380 Pages
English
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Philosophy and Anthropology

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380 Pages
English

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This original compilation of essays engages the largely unaddressed issue of the relationship between philosophy and anthropology over time with an innovative flair. 


Anthropology and philosophy have long been intellectual companions; the borders between the two disciplines have always been permeable. For example, anthropologies inspired by Durkheim are ultimately indebted to Kant; Evans-Pritchard’s ideas are stamped with R. G. Collingwood’s Hegelian philosophy; Gluckman was stimulated by Whitehead’s process philosophy; and Bourdieu drew inspiration from Wittgenstein and Pascal, amongst others. Yet the fuller history and implications of philosophical influences in anthropology are largely unaddressed.


In this volume, the contributors address the shifting effect philosophy has on anthropology. They investigate the impact of the philosophical presuppositions of anthropology, as well as the presuppositions themselves, using a comparative-cultural point of view – ethnography. Furthermore, by considering anthropologies in conjunction with philosophies, and philosophies with anthropologies, the volume helps illuminate the present trajectories of thought in postcolonialist, non-ethnocentric and creative directions that were previously ignored by the contemporary social sciences. As a cross-disciplinary study, the volume questions both the rigidity of intellectual and disciplinary boundaries and attempts to evade it by encouraging many different voices and perspectives to create a thought-provoking dialogue.


The original essays in ‘Philosophy and Anthropology: Border Crossings and Transformations’ discuss the three-fold division within the anthropological engagement with philosophy, the sources and history of philosophical anthropology, and its current applications and links with other contemporary intellectual movements. This volume seeks to engage with real social and humanitarian issues of the current age and create an innovative discipline: philosophical anthropology.


Notes on Contributors; Introduction: Philosophy and Anthropology in Dialogues and Conversations – John Clammer and Ananta Kumar Giri; PART I: NURTURING THE FIELD: TOWARDS MUTUAL FECUNDATION AND TRANSFORMATION OF PHILOSOPHY AND ANTHROPOLOGY; Chapter 1 The Project of Philosophical Anthropology – John Clammer; Chapter 2: The Self-Preservation of Man: Remarks on the Relation between Modernity and Philosophical Anthropology – Kasper Lysemose; Chapter 3: Whither Modernity? Hybridization, Postoccidentalism, Postdevelopment and Transmodernity – Ivan Marquez; Chapter 4: Philosophical Anthropology and Philosophy in Anthropology – Vaclav Brezina; Chapter 5: The Engagement of Philosophy and Anthropology in the Interpretive Turn and Beyond: Towards an Anthropology of the Contemporary – Heike Kampf; Chapter 6: Mediation through Cognitive Dynamics: Philosophical Anthropology and the Conflicts of Our Time – Piet Strydom; Chapter 7: Philosophy as Anthropocentrism: Language, Life and ‘Aporia’ – Prasenjit Biswas; PART II: SOURCES OF PHILOSOPHICAL ANTHROPOLOGY; Chapter 8: Kant and Anthropology – Ananta Kumar Giri; Chapter 9: Dilthey’s Theory of Knowledge and Its Potential for Anthropological Theory – Daniel Šuber; Chapter 10: Malinowski and Philosophy – Peter Skalnik; Chapter 11: Ground, Self, Sign: The Semiotic Theories of Charles Sanders Peirce and Their Applications in Social Anthropology – Lars Kjaerholm; Chapter 12: Ricoeur’s Challenge for a Twenty-First Century Anthropology – Betsy Taylor; Chapter 13: Clifford Geertz: The Philosophical Transformation of Anthropology – Gernot Saalmann; Chapter 14: Bakhtin’s Heritage in Anthropology: Alterity and Dialogue – Marcin Brocki; Chapter 15: The Philosophy of Slavoj Žižek and Anthropology: The Current Situation and Possible Futures – Lars Kjaerholm; Chapter 16: Border Crossings between Anthropology and Buddhist Philosophy – Susantha Goonatilake; PART III: PHILOSOPHICAL ANTHROPOLOGY AT WORK; Chapter 17: ‘Anthropology of Philosophy’ in Africa: The Ethnography of Critical Discourse and Intellectual Practice – Kai Kresse; Chapter 18: Albinos Do Not Die: Belief, Philosophy and Anthropology – Joao de Pina-Cabral; Chapter 19: Anthropology, Development and the Myth of Culture – Robert Feleppa; Chapter 20: Notions of Friendship in Philosophical and Anthropological Thought – Heidrun Friese; Afterword The Return of Philosophical Anthropology – Fred Dallmayr

