Greek Rhetoric Before Aristotle

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Recent archaeological discoveries, coupled with long-lost but now available epigraphical evidence, and a more expansive view of literary sources, provide new and dramatic evidence of the emergence of rhetoric in ancient Greece. Many of these artifacts, gathered through onsite fieldwork in Greece, are analyzed in this revised and expanded edition of Greek Rhetoric Before Aristotle. This new evidence, along with recent developments in research methods and analysis, reveal clearly that long before Aristotle’s Rhetoric, long before rhetoric was even stabilized into formal systems of study in Classical Athens, nascent, pre-disciplinary “rhetorics” were emerging throughout Greece.

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Published 29 November 2011
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EAN13 9781602352148
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enos Greek Rhetoric Before ARistotle Greek Rhetoric
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Revised and Expanded Edition
Richard Leo Enos
Greek Rhetoric Before Aristotle
Lauer SerIes In RHetorIc and ComposItIon Séîéŝ Eîôŝ: Càéîé ôbbŝ, Pàîçîà Sûîvà, Tôàŝ Rîçké, à Jéîé Bày
Té Làûé Séîéŝ î Réôîç à Côôŝîîô ôôŝ é çôîbûîôŝ Jàîçé Làûé àŝ àé ô é éégéçé ô Réôîç à Côôŝîîô àŝ à îŝçîîày ŝûy. ï ûbîŝéŝ ŝçôàŝî à çàîéŝ ô Pôéŝŝô Làûé’ŝ vàîé wôk î é îŝôy ô wîé éôîç, îŝçîîàîy î çôôŝîîô ŝûîéŝ, çôéôày éàgôgîçà éôy, à wîé îéàçy éôy à éŝéàç.
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GREEK RHETORIC BEFORE ARISTOTLE
Revîsed and Expanded Edîtîon
Rîçà Léô Eôŝ
Pàô Péŝŝ Anderson, Sout Carolîna www.àôéŝŝ.çô
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Lîbày ô Côgéŝŝ Cààôgîg-î-Pûbîçàîô Dàà
Eôŝ, Rîçà Léô. Géék éôîç béôé Aîŝôé / Rîçà Léô Eôŝ. -- Rév. à éxàé é.  . ç. -- (Làûé ŝéîéŝ î éôîç à çôôŝîîô) ïçûéŝ bîbîôgàîçà éééçéŝ à îéx.  ïSBN 978-1-60235-212-4 (bk. : àk. àé) -- ïSBN 978-1-60235-213-1 (àçôvé : àk. àé) -- ïSBN 978-1-60235-214-8 (àôbé ébôôk) -- ïSBN 978-1-60235-215-5 (éûb)  1. Géék îéàûé--îŝôy à çîîçîŝ--Téôy, éç. 2. Réôîç, Açîé. ï. Tîé. PA401.E55 2011 880.9’001--ç22  2011010796
Côvé éŝîg by Dàvî Bàkéŝéy. Côvé îàgé: "A Réàîg ô ôé" by Làwéçé Aà-Tàéà. 1885. Oî ô çàvàŝ. Côûéŝy ô Té Pîàéîà Mûŝéû ô A / A Réŝôûçé, Néw Yôk. Uŝé by éîŝŝîô. Pîé ô àçî-éé àé.
Pàô Péŝŝ, LLC îŝ à îééé ûbîŝé ô ŝçôày à àé îéŝ î î à ûîéîà ôàŝ. Tîŝ bôôk îŝ àvàîàbé î àé, çô à Aôbé éBôôk ôàŝ ô Pàô Péŝŝ ô é Wô Wîé Wéb à :// www.àôéŝŝ.çô ô ôûg ôîé à bîçk-à-ôà bôôkŝôéŝ. Fô ŝûbîŝŝîô îôàîô ô ô î ôû àbôû Pàô Péŝŝ ûbîçàîôŝ, wîé ô Pàô Péŝŝ, 3015 Bàçkébéy Dîvé, Aéŝô, Sôû Càôîà, 29621, ô éàî éîô@àôéŝŝ.çô.
To Natan, Alex, Sus, and Quîncy . . .
