To End All Suffering
296 Pages
English

To End All Suffering

-

296 Pages
English

Description

Both Buddhism and the Christian gospel promise the ending of suffering. However, each defines and interprets morality, compassion, proof, and truth according to starkly different worldviews. This is why adjudicating rival claims between these religions has proven so difficult. Two alternate approaches have emerged: treating religious claims as mere personal opinions, or postulating some higher standard outside of religion to which each religion much submit. However, both of these approaches to comparative religious research implicitly deny that any religion can present a story about the totality of reality, including ultimate standards for proof and truth.
This book takes a different approach entirely, demonstrating a way that religions can self-critically engage one another using their own respective standards. Within this framework, early Buddhist philosophy and the Christian faith enter into philosophical dialogue. In the process, To End All Suffering pointedly demonstrates that on its own terms, Buddhism cannot account for the very doctrines necessary to show that the Buddha's teachings end suffering. Written primarily for Christians and Buddhists interested in interreligious dialogue, To End All Suffering is a course book suitable for individual study or for college or seminary courses in comparative philosophy or religion.

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Published 17 March 2014
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EAN13 9781725247529
Language English
Document size 1 MB

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To End All Suffering
To End All Suffering A Christian Analysis of the Buddha’s Teaching
ByMichaelcollender
W I P F&S T O C KE u g e n e , O r e g o n
To ENd All SuffErINg A CRîŝtîa AaLyŝîŝ OF te BUDDa’ŝ TeacîGŝ
COpyRîGt © 2014 BRett MULa. ALL RîGtŝ ReŝeRveD. Except FOR RîeF qUOtatîOŝ î cRîtîcaL pULîcatîOŝ OR Revîewŝ, O paRt OF tîŝ OOk may e RepRODUceD î ay ma-eR wîtOUt pRîOR wRîtte peRmîŝŝîO FROm te pULîŝeR. WRîte: PeRmîŝŝîOŝ, WîpF aD StOck PULîŝeRŝ, 199 W. 8t Ave., SUîte 3, EUGee, or 97401.
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ScRîptURe take FROm te NEW AMErICAN STANdArd BIBlE, COpyRîGt © , , , , , , , , ,  y he lOckma fOUDa-tîO. uŝeD y peRmîŝŝîO.
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1
2
3
4
5
Rights Page Gratitude
Table of Contents
Introduction Two Great Debaters Interreligious Dialogue in a Flat World Overview ofTo End All Suffering
Part I A Methodology for Interreligious Dialogue Between Buddhism and Christianity
iv xi
1 1 4 9
A Methodology for Interreligious Dialogue Between Buddhism and Christianity 13 Buddhist-Christian Dialogue13 Why We Can Know the Worldviews of Ancient Peoples19 How to Practice Interreligious Dialogue26 Conclusion47
Part II An Overview of Buddhist Philosophy and Its Historical Context
Historical Background to Buddhist Philosophy Introduction The Creator/Creature Distinction in Ancient India The Creator/creature Distinction in the Hebrew Scriptures The Ājīvikas Jainism Conclusion
The Life and Times of the Buddha Introduction to the Buddhist Problem of History The Life of the Buddha Conclusion
The Beginning of Knowledge Sense Experience
v
53 53 55 66 76 77 77
79 80 82 87
89 94
6
7
8
9
10
11
Justifying Causality Conclusion
Causality: The Heart of Buddhism Introduction The Buddha’s Causal Theory The Middle Way of Phenomena No Metaphysical Speculations Conclusion
The Three Marks of Existence and the Five Aggregates Introduction Impermanence Dukkha No Self or Substance Conclusion
Karma and Ethics Introduction Karma Ethics Regulative Concepts Conclusion
The Big Picture: Four Noble Truths andNirvāṇaIntroduction The Four Noble Truths Nirvāṇa Conclusion
Part III A Christian Critique of Buddhist Philosophy
The Logic Problem Introduction The Buddha’s Need for Rationality Setting up the Problem Conclusion
98 105
106 106 107 111 114 115
117 117 118 118 119 121
122 122 122 125 130 131
132 132 133 135 138
141 141 142 142 146
Buddhist Replies to the Logic Problem Part One: Five Possible Objections to the Buddhist Logic Problem 147
vi
12
13
14
15
Introduction147 Objection 1: Transcendental Arguments Are Not Permissible In Interreligious Dialogue148 Objection 2: Logical Validity Does Not Exist152 Objection 3: Laws of Thought Are Like Physical Laws154 Objection 4: Logical Thinking is an Evolutionary Product155 Objection 5: W. V. Quine and “Two Dogmas of Empiricism”156 Conclusion160
Buddhist Replies to the Logic Problem Part Two: The Problem of ‘This’ and ‘That’ 161 Introduction161 The Problem163 Conclusion167
Nāgārjuna 168 Introduction to Nāgārjuna168 Nāgārjuna’s Method170 Two Objections to Nāgārjuna’s Method175 Conclusion to Nāgārjuna183 Pragmatic Account of Logic: Concluding the Buddha’s Logic Problem183
The Buddhist Problem of Other Minds Epistemological Constraints The Argument Objection 1: What About Language? Objection 2: What About ESP? Conclusion
187 187 188 190 193 197
The Causality Problem 198 Introduction198 A Cautious Preamble199 Why Kalupahana Must Oppose My Objections203 Hume’s Staccato Moments204 Empirical Justification Through Normal Perception and ESP207 Conclusion to the Causality Problem212 Transcendental Recursive Causal Proofs213
vii
16
17
To End All Suffering Buddhism as a Sofa Bed Buddhist Philosophy and Pragmatism The Problem of Evil To End All Suffering But. . . . But. . . . But. . . .
218 218 220 223 231 239
A Christian Critique of Buddhist Pragmatism 241 An Odd Table Talk241 The Problem of Pragmatism243 Spiritual Hospice Care or Spiritual Cure: The “Medical Ethics” of Redemption244 The Question of Motive250 What About Other Religions?255 The Power of a Friendship That Will Not Agree to Disagree255
Biblical and Apocryphal Abbreviations
Bibliography of Works Cited
Subject/Name Index
Index of World Religious Texts
viii
259
261
267
281
For Jennifer
Who possesses the five powers of a woman, Especially virtue.
You made this possible.