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Published 15 December 2013
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EAN13 9780857280817
Language English
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Philosophy and Anthropology
Key Issues in Modern Sociology
Anthem’sKey Issues in Modern Sociologyseries publishes scholarlytexts by leading social theorists that give an accessible exposition of the major structural changes in modern societies. These volumes address an academic audience through their relevance and scholarly quality, and connect sociological thought to public issues. The series covers both substantive and theoretical topics, as well as addressing the works of major modern sociologists. The series emphasis is on modern developments in sociology with relevance to contemporary issues such as globalization, warfare, citizenship, human rights, environmental crises, demographic change, religion, postsecularism and civil conflict.
Series Editor
Bryan S. Turner – City University of New York, USA, and Australian Catholic University, Australia
Editorial Board
Thomas Cushman – Wellesley College, USA Rob Stones – University of Western Sydney, Australia Richard Swedberg – Cornell University, USA Stephen Turner – University of South Florida, USA Darin Weinberg – University of Cambridge, UK
Philosophy and Anthropology
Border Crossing and Transformations
Edited by Ananta Kumar Giri and John Clammer
Anthem Press An imprint of Wimbledon Publishing Company www.anthempress.com
This edition first published in UK and USA 2013 by ANTHEM PRESS 75–76 Blackfriars Road, London SE1 8HA, UK or PO Box 9779, London SW19 7ZG, UK and 244 Madison Ave #116, New York, NY 10016, USA
© 2013 Ananta Kumar Giri and John Clammer editorial matter and selection; individual chapters © individual contributors
The moral right of the authors has been asserted.
All rights reserved. Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise), without the prior written permission of both the copyright owner and the above publisher of this book.
British Library CataloguinginPublication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.
Library of Congress CataloginginPublication Data Philosophy and anthropology : border crossing and transformations / edited by Ananta Kumar Giri and John Clammer. pages cm. – (Key issues in modern sociology) Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 9780857285126 (hardcover : alk. paper) 1. Philosophical anthropology. 2. Anthropology–Philosophy. I. Giri, Ananta Kumar. II. Clammer, J. R. BD450.P47238 2013 128–dc23 2013043347
ISBN13: 978 0 85728 512 6 (Hbk) ISBN10: 0 85728 512 2 (Hbk)
Cover image © Jagdish Mohanty 2013
This title is also available as an ebook
For E. E. EvansPritchard, Chitta Ranjan Das and Mrinal Miri
Notes on Contributors
Introduction
Part I
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
C
O
N
TEN
TS
Philosophy and Anthropology in Dialogues and Conversations John Clammer and Ananta Kumar Giri
Nurturing the Field: Towards Mutual Fecundation and Transformation of Philosophy and Anthropology
The Project of John Clammer
Philosophical Anthropology
The SelfPreservation of Man: Remarks on the Relation between Modernity and Philosophical Anthropology Kasper Lysemose
Whither Modernity? Hybridization, Postoccidentalism, Postdevelopment and Transmodernity Ivan Marquez
Philosophical Anthropology and Philosophy in Anthropology Vaclav Brezina
The Engagement of Philosophy and Anthropology in the Interpretive Turn and Beyond: Towards an Anthropology of the Contemporary Heike Kämpf
Mediation through Cognitive Dynamics: Philosophical Anthropology and the Conflicts of Our Time Piet Strydom
xi
1
21
39
57
71
89
105
viii
Chapter 7
Part II Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12
Chapter 13
Chapter 14
Chapter 15
Chapter 16
PHILOSOPHY AND ANTHROPOLOGY
Philosophy as Anthropocentrism: Language, Life andAporia Prasenjit Biswas
Sources of Philosophical Anthropology Kant and Anthropology Ananta Kumar Giri Dilthey’s Theory of Knowledge and Its Potential for Anthropological Theory Daniel Šuber
Malinowski and Philosophy Peter Skalník
Ground, Self, Sign: The Semiotic Theories of Charles Sanders Peirce and Their Applications in Social Anthropology Lars Kjaerholm
Ricoeur’s Challenge for a TwentyFirst Century Anthropology Betsy Taylor
Clifford Geertz: The Philosophical Transformation of Anthropology Gernot Saalmann
Bakhtin’s Heritage in Anthropology: Alterity and DialogueMarcin Brocki
The Philosophy of Slavoj Žižek and Anthropology: The Current Situation and Possible Futures Lars Kjaerholm
Border Crossings between Anthropology and Buddhist Philosophy Susantha Goonatilake
123
141
147
167
185
201
217
231
245
263
Part III Chapter 17
Chapter 18
Chapter 19
Chapter 20
Afterword
CONTENTS
Philosophical Anthropology at Work
‘Anthropology of Philosophy’ in Africa: The Ethnography of Critical Discourse and Intellectual Practice Kai Kresse Albinos Do Not Die: Belief, Philosophy and AnthropologyJoão de PinaCabral Anthropology, Development and the Myth of Culture Robert Feleppa Notions of Friendship in Philosophical and Anthropological Thought Heidrun Friese
The Return of Fred Dallmayr
Philosophical Anthropology
i
x
285
305
323
341
357