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Foreword to te Revîsed and Expanded Edîtîon
Sîgîîçà àvàçéŝ î é îé ô çàŝŝîçà éôîç àvé béé àé ŝîçé é 1993 ûbîçàîô ôGreek Retorîc Before Arîstotle.Téŝé àvàçéŝ—ŝôé ô wîç àé éîôé àé î îŝ éàçé—àvé çôîbûé ô ôy ô ŝévéà éw çàéŝ bû àŝô ô éw éôéî-çà, éôôôgîçà, à çîîçà éŝéçîvéŝ. Fô éxàé, éŝéàç ôé ô é îvéŝé àîéŝàîôŝ ô wôé’ŝ éôîçŝ àŝ ô ôy éxàé é îŝôy ô éôîç bû àŝô é îgî ààééŝ ô wà wé àvé çôŝîéé “éôîç” ô bé ô wôé à ôé évîôûŝy éxçûé ô àgîàîzé gôûŝ. Sîîày, ôŝôé éôîçà éôy àŝ évéàé é bééîŝ ô éçôgîzîg ôîîçà, ŝôçîà, à ŝyçôôgîçà àçôŝ à îûéçé ô ôy éôîçà ŝîûàîôŝ bû àŝô é véy éàîîéŝ îvôvé î é çôgîîô à éxéŝŝîô ô éôîçà îŝçôûŝé. Néw îày àéîà ô éôîç î é àçîé wô îŝ béçôîg àvàîàbé àûày, à àvàçéŝ î éçôôgy î é àŝ éw éçàéŝ àvé àé é îŝîbûîô ô ŝûç àéîà àvàî-àbé î à béà à wî à éàŝé à éàîé îŝôîàŝ ô éôîç évé çôû àvé îàgîé ôŝŝîbé. A éŝéçîày gôô îûŝàîô ô ŝûç îôvàîvé wôk à bô ŝyéŝîzéŝ à ààyzéŝ é ôŝ çûé éŝéàç î éôîç îŝTe Sage Handbook of Retorîcal Studîes (2009). Gîvé ŝûç àvàçéŝ î é îé ô éôîç, wé wôû ô wé ô àûŝé à ééç ô ôû ŝàîg ôîŝ. Oé ô é îày ôîŝ ô ééçîô ŝôû bé ôû éééçé ô éŝéàç éôŝ à ôû ŝôûçéŝ ô îqûîy. ï ày wàyŝ, é ŝôûçéŝ à wé ŝééç ô ûŝé ô ôû îŝôy àé îé ô é ŝééçîô ô ôû éŝéàç éôŝ. Oû à-îîôà àvéûé ô kôwégé ô çàŝŝîçà éôîç àŝ béé é éŝçé ô àûŝçîŝ àŝŝé àôg ôûg Aîqûîy, é Mîé Agéŝ, é Réàîŝŝàçé, à Môé éîôŝ ô é bôôk àîîô. Té ŝééçîô ô éŝé ŝôûçéŝ àŝ îûéçé ôû éôŝ ô éŝéàç, à î îŝ îŝ çôîîô à é éàçé àéŝŝéŝ.
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Foreword to te Revîsed and Expanded Edîtîon
Càŝŝîçà éôîç îŝ éîçé àûày by éw îôàîô à îŝ ô ô é “bôôk” àîîô—àîçûày ô é àéàŝ ô à-çàéôôgy, éîgày, îé àŝ, à éw éîà éîééŝ î àçîvà ŝûîéŝ. Wî à ô îŝ àbûàçé ô ôéîà îôàîô, ôwévé, wé çôîûé ô éŝéàç çàŝŝîçà éôîç by àîîôà àôàçéŝ. Tà îŝ, ày ŝçôàŝ béîévé à çàŝŝîçà éôîç ŝôû bé ŝû-îé by çàŝŝîçà àôàçéŝ. Uôûàéy, “çàŝŝîçà àôàçéŝ” àé ô éày “çàŝŝîçà” à à bû àé Vîçôîà; à îŝ, é éôŝ ô ŝûyîg çàŝŝîçà éôîç àvé béé bàŝé ô é éôŝ ûŝé î çàŝŝîçà ŝûîéŝ ô é àŝ wô çéûîéŝ. Wé àvé, ôvé ôŝé wô çéûîéŝ, ŝô ŝôgy çô-éxîŝé Vîçôîà éôŝ wî é ŝûy ô çàŝŝîçà éôîç à ôŝé Vîçôîà éôŝ àvé béé îéxîçàby wéé ô (à çôûŝé àŝ béîg) ŝôéîg à géw ôû ô A-îqûîy. Aŝ à éŝû ô îŝ çôûŝîô, é éwéŝ, à ôé é ôŝ ŝéŝîîvé à îŝîgû, éôéîçà éŝéçîvéŝ à îôvàîvé îŝ-ôîôgàîçà éôŝ àé îŝîŝŝé ô ô ôé éàŝô à à éy àçk é (Vîçôîà) àîîô. Sçôàŝ àvé ŝô çôŝéy çô-éxîŝé çàŝŝîçà éôîç wî ôg ôûàé Vîçôîà éŝéàç àçîçéŝ à éy àé ûwîîg ô îŝk béîg “ûàîû” by éàîg ô ôg-éŝàbîŝé éôŝ (Eôŝ, “Càŝŝîçà” 285et passîm). Wîé éé îŝ ô ôûb à wé éŝàbîŝé éŝéàç àôàçéŝ àvé ûç ô ôé, îŝ évîŝé à éxàé éîîô éxàîéŝ à àŝŝéŝŝéŝ îôvàîvé éôéîçà gàîŝ à àéà éŝéàç éûîŝîçŝ à ôé ûîû éw àôàçéŝ î é îŝôîôgày ô çàŝŝîçà