: On Aristotle’s Biology of Reproduction ELIZABETH V. SPELMAN/ Aristotle and the Politicization of the Soul JUDITH HICKS STIEHM / The Unit of Political Analysis: Our Aristotelian Hangover RUTH HUBBARD/ Have Only Men Evolved? MICHAEL GROSS AND MARY BETH AVERILL/ Evolution and Patriarchal Myths of Scarcity and Competition ANN PALMERI / Charlotte Perkins Gilman: Forerunner of a Feminist Social Science LOUISE MARCILLACOSTE/ The Trivialization of the Notion of Equality MERRILL B. HINTIKKA AND JAAKKO HINTIKKA/ How Can Language Be Sexist? JANICE MOULTON / A Paradigm of Philosophy: The Adversary Method KATHRYN PYNE ADDELSON/ The Man of Professional Wisdom EVELYN FOX KELLER/ Gender and Science EVELYN FOX KELLER AND CHRISTINE R. GRONTKOWSKI/ The Mind’s Eye NAOMI SCHEMAN/ Individualism and the Objects of Psychology JANE FLAX/ Political Philosophy and the Patriarchal Unconscious: A Psychoanalytic Perspective on Epistemology and Metaphysics NANCY C. M. HARTSOCK/ The Feminist Standpoint: Developing the Ground for a Specifically Feminist Historical Materialism SANDRA HARDING/ Why Has the Sex/Gender System Become Visible Only Now?
INDEX OF NAMES
ix
1
17
31 45
71
97
121
139
149 165 187
207 225
245
283
311
325