éôîç à çôé-é ôg-éŝàbîŝé éŝéàç àçîçéŝ.One of te prîmary new ap-proaces groundîng tîs volume îs arcaeologîcal retorîc, a metod and a mentalîty tat seeks to excavate and reconstruct any and all artîfacts îndîgenous to te contextual envîronment tat elp to provîde a sensîtîve explanatîon of te relatîonsîp between tougt and expressîon. Gîvé é vôûé’ŝ ôîéàîô ôwà àçàéôôgîçà éôîç, wé wôû ô wé ô évîéw é ŝàîg ôîŝ ô îŝ àôàç by îŝçûŝŝ-îg é îéé îîàîôŝ ô àîîôà éŝéàç éôŝ î çàŝŝîçà éôîç. Nô àgûéŝ éé ô bé àvàçé (àgàî) à wàà é bééîŝ ô îŝôîçà éŝéàç î éôîç. Réôîç àŝ àéày béé çéày éŝàbîŝé àŝ à ŝôçîà, ôîîçà à éûçàîôà ôçé î A-îqûîy. Wà ôéŝ éé ô bé àgûé àé é wàyŝ à wé y ô à-vàçé ŝéŝîîvé ûéŝàîgŝ ô é àûé à îàç ô éôîç. Cûé îŝîgŝ ô wôk î ôŝôé à çîîçà éôy àvé çàé ô qûéŝîô é éŝûîôŝ à îvé çôvéîôà éŝéàç
Foreword to te Revîsed and Expanded Edîtîon
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éôŝ à évé wà îŝ çôŝîéé “éôîç.” ï, àŝ éîôé î é éàîé éxàé, wé çôŝîé éôîç ô bé ôy ôvéy àgôîŝîç àçŝ ô éŝûàŝîô à ôççû î çîvîç çééŝ, é wé çôŝàî ôû vîéw ô ôy ôé (éôîày àé) îéŝîô ô éôîç î ŝôçîà îéàçîô à, by éàû, éxçûé ôéŝ, ŝûç àŝ wôé (ŝéé, é.g., Bîzzé àŝŝî). ôwévé, béçàûŝé wôé wéé ôày ô gîvé éqûà àççéŝŝ ô çîvîç ûçîôŝ, ŝôû wé éŝûé à éy à ô “éôîç” ô éî ôw, ô à éy évé ûŝé éî éôîç ô ŝôçîà éŝ? Pôŝôé wôk àŝ çàûŝé ûŝ ô ééç ô ôû ôw ŝàîg ôîŝ à, î îŝ îŝàçé, çàûîôŝ ô ô éxçûé “éôîçŝ” à ô ô çôô ô é égéôîç éôîç ô é éîô à wîî é çûûé béîg éxàîé. ï wé àé ô çôŝîé àçàéôôgîçà éôîç àŝ îôà ô é éŝéàç éôŝ ô îŝôîçà éôîç, à à é vàîîy ô ôû éôŝ (àŝ wé àŝ é éôy îvîg ôŝé éôŝ) îŝ àjûîçàé by ôû àçàéîç çôûîy, é é évîéçé à wé ûŝé ô àŝà ôû “àgûé” îŝ ô ààôû îôàçé. Réŝéàç î îŝôîçà éôîç îvôvéŝ ôé à wà îŝ îé ô à àgé. Réôîç, ô bé ŝûé, ày àvé béé éçôé ô à àgé, bû é éôîç îŝé çàé ô îé î à éà, yàîç ŝîûàîô ôççûîg à à ôé î îé. Ué-ŝàîg é çôéx à îîîày ôé é éôîç îŝ çîîçà î wé àé ô àvàçé éàîg béyô wà àéàŝ ô à àgé. Tô ààî kôwégé ô à çôéx, wé ûŝ y ô éôûçé é évîôé wîî wîç à îéçé ô îŝçôûŝé wàŝ çéàé. Tô é-çéàé à ŝçéé wé ûŝ ôôk ô ày à à àîàçŝ à ôé îŝîg ô é çûûà çôéx ô é éôîç ûé éxàîàîô. Té ŝàé yôîç çôŝàîŝ à àvé àîîôày îîé ôû éŝéàç éôŝ î çàŝŝîçà éôîç çôû àŝô bé àîé ô ŝé-îôŝé çûûà çôŝàîŝ. Aéŝ wàŝ à ôîà ŝîé ô éôîç. Sô ôîà, î àç, à wé bô é ô gééàîzé Aéîà éô-îç àŝ (Pà-)ééîç à ô ûŝé Aéîà éôîç àŝ à ŝàà ô jûgé ô ôé çôéôày éôîç(ŝ) ô é ééîç wô. Yé, ôŝôé wôk àŝ ŝôw à évéy ŝôçîéy àŝ à éôîç, bû ô à ô éŝé éôîçŝ àé àîéŝé î à ŝîîà àŝîô, àŝ îŝ çôvîç-îgy évéàé î é éîé vôûé ô Càô S. Lîŝô à Rôbéà A. Bîkéy,RetorîcBefore and Beyond te Greeks(2004). Fô éxàé, béçàûŝé Aéîà à Sàà ŝôçîéîéŝ àé ŝô ààîçày îéé, à Sàà éôîç wôû ûéŝààby àéà ô bé à îéé à à Aéîà éôîç béçàûŝé éî éŝéçîvé éôîçŝ wôû bé